GOOD  

EXCELLENT in VIRTUE OR in IMPORTANT SKILL.
FINESUPERIORQUALITYEXCELLENTSUPERBOUTSTANDINGMAGNIFICENTEXCEPTIONALMARVELOUSWONDERFULFIRST-RATEFIRST-CLASSSTERLINGSATISFACTORYACCEPTABLENOT BADALL RIGHTINFORMAL GREATOKA1JAKEHUNKY-DORYACETERRIFICFANTASTICFABULOUSFABTOP-NOTCHBLUE-CHIPBLUE-RIBBONBANG-UPKILLERCLASSAWESOMEWICKEDSMASHINGBRILLIANTVIRTUOUSRIGHTEOUSUPRIGHTUPSTANDINGMORALETHICALHIGH-MINDEDPRINCIPLEDEXEMPLARYLAW-ABIDINGIRREPROACHABLEBLAMELESSGUILTLESSUNIMPEACHABLEHONORABLESCRUPULOUSREPUTABLEDECENTRESPECTABLENOBLETRUSTWORTHYMERITORIOUSPRAISEWORTHYADMIRABLEWHITER THAN WHITESAINTLYSAINTLIKEANGELIC
Antonym

WICKEDMORALLY BAD.BADThe FEATURE of being NOT EXCELLENT OR GOOD.

Hypernym

EXCELLENTFEATURE PREFERRED to OTHERS BECAUSE of certain ACTS, ABLE:abilities OR FEATURES. [NOTE THAT FEATURES CAN HAVE SECOND ORDER FEATURES...] -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

GENTLEMANADULT who is EDUCATED AND ABLE to BECOME an OFFICIAL.

Hyponym
  • DECENT GOOD so as to CONFORM to CUSTOMS in a GROUP.
  • IMPROVE CAUSE TO BECOME MORE GOOD.
    • INNOCENT LACK GUILT.
      • LUCK GOOD BECAUSE IT CAUSES CONTINGENT PROFIT.
      • ACCEPTABLE ALMOST GOOD, NOT DIFFERING MUCH FROM GOOD.
        • PROFIT Something GOOD that IS USEFUL TO THE ONE WHO HAS IT.
          • INTERESTS JUSTLY OR NATURALLY DESIRED PROFIT.
          Old Chinese Criteria

          1. The general term for positive appraisal of any kind in Chinese is shàn 善 (ant. è 惡 "bad").

          2. Rén 仁 (ant. cán 殘 "unfeeling") refers to kind-heartedness as an attitude directed towards moral behaviour. See BENEVOLENCE

          3. Lián 廉 (ant. tān 貪 "greedy for bribery gifts") refers to moral probity and impeccability.

          4. Zhí 直 (ant. qǔ 曲 "devious") refers to moral straightforwardness and uprightness.

          5. Zhōng 衷 (ant. xié 邪 "wicked") refers to devoted uprightness of character. See also EARNEST

          6. Qīng 清 (ant. zhuó 濁 "defiled and corrupt") can be used to refer to moral purity.

          7. Shú 淑 is a highly poetic word referring to admirable moral qualities in general, typically in women.

          8. Jūn zǐ 君子 (ant. xiǎo rén 小人 "petty man") refers to high moral qualities, especially in men.

          9. Zāng 臧 (pí 否 "good-for-nothing") is a neutral unemotional objective term for goodness.

          Modern Chinese Criteria

          不錯

          良好

          大好

          漂亮

          美好

          完美

          美妙

          可以

          地道

          不含糊

          善良

          樂善不倦

          樂善好施

          助人為樂

          仁至義盡

          rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

          • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 16.71

          • Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles ( CASSIN 2004) p. 541

            GUT

          • De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione ( COMENIUS 1665) p. 475

            BONITAS est entis sufficientia sibi et alijs

            Tribus ergo constat 1. Perfectione qvadam. 2. qva se perficit. 3. et alia perficere promptum est.

            Detailed analysis.

          • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

            GOOD

            bonus refers to benevolence and goodness of heart as an ordinary virtue shared by decent persons.

            bene moratus is a person who has cultivated features such as lack of selfishness, self-control and conscientiousness.

            probus refers to uprightness, justness, moral worthiness.

            honestus refers to a higher level of honourable and chivalrous spirit and demeanour.

            sanctus refers to a saintly holy spirit based on religious piety.

            HUMANENESS

            humanitas is a virtue of universal extent, which, like the mental cultivation, proceeding from intelligence, ennobles the who man in mind and heart, and gives to his nature mildness and philanthropy, as a principle.

            comitas refers to a moral virtue, which, like affability, without respect to higher rank in society, treats every person with proper attention and respect.

            facilitas refers to a social virtue, which, like complaisance, by forbearance and meeting the views of others, facilitates mutual intercourse in life, and makes social interaction pleasant.

            civiliatas refers to political virtue which, like the rpublican feeling of a prince, makes the spi8cific difference between a ruler and his people unfelt, and treats his subject s as fellow citizens.

            humanitus refers to action as being "merely human" and not possessed of divine authority.

            humane and humaniter refer to a person's cultivated sensibility for what deserves respect in humans.

          • Spoudaios Soziale Typenbegriffe ( GIGON 1981) p.

          • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 330

          • Semantica del Griego Antiguo ( HERNANDEZ 2000) p. 48n202

            P. Herrmann, Menschliche Wertbegriffe bei Homer agathos, esthlos..., Diss Hamburg 1954

          • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

            BONITAS, BONUS

          • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 298

          • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 1.985

          • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 3.938

            GUT, DAS GUTE, DAS GUT

          • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 3.976

            GUETE

          • Historisches Woerterbuch der Rhetorik ( UEDING 1992ff) p. 3.1237

          • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 170

          • The Encyclopedia of Philosophy ( BORCHERT 2005) p.

          • Encyclopedia of Religion ( JONES 2005) p.

          • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no. 1

          • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no. 65

          • Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae ( DIVISIONES 1906) p. nos. 1/23/28

          • Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae ( DIVISIONES 1906) p. B 47/56

          • New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols. ( HOROWITZ 2005) p.

          • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 62A

          Attributions by syntactic funtion

          • NP : 258
          • nab : 55
          • vi : 54
          • NP{PRED} : 39
          • NPab : 36
          • vadN : 33
          • v[adN] : 32
          • VPi : 13
          • NPadN : 11
          • vtoN : 10
          • NPab{N1&N2} : 8
          • n : 4
          • NPab : 3
          • ncc : 3
          • VPadN : 3
          • vadV : 2
          • nab.post-V{NUM} : 2
          • VP[adN] : 2
          • vi.red : 1
          • nab(post-N) : 1
          • vt[oN] : 1
          • VPt[0]oN : 1
          • nab.post-N : 1
          • nab{PRED} : 1
          • nadN : 1
          • NPpost-V{NUM} : 1
          • vt+prep+N : 1

          Attributions by text

          • 荀子 : 106
          • 孟子 : 79
          • 說苑 : 64
          • 禮記 : 39
          • 莊子 : 39
          • 管子 : 36
          • 論衡 : 25
          • 毛詩 : 23
          • 呂氏春秋 : 13
          • 法言 : 13
          • 百喻經 : 13
          • 五行 : 10
          • 法句經 : 10
          • 楚辭 : 9
          • 韓詩外傳 : 9
          • 孝經 : 8
          • 戰國策 : 7
          • 淮南子 : 7
          • 春秋穀梁傳 : 7
          • 賢愚經 : 7
          • 晏子春秋 : 6
          • 祖堂集 : 6
          • 尚書 : 6
          • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
          • 老子 : 4
          • 史記 : 4
          • 六祖壇經 : 4
          • 墨子 : 3
          • 鹽鐵論 : 3
          • 列子 : 2
          • 法集要頌經 : 2
          • 長短經 : 2
          • 公孫龍子 : 1
          • 尹文子 : 1
          • 太平經 : 1
          • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
          • 新序 : 1
          • 劉義慶世說新語 : 1
          • 成之聞之 : 1

          Words

          君子   jūn zǐ OC: klun sklɯʔ MC: ki̯un tsɨ 310 Attributions

          Jūn zǐ 君子 (ant. xiǎo rén 小人 "petty man") refers to high moral qualities, especially in men.

          • NPdefinitethe true gentlemen; the men of noble character (of a certain time or place) [predicate tensed] 古之君子
          • NPindefinitetrue gentlemen, people of moral superior character 養君子
          • NPdefinitetrue gentleman 吾先君子
          • NPnonreferentialtrue gentleman; a person of superior character; the person of superior character 得見君子者斯可矣。
          • NPabconceptthe notion of a true gentleman; person of superior character 子路問君子
          • NPabactbeing a true gentleman; acting like a gentleman 射有似乎君子
          • NPadNgentlemanly, of the gentlemanly type 女為君子儒
          • NPadNnonreferentialcharacteristic of a true gentleman; in modifying position 君子之道 [NOT: the Way of gentleman X]
          • NPpost-V{NUM}true gentleman;distinguished man of superior character 此六君子者
          • VPiactto behave as a true gentleman, to comport oneself as a true gentleman 其爭也君子
          • VPipsychbe gentlemanly; be high-minded 君子哉!; be superior as a person 不亦君子乎; be worthy of a person of superior character
          • NP{PRED}be a true gentleman
          • NPironicthe "true gentlemen"
          • NPindefinitea true gentleman; a man of character
             shàn OC: ɡjenʔ MC: dʑiɛn 71 Attributions

          The general term for positive appraisal of any kind in Chinese is shàn 善 (ant. è 惡 "bad").

          • v[adN]subjectwhat is morally excellent; moral excellence; what is good
          • v[adN]N=humthe "good"
          • nab.post-V{NUM}actkinds of moral action, modes of goodness
          • nabactmoral excellence in action; acts of goodness
          • nabpsychgoodness of attitude; moral goodness
          • vadNgood; morally excellent
          • vadNnon-restrictivegood (善法 not of the dharmas the good ones, but the Buddhist dharma, which is good)
          • vibe morally excellent
          • viactbe morally excellent (in one's actions)
          • vichangebecome morally excellent
          • vtoNdeclarativedeclare to be good
          • v[adN]N=nonhumanwhat is excellent> excellent things
          • vtoNputativeconsider to be good, regard as good
          • vtoNto make N good
          • nabpsychnotions of what is good
             xián OC: ɡiin MC: ɦen 23 Attributions

          Xián 賢 (ant. 不肖"person of inferior worth and talent") adds to the notion of an intellectual of some education that of special talent, and sometimes also of moral worth. See TALENT.

          • nabpsychworthiness, moral talent; goodness (in humans)
          • v[adN]person of talent; person of moral worth, a worthy
          • vadNtalented, "intellectual"
          • vibe worthy, have moral worth and talent, be morally excellent; also BUDDH.
          • v[adN]non-humangood things; moral conduct
          仁義   rén yì OC: njin ŋrals MC: ȵin ŋiɛ 22 Attributions

          This refers to morality in general, including virtues other than those mentioned explicitly in the binome.

          • NPsubjectthe kind-hearted and righteous, those who have moral principles
          • NPab{N1&N2}moraladditive: 1. kindliness and righteousness; 2. moral principles, morality
          • NPabactmoral and kindly appropriate behaviour
          • NPabconceptmorality as such; the concept of moral principles
          • NPadNcharacterised by kind-heartedness and rectitude> moral
          • VPibe morally principled and kindly; be good
          • VPisubject=ladybe morally good
             zāng OC: skaaŋ MC: tsɑŋ 17 Attributions

          Zāng 臧 (pí 否 "good-for-nothing") is a neutral unemotional objective term for goodness.

          • nsubjectwhat is good
          • nabconceptgoodness
          • vadNarchaic: good
          • viarchaic: be good
          • vt+prep+Nbe good in regard to
          • vtoNputativeconsider as good
          廉恥   lián chǐ OC: ɡ-rem m-lʰɯʔ MC: liɛm ʈhɨ 12 Attributions
          • NPabmoralmoral integrity and proper sense of shame> moral integrity
             měi OC: mriʔ MC: mi 11 Attributions
          • nsubjectwhat is honourable
          • nabfeaturemoral attractiveness
          • v[adN]nonreferentialthose who are honourable and admirable
          • vadNcommendable, good
          • vibe honourable, be admirable
             lián OC: ɡ-rem MC: liɛm 9 Attributions

          Lián 廉 (ant. tān 貪 "greedy for bribery gifts") refers to moral probity and impeccability.

          • nabactmoral integrity, integrity; (one's example of) moral impeccability
          • nabpsychmoral impeccability
          • v[adN]nonreferentialthe morally pure; the incorruptible; the scrupulous, the honest men; those who are impeccable
          • vadNmorally incorruptible, pure
          • viactbe impeccable; HF 6.3.31: be morally incorruptible, morally pure, morally scrupulous; honest
          • vtoNbe impeccable with respect to
          • v[adN]pluralthe set of the morally pure, the incorruptible
             shù OC: hnjas MC: ɕi̯ɤ 9 Attributions
          • nab.post-V{NUM}actfair empathy for others; non-discriminating considerateness; mindfulness of others' concerns
          • nab{PRED}be empathetic mindfulness of the concerns of others
          • nabactfair empathy for others; non-discriminating considerateness; mindfulness of the concerns of others
          • vadVmindfully of the concerns of others
          • vibe mindful of the concerns of others, fair and empathetic
          • vt[oN]psychtake a fair overall perspective; be non-discriminating and considerate; be sensitive
          • vtoNattitudinaltake a fair attitude to (oneself)
          • vtoNcausativecultivate non-discriminating considerateness in oneself
             jié OC: keed MC: ket 9 Attributions
          • nabactmoral purity
          • vadNimmaculate and morally pure
          • vimorally impeccable, unimpeachable
          • vt+prep+Nrelationalbe immaculate and morally pure with respect to
          • nab(post-N)the contextually determinate N's moral purity
             shū OC: ɡljɯwɡ MC: dʑuk 8 Attributions

          Shú 淑 is a highly poetic word referring to admirable moral qualities in general, typically in women.

          • vadNfine, good, virtuos
          • vibe fine, good, virtuous
          • vtoNdeclarativedeclare to be poetically and morally exquisite
             dé OC: tɯɯɡ MC: tək 5 Attributions
          • nabactgood deed; virtuous act
          • nadNvirtuous, full of dignified goodness
          • viactact virtuously; comport oneself well
          端政 / 端正   duān zhèng OC: toon tjeŋs MC: tʷɑn tɕiɛŋ duān zhèng OC: toon tjeŋs MC: tʷɑn tɕiɛŋ 5 Attributions
          • VPibe impeccable DCD: 1.正;直;不偏斜。 2.整齊勻稱。 3.正直不邪。 4.妥帖;停當。
          • VPichangebecome beautiful
             kě OC: khlaalʔ MC: khɑ 4 Attributions
          • vi(0)things will be all right, things are all right 如之何則可?
          • vibe morally acceptable; be OK; be advisable
             wēn OC: quun MC: ʔuo̝n 4 Attributions
          • ngentleness; kindness; genteel warmth in social relations
          • vibe mild and gentle
          • viactbe mild and gentle
          • vi.redbe amiable
             hǎo OC: qhuuʔ MC: hɑu 3 Attributions
          • nabsubject=actionwhat is morally good > the good
          • vadNgood
          • vigraded(morally) good
             qīng OC: tsheŋ MC: tshiɛŋ 3 Attributions

          Qīng 清 (ant. zhuó 濁 "defiled and corrupt") can be used to refer to moral purity.

          • nabactmoral purity in action
          • v[adN]the impeccable, the morally pure, the immaculate
          • vadNimpeccable, immaculate, morally pure
          • vibe impeccable, morally pure
          • vt+prep+Nrelationalbe impeccable with respect to
             zhí OC: dɯɡ MC: ɖɨk 3 Attributions

          Zhí 直 (ant. qǔ 曲 "devious") refers to moral straightforwardness and uprightness.

          • nnonreferentialthe straighforward, the morally straight
          • nabactmoral straightness, moral straightforwardness
          • vadNfigurativemorally straight
          • vadVfigurativein a morally straight fashion
          • vifigurativebe morally straight
          • viactact in a morally straight way
          • vichangebecome morally straight
          • vt+prep+Nbe straightforward and good with respect to
          • vtoNcausativemake somebody morally straight
             dào OC: ɡ-luuʔ MC: dɑu 3 Attributions
          • nsubjectwhat is in accordance to the Way
          • vibe according to the way; be good and proper
          • viactact according to the good and proper Way
          善惡   shàn è OC: ɡjenʔ qaaɡ MC: dʑiɛn ʔɑk 3 Attributions
          • NPabconceptdimension of relative goodness/badness
          是處   shì chù OC: ɡljeʔ qhljas MC: dʑiɛ tɕhi̯ɤ 3 Attributions
          • NPabfeaturegood point
          淑人   shū rén OC: ɡljɯwɡ njin MC: dʑuk ȵin 3 Attributions
          • nccperson of excellent moral qualities
          中 / 忠   zhōng OC: krluŋ MC: ʈuŋ zhōng OC: krluŋ MC: ʈuŋ 2 Attributions
          • vadNtrusty and even-handed (also towards one's inferiors
          • vibe trusty and even-handed (towads the people)
          • nabfeaturetrustiness and unbiased even-handedness (to superiors and inferiors)
          • vt+prep+NN=the peopledeal even-handedly and trustily with (the people etc)
             rén OC: njin MC: ȵin 2 Attributions

          Rén 仁 (ant. cán 殘 "unfeeling") refers to kind-heartedness as an attitude directed towards moral behaviour. See BENEVOLENCE.

          • vibe morally excellent, good (humanhearted???)
          • nabpsychmoral excellence; goodness; goodness of heart
             lìng OC: ɡ-reŋs MC: liɛŋ 2 Attributions
          • vadNarchaic: impressive in a contrived way; attractive
          • vtoNcausativecause to be attractive
          • vibe good; be commendable
             píng OC: breŋ MC: bɣaŋ 2 Attributions
          • viequitable and fair
             qìng OC: khraŋs MC: khɣaŋ 2 Attributions
          • nabactgood deeds SHU
             yì OC: qriɡs MC: ʔi 2 Attributions
          • vadNmorally excellent, humanly exquisite
          • vimorally excellent
          • nab.post-NN=objgood warm feelings towards N
             shì OC: ɡljeʔ MC: dʑiɛ 2 Attributions
          • vadNworthy of assent > good, proper, right
          • vibe good; be the right thing to do
             bái OC: braaɡ MC: bɣɛk 2 Attributions
          • vifigurativebe morally undefiled and pure
          • vtoNcausativecause to appear morally undefiled and pure> exculpate
          十善   shí shàn OC: ɡjub ɡjenʔ MC: dʑip dʑiɛn 2 Attributions
          • NPabmetaphysicalBUDDH: the ten good deeds, usually defined as the avoidance of the ten evil deeds or cardinal sins; compare shíshàn zhèngfǎ 十善正法 "The ten good characterstics, or virtues, defined as the non-committal of the ten evils (shíè 十惡)." (SOOTHILL: 47); compare also shíshàn shíè 十善十惡, skr. daśakuśala-karmāni
          太上   tài shàng OC: thaads ɡljaŋs MC: thɑi dʑi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
          • NPdefinitethe best thing
          • VPibe best
          • VPadNsupreme
          賢者   xián zhě MC: hen tsyaeX OC: ɡiin kljaʔ 2 Attributions
          • NPpluralthose who are worthy, those who are morally good
             jí OC: kid MC: kit 1 Attribution
          • vadVbe morally commendable
          可否   kě fǒu OC: khlaalʔ pɯʔ MC: khɑ pɨu 1 Attribution
          • NPabfeaturemoral acceptability
          孝弟   xiào dì OC: qhruus liils MC: hɣɛu dei 1 Attribution
          • NPab{N1&N2}moralthe virtues of respectful politeness within the family
          • VPihave all the virtues of respectful politenes within the family
          清正   qīng zhèng OC: tsheŋ tjeŋs MC: tshiɛŋ tɕiɛŋ 1 Attribution
          • VPadNperfectly right-minded
          潔直   jié zhí OC: keed dɯɡ MC: ket ɖɨk 1 Attribution
          • VPibe morally pure and straight
          良善   liáng shàn OC: ɡ-raŋ ɡjenʔ MC: li̯ɐŋ dʑiɛn 1 Attribution
          • VP[adN]nonreferentialthe morally excellent
          莫若   mò ruò OC: maaɡ njaɡ MC: mɑk ȵi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
          • VPt[0]oN(of things) nothing comes up to> the best thing is to
          貞良   zhēn liáng OC: teŋ ɡ-raŋ MC: ʈiɛŋ li̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
          • VP[adN]nonreferentialthose who are decent and good
          賢潔   xián jié OC: ɡiin keed MC: ɦen ket 1 Attribution
          • NPab{N1&N2}dispositionall sorts of moral and professional excellence
             sī OC: snɯ MC: sɨ 1 Attribution
          • vibe morally thoughtful, be morally perfect
             shèng OC: qhljeŋs MC: ɕiɛŋ 1 Attribution
          • nabmoraloutstanding goodness, exemplary moral excellence
          • vtoNreflexive.自consider oneself as morally supreme and sage-like
          顯令   xiǎn lìng  MC: xenX ljengH  OC: qhleenʔ ɡ-reŋs  1 Attribution
          • VPadNgood
          至善   zhì shàn MC: tsyijH dzyenX OC: kljiɡs ɡjenʔ 1 Attribution
          • NPabfeatureultimate goodness; what is perfectly good
          溫溫然   wen1 wen1 rán MC: -- -- nyen OC: -- -- njen 1 Attribution
          • VPibe overally mild and gentle, be amiable
          私善   sī shàn MC: sij dzyenX OC: sil ɡjenʔ 1 Attribution
          • NPabpsychpersonal notions of what is good (for one)
             lún OC: ɡ-run MC: lʷin 0 Attributions
          • nabsocialnatural bond, standard human relationship
             yāo OC: qrow MC: ʔiɛu 0 Attributions
          • vi.redintensitivebe all gentle and mild???
             dì OC: tiiwg MC: tek 0 Attributions
          • viarchaic: good
             chǐ OC: m-lʰɯʔ MC: ʈhɨ 0 Attributions
            惇 / 惇   zhūn OC: tjun MC: tɕʷin dūn OC: tuun MC: tuo̝n 0 Attributions
            • vigenerous and pure in attitude
               gǔ OC: kooɡ MC: kuk 0 Attributions
                 zhèng OC: tjeŋs MC: tɕiɛŋ 0 Attributions
              • vichangeCHEMLA 2003: become positive (versus negative)JZ 8.3, Liu Hui's comm: 今兩算得失相反,要令正負以名之,正算赤負算黑。否則以邪正為異 "Suppose one has two types of rods (suàn), those obtained and those missing being opposed to each other, then one needs to take them as positive and negative respectively and thus to name them [The translation of 令正負以名之 is tentative and in any case problematic.]. Positive rods are bright red and negative rods are black. Alternatively one makes the difference through slanted and straight (positions of the rods) [Note that there are several interpretatons of how exactly slantedness versus straightness of the rods were to be represented on the calculating surface.]
              • vpostadVfigurativeCHEMLA 2003: as a positive numberJZ 8.5: 置上禾六秉正 "put down on the counting surface the number of six bundles of superior grade grain, as positive"
                 gěng OC: kreeŋʔ MC: kɣɛŋ 0 Attributions
              • vadNhonest, upright
                 zhōng OC: krluŋ MC: ʈuŋ 0 Attributions

              Zhōng 衷 (ant. xié 邪 "wicked") refers to devoted uprightness of character. See also EARNEST

              • viupright
                 lèi OC: ruds MC: li 0 Attributions
              • vibe good and appropriate to the occasion
              不錯   bù cuò OC: pɯʔ skhaaɡ MC: pi̯ut tshɑk 0 Attributions
              • VPibe good (梅堯臣 《感李花》詩:"當時 李白 欲騎鯨,醉向 江 南曾不錯。")
              好仁   hào rén OC: qhuus njin MC: hɑu ȵin 0 Attributions
              • VPibe fond of (exercising) human-heartedness; tend to be human-hearted
              整穀   zhěng gǔ OC: tjeŋʔ kooɡ MC: tɕiɛŋ kuk 0 Attributions
              • VPibe decent and nice???
              耿介   gěng jiè OC: kreeŋʔ kreeds MC: kɣɛŋ kɣɛi 0 Attributions
              • NPabutter uprightness
              • VPadNmarkedperfectly decent, highly proper, utterly upright
              貞仁   zhēn rén OC: teŋ njin MC: ʈiɛŋ ȵin 0 Attributions
              • VPiimpeccable and human-hearted (of a lady)
              小人君子   xiǎo rén jūn zǐ OC: smewʔ njin klun sklɯʔ MC: siɛu ȵin ki̯un tsɨ 0 Attributions
              • NPabfeatureprevalence of goodness versus badness (in a place); feature of goodness/badness as expressed in 君子 and 小人 (prevailing in a place)
                 wén OC: mɯn MC: mi̯un 0 Attributions
              • vadNOBI: distinguished, honoured (ancestors etc)
                 gōng OC: kooŋ MC: kuŋ 0 Attributions
              • vadNcreditable, commendable; meritorious
                  MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
              • VPadNgood
                  MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
              • NPpluralthose who are worthy, those who are morally good

              Existing SW for

              Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: