WICKED  邪惡

MORALLY BAD.
EVILSINFULIMMORALWRONGMORALLY WRONGWRONGFULBADINIQUITOUSCORRUPTBASEMEANVILEVILLAINOUSNEFARIOUSERRINGFOULMONSTROUSSHOCKINGOUTRAGEOUSATROCIOUSABOMINABLEDEPRAVEDREPREHENSIBLEHATEFULDETESTABLEDESPICABLEODIOUSCONTEMPTIBLEHORRIBLEHEINOUSEGREGIOUSEXECRABLEFIENDISHVICIOUSMURDEROUSBLACK-HEARTEDBARBAROUSCRIMINALILLICITUNLAWFULILLEGALLAWLESSFELONIOUSDISHONESTUNSCRUPULOUSLAW MALFEASANTINFORMAL CROOKEDDATED DASTARDLY
Antonym

CORRECTAPPROPRIATE so as to FIT the FACTS or the PRINCIPLES PERFECTLY.GOODEXCELLENT in VIRTUE OR in IMPORTANT SKILL.

Hypernym

BADThe FEATURE of being NOT EXCELLENT OR GOOD. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

GUILTRESPONSIBILITY FOR an AVOIDABLE PAST BAD ACT of one's own.CRIMEWICKED ACT OFFENDING INTENSELY against an IMPORTANT LAW.SHAMESOCIAL EMOTION OF REGRET one's SELF:own FEATURES, ACTS OR ATTITUDES which one BELIEVES to have been BAD.

Hyponym
  • CRAFTY WICKEDLY INTELLIGENT AND TENDENCY:tending to DECEIVE.
    • CRUEL VIOLENT AND WICKED so as to DELIGHT in INJURING OR DAMAGING OTHERS.
      • DISLOYAL Be WICKED so as to LACK APPROPRIATE FAITHFULNESS.
        • SELFISH WICKED so as to STRIVE FOR ONLY one's SELF:own PROFIT.
          • VICE WICKEDNESS as an ENDURING BAD MORAL FEATURE of a HUMAN.
            • SIN VICE OR CRIME OFFENDING AGAINST DEITIES.
              • HERESY SIN of BELIEVING in PUBLICLY NOT ACCEPTED FAITH.
              • SACRILEGE SIN OFFENDING AGAINST WHAT IS BELIEVED to BE SACRED
            • GLUTTONY VICE of EATing EXCESSIVELY.
            • SCOUNDREL INTENSELY WICKED PERSON
              Old Chinese Criteria

              1. The most current and general word for wickedness is probably è 惡 (ant. shàn 善 "good"), but it must be noted that in early texts the word is more current in the meaning of physical ugliness.

              2. Xié 邪 (ant. zhèng 正 "straight and in no way wicked") typically involves nuances of sinister evil influences in addition to plain human depravity.

              3. Suì 祟 (ant. xiáng 祥 "of the good innocuous kind") refers to sinister supernatural wicked forces operating in the human world.

              4. Yāo 妖 (ant. jí 吉 "of a generally auspicious nature") typically implies nuances of seductive or beguiling qualities coexisting with wickedness.

              5. Jiān 姦 (ant. liáng 良 "of the good sort, decent") refers to sheer human depravity with no supernatural or sinister overtones.

              6. Chǒu 醜 (ant. měi 美 "of commendable moral quality") often refers to something rather like moral ugliness and depravity in early texts, but from Han times onwards the word comes to refer to physical ugliness].

              7. Qū 曲 (ant. duān 端 "straight and unwarped") refers to warped crookedness and lack of moral straightness.

              8. Wú 污 (ant. jié 潔 "morally pure and spotless") refers to moral defilement or moral impurity.

              9. Liè 劣 (ant. ) refers to moral inferiority as opposed to excellence.

              10. Pì 僻 (ant. ) refers to

              11. Jiāo 姣 refers to wickedness coupled with cunning, scheming and malice.

              12. Xiǎn 險 is occasionally used to refer to the type of wickedness that is a danger to the group or the state.

              13. Wāi 歪 (ant. zhí 直 "morally straight") refers to wickedness under the image of moral warpedness and and deviation from a straight proper norm.

              14. Xiōng 凶 refers to a baneful wickedness that bodes ill for the future.

              15. Chǐ 恥 refers to something that is a public disgrace. See SHAME.

              Modern Chinese Criteria

              凶惡

              凶狠

              凶橫

              凶暴

              強暴

              橫暴

              凶悍

              邪惡

              惡狠狠

              狠三狠四

              殺氣騰騰

              咬牙切齒

              凶相畢露

              滿臉橫肉

              窮凶極惡

              金剛努目

              橫眉怒目

              鷹視狼步

              橫眉豎眼

              齜牙咧嘴

              青面獠牙

              張牙舞爪

              卑鄙無恥

              rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

              • Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka ( APRESJAN 2004) p. 575

              • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 16.72

              • De differentiis ( DIFFERENTIAE I) p. 85

                SCELERATUS, SCELESTUS, SCELEROSUS

                507. Sic interpretes Terentii act. IV, scen. 3, Eunuch.: Scelerosus, est multorum: scelestus, vel unius: scelerosus, proprie auctor sceleris: sceleratus, in quo scelus sit commissum, vel constitutum.

                ]

                507. Inter Sceleratum, scelestum, et scelerosum. Grammatici dicunt sceleratum illum esse in quo fit [ Al., sit] scelus; ut Cicero: O te [Al., tu] scelerate, qui subactus et prostitutus es. Scelestum autem per quem fit. Ut Terentius: scelesta, ovem lupo commisisti. Scelerosus, qui facit: ut idem: Ego illum scelerosum misera nolens pertuli. Sed haec auctores non usquequaque custodiunt.

                86

                IMPIUS, PECCATOR

                298. Ex Ambrosio.

                Ibid. Haec est ratio cur sanctissimi Patres docent impios in extremo judicio non esse judicandos, quia jam judicati sunt, sed eos qui medii sunt inter pios et impios. Vide Prudentiana mea, n. 179. [AREV.]

                ]

                298. Inter Impium et peccatorem hoc distare solet, quod omnis impius peccator, non tamen omnis peccator impius habendus est. Impius quippe est quisquis a fidei pietate alienus efficitur, peccator vero qui prava actione foedatur.

                87

                PECCATOR, IMMUNDUS

                424. Inter Peccatorem et immundum, quod omnis peccator immundus est; non tamen omnis immundus peccator. Peccator enim est qui transgreditur [col. 53B] praecepta Dei, et necesse est hunc et immundum esse quia transgreditur. Immundus autem est et qui 55 cum uxore sua dormierit, aut mortuum tetigerit, non tamen ideo peccator est.

                121

                MALITIA, MALIGNITAS

                358. Sic Cicero, III de Natur. deor.: Est enim malitia versuta et fallax nocendi ratio.

                ]

                358. Inter Malitiam et malignitatem. Cogitatio quippe prava mentis malitia dicitur, malitiae votum vel opus malignitas appellatur.

              • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 338

              • “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 ( HUANG XIAODONG 2003) p. 184

              • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

                IMPIETAS/IMPROBITAS

                IMPUDENTIA

                IMPUDICITIA

                MALITIA

              • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 300/301

              • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 1.194

                BOSHEIT

              • Theophrast, Charaktere ( THEOPHRASTUS 1960) p. no. 29

              • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 1499

                醜,丑,惡

              • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 415

                邪,斜

                1. WL's claim that 斜 is freely used figuratively does not correspond to what we have found. The distinction in the graphs from early times is that the first is figurative and moral in meaning, the second literal and spatial.

              • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 55

                1. WL notes correctly the interchangeability of 凶 and xio1ng 兇 in the meaning "wicked", although this does not of course affect the pre-Buddhist stage of the language, where the latter meaning is absent.

              • The Encyclopedia of Philosophy ( BORCHERT 2005) p.

                EVIL

              • Encyclopedia of Religion ( JONES 2005) p.

                WICKED

              • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 2.387:258

                DESHONNETE.MALHONETE

              • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 2.153.106

                MALICE.MIGNITE.MECHANCETE

              • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 1.229.187

                MALIN.MAUVAIS.MECHANT.MALICIEUX;

              • New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols. ( HOROWITZ 2005) p.

                EVIL

              • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 62A

              Attributions by syntactic funtion

              • vadN : 57
              • nab : 50
              • NPab : 39
              • VPi : 28
              • vi : 23
              • VPadN : 15
              • v[adN] : 13
              • NP[adN] : 9
              • VP[adN] : 4
              • nab.post-V{NUM} : 4
              • NP : 4
              • NPab[adN] : 3
              • nab : 2
              • n : 2
              • NPab{vt+N} : 2
              • vadV : 2
              • vt(oN) : 1
              • VP[adNab] : 1

              Attributions by text

              • 荀子 : 38
              • 說苑 : 31
              • 管子 : 23
              • 孟子 : 16
              • 論衡 : 15
              • 呂氏春秋 : 14
              • 賢愚經 : 12
              • 六祖壇經 : 11
              • 法句經 : 10
              • 尚書 : 8
              • 祖堂集 : 7
              • 孝經 : 6
              • 淮南子 : 6
              • 韓詩外傳 : 6
              • 戰國策 : 6
              • 莊子 : 5
              • 春秋穀梁傳 : 5
              • 百喻經 : 5
              • 鹽鐵論 : 4
              • 尹文子 : 3
              • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
              • 老子 : 3
              • 史記 : 3
              • 法言 : 3
              • 禮記 : 3
              • 臨濟錄 : 3
              • 墨子 : 2
              • 太平經 : 2
              • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
              • 六韜 : 1
              • 法集要頌經 : 1
              • 楚辭 : 1
              • 文子 : 1

              Words

                 xié OC: sɢlja MC: zɣɛ 45 Attributions

              Xié 邪 (ant. zhèng 正 "straight and in no way wicked") typically involves nuances of sinister evil influences in addition to plain human depravity.

              • v[adN]subject nominalisation: something that is wicked; something that is heterodox
              • nab.post-V{NUM}wickednesses
              • nabactwicked activities; heterodox practices
              • nabstativedeviation; impropriety; wickedness
              • v[adN]nonreferentialthose who are wicked
              • vadNwicked; uncorrect; heterodox, heretical
              • vibe deviant and evil, unacceptable, pernicious; be contrary to the norm; of people, occasionally: be wayward
              • v[adN]N=humthe wicked (people)
              • vt(oN)causativecause to be wicked
              不善   bù shàn OC: pɯʔ ɡjenʔ MC: pi̯ut dʑiɛn 42 Attributions
              • NP[adN]litotesthe bad, the wicked
              • NPablitoteswickedness, bad actions; an action that is not good
              • VP[adNab]actnot good>wicked [behaviour]
              • VPadNlitotesinferior, bad 不善人,不善之性
              • VPilitotesbe abominable; be morally totally unacceptable
                 è OC: qaaɡ MC: ʔɑk 26 Attributions

              The most current and general word for wickedness is probably è 惡 (ant. shàn 善 "good"), but it must be noted that in early texts the word is more current in the meaning of physical ugliness.

              • nab.post-V{NUM}actevil deeds; wicked actions
              • nabactwickedness in action
              • nabconceptthe abstract concept of wickedness
              • nabgradedwickedness as a psychological feature 其惡最甚
              • v[adN]nonreferentialthe wicked
              • vadNwicked
              • visubj=nonhumanbe evil; inherently wicked, evil
              • viactbehave wickedly
              • nabfeaturewickedness
                 jiān OC: kraan MC: kɣan 24 Attributions

              Jiān 姦 (ant. liáng 良 "of the good sort, decent") refers to sheer human depravity and moral incompetence with no supernatural or sinister overtones.

              • nabactwickedness, villainy, villainous behaviour; moral incompetence
              • v[adN]nonreferentialwicked person; moral incompetent person
              • vadNwicked, depraved; morally incompetent
              • vibe villainous, be wicked (ministers); improper (gains etc); be morally incompetent
              • v[adN]a wicked person; (certain) wicked people; morally incompetent people
              • nab.post-V{NUM}types of wickedness
                 fēi OC: pɯl MC: pɨi 10 Attributions
              • nabactimproper act, fault; wrongdoing; untruth; occasionally: sense for what is wrong
              • vibe morally wrong (of actions)
              • viactbe morally wrong be factually wrong; do wrong, perpetrate a wrong
              • vtoNputativeconsider as morally wrong or wicked; disapprove of morally
              僻 / 辟   pì OC: pheeɡ MC: phek pì OC: pheɡ MC: phiɛk 8 Attributions

              Pì 僻 (ant. ) refers to Pì 僻 (ant. ) refers to

              • vibe deviant and depraved, unreglemented, unruly; extravagant
              • nabactdepraved, deviant action
              • vadVinappropriately, improperly, in a biased way
              • nabpsychologicaldecrepitude
              不義   bù yì OC: pɯʔ ŋrals MC: pi̯ut ŋiɛ 7 Attributions
              • NP[adN]the wicked people
              • NPab[adN]actact of wickedness
              • VPito be wrong
              無道   wú dào OC: ma ɡ-luuʔ MC: mi̯o dɑu 7 Attributions
              • NPab{vt+N}actwaywardness, wickedness, failure to follow the proper Way; lack of the Way
              • VP[adN]the wicked
              • VPilack the way; be wayward
              • VP[adN]those who do not have the way, the wayward> the wicked
                 wù OC: qʷlaas MC: ʔuo̝ 6 Attributions
              • vadNfigurativewicked, corrupt
              • nabfeaturewickedness
              凶德   xiōng dé OC: qhoŋ tɯɯɡ MC: hi̯oŋ tək 6 Attributions
              • NPabfeaturevice; viciousness [perhaps also NPab - act]
                 xiōng OC: qhoŋ MC: hi̯oŋ 5 Attributions

              Xiōng 凶 refers to a baneful wickedness that bodes ill for the future.

              • nabactwickedness
              • vadNboding ill for the future> wicked (and thus boding ill for the future) 凶人
              • vibaneful, wicked
                 zhuó OC: rdooɡ MC: ɖɣɔk 5 Attributions
              • v[adN]the wicked, the morally impure
              • vadNmorally defiled, morally impure
              • vifigurativebe morally defiled
                 xiǎn OC: qhromʔ MC: hiɛm 5 Attributions

              Xiǎn 險 is occasionally used to refer to the type of wickedness that is a danger to the group or the state.

              • vibe precariously wicked, tend towards evil
              • nabactwickedness
                 hù OC: ɡaaʔ MC: ɦuo̝ 4 Attributions
              • nsubj=nonhumanwhat is improper; what is remiss; what is uncouth
              • viremiss; indecorous, improper, uncouth
              • v[adN]what is indecorous; what is uncouth; what is evil
                 huì OC: qʷads MC: ʔi̯ɐi 4 Attributions
              • nabactwickedness, acts of depravity
              • v[adN]nonreferentialthe morally defiled
              • vadNwicked, morally defiled
              • vibe wicked
              • viactindulge in dirty>wicked practices
              不可   bù kě OC: pɯʔ khlaalʔ MC: pi̯ut khɑ 4 Attributions
              • VPibe unacceptable
              • VPt+V[0]it is unacceptable or wicked to V, one should not
              姦邪   jiān xié OC: kraan sɢlja MC: kɣan zɣɛ 4 Attributions
              • NPnonreferentialthe wicked and depraved
              • NPabfeaturewickedness
              • VP[adN]nonreferentialthe wicked
              • VPadNintensitivethoroughly wicked
              邪偽   xié wěi OC: sɢlja ŋgʷals MC: zɣɛ ŋiɛ 3 Attributions
              • VPadNwickedly dishonest
              • NPabfeaturedeviation; wickedness
                 gān OC: kaan MC: kɑn 2 Attributions
              • vadNwicked, treacherous
                 yāo OC: qrow MC: ʔiɛu 2 Attributions

              Yāo 妖 (ant. jí 吉 "of a generally auspicious nature") typically implies nuances of seductive or beguiling qualities coexisting with wickedness.

              • nevil spirit
              • vibeguiling and evil
              • vadVwickedly, outrageously
              • vadNwicked
                 wū OC: qʷlaa MC: ʔuo̝ 2 Attributions

              Wú 污 (ant. jié 潔 "morally pure and spotless") refers to moral defilement or moral impurity.

              • vadNinfamous, morally impure and defiled
              • vihave blemishes; have faults; be morally impure, defiled; be infamous
              • viactindulge in wicked practices
                 suì OC: sqluds MC: si 2 Attributions

              Suì 祟 (ant. xiáng 祥 "of the good innocuous kind") refers to sinister supernatural wicked forces operating in the human world.

              • nabmetaphysicalmalignant influence; OBI 5, but read by QIU as 咎: noxious influence, ancestral curse
              • vibe noxious
              僻違 / 僻違辟違   pì wéi OC: pheeɡ ɢul MC: phek ɦɨi  OC:  MC:  2 Attributions
              • VPibe utterly wicked and disobedient
              姦軌   jiān guǐ OC: kraan kʷruʔ MC: kɣan ki 2 Attributions
              • NPabactwickedness
              • VPiactact wickedly
              無義   wú yì OC: ma ŋrals MC: mi̯o ŋiɛ 2 Attributions
              • VP[adN]nonreferentialdishonourable perfson;irresponsible person; people without a just cause
              • VPiactbe dishonourable in action
              邪倒   xié dào OC: sɢlja k-laaws MC: zɣɛ tɑu 2 Attributions
              • NPabtextheterodox teachings
              • VPadNheterodox; wicked
              • VPiacthold wicked perverted opinions
              闡提   chǎn tí OC: thjanʔ ɡ-lee MC: tɕhiɛn dei 2 Attributions
              • NPabbreviationBUDDH: skr. icchantika; somebody who has cut off all good roots and will not attain liberation (see 一禪提)
                 fěi OC: pɯlʔ MC: pɨi 1 Attribution
              • vadNarchaic: wrong; incorrect
                 tè OC: nʰɯɯɡ MC: thək 1 Attribution
              • nabactwickedness, bad points; wicked forces; wicked acts
              • vadNwicked
              • viactbe wicked, engage in wicked action
              • v[adN]N=humthe wicked
              • nabdispositionwickedness
                 héng OC: ɢraaŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 1 Attribution
              • vadVin a wicked manner
                 róu OC: mljuʔ MC: ȵɨu 1 Attribution
              • vibe wicked and perverse
              不德   bù dé OC: pɯʔ tɯɯɡ MC: pi̯ut tək 1 Attribution
              • VPibe morally stupid; be devoid of virtue
              • VP[adN]N=actmisconduct
              心惡   xīn è OC: slɯm qaaɡ MC: sim ʔɑk 1 Attribution
              • VPadNwicked in one's heart
              暴惡   bào è OC: boowɡs qaaɡ MC: bɑu ʔɑk 1 Attribution
              • VPibe violent and wicked
              毒態   dú tài OC: duuɡ nʰɯɯs MC: duok thəi 1 Attribution
              • NPabpsychpoisonous>wicked personal psychological features
              淫佚   yín yì OC: lɯm liɡ MC: jim jit 1 Attribution
              • NPabactwillful lawlessness; recklessness
              無恥   wú chǐ OC: ma m-lʰɯʔ MC: mi̯o ʈhɨ 1 Attribution

              lack a sense of shame

              • NP[adN]those who have no sense of shame (non-ref)
              • VPilack a sense of shame, have no sense of shame
              邪僻   xié pì OC: sɢlja pheeɡ MC: zɣɛ phek 1 Attribution
              • VPibe wicked
              邪心   xié xīn OC: sɢlja slɯm MC: zɣɛ sim 1 Attribution
              • NPabpsychwicked attitudes; wickedness of mind
              邪惡   xié è OC: sɢlja qaaɡ MC: zɣɛ ʔɑk 1 Attribution
              • VPadNwicked
              邪枉   xié wǎng OC: sɢlja qʷaŋʔ MC: zɣɛ ʔi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
              • VPiactengage in wicked and unlawful behaviour
              邪污   xié wū OC: sɢlja qʷlaa MC: zɣɛ ʔuo̝ 1 Attribution
              • VPibe wicked and morally defiled
              邪穢   xié huì OC: sɢlja qʷads MC: zɣɛ ʔi̯ɐi 1 Attribution
              • NPabfeaturewickedness of all kinds
              邪辟   xié pì OC: sɢlja beɡ MC: zɣɛ biɛk 1 Attribution
              • NPabactwickedness of any kind
              醜恥   chǒu chǐ OC: khljuʔ m-lʰɯʔ MC: tɕhɨu ʈhɨ 1 Attribution
              • VPibe morally ugly and disgraceful
              一闡提   yī chǎn tí OC: qliɡ thjanʔ ɡ-lee MC: ʔit tɕhiɛn dei 1 Attribution
              • NPbuddhistBUDDH: skr. icchantika; this refers to somebody who has cut off all wholesome roots and never will reach liberation (in some Mahāyāna and Chán Buddhist texts the term icchantika undergoes a reinterpretation, and the notion of the 'two kinds of icchantika' (LANKAVATARA, T.16/670: 487b20: 一闡提有二種), the second kind of icchantika referring to Bodhisattvas who - through their compassion - decide to remain in the world, also based on the knowledge that there is no difference between samsara and nirvana) (also transliterated with 闡提, 一顛迦, 阿闡底迦
              殘賊   cán zéi MC: dzan dzok OC: dzaan sɡɯɯɡ 1 Attribution
              • VPadNcruel and wicked
              不廉   bù lián MC: pjut ljem OC: pɯʔ ɡ-rem 1 Attribution
              • NPablack of moral purity
              邪慝   yé tè nì MC: yae thok OC: k-la nʰɯɯɡ 1 Attribution
              • NPabwickedness, depravity
              辟違   pì wéi MC: phjiek hjw+j OC: pheɡ ɢul 1 Attribution
              • VPibe utterly wicked and disobedient
              險賊   xiǎn zéi MC: xjemX dzok OC: qhromʔ sɡɯɯɡ 1 Attribution
              • VPibe insidious
              憍暴   jiāo bào  MC: kjew bawH  OC: krew boowɡs  1 Attribution
              • VPibe arrogant and reckless
              汙僈   wù man4 MC: 'uH -- OC: qʷlaas -- 1 Attribution
              • NPabfeaturemoral filth
                 wáng OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
                   liè OC: ɡ-rod MC: liɛt 0 Attributions

                Liè 劣 (ant. ) refers to moral inferiority as opposed to excellence.

                     fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
                  • viactbe perverse
                     fǒu OC: pɯʔ MC: pɨu 0 Attributions
                  • vibe bad
                     huí OC: ɢuul MC: ɦuo̝i 0 Attributions
                  • viwicked
                     huài OC: ɡruuls MC: ɦɣɛi 0 Attributions
                  • vadVwrongly, in an unauthorised way
                     xiáo OC: ɡreew MC: ɦɣɛu 0 Attributions

                  Xiáo 姣 refers to wickedness coupled with cunning, scheming and malice.

                  • viengage in immoral intrigue
                     niè OC: ŋred MC: ŋiɛt 0 Attributions
                  • vibe wicked
                     qū OC: khoɡ MC: khi̯ok 0 Attributions

                  Qū 曲 (ant. duān 端 "straight and unwarped") refers to warped crookedness and lack of moral straightness.

                  • nabactcrookedness, deviousness; injustice
                  • v[adN]the crooked
                  • vibe devious, crooked
                  • vt+prep+Nbe devious towards, be dishonest towards 曲於
                     wāi OC: qhʷraal MC: hɣɛ 0 Attributions

                  Wāi 歪 (ant. zhí 直 "morally straight") refers to wickedness under the image of moral warpedness and and deviation from a straight proper norm.

                  • vipost-Han: crooked
                     chǒu OC: khljuʔ MC: tɕhɨu 0 Attributions

                  Chǒu 醜 (ant. měi 美 "of commendable moral quality") often refers to something rather like moral ugliness and depravity in early texts, but from Han times onwards the word comes to refer to physical ugliness].

                  • vibe despicable and morally ugly
                     bì OC: prals MC: piɛ 0 Attributions
                  • vibe wicked (SHU, Hongfan), be wrong
                  不道   bù dào OC: pɯʔ ɡ-luuʔ MC: pi̯ut dɑu 0 Attributions
                  • VP[adN]injustice; wicked acts; acts of wickedness
                  姦回   jiān huí OC: kraan ɢuul MC: kɣan ɦuo̝i 0 Attributions
                  • VPi0there is wickedness, depravity
                  姦私   jiān sī OC: kraan sil MC: kɣan si 0 Attributions
                  • NPabactacts of wickedness
                  • NPabfeaturewicked selfishness
                  • VPadNmarkedwicked and selfish
                  淫邪   yín xié OC: lɯm sɢlja MC: jim zɣɛ 0 Attributions
                  • NPabactfrivolous wickedness
                  為惡   wéi è OC: ɢʷal qaaɡ MC: ɦiɛ ʔɑk 0 Attributions
                  • NP[adN]the wicked
                  無良   wú liáng OC: ma ɡ-raŋ MC: mi̯o li̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
                  • VPadNdevoid of excellence> good-for-nothing; wicked
                  私姦   sī jiān OC: sil kraan MC: si kɣan 0 Attributions
                  • NPabactacts of selfish depravity
                  私邪   sī xié OC: sil sɢlja MC: si zɣɛ 0 Attributions
                  • NPabfeatureselfish wickedness
                  邪氣   xié qì OC: sɢlja khɯds MC: zɣɛ khɨi 0 Attributions
                  • NPabpsychwicked psychological forces; wicked inner tendencies; wicked vital energies
                  非意   fēi yì OC: pɯl qɯɡs MC: pɨi ʔɨ 0 Attributions
                  • NP[adN]someone of wrong intent> someone wicked
                  頑嚚   wán yín OC: ŋɡroon ŋɡriŋ MC: ŋɣan ŋin 0 Attributions
                  • NPwicked and misguided men (SHU) 左傳‧文公十八年》:"昔 帝鴻氏 有不才子,掩義隱賊,好行凶德,醜類惡物,頑嚚不友,是與比周。" 陸德明 釋文:"心不則德義之經為頑,口不道忠信之言為嚚。" 前蜀 貫休 《古意》詩之七:"一種為頑嚚,得作翻經石。"
                  • VPibe wicked and misguided
                  非所聞   fēi suǒ wén OC: pɯl sqraʔ mɯn MC: pɨi ʂi̯ɤ mi̯un 0 Attributions
                  • VPibe something unheard of; be quite wrong
                  惡不善心   è bù shàn xīn OC: qaaɡ pɯʔ ɡjenʔ slɯm MC: ʔɑk pi̯ut dʑiɛn sim 0 Attributions
                  • VPibe wicked in attitude
                  邪慝   yé tè nì MC: yae thok OC: k-la nʰɯɯɡ 0 Attributions
                  • NPabwickedness, depravity

                  Existing SW for

                  Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: