Taxonomy of meanings for 為爲:

  • 為 wéi (OC: ɢʷal MC: ɦʷɯiɛ) 薳支切 平 廣韻:【爾雅曰作造爲也説文曰母猴也又姓風俗通云漢有南郡太守爲昆薳支切又王僞切六 】
    • ACT
      • vttoN.+prep+Nab{S}inchoativestart acting on N at the stage S
      • nabactaction; kind of behaviour
      • viactengage in assertive action, "try something funny"; be deliberate in action
      • viactengage in action, do what one does
      • vt(oN)do; commit; be engaged in a contextually determinate matter or undertaking
      • vt+V[0]"be being"be being (為恭 "you are being polite")
      • vtoNactfulfill the function of (occasionally also: pretend to be), impersonate,
      • vtoNcopulato be performed; to be emulated
      • vtoNdeliberateenact, practice, act out deliberately; act according to deliberately
      • vtoNpassiveto be done, be carried out 難為 "hard to do"
      • DELETEdeliberatebe acted out deliberately
      • vtoNabundertake; do deliberately (something right or something wrong), commit (a crime etc); act out (a virtue); conduct (government); engage in (thievery); set out to do
      • vtoNimperativetake on the function N!
      • vtoNact as, perform the role of
      • nabactaction> fault
      • vi.post-Sact accordingly
      • vt(oNab)practice the contextually determinate Nab.
      • vtoNimperativedo it!
      • conative: for obtaining>SEEK
          • to resemble>IMITATE
            • vtoNact like Npr
            • vtoNimitate someone
            • deceitfully>FAKE
              • vtoNfake
              • psychologically>PRETEND
                • nabactdissimulation, artifice, pretense
                • vadNdishonest, dissimulating
                • vadVthrough dissimulation; under false pretenses
                • viactdissimulate
                • vt+V[0]fake; pretend to
                • vttoN1.postvtoN2treat N1 as if he was N2
                • vttoN1.postvtoN2以主為父 "treat the ruler as (if he were) one's father "treat N2 as if he was N1
        • successfully>ACHIEVE
          • nabactachievement
          • vtoNperfectiveget done, achieve; be good for
          • vtoNpassivebe achieved, get accomplished
          • productively>PRODUCE
            • vttoN1.+N2conativetry to produce something (N2) for someone (N1)
            • vtoNmake/produce (physically), construct build (a platform, a house)
            • vtoNfigurativeproduce (problems etc)
            • vtoNiussivehave produced for one (ear-rings to give to the ruler)
            • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
            • vttoN1.+N2produce (something N2) (for someone N1)
            • vttoN1.+N2reflexive.自make an N2 for (oneself)
            • vtoNconstitute, produce something by transforming to it
            • vtoNproduce an image of
            • vtoNobject=abstractproduce (a theory, a thesis, a text)
            • vt1oN1:post-.vt2oN2{OBJECT}produce N1 using N2; make N1 of N2
            • abstract:ESTABLISH
              • specifically: architecturally>BUILD
                • vtoNbuild
              • specifically: food>COOK
                • vtoNcook, prepare (food)
              • with originality>CREATE
                • vtt+N1.oN2+vtoNfigurativecreate N2 characterized by V for N1
                • vtoNfigurativePRODUCE> to invent, to create for the first time; create anew; create out of nothing
                • unprecedentedly creating precedent>INVENT
                  • vtoNinvent
                • specifically: text>WRITE
                  • vtoNproduce> e.g. 為此詩者 "he who has written/composed this song" write; compose
                • specifically: a musical performance> PERFORM
              • produce as effect>CAUSE
                • nabpsychreason
                • vt+V[0]perfectivebring it about that V;
                • vttoN.+V[0]bring it about that S (cf HYDCD sub verbo no. 29: 使,致使)
                • object: action>CAUSE TO
                    • specific: cause to become healthy>CURE
                      • vtoNpassivebe cured 不可為 "nothing can be done about it"
                    • cause to obtain a position>APPOINT
                      • vtoNCAUSE TO BECOME> appoint as (a successor etc); make into (one's ruler/tutor etc)
                      • vtt(oN1.)+N2omappoint someone contextually determinate N1 as (something N2)
                      • vttoN1:postvtoN2以N2為N1 
            • as regular duty>WORK
              • vtoNwork on, be engaged in, cultivate (literary pursuits, gardening etc); have as one's main concern
              • specifically: so as to administrate properly>GOVERN
                • vt[oN]govern [a polity], run a government, run official affairs
                • vtoNgovern; run the government of (a state)
                • vtoNpassivebe governed
                • vtoNperfectivemanage (to rule), gain (political power)
                • vtoNpsychcontrol (oneself) properly
              • intellectually>STUDY
                • vtoNstudy and live up to
            • grammaticalised>COPULA
              • vt+Ncount as N, be Npr, be an N
              • vt+Ncopulahave oneself VERBed
              • vt+Nsubjectivebe like, be (to someone's mind)
              • vt+Nmconsist ofconsist of Nm
              • vt+V[0]copulabe definable as, count as V-ing
              • vt+V[0]V=compbe the most V; count as (the most) V 最為大
              • vt+V[0]alternative為...(為)... is it V1 or V2 (marker of alternative/disjunctive questions) (see also 為當, 為复, and 為是 in this function)
              • vtpostadVverbal complement
              • vt nproidenticalbe identical with npro, be identifiable as npro
              • vt Npridenticalbe none other than
              • vt N.adVbeing an N to V; as an N to V
              • vtt+N1.oN2be N2 in relation to N2; cf. Russian я буду ЕМУ женой
              • inchoative>BECOME
                • vt+Nbecome (ruler, one's own enemy etc)
                • vt+Nimperativemust become; are to become
                • vt+V[0]become Vi
                • vttoN1.+N2to become (something or somebody N1) (for somebody else N2) 為之氓
                • vtoNcausativecause to become
                • vttoN1.postvtoN2{OBJ}become the N2 of N1
                • vt+Nderivedsubject situation: lead to (a new event or situation)
                • grammaticalised>THEN
                  • vadS1.post-S2then because of S2
                • generalised: become different>CHANGE
                  • vtt(oN1.)+N2change N1 deliberately into N2
                  • vttoN.+V[0]reflexive.自change (oneself) deliberately into being V. make (oneself) V
                  • vtoNpassivebe changed into
                • come to become and thus>EXIST
                • grammaticalised>PASSIVE MARKER
                  • vt:+N.+SUO3+Vtget V-ed
                  • vt+.N+zhi1+suo3+vtget V-ed
                  • vt+QI2+SUO3+Vtget Ved
                  • vt+V[0]{PASS}undergo (Nab-ing) [NB: the proper analysis of this construction remains to be established.]
                  • vt+V[0]{PASS}perfectiveget V-ed
                  • vtoSbe exposed to S
                  • vtt+.N+Vpassivemarker of passive 為人戮,為天下笑
                  • vttoN:+huo4+V1.+huo4+V2passivebe either V1-ed or V2-ed by the N
                  • vt .N suo3 Vt be V-ed by N
                • putative: stative>BELIEVE
                  • vtt(oN.)+V[0]consider the contextually determinate subject N to V
                  • vtt(oN{PIVOT}.)+N{PRED}consider the contextually determinate object as N[PRED]
                  • vtt+V:post.vt(oN)consider that the contextually determinate N is V-ing 以為
                  • vtt+V:post.vtoN以N為V: regard N as V-ing; believe that N V-s 以汝為死
                  • vtt+V.postN{TOP}consider N as V
                  • vttoN.+V[0]psychconsider (oneself) to V
                  • vttoN1:postvtoN2hail N2 as N1; believe that N2 is an N1 以N1為N2
                  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)believe
                  • vtoSbelieve that S
                  • vtoNpassive: be considered as N> count as N
                  • vtoStake it to be the case that S, consider that S
                  • vttoN1.post-vtoN2{OBJ}consider N2 to be N1
                  • currently active: focus on>THINK
                    • vtoSimagine, think that S
                    • vtt(oN1.)+N2consider the contextually determinate object N1 as an N2, think of N1 as an N2
                    • vttoN1.post:prep N2consider N2 as N1
                    • vtpost.yǐ N{OBJECT}have thoughts about, be concerned with
                • grammaticalised, subordinate: being X>AS
                  • vtoN.adVcopulaas (a minister etc)
                • grammaticalised, subordinate: argumentative>BECAUSE
                  • vt0+V.adSbecause of, on account of V-ing
                  • vt0oN.adVbecause of N; on N's behalf
                  • vt0oN1.adN2because of 為母之故
                  • vt0oS1.adS2because 為。。。所以
                  • vtoNPab{S}stativebe because
                  • vtoNPab{S}that is whythat is why S
                  • vtoSbe because
                  • v[0]adNPab{S}it was because of S
                  • vt(oN.)adVbecause of this
                • grammaticalised, conditional>IF
                  • vadS1.adS2if
                  • vadV.postN:adSif ZGC: 秦為知之,必不救也。
            • MONKEY
              • SURNAMES
              • wèi 為 (OC: ɢʷals MC: ɦʷɯiɛ) 于偽切 去 廣韻:【助也于僞切又允危切一 】
                • HELP
                    • CAUSE
                      • nabpsychreason
                      • vt+V[0]perfectivebring it about that V;
                      • vttoN.+V[0]bring it about that S (cf HYDCD sub verbo no. 29: 使,致使)
                    • AIM
                      • FUTURE
                        • vadVwas about to, was going to
                        • FOR
                          • vt(oN.)adVomfor a contextually deteminate person or cause; for you; for us; for me
                          • vt+prep+Nwork for/towards N
                          • vt+V/Nbe for V-ing; serve for V-ing; have V-ing as a purpose
                          • vt+V1.adV2in order to V1 to go ahead and V2
                          • vt+V1.postadV2"for to" > in order to
                          • vtoN.adVacting for > for something; on someone's behalf; in someone's favour; for the sake of
                          • vtoN.adVpsychfor the sake of (oneself) 自為
                          • vtoN(.adV)do something contextually determinate for (one's own) sake 為己
                          • vtoNgradedwork for; be on the side of; work for the benefit of; work towards; aim for; act in the spirit of 為公甚
                          • vtoNpsychact/work for (one's own) interests
                          • vtoNpsychwork for (oneself), work in (one's own) interest
                          • vtoNreflexive.身work/be/act for (oneself)
                          • vtoNN=beneficiarywork for
                          • vttoN1. N2provide N1 for N2
                          • vtoNab{S1}.adS2working for the occasion of S1, S2
                          • vtpostN{OBJ}.adVfor sake of N perform the action V