CONTINUE  繼續

ACT OR EXIST RESEMBLE>as one has in the INTENSELY>very NEAR PAST.
CARRY ONPROCEEDGO ONKEEP ONPERSISTPRESS ONPERSEVERESTICKSOLDIER ON
Taxonoymy

PERSISTSTILL

Antonymy

STOPREACT

See also

TRANSMIT

Kind Of

ACT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for continuing to do something and also for continuing a tradition is jì 繼 (ant. jué 絕 "disrupt a tradition") which concentrates on the original thing that is being continued or made longer.

2. Xù 續 (ant. duàn 斷 "interrupt a tradition") focusses on what is being added in the lengthening process, and the dominant meaning of the word is spatial lengthening.

3. Zhuǎn 轉 is refers to continuation by alternation of the agent and is translatable as "continuing in turn".

4. Chéng 承 refers to the continuation of an abstract tradition.

5. Yè 業 refers primarily to the continuation of the trade or tradition of one's own forebears.

6. Réng 仍 focusses on the uninterrupted and continuous pursuance of an activity over a continuing period.

7. Sì 嗣, which came to mean "succeed as an heir", was used in early texts to refer to the continuation of any tradition or practice.

8. Yán 延 is current in the meaning "continue" in OBI.

Modern Chinese Criteria

繼續

連續

賡續

延續

衍續

接續

持續

繼承

繼往開來

前赴後繼

前僕後繼

此起彼伏

踵事增華

存亡

繼絕

絡繹

繼武

不斷 focusses on lack of interruption.

不停 focusses on failure to stop and rest.

不住 focusses on failure to discontinue.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 472

BACULUS

Lists seven terms for special use sticks.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 120

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 206

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 292

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.196:132

CONTINUER.PERSEVERER.PERSISTER; CONTINUER.POURSUIVRE

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.205.165FF

CONTINUATION.CONTINUITE; CONTINUEL.CONTINU

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 495

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 68
  • vadV : 11
  • VPpostadV : 6
  • vt+V[0] : 5
  • VPt(oN) : 3
  • vi.red : 3
  • VPtoN : 3
  • nab : 2
  • vi : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • vtt(oN1.) N2 : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • vtoN.adV : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • vt(+V[0]) : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • PPadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 祖堂集 : 22
  • 春秋左傳 : 21
  • 毛詩 : 11
  • 韓非子 : 11
  • 論語 : 8
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 法言 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 尹文子 : 1

Words

   jì OC: keeɡs MC: kei 27 Attributions

The most current general word for continuing to do something and also for continuing a tradition is jì 繼 (ant. jué 絕 "disrupt a tradition") which concentrates on the original thing that is being continued or made longer.

  • vadN.adVcontinuing> successive
  • vt(oN)continue a contextually determinate course of action
  • vt+V[0]causativecause to continue to V
  • vtoNcontinue with, carry on, continue the tradition of; succeed in the post of
  • vtoNcausativecause to continue, cause to continue to exist
  • vtoNpassivebe continued
  • viprocesscontinue; be continuous; be lasting
  • nabeventcontinuation; succession
   sì OC: sɢlɯs MC: zɨ 14 Attributions

Sì 嗣, which came to mean "succeed as an heir", was used in early texts to refer to the continuation of any tradition or practice.

  • vadNcontinue> following; succeeding
  • vtoNto continue; to succeed to; to succeed as
   chéng OC: ɡjɯŋ MC: dʑɨŋ 9 Attributions

Chéng 承 refers to the continuation of an abstract tradition.

  • vtoN.adVby way of continuation of; as things develop in continuation of
  • vtoNcontinue; latch on to; continue the tradition of
   xù OC: sɢloɡ MC: zi̯ok 7 Attributions

Xù 續 (ant. duàn 斷 "interrupt a tradition") focusses on what is being added in the lengthening process, and the dominant meaning of the word is spatial lengthening.

  • vadNcontinuing
  • vadVin continuation, continuing the line
  • vt+prep+NN=humcontinue the traditon of
  • vt+V[0]continue to V
  • vtoNprolong; make physically longer; continue 夜以續日 HF: 以長續短;
  • vtoNN=actcontinue in (a job or position); go on from something to something else 相續 "take over from one another"
  • vtt(oN1.) N2causativein literary composition: make the contextually determinate N1 continue on from N2
   shào OC: ɡ-lewʔ MC: dʑiɛu 5 Attributions
  • vtoNcontinue; expand (intelligence/understanding)
   yú OC: ɢʷra MC: ɦi̯o 4 Attributions
  • vadVprefixcontinuously; go on V-ing; perhaps also inchoative: go a-V-ing [this may have to be reanalysed as vt+V, in fact! The link with the meaning GO TO is tempting. This needs study.]
   réng OC: njɯŋ MC: ȵɨŋ 4 Attributions

Réng 仍 focusses on the uninterrupted and continuous pursuance of an activity over a continuing period.

  • vadVin the old style, continuously
  • vtoNcontinue to occupy (an office); continue as before in
   xún OC: ljum MC: zim 4 Attributions
  • vtoNto continue; to renew; to confirm
   yán OC: lan MC: jiɛn 4 Attributions

Yán 延 is current in the meaning "continue" in OBI.

  • vadNconsecutive 延年 "for years on end"
  • viprocesscontinue
  • vt.red:(+V[0])go on and on V-ing
  • vt[0]+V[0]it continues to V
  • vt+V[0]OBI 3: continue to V
  • vtoNcontinue; prolong
  • vtoNcausativecause to continue> prolong
   zhuǎn OC: tonʔ MC: ʈiɛn 3 Attributions

Zhuǎn 轉 is refers to continuation by alternation of the agent and is translatable as "continuing in turn".

  • vadVcontinuously, from one person to the next
   jìn OC: tsins MC: tsin 3 Attributions
  • vt+V[0]step forward (and ask another question) > continue (saying)
不休   bù xiū OC: pɯʔ qhu MC: pi̯ut hɨu 3 Attributions
  • VPpostadVceaselessly
   yì OC: laɡ MC: jiɛk 2 Attributions
  • vt(oN)continue the contextuallyu determinate activity
  • vtoNcontinue (something) and develop it
   xǐ OC: sbrelʔ MC: ʂiɛ 2 Attributions
  • vi.redintensitivecontinuous and long 纚纚然
不止   bù zhǐ OC: pɯʔ kljɯʔ MC: pi̯ut tɕɨ 2 Attributions
  • VPpostadVcontinuously, ceaselessly, incessantly; never stopping
紹繼   shào jì OC: ɡ-lewʔ keeɡs MC: dʑiɛu kei 2 Attributions
  • VPiactsucceed (a predecessor in a distinguished position etc)
  • VPtoNcontinue the tradition of > succeed to
   jiǔ OC: klɯʔ MC: kɨu 1 Attribution
  • vt(+V[0])persist for a long time in a contextually determinate action V
   xù OC: ljaʔ MC: zi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vadVcontinuously; taking turns
   cóng OC: dzoŋ MC: dzi̯oŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcontinue, go on after the beginning
   shuài OC: sruds MC: ʂi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcontinue the tradition of; carry on
   shéng OC: sbljɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ 1 Attribution
  • vi.redbe continuous
  • vtoNcontinue
   zuǎn OC: tsoonʔ MC: tsʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcontinue
  • vtoNreflexive.自cause one's tradition to continue
   xí OC: zɯb MC: zip 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcontinue (a tradition etc);
施及   shī jí OC: lʰal ɡrɯb MC: ɕiɛ gip 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeyì jí: continue so as to last until/for, continue down to; reach down to
更再   gèng zài OC: kraaŋs tsɯɯs MC: kɣaŋ tsəi 1 Attribution
  • PPadVby way of continuing what went before
浸潤   jìn rùn OC: skims njuns MC: tsim ȵʷin 1 Attribution
  • VPadNcontinuing (insiduously)
無斁   wú yì OC: ma laɡ MC: mi̯o jiɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPpostadVtirelessly
紹承   shào chéng OC: ɡ-lewʔ ɡjɯŋ MC: dʑiɛu dʑɨŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcontinue
紹續   shào xù OC: ɡ-lewʔ sɢloɡ MC: dʑiɛu zi̯ok 1 Attribution
  • NPabcontinuation
繼續   jì xù OC: keeɡs sɢloɡ MC: kei zi̯ok 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)omcontinue (a contextually determinate N)
  • VPtoNcontinue
   xù MC: zjowk OC: sɢloɡ 1 Attribution
  • nabactcontinuation, way of continuation
   chóu MC: dzyuw OC: ɡju 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcontinue (corresponding to each other)
怙終   hù zhōng MC: -- tsyuwng OC: ɡaaʔ tjuŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)persist to the end in the action N
怙終   hù zhōng MC: -- tsyuwng OC: ɡaaʔ tjuŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)persist to the end in the action N
   luán OC: b-ron MC: liɛn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontinue; connect???
   yè OC: ŋab MC: ŋi̯ɐp 0 Attributions

Yè 業 refers primarily to the continuation of the trade or tradition of one's own forebears.

  • vtoNcontinue the tradition of, inherit
   jì OC: kɯʔ MC: kɨ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontinue; reconnect
   zhuì OC: krlods MC: ʈiɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNtie together> keep tied together> continue; connect
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontinue; carry on
   gēng OC: kraaŋ MC: kɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNrare, archaic, SHU: continue on with; continue to have
不息   bù xī OC: pɯʔ sqlɯɡ MC: pi̯ut sɨk 0 Attributions
  • VPpostadVincessantly
繼日   jì rì OC: keeɡs mljiɡ MC: kei ȵit 0 Attributions
  • NPadVcontinuous days > continuously, day after day (poetry: with ommited main verb) [corr. CH]
   yīn OC: qin MC: ʔin 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontinue (a tradition)
  • vt+prep+Ncontinue (the tradition of N)
   wǔ OC: mbaʔ MC: mi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontinue in the footsteps of
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontinue (corresponding to each other)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: