WICKED  邪惡

MORALLY BAD.
EVILSINFULIMMORALWRONGMORALLY WRONGWRONGFULBADINIQUITOUSCORRUPTBASEMEANVILEVILLAINOUSNEFARIOUSERRINGFOULMONSTROUSSHOCKINGOUTRAGEOUSATROCIOUSABOMINABLEDEPRAVEDREPREHENSIBLEHATEFULDETESTABLEDESPICABLEODIOUSCONTEMPTIBLEHORRIBLEHEINOUSEGREGIOUSEXECRABLEFIENDISHVICIOUSMURDEROUSBLACK-HEARTEDBARBAROUSCRIMINALILLICITUNLAWFULILLEGALLAWLESSFELONIOUSDISHONESTUNSCRUPULOUSLAW MALFEASANTINFORMAL CROOKEDDATED DASTARDLY
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current and general word for wickedness is probably è 惡 (ant. shàn 善 "good"), but it must be noted that in early texts the word is more current in the meaning of physical ugliness.

2. Xié 邪 (ant. zhèng 正 "straight and in no way wicked") typically involves nuances of sinister evil influences in addition to plain human depravity.

3. Suì 祟 (ant. xiáng 祥 "of the good innocuous kind") refers to sinister supernatural wicked forces operating in the human world.

4. Yāo 妖 (ant. jí 吉 "of a generally auspicious nature") typically implies nuances of seductive or beguiling qualities coexisting with wickedness.

5. Jiān 姦 (ant. liáng 良 "of the good sort, decent") refers to sheer human depravity with no supernatural or sinister overtones.

6. Chǒu 醜 (ant. měi 美 "of commendable moral quality") often refers to something rather like moral ugliness and depravity in early texts, but from Han times onwards the word comes to refer to physical ugliness].

7. Qū 曲 (ant. duān 端 "straight and unwarped") refers to warped crookedness and lack of moral straightness.

8. Wú 污 (ant. jié 潔 "morally pure and spotless") refers to moral defilement or moral impurity.

9. Liè 劣 (ant. ) refers to moral inferiority as opposed to excellence.

10. Pì 僻 (ant. ) refers to

11. Jiāo 姣 refers to wickedness coupled with cunning, scheming and malice.

12. Xiǎn 險 is occasionally used to refer to the type of wickedness that is a danger to the group or the state.

13. Wāi 歪 (ant. zhí 直 "morally straight") refers to wickedness under the image of moral warpedness and and deviation from a straight proper norm.

14. Xiōng 凶 refers to a baneful wickedness that bodes ill for the future.

15. Chǐ 恥 refers to something that is a public disgrace. See SHAME.

Modern Chinese Criteria

凶惡

凶狠

凶橫

凶暴

強暴

橫暴

凶悍

邪惡

惡狠狠

狠三狠四

殺氣騰騰

咬牙切齒

凶相畢露

滿臉橫肉

窮凶極惡

金剛努目

橫眉怒目

鷹視狼步

橫眉豎眼

齜牙咧嘴

青面獠牙

張牙舞爪

卑鄙無恥

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

APRESJAN 2004 Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka 575

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 16.72

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 85

SCELERATUS, SCELESTUS, SCELEROSUS

507. Sic interpretes Terentii act. IV, scen. 3, Eunuch.: Scelerosus, est multorum: scelestus, vel unius: scelerosus, proprie auctor sceleris: sceleratus, in quo scelus sit commissum, vel constitutum.

]

507. Inter Sceleratum, scelestum, et scelerosum. Grammatici dicunt sceleratum illum esse in quo fit [ Al., sit] scelus; ut Cicero: O te [Al., tu] scelerate, qui subactus et prostitutus es. Scelestum autem per quem fit. Ut Terentius: scelesta, ovem lupo commisisti. Scelerosus, qui facit: ut idem: Ego illum scelerosum misera nolens pertuli. Sed haec auctores non usquequaque custodiunt.

86

IMPIUS, PECCATOR

298. Ex Ambrosio.

Ibid. Haec est ratio cur sanctissimi Patres docent impios in extremo judicio non esse judicandos, quia jam judicati sunt, sed eos qui medii sunt inter pios et impios. Vide Prudentiana mea, n. 179. [AREV.]

]

298. Inter Impium et peccatorem hoc distare solet, quod omnis impius peccator, non tamen omnis peccator impius habendus est. Impius quippe est quisquis a fidei pietate alienus efficitur, peccator vero qui prava actione foedatur.

87

PECCATOR, IMMUNDUS

424. Inter Peccatorem et immundum, quod omnis peccator immundus est; non tamen omnis immundus peccator. Peccator enim est qui transgreditur [col. 53B] praecepta Dei, et necesse est hunc et immundum esse quia transgreditur. Immundus autem est et qui 55 cum uxore sua dormierit, aut mortuum tetigerit, non tamen ideo peccator est.

121

MALITIA, MALIGNITAS

358. Sic Cicero, III de Natur. deor.: Est enim malitia versuta et fallax nocendi ratio.

]

358. Inter Malitiam et malignitatem. Cogitatio quippe prava mentis malitia dicitur, malitiae votum vel opus malignitas appellatur.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 338

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 184

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

IMPIETAS/IMPROBITAS

IMPUDENTIA

IMPUDICITIA

MALITIA

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 300/301

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 1.194

BOSHEIT

THEOPHRASTUS 1960 Theophrast, Charaktere no. 29

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1499

醜,丑,惡

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 415

邪,斜

1. WL's claim that 斜 is freely used figuratively does not correspond to what we have found. The distinction in the graphs from early times is that the first is figurative and moral in meaning, the second literal and spatial.

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 55

1. WL notes correctly the interchangeability of 凶 and xio1ng 兇 in the meaning "wicked", although this does not of course affect the pre-Buddhist stage of the language, where the latter meaning is absent.

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

EVIL

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

WICKED

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.387:258

DESHONNETE.MALHONETE

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.153.106

MALICE.MIGNITE.MECHANCETE

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.229.187

MALIN.MAUVAIS.MECHANT.MALICIEUX;

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

EVIL

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 62A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 124
  • vadN : 90
  • NPab : 50
  • VPi : 46
  • vi : 45
  • v[adN] : 37
  • VPadN : 22
  • VP[adN] : 10
  • NP[adN] : 9
  • NP : 8
  • nab.post-V{NUM} : 5
  • NPab[adN] : 3
  • NPab{vt+N} : 3
  • vadV : 3
  • nab : 2
  • n : 2
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • VPi0 : 1
  • VP[adNab] : 1
  • VPt+V[0] : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 117
  • 春秋左傳 : 74
  • 荀子 : 38
  • 說苑 : 31
  • 管子 : 23
  • 孟子 : 16
  • 論衡 : 15
  • 呂氏春秋 : 14
  • 論語 : 13
  • 賢愚經 : 12
  • 六祖壇經 : 11
  • 法句經 : 10
  • 尚書 : 8
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 孝經 : 6
  • 戰國策 : 6
  • 淮南子 : 6
  • 韓詩外傳 : 6
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 5
  • 百喻經 : 5
  • 史記 : 4
  • 鹽鐵論 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 老子 : 3
  • 法言 : 3
  • 尹文子 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 太平經 : 2
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
  • 六韜 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   jiān OC: kraan MC: kɣan 80 Attributions

Jiān 姦 (ant. liáng 良 "of the good sort, decent") refers to sheer human depravity and moral incompetence with no supernatural or sinister overtones.

  • nabactwickedness, villainy, villainous behaviour; moral incompetence
  • v[adN]nonreferentialwicked person; moral incompetent person
  • vadNwicked, depraved; morally incompetent
  • vibe villainous, be wicked (ministers); improper (gains etc); be morally incompetent
  • v[adN]a wicked person; (certain) wicked people; morally incompetent people
  • nab.post-V{NUM}types of wickedness
   xié OC: sɢlja MC: zɣɛ 67 Attributions

Xié 邪 (ant. zhèng 正 "straight and in no way wicked") typically involves nuances of sinister evil influences in addition to plain human depravity.

  • v[adN]subject nominalisation: something that is wicked; something that is heterodox
  • nab.post-V{NUM}wickednesses
  • nabactwicked activities; heterodox practices
  • nabstativedeviation; impropriety; wickedness
  • v[adN]nonreferentialthose who are wicked
  • vadNwicked; uncorrect; heterodox, heretical
  • vibe deviant and evil, unacceptable, pernicious; be contrary to the norm; of people, occasionally: be wayward
  • v[adN]N=humthe wicked (people)
  • vt(oN)causativecause to be wicked
不善   bù shàn OC: pɯʔ ɡjenʔ MC: pi̯ut dʑiɛn 47 Attributions
  • NP[adN]litotesthe bad, the wicked
  • NPablitoteswickedness, bad actions; an action that is not good
  • VP[adNab]actnot good>wicked [behaviour]
  • VPadNlitotesinferior, bad 不善人,不善之性
  • VPilitotesbe abominable; be morally totally unacceptable
   è OC: qaaɡ MC: ʔɑk 42 Attributions

The most current and general word for wickedness is probably è 惡 (ant. shàn 善 "good"), but it must be noted that in early texts the word is more current in the meaning of physical ugliness.

  • nab.post-V{NUM}actevil deeds; wicked actions
  • nabactwickedness in action
  • nabconceptthe abstract concept of wickedness
  • nabgradedwickedness as a psychological feature 其惡最甚
  • v[adN]nonreferentialthe wicked
  • vadNwicked
  • visubj=nonhumanbe evil; inherently wicked, evil
  • viactbehave wickedly
  • nabfeaturewickedness
   fēi OC: pɯl MC: pɨi 24 Attributions
  • nabactimproper act, fault; wrongdoing; untruth; occasionally: sense for what is wrong
  • vibe morally wrong (of actions)
  • viactbe morally wrong be factually wrong; do wrong, perpetrate a wrong
  • vtoNputativeconsider as morally wrong or wicked; disapprove of morally
僻 / 辟   pì OC: pheeɡ MC: phek pì OC: pheɡ MC: phiɛk 14 Attributions

Pì 僻 (ant. ) refers to Pì 僻 (ant. ) refers to

  • vibe deviant and depraved, unreglemented, unruly; extravagant
  • nabactdepraved, deviant action
  • vadVinappropriately, improperly, in a biased way
  • nabpsychologicaldecrepitude
無道   wú dào OC: ma ɡ-luuʔ MC: mi̯o dɑu 14 Attributions
  • NPab{vt+N}actwaywardness, wickedness, failure to follow the proper Way; lack of the Way
  • VP[adN]the wicked
  • VPilack the way; be wayward
  • VP[adN]those who do not have the way, the wayward> the wicked
   xiōng OC: qhoŋ MC: hi̯oŋ 13 Attributions

Xiōng 凶 refers to a baneful wickedness that bodes ill for the future.

  • nabactwickedness
  • vadNboding ill for the future> wicked (and thus boding ill for the future) 凶人
  • vibaneful, wicked
姦邪   jiān xié OC: kraan sɢlja MC: kɣan zɣɛ 13 Attributions
  • NPnonreferentialthe wicked and depraved
  • NPabfeaturewickedness
  • VP[adN]nonreferentialthe wicked
  • VPadNintensitivethoroughly wicked
   tè OC: nʰɯɯɡ MC: thək 12 Attributions
  • nabactwickedness, bad points; wicked forces; wicked acts
  • vadNwicked
  • viactbe wicked, engage in wicked action
  • v[adN]N=humthe wicked
  • nabdispositionwickedness
   qū OC: khoɡ MC: khi̯ok 11 Attributions

Qū 曲 (ant. duān 端 "straight and unwarped") refers to warped crookedness and lack of moral straightness.

  • nabactcrookedness, deviousness; injustice
  • v[adN]the crooked
  • vibe devious, crooked
  • vt+prep+Nbe devious towards, be dishonest towards 曲於
凶德   xiōng dé OC: qhoŋ tɯɯɡ MC: hi̯oŋ tək 10 Attributions
  • NPabfeaturevice; viciousness [perhaps also NPab - act]
不可   bù kě OC: pɯʔ khlaalʔ MC: pi̯ut khɑ 9 Attributions
  • VPibe unacceptable
  • VPt+V[0]it is unacceptable or wicked to V, one should not
   huì OC: qʷads MC: ʔi̯ɐi 7 Attributions
  • nabactwickedness, acts of depravity
  • v[adN]nonreferentialthe morally defiled
  • vadNwicked, morally defiled
  • vibe wicked
  • viactindulge in dirty>wicked practices
不義   bù yì OC: pɯʔ ŋrals MC: pi̯ut ŋiɛ 7 Attributions
  • NP[adN]the wicked people
  • NPab[adN]actact of wickedness
  • VPito be wrong
   wù OC: qʷlaas MC: ʔuo̝ 6 Attributions
  • vadNfigurativewicked, corrupt
  • nabfeaturewickedness
不德   bù dé OC: pɯʔ tɯɯɡ MC: pi̯ut tək 6 Attributions
  • VPibe morally stupid; be devoid of virtue
  • VP[adN]N=actmisconduct
   wū OC: qʷlaa MC: ʔuo̝ 5 Attributions

Wú 污 (ant. jié 潔 "morally pure and spotless") refers to moral defilement or moral impurity.

  • vadNinfamous, morally impure and defiled
  • vihave blemishes; have faults; be morally impure, defiled; be infamous
  • viactindulge in wicked practices
   zhuó OC: rdooɡ MC: ɖɣɔk 5 Attributions
  • v[adN]the wicked, the morally impure
  • vadNmorally defiled, morally impure
  • vifigurativebe morally defiled
   xiǎn OC: qhromʔ MC: hiɛm 5 Attributions

Xiǎn 險 is occasionally used to refer to the type of wickedness that is a danger to the group or the state.

  • vibe precariously wicked, tend towards evil
  • nabactwickedness
   hù OC: ɡaaʔ MC: ɦuo̝ 4 Attributions
  • nsubj=nonhumanwhat is improper; what is remiss; what is uncouth
  • viremiss; indecorous, improper, uncouth
  • v[adN]what is indecorous; what is uncouth; what is evil
   suì OC: sqluds MC: si 4 Attributions

Suì 祟 (ant. xiáng 祥 "of the good innocuous kind") refers to sinister supernatural wicked forces operating in the human world.

  • nabmetaphysicalmalignant influence; OBI 5, but read by QIU as 咎: noxious influence, ancestral curse
  • vibe noxious
姦私   jiān sī OC: kraan sil MC: kɣan si 4 Attributions
  • NPabactacts of wickedness
  • NPabfeaturewicked selfishness
  • VPadNmarkedwicked and selfish
不道   bù dào OC: pɯʔ ɡ-luuʔ MC: pi̯ut dɑu 3 Attributions
  • VP[adN]injustice; wicked acts; acts of wickedness
姦軌   jiān guǐ OC: kraan kʷruʔ MC: kɣan ki 3 Attributions
  • NPabactwickedness
  • VPiactact wickedly
無恥   wú chǐ OC: ma m-lʰɯʔ MC: mi̯o ʈhɨ 3 Attributions

lack a sense of shame

  • NP[adN]those who have no sense of shame (non-ref)
  • VPilack a sense of shame, have no sense of shame
邪偽   xié wěi OC: sɢlja ŋgʷals MC: zɣɛ ŋiɛ 3 Attributions
  • VPadNwickedly dishonest
  • NPabfeaturedeviation; wickedness
   gān OC: kaan MC: kɑn 2 Attributions
  • vadNwicked, treacherous
   yāo OC: qrow MC: ʔiɛu 2 Attributions

Yāo 妖 (ant. jí 吉 "of a generally auspicious nature") typically implies nuances of seductive or beguiling qualities coexisting with wickedness.

  • nevil spirit
  • vibeguiling and evil
  • vadVwickedly, outrageously
  • vadNwicked
僻違 / 僻違辟違   pì wéi OC: pheeɡ ɢul MC: phek ɦɨi  OC:  MC:  2 Attributions
  • VPibe utterly wicked and disobedient
無義   wú yì OC: ma ŋrals MC: mi̯o ŋiɛ 2 Attributions
  • VP[adN]nonreferentialdishonourable perfson;irresponsible person; people without a just cause
  • VPiactbe dishonourable in action
邪倒   xié dào OC: sɢlja k-laaws MC: zɣɛ tɑu 2 Attributions
  • NPabtextheterodox teachings
  • VPadNheterodox; wicked
  • VPiacthold wicked perverted opinions
闡提   chǎn tí OC: thjanʔ ɡ-lee MC: tɕhiɛn dei 2 Attributions
  • NPabbreviationBUDDH: skr. icchantika; somebody who has cut off all good roots and will not attain liberation (see 一禪提)
   fěi OC: pɯlʔ MC: pɨi 1 Attribution
  • vadNarchaic: wrong; incorrect
   fǒu OC: pɯʔ MC: pɨu 1 Attribution
  • vibe bad
   huài OC: ɡruuls MC: ɦɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • vadVwrongly, in an unauthorised way
   xiáo OC: ɡreew MC: ɦɣɛu 1 Attribution

Xiáo 姣 refers to wickedness coupled with cunning, scheming and malice.

  • viengage in immoral intrigue
   héng OC: ɢraaŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • vadVin a wicked manner
   róu OC: mljuʔ MC: ȵɨu 1 Attribution
  • vibe wicked and perverse
   bì OC: prals MC: piɛ 1 Attribution
  • vibe wicked (SHU, Hongfan), be wrong
姦回   jiān huí OC: kraan ɢuul MC: kɣan ɦuo̝i 1 Attribution
  • VPi0there is wickedness, depravity
心惡   xīn è OC: slɯm qaaɡ MC: sim ʔɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPadNwicked in one's heart
暴惡   bào è OC: boowɡs qaaɡ MC: bɑu ʔɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe violent and wicked
毒態   dú tài OC: duuɡ nʰɯɯs MC: duok thəi 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychpoisonous>wicked personal psychological features
淫佚   yín yì OC: lɯm liɡ MC: jim jit 1 Attribution
  • NPabactwillful lawlessness; recklessness
私姦   sī jiān OC: sil kraan MC: si kɣan 1 Attribution
  • NPabactacts of selfish depravity
私邪   sī xié OC: sil sɢlja MC: si zɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeatureselfish wickedness
邪僻   xié pì OC: sɢlja pheeɡ MC: zɣɛ phek 1 Attribution
  • VPibe wicked
邪心   xié xīn OC: sɢlja slɯm MC: zɣɛ sim 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychwicked attitudes; wickedness of mind
邪惡   xié è OC: sɢlja qaaɡ MC: zɣɛ ʔɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPadNwicked
邪枉   xié wǎng OC: sɢlja qʷaŋʔ MC: zɣɛ ʔi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiactengage in wicked and unlawful behaviour
邪污   xié wū OC: sɢlja qʷlaa MC: zɣɛ ʔuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe wicked and morally defiled
邪穢   xié huì OC: sɢlja qʷads MC: zɣɛ ʔi̯ɐi 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturewickedness of all kinds
邪辟   xié pì OC: sɢlja beɡ MC: zɣɛ biɛk 1 Attribution
  • NPabactwickedness of any kind
醜恥   chǒu chǐ OC: khljuʔ m-lʰɯʔ MC: tɕhɨu ʈhɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe morally ugly and disgraceful
一闡提   yī chǎn tí OC: qliɡ thjanʔ ɡ-lee MC: ʔit tɕhiɛn dei 1 Attribution
  • NPbuddhistBUDDH: skr. icchantika; this refers to somebody who has cut off all wholesome roots and never will reach liberation (in some Mahāyāna and Chán Buddhist texts the term icchantika undergoes a reinterpretation, and the notion of the 'two kinds of icchantika' (LANKAVATARA, T.16/670: 487b20: 一闡提有二種), the second kind of icchantika referring to Bodhisattvas who - through their compassion - decide to remain in the world, also based on the knowledge that there is no difference between samsara and nirvana) (also transliterated with 闡提, 一顛迦, 阿闡底迦
非所聞   fēi suǒ wén OC: pɯl sqraʔ mɯn MC: pɨi ʂi̯ɤ mi̯un 1 Attribution
  • VPibe something unheard of; be quite wrong
殘賊   cán zéi MC: dzan dzok OC: dzaan sɡɯɯɡ 1 Attribution
  • VPadNcruel and wicked
不廉   bù lián MC: pjut ljem OC: pɯʔ ɡ-rem 1 Attribution
  • NPablack of moral purity
邪慝   yé tè nì MC: yae thok OC: k-la nʰɯɯɡ 1 Attribution
  • NPabwickedness, depravity
辟違   pì wéi MC: phjiek hjw+j OC: pheɡ ɢul 1 Attribution
  • VPibe utterly wicked and disobedient
險賊   xiǎn zéi MC: xjemX dzok OC: qhromʔ sɡɯɯɡ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe insidious
憍暴   jiāo bào  MC: kjew bawH  OC: krew boowɡs  1 Attribution
  • VPibe arrogant and reckless
汙僈   wù man4 MC: 'uH -- OC: qʷlaas -- 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturemoral filth
   wáng OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
       liè OC: ɡ-rod MC: liɛt 0 Attributions

    Liè 劣 (ant. ) refers to moral inferiority as opposed to excellence.

         fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
      • viactbe perverse
         huí OC: ɢuul MC: ɦuo̝i 0 Attributions
      • viwicked
         niè OC: ŋred MC: ŋiɛt 0 Attributions
      • vibe wicked
         wāi OC: qhʷraal MC: hɣɛ 0 Attributions

      Wāi 歪 (ant. zhí 直 "morally straight") refers to wickedness under the image of moral warpedness and and deviation from a straight proper norm.

      • vipost-Han: crooked
         chǒu OC: khljuʔ MC: tɕhɨu 0 Attributions

      Chǒu 醜 (ant. měi 美 "of commendable moral quality") often refers to something rather like moral ugliness and depravity in early texts, but from Han times onwards the word comes to refer to physical ugliness].

      • vibe despicable and morally ugly
      淫邪   yín xié OC: lɯm sɢlja MC: jim zɣɛ 0 Attributions
      • NPabactfrivolous wickedness
      為惡   wéi è OC: ɢʷal qaaɡ MC: ɦiɛ ʔɑk 0 Attributions
      • NP[adN]the wicked
      無良   wú liáng OC: ma ɡ-raŋ MC: mi̯o li̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPadNdevoid of excellence> good-for-nothing; wicked
      邪氣   xié qì OC: sɢlja khɯds MC: zɣɛ khɨi 0 Attributions
      • NPabpsychwicked psychological forces; wicked inner tendencies; wicked vital energies
      非意   fēi yì OC: pɯl qɯɡs MC: pɨi ʔɨ 0 Attributions
      • NP[adN]someone of wrong intent> someone wicked
      頑嚚   wán yín OC: ŋɡroon ŋɡriŋ MC: ŋɣan ŋin 0 Attributions
      • NPwicked and misguided men (SHU) 左傳‧文公十八年》:"昔 帝鴻氏 有不才子,掩義隱賊,好行凶德,醜類惡物,頑嚚不友,是與比周。" 陸德明 釋文:"心不則德義之經為頑,口不道忠信之言為嚚。" 前蜀 貫休 《古意》詩之七:"一種為頑嚚,得作翻經石。"
      • VPibe wicked and misguided
      惡不善心   è bù shàn xīn OC: qaaɡ pɯʔ ɡjenʔ slɯm MC: ʔɑk pi̯ut dʑiɛn sim 0 Attributions
      • VPibe wicked in attitude
      邪慝   yé tè nì MC: yae thok OC: k-la nʰɯɯɡ 0 Attributions
      • NPabwickedness, depravity

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: