CHANGE  變化

EVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2.
TRANSFORMTRANSFORMATIONALTERMAKE/BECOME DIFFERENTADJUSTADAPTAMENDMODIFYREVISEREFINERESHAPEREFASHIONREDESIGNRESTYLEREVAMPREWORKREMODELREORGANIZEREORDERVARYTRANSFORMTRANSFIGURETRANSMUTEMETAMORPHOSEEVOLVE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general words for objective and typically abrupt change are biàn 變 "change FROM one's original state to become something different" (ant. héng 恆 "remain constant").

2. Huà 化 (ant. cháng 常 "remain constant") refers to irreversible change INTO a fundamentally new state, while retaining one's identity".

3. Gǎi 改 refers to a deliberate change brought about at a certain point in time, typically in order to improve a situation. See IMPROVE

4. Gēng 更 is an act of deliberately changing something, typically by replacing it by an improved version of the same kind of thing in order to insure continuity.

5. Gé 革 (ant. yīn 因 "continue the tradition") refers to a typically unlicenced act of replacing the old by something new.

6. Yì 易 refers prototypically to a change construed as brought about by a process of interchange and (often mutual) replacement.

7. Dòng 動 refers to change construed as the moving from a previous stable state.

8. Xǐ 徙 refers to making the object moved unstable.

9. Yí 移 refers to a change in a current situation so as to effect a certain development in a desired direction.

10. Yú 渝 is to change a current situation or an object, generally to the worse, and the word is remarkably often negated.

11. Qiān 遷 (ant. 滯 "stay put in one place, unable to move") refers typically to change of one's current condition brought about by oneself.

12. Fǎn 反 refers to a change resulting in the reverting to one's original state. See RETURN vt.fig

13. Zhuǎn 轉 refers to change typically construed as part of a cycle of changes.

Modern Chinese Criteria

變化 is the current general term for change.

改變 is a common word referring to a deliberate change of something.

改 is colloquial short for 改變.

變 is colloquial short for 變化.

變革 refers to intended change in the form of social or political reform.

變改 refers to a deliberate change for the improvement of something.

變換 refers to deliberate change in the form of replacement of something by something else.

換 is colloquial short for 變換.

變成 focusses on the entity produced by a change.

轉變 "transmogrification" is a somewhat literary word typically referring to possibly recurrent transformations.

生變

轉變

變動 focusses on the alteration of an original state.

更動 "renewal" focusses on the deliberate change of an original state.

浮動

變通

變更 refers to intentional mofication of something abstract.

變卦

變遷 is intransitive and refers to the systematic change of something abstract.

變易

扭轉

轉移

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.93

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 588©

MUTATIO est entis passio, qva transit a (1) non esse ad esse. Ortus. (2) ab esse and non esse. Annihilatio, abolitio. (3) ab esse sic ad esse aliter, Alteratio.

Detailed discussion.

GERNET 1994 L'intelligence de la China. Le social et le mental 323-334

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 109

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

MUTATIO

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 102

MAUTHNER WP 1924 Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache III.340

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 3.581

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 12.310

WANG WEIHUI 2000 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 251

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1305

變,更,改

1. WL calls ge1ng 更 and ga3i 改 "subjective change", versus bia4n 變 "objective change". In fact, the dominant distinction is between deliberate change brought about for a purpose on the one hand, and natural change on the other. It ought to be mentioned that when referring to political change, bia4n 變 is highly "subjective" or as I would prefer to say "deliberate".

2. WL fails to bring out the contrast of ge1ng 更 referring to a change designed to ensure continuity, and ga3i 改 making a change in order to improve things.

XIAO YAN 1952 同義詞例解(三) Tongyici lijie Yuyanxuexi

ZHANG DAINIAN 2002 Key Concepts in Chinese Philosophy 197

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 58

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 138

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 496

CAI SHAOWEI 2010 跟我學同義詞 77

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.246.103

VARIATION.CHANGEMENT

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no. 55/6

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 447/9

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO. 55

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 123
  • VPtoN : 72
  • vi : 60
  • VPi : 47
  • nab : 35
  • NPab : 24
  • NPab{N1=N2} : 14
  • vadV : 12
  • NPab{N1&N2} : 9
  • vt[oN] : 8
  • vt+V[0] : 8
  • vt(oN) : 7
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2 : 5
  • vt+prep+N : 5
  • VPi : 4
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2 : 3
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • NPab.adV : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • VPt+prep+N : 2
  • VPi.post-Vt+N : 2
  • NPab.pr : 2
  • vt N : 1
  • vi0 : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 1
  • VPtt(oN.)+V[0] : 1
  • nab.post-N : 1
  • NP : 1
  • NPab.adN : 1
  • NPab.c : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 60
  • 論衡 : 46
  • 莊子 : 40
  • 賢愚經 : 23
  • 春秋左傳 : 21
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 20
  • 說苑 : 18
  • 管子 : 17
  • 楚辭 : 16
  • 淮南子 : 16
  • 史記 : 15
  • 呂氏春秋 : 13
  • 論語 : 12
  • 荀子 : 11
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 11
  • 祖堂集 : 11
  • 禮記 : 10
  • 孟子 : 9
  • 韓詩外傳 : 9
  • 文子 : 9
  • 鹽鐵論 : 7
  • 臨濟錄 : 7
  • 六祖壇經 : 7
  • 百喻經 : 6
  • 法集要頌經 : 6
  • 晏子春秋 : 4
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 4
  • 列子 : 3
  • 周易 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 3
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 山海經 : 2
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 中說 : 2
  • 法言 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 黃帝內經 : 1
  • 鶡冠子 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1

Words

   biàn OC: prons MC: piɛn 64 Attributions

The most current general words for objective and typically abrupt change are biàn 變 "change from one's original state to become something different" (ant. héng �� "remain constant").

  • nabeventchange (typically from a norm); sudden unusual development
  • nabprocessvariations in appearance (deviations from a norm)
  • viacthuman subjects: change one's habitual behaviour (from a norm)
  • vichangechange one's original ways; change from one's original state; change one's standard course (as the heavenly bodies)
  • vt+prep+Nreflexive.己change (oneself)
  • vt+prep+Nrelationalto change with respect a particular feature, or in comparison with something 變乎色
  • vt+V[0]change to become V
  • vtoNeffect a change on something from a original state, typically, but not always, from a commendable, constant or ordinary state
  • vtoNpassivebe changed from an original (typically but not always commendable) natural state; also: be changed into something different, be replaced with something else
  • vadNchangeable, unforeseen; basically inconstant
  • vt[oN]transform things radically
  • vt Nrelationalchange in respect to N; change in comparison to N
  • visubject=nonhumanbe varied; be prone to changing
  • nabchanging conditions
變化   biàn huà OC: prons hŋʷraals MC: piɛn hɣɛ 53 Attributions
  • NPab.adNtransforming
  • NPab{N1&N2}actmaking changes
  • NPab{N1=N2}nonreferentialthe various changes in the world; all kinds of change
  • VPiactact so as to change
  • VPimiddle voicechange and be transformed, undergo all sorts of changes and transformations
  • VPtoNtransform, transmogrify completely
  • VPtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: transform. CF. JIUZHANG 7.6: 兩不足者兩設皆不足于正數其所以變化猶兩盈 "The cases where we have two deficits are those for which both suppositions are smaller than the exact quantity. That by which they are transformed is the same as for the case of the two excesses." The concept 其所以變化"that by which they are transformed" is effectively the abstract notion of a mathematical operation/procedure. Shù 術 refers to concrete definite and specifiable procedures, whereas 其所以變化 provides a revealing paraphrase which refers quite generally to the kinds of operations that a concrete shù 術 will specify. In other words, operations are conceived of as transformations. And, more generally, Chinese mathematics is markedly less concerned with invariant properties of what are construed as constant abstract entitites, than with rule-governed mathematical transformations needed to account for specific mathematically relevant constellations. Note that 變化 is not used nominally in JZ.
  • VPtoNpassivebe changed from what it is and transformed into something else (in all sorts of ways?)
  • NPab.adVin the changes of the world
  • VPt+prep+Nkeep transmogrifying
   gēng OC: kraaŋ MC: kɣaŋ 46 Attributions

Gēng 更 is an act of deliberately changing something, typically by replacing it by an improved version of the same kind of thing in order to insure continuity.

  • vadVby way of introducing a change intended to constitute an improvement; in a way so as to try to improve and change things
  • vt[oN]actget to change, change one's orientation
  • vt[oN]actmake amends; make up for things, change oneself for the better; try to change to the better
  • vt(oN)change it; change the contextually determinate object
  • vt+V[0]change or improve so as to V
  • vtoNrevise; amend; redefine; try to improve; to make the proper changes to, typically by duly replacing something by a newer version of it
  • vtoNpassiveget changed with the intention of improvement
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2change the contextually determinate thing N1 into N2
  • viprocessget better; improve
  • vtoNchange the character of
   huà OC: hŋʷraals MC: hɣɛ 40 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativetransform oneself into, turn into
   huà OC: hŋʷraals MC: hɣɛ 38 Attributions

Huà 化 (ant. cháng 常 "remain constant") refers to irreversible change into a fundamentally new state, while retaining one's identity.

  • nab.post-Nchange in the direction of N, change towards N (perhaps this should be made nab.post-Nab. The general strategy on this is not clear so far.)
  • nabprocesssubstantial and typically irreversible transformation into something new; natural transformation
  • viacttransform things
  • vimiddle voicebe transformed, be completely changed
  • vt+V[0]change so as to??? ?????
  • vtoNexert a significant influence on; bring about a transformation; to change profoundly and essentially into something which is active or living, but substantially different; to make comply
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: transcategorial conversion or reinterpretationJZ 2.46, Liu Hui comm: 物化為錢 "the 'things' are reinterpreted as 'pieces of cash'"JZ 6.11, Liu Hui comm: 即糲亦化為粟矣 "...hence the husked grain is also transformed>converted into unhusked grain"
  • vtoNreflexive.自change (one's own) essence, change (oneself) essentially
  • vtoN1.+VtoN2mathematical termturn N1 into N2 JZ 2.0, Liu Hui's comm: 欲化粟為米 "if one wants to convert (the amount of) unhusked grain into the (corresponding amount of) husked grain"
   yì OC: leɡ MC: jiɛk 33 Attributions

Yì 易 refers prototypically to a change construed as brought about by a process of interchange and (often mutual) replacement.

  • nabactchanged irregular procedures
  • nabprocessprocess of mutual replacement (as of day and night)
  • vichangechange fundamentally
  • vtoNchange something fundamentally, make a fundamental change to (something concrete or abstract)
  • vtoNpassiveget replaced by someting else; get changed
  • vtoNpsychchange (oneself) 易己
  • nprBook of Changes
  • vadNchanging
  • vttoN1.+N2shift N1 to N2
  • vt(oN)make changes to the contextually determinate N
   gǎi OC: klɯɯʔ MC: kəi 20 Attributions

Gǎi 改 refers to a deliberate change brought about at a certain point in time, typically in order to improve a situation. See IMPROVE

  • vichangechange
  • vt+prep+Nmake changes to (with the purpose of improving it)
  • vtoNchange; change and improve; change and bring under control
  • vtoNnegativemake arbitrary or wanton changes to
  • vtoNpassivebe changed (deliberately, in an effort to improve things)
  • vtoNreflexive.自change oneself
  • vttoN.+V[0]change so as to V
  • vadVby way of making a change
無常   wú cháng OC: ma djaŋ MC: mi̯o dʑi̯ɐŋ 15 Attributions
  • NPab.adNbuddhistof impermanence
  • NPab.prImpermanence personified
  • NPabconceptBUDDH: impermanence (one of the key terms in Buddhist philosophy; in early Buddhism attributed to all dharmas except space (空) and nirvāṇa 涅槃; ant. to 常住)
  • VPibuddhistbe subject to constant change, be impermanent 
   qiān OC: tshen MC: tshiɛn 11 Attributions

Qiān 遷 (ant. 滯 "stay put in one place, unable to move") refers typically to change of one's current condition brought about by oneself.

  • nabactchange (of office), promotion or demotion
  • viactchange one's ways
  • vichangechange to the worse; get degraded
  • vt+V[0]change so as to become V
  • vtoNchange (something)
  • vtoNobject=rankchange upwards or downwards (rank or office of a person etc)
  • vtoNpassiveget changed by an administrative decision
  • viprocessundergo changes
   yí OC: k-lal MC: jiɛ 10 Attributions

Yí 移 refers to a change in a current situation so as to effect a certain development in a desired direction.

  • vichangeto change; to change naturally and gradually Lunheng: 風俗移也
  • vtoNcause to change, sway (the ruler's attitude); change the allegiance of (the people), change the ways of (the people)
  • vtoNpassivebe gradually changed (to the better)
  • vt(oN)cause to change the mind or the ways of a contextually determinate N
推移   tuī yí OC: kh-luul k-lal MC: thuo̝i jiɛ 10 Attributions
  • NPabactchanging along with times
  • NPabprocesschanges
  • VPichange
  • VPiactchange along with times
  • VPtoNpassivebe changed in one direction or another; be adjusted according to circumstances
化作   huà zuò OC: hŋʷraals tsaaɡ MC: hɣɛ tsɑk 8 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativechange so as to become> change into
   zhuǎn OC: tonʔ MC: ʈiɛn 7 Attributions

Zhuǎn 轉 refers to change typically construed as part of a cycle of changes.

  • nabactchange> modulation, variation (of musical themes etc)
  • vichangechange around, change periodically, change continuously; undergo cyclic change LUNHENG 轉而ZHUANG 運轉
  • vt[oN]transfer people to new depoloyment; change the employment of
  • vt+V[0]change so as to become V
  • vtoNpassiveget changed around
終始   zhōng shǐ OC: tjuŋ lʰɯʔ MC: tɕuŋ ɕɨ 7 Attributions
  • NPab{N1&N2}processcyclical development; evolution of things
  • NPabhistoriographycyclical development > events in one's life (often referring to concrete biographical information such as dates of birth and death, etc.)
  • VPi.post-Vt+Ngo through cyclic transformations or changes
  • VPigo through one's transformations or changes
   gé OC: krɯɯɡ MC: kɣɛk 6 Attributions

Gé 革 (ant. yīn 因 "continue the tradition") refers to a typically unlicenced act of replacing the old by something new.

  • vtoNto change by way of elimination or exclusion (perhaps originally by removing the hair off the skin, or by flaying); avert; to change and replace without formal authority; undergo an unexpected change; make a formally unlicenced change
  • vtoNpassivebe changed
  • vt(oN)change (the contextually determinate N) for something better
   dì OC: leeʔ MC: dei 5 Attributions
  • vadVone after the other; taking turns, in due turn
  • viactto take turns at an action
以為   yǐ wéi OC: k-lɯʔ ɢʷal MC: jɨ ɦiɛ 5 Attributions
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2make the contextually determinate N1 into N2
變易   biàn yì OC: prons leɡ MC: piɛn jiɛk 5 Attributions
  • NPabchange
  • NPabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: ??? [This does not seem to be a term of mathematical significance. However, the term has its well-defined uses within mathematical contexts.]
  • VPiLH: change 性必變易
  • VPtoNchange
   dòng OC: dooŋʔ MC: duŋ 4 Attributions

Dòng 動 refers to change construed as the moving from a previous stable state.

  • vichangemove from original state, budge, change slightly, change
  • vtoNeffect a change on, have a considerable impact on
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: get changed, be altered
  • vtoNpassivebe moved; be changed; be made to change one's ways/mind
   yú OC: lo MC: ji̯o 4 Attributions

Yú 渝 is to change a current situation or an object, generally to the worse, and the word is remarkably often negated.

  • nabeventchange; changing condition
  • vito change[to the worse][to fade][CA]
  • vi0changethere will be change
  • vtoNchange (for the worse) 不渝"not change for the worse"
   tuì OC: lʰoods MC: thɑi 4 Attributions
  • nabeventmetamorphosis, complete transformation
  • vieventbe transformed, undergo metamorphosis
幻化   huàn huà OC: ɢʷreens hŋʷraals MC: ɦɣɛn hɣɛ 3 Attributions
  • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: transformation through magic, illusionary transformation (this word often appears as a metaphor in Buddhist texts. The world as we perceive it is nothing but an illusion and the constituents of existence appear in it conditioned by many factors interdependent of each other. However, since all constituents of existence are in reality empty, their appearance is false, comparable to the show of a magician)
朝夕   zhāo xī OC: taw sɢlaɡ MC: ʈiɛu ziɛk 3 Attributions
  • NPabprocesschange (of the seasons); change in price 四時之朝夕
  • VPichangechange in time???
移易   yí yì OC: k-lal leɡ MC: jiɛ jiɛk 3 Attributions
  • VPtoNchange character, get changed
  • VPtoNmake basic changes in, alter
變怪   biàn guài OC: prons kruuds MC: piɛn kɣɛi 3 Attributions
  • NPabprocesstransformation into something strange> miraculous transformation
變更   biàn gēng OC: prons kraaŋ MC: piɛn kɣaŋ 3 Attributions
  • VPiacttry to make changes, try to make amends
  • VPt+prep+Nintroduce changes to
   dài OC: lɯɯɡs MC: dəi 2 Attributions
  • vadVreplace> one after the other; in succession; from generation to generation
  • vichange(of non-human subjects) change periodically
   fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn 2 Attributions

Fǎn 反 refers to a change resulting in the reverting to one's original state. See RETURN vt.fig

  • vtoNreverse (one's true nature and other abstract things)
   xǐ OC: selʔ MC: siɛ 2 Attributions

Xǐ 徙 refers to making the object moved unstable.

  • vichangechange one's ways; change from a normal or stable state
   quān OC: skhlon MC: tshiɛn 2 Attributions
  • viactchange one's ways (to the better)
  • vtoNchange
   wéi OC: ɢʷal MC: ɦiɛ 2 Attributions
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2change N1 deliberately into N2
  • vttoN.+V[0]reflexive.自change (oneself) deliberately into being V. make (oneself) V
  • vtoNpassivebe changed into
   é OC: ŋʷaal MC: ŋʷɑ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNto move; change
  • vtoNreflexive.訛心change (your own heart)
   chèn OC: tshrins MC: ʈʂhɪn 2 Attributions
  • vtoNchange (one's teeth, from milk teeth)
變成   biàn chéng OC: prons djeŋ MC: piɛn dʑiɛŋ 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNchangebe transformed into
變置   biàn zhì OC: prons tɯɡs MC: piɛn ʈɨ 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)replace the contextually determinate object
  • VPtoNreplace
變身   biàn shēn OC: prons qhjin MC: piɛn ɕin 2 Attributions
  • VPibe transformed; transform oneself
皫 / 犥   piǎo OC: phewʔ MC: phiɛu piǎo OC: phewʔ MC: phiɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNchange colour (of birds)
   yì OC: p-lɯɡs MC: jɨ 1 Attribution
  • nabbuddhistBUDDH: change (as part of the four phases of birth, continuation, change, and extinction)
  • vtoNcausativecause to be different
   huí OC: ɢuul MC: ɦuo̝i 1 Attribution
  • vichangechange one's mind
始終   shǐ zhōng OC: lʰɯʔ tjuŋ MC: ɕɨ tɕuŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPab{N1&N2}processcyclic development, revolution
復反   fù fǎn OC: buɡs panʔ MC: bɨu pi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativereform so as to reverse (one's true nature)
損益   sǔn yì OC: squunʔ qleɡ MC: suo̝n ʔiɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPimathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • VPt(oN)to alter the contextually determinate N (lit. by substracting from it and adding to it)
改化   gǎi huà OC: klɯɯʔ hŋʷraals MC: kəi hɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe changed/improved so as to be transformed
改換   gǎi huàn OC: klɯɯʔ ɢloons MC: kəi ɦʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • NPabprocesschange
改更   gǎi gēng OC: klɯɯʔ kraaŋ MC: kəi kɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPichange one's ways; "turn over a new leaf"
易徙   yì xǐ OC: leɡ selʔ MC: jiɛk siɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPiundergo changes (e.g. in temperature)
更調   gēng tiáo OC: kraaŋ dɯɯw MC: kɣaŋ deu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNswitch to; change into
有他   yǒu tā OC: ɢʷɯʔ lʰaal MC: ɦɨu thɑ 1 Attribution
  • VPipsychchange one's mind 有他志
法化   fǎ huà OC: pab hŋʷraals MC: pi̯ɐp hɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabprocesstransformation through the dharma-law
演為   yǎn wéi OC: lenʔ ɢʷal MC: jiɛn ɦiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtt(oN.)+V[0]develop so as to become V/> develop a contextually determinate N so that it becomes V
潮汐   cháo xī OC: daw sɢaɡ MC: ɖiɛu ziɛk 1 Attribution
  • NPabfigurativerise and fall; change
變作   biàn zuò OC: prons tsaaɡ MC: piɛn tsɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativechange into, be transformed into
起滅   qǐ miè OC: khɯʔ med MC: khɨ miɛt 1 Attribution
  • NPabeventrise and destruction
轉化   zhuǎn huà OC: tonʔ hŋʷraals MC: ʈiɛn hɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabacttransforming oneself
  • NPabprocesschange
  • VPiacttransform oneself
遷謝   qiān xiè OC: tshen MC: tshiɛn zɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPprocessperiodic change
遷變   qiān biàn OC: tshen prons MC: tshiɛn piɛn 1 Attribution
  • NPab.cchanges, transformations
革更   gé gēng OC: krɯɯɡ kraaŋ MC: kɣɛk kɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPichange; be changed and renewed
  • VPtoNpassivebe changed into something new, undergo change into something new
  • VPtoNresultativechange
   liú OC: ru MC: lɨu 1 Attribution
  • vi-Vchange (so as to become something else) 流為
  • vadNcontinuously changing
遷易   qiān yì MC: tshjen yeH OC: tshen leeɡs 1 Attribution
  • VPitake on different functions
散聚   sàn jù MC: -- dzjuX OC: sqaans sɡoʔ 1 Attribution
  • NPab.adVin the coagulations and dispersals in the universe
易改   yì gǎi MC: yek kojX OC: leɡ klɯɯʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNchange in all sorts of ways
迭代   dié dài MC: det dojH OC: liiɡ lɯɯɡs 1 Attribution
  • NPabalternation
   é OC: ŋʷaal MC: ŋʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNtransform
   fān OC: phan MC: phi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • viversatile; changing
   shū OC: djo MC: dʑi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to be become different
   yuán OC: ɢʷan MC: ɦi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • vadNchanged
   yáo OC: ɡraaw MC: ɦɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • nabchangeK: change as expressed in the lines of the Yijing hexagram
   zhé OC: krleeɡ MC: ʈɣɛk 0 Attributions
  • nabeventchange of the appearance of the sun ZUO; K: loan
   jué OC: kʷliid MC: ket 0 Attributions
  • viprocesschange
   dào OC: ɡ-luus MC: dɑu 0 Attributions
  • vichangeable; shifting
改常   gǎi cháng OC: klɯɯʔ djaŋ MC: kəi dʑi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPichangechange from the normal state
改易   gǎi yì OC: klɯɯʔ leɡ MC: kəi jiɛk 0 Attributions
  • VPichange YTL, LUNHENG
  • VPtoNpassivebe changed into N
改革   gǎi gé OC: klɯɯʔ krɯɯɡ MC: kəi kɣɛk 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNpassivebe changed
更代   gēng dài OC: kraaŋ lɯɯɡs MC: kɣaŋ dəi 0 Attributions
  • VPadNchanging, turn-taking
更國   gēng guó OC: kraaŋ kʷɯɯɡ MC: kɣaŋ kək 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativechange so as to cause to become a state
更為   gēng wéi OC: kraaŋ ɢʷal MC: kɣaŋ ɦiɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNchange into
消息   xiāo xī OC: smew sqlɯɡ MC: siɛu sɨk 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
無素   wú sù OC: ma saas MC: mi̯o suo̝ 0 Attributions
  • VPihave no basic principle> be chaning and wavering
移改   yí gǎi OC: k-lal klɯɯʔ MC: jiɛ kəi 0 Attributions
  • VPiprocessundergo changes, go through transformations
興衰   xīng shuāi OC: qhɯŋ srul MC: hɨŋ ʂi 0 Attributions
  • VPadNbe impermanent
變動   biàn dòng OC: prons dooŋʔ MC: piɛn duŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPiLUNHENG: change
變改   biàn gǎi OC: prons klɯɯʔ MC: piɛn kəi 0 Attributions
  • VPiresultativeLunheng: change artificially so as to become better> get better
變現   biàn xiàn OC: prons ɡeens MC: piɛn ɦen 0 Attributions
  • VPadVappear in transformed shapes
變異   biàn yì OC: prons p-lɯɡs MC: piɛn jɨ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativeLunheng: change so as to make different> change into something different
轉易   zhuǎn yì OC: tonʔ leɡ MC: ʈiɛn jiɛk 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNchange (something) around
遷動   qiān dòng OC: tshen dooŋʔ MC: tshiɛn duŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPiactchange one's stance; change one's ways
非常   fēi cháng OC: pɯl djaŋ MC: pɨi dʑi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPicontinuousbe impermanent
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPabalternation

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: