COOK  廚師/做飯

PRODUCE FOOD FOR IMMEDIATE EATING.
PREPAREMAKE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard word for a person in charge of the preparation of food is páo 庖.

2. Zǎi 宰 often refers to what appears to be a kind of head butler serving up formal meals, but the meaning of this word is often difficult to distinguish from the other function of "head official, head administrator".

3. Perhaps the most general word for preparing food is chuī 炊. See BOIL, ROAD, FRY, STIR-FRY, GRILL, STEAM, BAKE

NB: There is a strikingly large number of binomes like páo rén 庖人 and páo zǎi 庖宰 referring to the cook in ancient China.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

FOOD 49. 做飯。

爨,側重於燒火加熱。

炊,側重於蒸煮。

FOOD 51. STEAM 烹煮法。

煮,用器物通過水作介質加熱食物,通稱。

烹,上古秦漢專指在鑊之類大容器中煮熟動物。

蒸,通過加熱下部容器的水產生蒸汽熟物。

Modern Chinese Criteria

廚師

廚子

廚下

大師傅

膳夫

庖丁

火頭軍

verbs:

弄飯

做飯

掌灶

掌勺

揮勺

燒飯

造飯

舉火

起火

動煙火

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis 18.11.2003. CH

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 5.21

LIN YINSHENG 1993 中國上古烹食字典 Zhongguo shanggu pengshi zidian

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 172

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 717

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 88

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 546f

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 173ff

BAECHTHOLD-STAEUBLI 1987 Handwörterbuch des deutschen Aberglaubens 6.49

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.318

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP : 14
  • vtoN : 7
  • NP{N1adN2} : 7
  • n : 6
  • vi : 4
  • vt[oN] : 4
  • VP[adN] : 3
  • VPi : 2
  • vadN : 1
  • NP{N1=N2} : 1
  • n+Npr : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 12
  • 論衡 : 11
  • 春秋左傳 : 8
  • 呂氏春秋 : 6
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 論語 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1

Words

   shóu OC: djɯwɡ MC: dʑuk 6 Attributions
  • vadNcooked; hot
  • vibe well cooked, be well done
  • vtoNcook well, cook so as to make food well cooked
庖廚   páo chú OC: bruu do MC: bɣɛu ɖi̯o 6 Attributions
  • NPcook
炮 / 庖   páo OC: bruu MC: bɣɛu páo OC: bruu MC: bɣɛu 5 Attributions
  • nagenta cook
  • n+Nprcook Npr
   chuī OC: khjol MC: tɕhiɛ 5 Attributions

Perhaps the most general word for preparing food is chuī 炊. See BOIL, ROAD, FRY, STIR-FRY, GRILL, STEAM, BAKE

  • vt[oN]cook food
  • vtoNGONGYANG: boil up, cook
宰人   zǎi rén OC: tsɯɯʔ njin MC: tsəi ȵin 4 Attributions
  • NP{N1adN2}a cook
監食   jiān shí OC: kraam ɢljɯɡ MC: kɣam ʑɨk 3 Attributions
  • VP[adN]chief butler, superintendent of food
   shāo OC: qhljew MC: ɕiɛu 2 Attributions
  • vtoNgrill or fry; heat up intensely
宰夫   zǎi fū OC: tsɯɯʔ pa MC: tsəi pi̯o 2 Attributions
  • NPsubject=humancook
庖人   páo rén OC: bruu njin MC: bɣɛu ȵin 2 Attributions
  • NP{N1adN2}cook
炮人   páo rén OC: bruu njin MC: bɣɛu ȵin 2 Attributions
  • NPcook
調和   tiáo hé OC: dɯɯw ɡool MC: deu ɦʷɑ 2 Attributions
  • VPiactcompose exquisite harmoniously blended dishes
   zǎi OC: tsɯɯʔ MC: tsəi 1 Attribution

Zǎi 宰 often refers to what appears to be a kind of head butler serving up formal meals, but the meaning of this word is often difficult to distinguish from the other function of "head official, head administrator".

  • nhead butler, steward
   páo OC: bruu MC: bɣɛu 1 Attribution

The standard word for a person in charge of the preparation of food is páo 庖.

  • nagentcook
   wéi OC: ɢʷal MC: ɦiɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcook, prepare (food)
   ér OC: njɯ MC: ȵɨ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcook
   rèn OC: njɯmʔ MC: ȵim 1 Attribution
  • vtoNprepare food
  • vtoNpassivebe cooked
宰臣   zǎi chén OC: tsɯɯʔ ɡjiŋ MC: tsəi dʑin 1 Attribution
  • NP{N1adN2}cook
庖宰   páo zǎi OC: bruu tsɯɯʔ MC: bɣɛu tsəi 1 Attribution
  • NP{N1=N2}cook
廚人   chú rén OC: do njin MC: ɖi̯o ȵin 1 Attribution
  • NPagentthe cook
獸人   shòu rén OC: qjus njin MC: ɕɨu ȵin 1 Attribution
  • NPagentcook specialising in preparing meat of wild animals
膳夫   shàn fū OC: ɡjens pa MC: dʑiɛn pi̯o 1 Attribution
  • NPa cook; the cook
膳宰   shàn zǎi OC: ɡjens tsɯɯʔ MC: dʑiɛn tsəi 1 Attribution
  • NPsenior cook
   gān OC: kaam MC: kɑm 0 Attributions
  • vtoNXUN: cook food
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

tōng

  • vtoNreheat or regrill cooked food
龜 / 龜 / 龜 / 龜   jiū OC: kʷɯ MC: kɨu guī OC: kʷrɯ MC: ki jiū OC: kʷɯ MC: kɨu guī OC: kʷrɯ MC: ki 0 Attributions
  • vtoNMC: pre-fry or post-fry in very little oil for usually less than five minutes, while stirring continuously
宰尹   zǎi yǐn OC: tsɯɯʔ k-lunʔ MC: tsəi jʷin 0 Attributions
  • NP{N1adN2}chief cook
舉措   jǔ cuò OC: klaʔ skhaaɡs MC: ki̯ɤ tshuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNstir-boil food for animal
饔人   yōng rén OC: qoŋ njin MC: ʔi̯oŋ ȵin 0 Attributions
  • NPcook
   hé OC: ɡool MC: ɦʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNprepare foodstuffs of any kind, including drinks with different ingredients (not necessarily applying heat)
   yí OC: ŋɡral MC: ŋiɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNprepare and season appropriately

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: