HAPPY  喜悅

COMPLETELY DELIGHTED with one's SELF:own LIFE.
CHEERFULCHEERYMERRYJOYFULJOVIALJOLLYJOCULARGLEEFULCAREFREEUNTROUBLEDDELIGHTEDSMILINGBEAMINGGRINNINGIN GOOD SPIRITSIN A GOOD MOODLIGHTHEARTEDPLEASEDCONTENTEDCONTENTSATISFIEDGRATIFIEDBUOYANTRADIANTSUNNYBLITHEJOYOUSBEATIFICTHRILLEDELATEDEXHILARATEDECSTATICBLISSFULEUPHORICOVERJOYEDEXULTANTRAPTUROUSIN SEVENTH HEAVENON CLOUD NINEWALKING ON AIRJUMPING FOR JOYJUBILANTINFORMAL CHIRPYOVER THE MOONON TOP OF THE WORLDTICKLED PINKON A HIGHAS HAPPY AS A CLAMFORMAL JOCUNDPLEASURECONTENTMENTSATISFACTIONCHEERFULNESSMERRIMENTGAIETYJOYJOYFULNESSJOVIALITYJOLLITYGLEEDELIGHTGOOD SPIRITSLIGHTHEARTEDNESSWELL-BEINGENJOYMENTEXUBERANCEEXHILARATIONELATIONECSTASYJUBILATIONRAPTUREBLISSBLISSFULNESSEUPHORIATRANSPORTS OF DELIGHT.
Antonym

NOSTALGIAYEARN for SITUATIONS IN the PAST as GOOD:better IN-RELATION-TO NOW:the-present.SADDISTRESS ARISING from BAD THOUGHTS NOW IN ONE'S MIND which CAUSE one to LACK DELIGHT:joy.NB: The words I have chosen to include in this group pose special problems of contrastive analysis. There is something irretrievably diffuse about their usage, in many cases, and in many others the number of relevant examples in the early literature is so small that it is impossible to get anything like a firm grip on their precise semantics. Under these circumstances I have tried to compensate for lack of neat analysis with more quotation, especially from Chǔcí. Throughout this section I quote my teacher David Hawkes' translations, mindful of the fact that many of these were written in the third year of his study of Chinese...DISASTEREVENT that CAUSES HUMANS to BECOME INTENSELY SAD OR to GRIEF:grieve.WORRYDISTRESS CAUSED-BY THINKING about something PRESENT OR FUTURE, which is DANGEROUS OR DIFFICULT.

Hypernym

DELIGHTINTENSELY GOOD FEELING IN-RELATION-TO something NOW.*The joy of the enjoyer X over something enjoyed Y. -> FEELINGNATURAL REACTION IN one's MIND. -> REACTCHANGE one's THINKING OR ACTING BECAUSE one is PERCEIVING something. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

LUCKGOOD BECAUSE IT CAUSES CONTINGENT PROFIT.RIDICULOUSFUNNY so as to CAUSE CONTEMPT.

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Fú 福 (ant. huò 禍 "misfortune") is the most common noun for material good fortune and well-being.

2. Lè 樂 refers specifically to happiness as a rewarding inward state.

3. Huān 歡 / 驩 / 懽 refers to a sometimes transitory form of sociable and communicative happiness.

4. Xǐ 喜 typically refers to happiness as a response to something.

5. Yú 愉 / 媮 refers to happy contentment with things as they are.

6. Kuài 快 refers to a transient, acute state of happiness.

7. Yú 娛 (ant yo1u 憂 "worry") typically refers to indulgent happiness with thing as they are.

8. Yì 懌 is an ancient poetic word referring to dignified contentment, and the word became current in the negative 不懌 "be displeased".

9. Yí 怡 is a fairly rare elevated poetic word referring to the state of being pleased, contented, and thus happy.

10. Ān 安 can refer to happy peace of mind.

11. Yuè 悅 can come to refer to a happy state of contentment with what happens to one or around one.

12. Xìng 幸 "luck" can refer to to a serendipitously found state of happiness.

13. Qìng 慶 is an archaic way of referring to material as well as psychological well-being.

14. Kāng 康 is an archaic way of referring to material and physical well-being.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006 has no real entry for HAPPY. See under LUCKY.

SACRIFICE 29.

福,福祉的總稱。

祿,上天所降或王命所賜的福祉。

祥,有吉利預兆的福祉。

祚,與國家、王位和宗族前途有密切關係的福祉。

休,值得喜慶、贊美的福祉。

LEIBNIZ 6.4 P. 134: F o e l i c i t a s est status laetitiae durabilis. L a e t i t i a est Affectus animi ortus ex opinione alicujus perfectionis, quae opinio si vera est, laetitia nascitur durabilis.

Modern Chinese Criteria

興高采烈

歡快

歡天喜地

興奮

開心

喜悅

安樂

幸福

快樂

愉快

歡樂

快活

快活不盡 refers to boundless happiness.

歡喜

舒暢

樂意

寬暢

歡娛

吉慶

樂陶陶

喜樂

THE OVERLAP WITH DELIGHT IS DISTURBING.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles ( CASSIN 2004) p. 209

    BONHEUR

    See also GLUECK

  • Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles ( CASSIN 2004) p. 509

    GLUECK

  • De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione ( COMENIUS 1665) p. 472

    BEATITUDO

    BEATUS

    Fairly uninteresting long list of Axioms.

  • De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione ( COMENIUS 1665) p. 472

    BEATITUDO SUMMAE FELICITATIS QVIETA POSSESSIO.

    CONC. 1. SUMMUS FELICITATIS GRADUS.

    2. FRUITIO ILLIUS ACTU. ET QVIDEM 3. CUM SECURITATE NON AMITTENDAE FRUITIONIS.

    Ax.1. Summe felix beatus est. Summa vero felicitas cum non sit nisi a summo bono: summum autem bonum nonnisi a Deo: in solo Deo beatitas vera est. 2. Summe felix qvi se esse nescit. Non enim fruitur voluptate summa, qvi contrarium ignorat. 3. Summe felix non est, qvi felicitatis amissionem metuit....

    BEATUS est, cui undique bene est. Tri ergo reqv. 1. bene esse. 2. undique. 3. certo, ut mutationem ne metuas.

  • De differentiis ( DIFFERENTIAE I) p. 34

    beatus "happy in himself"

    felix "happy so as to make others happy also"

    72. Hoc sensu et Fronto: Beatus, qui apud Graecos [col. 18C].

    -- Sis felix. Ex Serv. videtur, ad ill. I Aen.: Sis felix, et illud eclog. 5: Sis bonus, o felixque.

    Ibid. Cod. Vat., felix sequenter et aliis... et adipiscitur felicitas. [AREV.]

    ]

    72. Inter Beatum et felicem. Beatus sibi tantum est, felix, et aliis [ Al., sequenter et aliis], ut est illud Virgilianum: [col. 18B] Sis felix nostrumque leves quaecunque [ Al., quemcunque] laborem.

    Felix autem dicitur, per quem datur et accipitur felicitas, ut felix tempus, felix locus, felix eventus.

    73. Inter Beatus, honestus, fortunatus. Beatus animo, honestus moribus, fortunatus substantia.

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    HAPPY

    felix is the general word for happiness.

    prosper refers to happiness insofar as it connotes the fulfilment of desires and hopes.

    faustus refers to happiness conceived as a result of divine favour.

    fortunatus refers to happiness as a result of good luck.

    beatus refers to happiness as a supreme state of superior awareness of deep fulfilment of one's aspirations.

  • Semantica del Griego Antiguo ( HERNANDEZ 2000) p. 71n19

    de Meer, Happiness

  • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

    BEATUS

    FELICITAS

  • Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache ( MAUTHNER WP 1924) p. I.647

  • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 1.991

  • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 3.679

    GLUECK

  • 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci ( WU SANXING 2008) p. 220ff

  • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 143

  • The Encyclopedia of Philosophy ( BORCHERT 2005) p. 10.10

    EUDAIMONIA, HAPPINESS

  • Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages ( DE VAAN 2008) p.

    beo, -are 'to make happy, gladden' [v. I] (PI.+)

    Derivatives: beatus 'happy, fortunate' (P1.+).

  • Democritus Ridens ( WEBER 1857) p. 1.83

  • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 2.98:67

    FELICITE.BONHEUR.PROSPERITE

  • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 1.115.81ff

    BONHEUR.PROSPERITE; BONHEUR.FELICITE.BEATITUDE

  • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 1.197,156

    GAI.ENJOUE.REJOUISSANT

  • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.232

  • Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae ( DIVISIONES 1906) p. no. 27

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 148
  • VPi : 97
  • nab : 95
  • NPab : 78
  • vtoN : 30
  • VPadN : 16
  • VPtoN : 15
  • vadN : 13
  • VPadV : 10
  • nab.post-V{NUM} : 4
  • NPab{N1=N2} : 3
  • vadV : 3
  • NPab{nab1=nab2} : 2
  • VP[adN] : 2
  • vtoNab{S} : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1
  • vi.red : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 毛詩 : 54
  • 法句經 : 51
  • 莊子 : 46
  • 韓詩外傳 : 41
  • 荀子 : 39
  • 管子 : 29
  • 楚辭 : 24
  • 禮記 : 23
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 22
  • 法集要頌經 : 21
  • 呂氏春秋 : 21
  • 尚書 : 20
  • 史記 : 18
  • 論衡 : 16
  • 賢愚經 : 13
  • 淮南子 : 10
  • 列子 : 10
  • 百喻經 : 9
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 鹽鐵論 : 6
  • 孟子 : 5
  • 劉義慶世說新語 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 4
  • 孝經 : 3
  • 六祖壇經 : 3
  • 晏子春秋 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 老子 : 2
  • 黃帝內經 : 2
  • 文子 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 景德傳燈錄 : 1
  • 春秋繁露 : 1
  • 翻譯名義集 : 1
  • : 1

Words

   lè OC: ɡ-raawɡ MC: lɑk 93 Attributions
  • nabpsychdeep communicative happiness 熱鬧的快樂
  • nabgradeddeep communicative happiness 至樂
  • vadNconducive to deep communicative happiness
  • vadVhappily, jovially, convivially 樂飲
  • vifind communicative happiness; be communicatively happy (the optative cases have to be moved!)
  • viimperativebe communicatively happy!
  • vioptativemay he be communicatively happy, the N
  • vtoNfeel deeply communictively happy with or in
  • vtoNab{S}be happy about the fact S
   fú OC: pɯɡ MC: puk 37 Attributions
  • nab.post-V{NUM}psych(sources of) happiness
  • nabpsychgood fortune and happiness (also in the form of wealth...); blessings
  • vibe happy
安樂   ān lè OC: qaan ɡ-raawɡ MC: ʔɑn lɑk 37 Attributions
  • NPabstativepeaceful happiness
  • VPadVin peace and joy > happily at ease, peacefully happy
  • VPigradedbe in a peaceful happy state 最安樂
  • VPtoNpsychfeel comfortable and pleased with (oneself)
  • VPtoNputativefeel comfortable and pleased with
  • VPtoV[0]feel happy and at ease to
   xǐ OC: qhɯʔ MC: hɨ 28 Attributions
  • nabhappy overt joy (typically with regard to something)
  • vadNexpressive of happy joy
  • vifeel happy joy (for a reason) 甚喜
  • vtoNcausativecause to become happily joyful
   ān OC: qaan MC: ʔɑn 28 Attributions
  • nabpsychhappy peace of mind
  • vibe happily at peace; find peace and happiness; lead a happy enough life; be conducive to happy peace of mind
  • vtoNfeel happy and at ease with, be happy in; find happiness in, take pleasure in
  • vtoNcausativebring happiness to
   yì OC: laɡ MC: jiɛk 18 Attributions
  • vibe happy, pleased; causing pleasure 不懌 "be displeased"
  • vtoNbe happy with
  • vtoNcausativecause to be happily pleased
歡 / 歡 / 驩   huān OC: qhoon MC: hʷɑn huān OC: qhoon MC: hʷɑn huān OC: qhoon MC: hʷɑn 15 Attributions

Huān 歡 (ant. bēi 悲 "sadness" and chóu 愁 "worried sadness") refers to sociable temporary high spirits and happiness, not only visible to many but normally shared by a group. Huān 歡 (ant. bēi 悲 "sadness" and chóu 愁 "worried sadness") refers to sociable temporary high spirits and happiness, not only visible to many but normally shared by a group. Huān 歡 (ant. bēi 悲 "sadness" and chóu 愁 "worried sadness") refers to sociable temporary high spirits and happiness, not only visible to many but normally shared by a group.

  • virejoice; be happy in the company of others; be on cheerfully friendly terms with each other, be delighted; enjoy oneself, be in high spirits
  • vadNcharacterised by happy good-will
  • vichangebecome happy
  • vadVjoyfully, happily (sometimes with weak archaic suffix 言
  • nabacthappiness; joyfulness; cheerfulness; cheer
快樂   kuài lè OC: khʷraads ɡ-raawɡ MC: khɣɛi lɑk 15 Attributions
  • NPabpsychdelight, joy
  • VPibe delighted, enjoy oneself
   kuài OC: khʷraads MC: khɣɛi 14 Attributions
  • nabpsychhappiness
  • vibe openly happy; show happiness; be conducive to happiness
愉 / 愈   yú OC: lo MC: ji̯o yù OC: loʔ MC: ji̯o 14 Attributions
  • vibe mildly happy; be amused; be happily at ease; feel contentment
  • vtoNfind amusing
  • vt+prep+Nfeel mildly happy with; feel happily at ease with
  • vi.redintensitiveshow mild happiness
  • nabpsychhappiness
  • vtoNcausativecause to be amused
  • vadNhappy
  • vi.redbe all at ease and happy; be completely relaxed
  • visubject=nonhumancausing happiness> be amusing, be profoundly pleasant
恬愉   tián yú OC: b-leem lo MC: dem ji̯o 13 Attributions
  • NPabpsychpeace and happiness; comfortable ease;
  • VPibe at ease and happy
愷悌 / 凱弟 / 豈弟   kǎi tì OC: khɯɯlʔ liils MC: khəi dei kǎi dì OC: khɯɯlʔ liils MC: khəi dei qǐ dì OC: khɯlʔ liilʔ MC: khɨi dei 11 Attributions
  • VPadNpoetic: supremely contented and happy (possibly to be read as vi)
娛 / 虞   yú OC: ŋʷa MC: ŋi̯o yú OC: ŋʷa MC: ŋi̯o 10 Attributions

Yú 娛 (ant. yōu 憂 "worry") typically refers to indulgent happiness with thing as they are. Yú 娛 (ant. yōu 憂 "worry") typically refers to indulgent happiness with thing as they are.

  • viindulge in one's happiness; feel happily gratified
  • vtoNcausativecause to be happily gratified> enchant; gratify, give satisfaction to, cause to be delighted
  • vtoNfind one's happiness in; indulge in 娛酒
  • vtoNpsychfeel happy with (oneself)
   qìng OC: khraŋs MC: khɣaŋ 9 Attributions
  • nabpsychblissful happiness
  • vifeel blessed; feel happy
安隱   ān yǐn OC: qaan qɯnʔ MC: ʔɑn ʔɨn 8 Attributions

read ānwěn ?? (安穩)

  • NPabstativepeaceful happiness, peaceful happy conditions, happy safety (occasionally the word seems to have an extended meaning > commodities)
  • VPadVhappily and peacefully, without problems
  • VPibe in happy peace
自適   zì shì OC: sblids qljeɡ MC: dzi ɕiɛk 8 Attributions
  • VPifeel happy
  • VPtoNputativefeel happy about; consider as one's own happiness
欣然   xīn rán OC: qhɯn njen MC: hɨn ȵiɛn 7 Attributions
  • VPadVin one's happiness; joyfully, merrily
  • VPibe delighted and happy
至樂   zhì lè OC: kljiɡs ɡ-raawɡ MC: tɕi lɑk 7 Attributions
  • NPabpsychperfect happiness
怡 / 台   yí OC: lɯ MC: jɨ yí OC: lɯ MC: jɨ 5 Attributions
  • vadNhappy; expressive of happiness; benign
  • vibe pleased; be happy (不怡 "be displeased; be in a bad mood; be dissatisfied")
自安   zì ān OC: sblids qaan MC: dzi ʔɑn 5 Attributions
  • NPabpsychcomfortable happiness
  • VPireflexive.自be at happily comfortable with oneself
安寧   ān níng OC: qaan neeŋ MC: ʔɑn neŋ 4 Attributions

This refers to serene happiness and is often hard to distinguish from tranquility as such.

  • NPabstativepeace and tranquility
  • VPihappy and serene
常樂   cháng lè OC: djaŋ ɡ-raawɡ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ lɑk 4 Attributions
  • NPabpsycheternal happiness
  • VPienjoy eternal bliss
福報   fú bào OC: pɯɡ puuɡs MC: puk pɑu 4 Attributions
  • NPabstativehappiness as a reward for good deeds
   xiū OC: qhu MC: hɨu 3 Attributions
  • nabpsychhappiness
  • vibe happy
  • vtoNcause to be happy
   kāng OC: khlaaŋ MC: khɑŋ 3 Attributions
  • vadNhappy> happiness-bringing
  • vienjoy happy idleness (Karlgren)
  • vtoNcausativecause to be happe
   yuè OC: lod MC: jiɛt 3 Attributions
  • nabpsychhappy contentment
   gǔ OC: kooɡ MC: kuk 3 Attributions
  • vibe sufficiently supplied and happy
豫 / 預   yù OC: las MC: ji̯ɤ yù OC: las MC: ji̯ɤ 3 Attributions
  • vifeel happy
  • vtoNfind happiness in
  • vt+V[0]be happy in V-ing
和樂   hé lè OC: ɡool ɡ-raawɡ MC: ɦʷɑ lɑk 3 Attributions
  • NPabpsychharmonious happiness
  • VPibe in happy harmony
懷樂   huái lè OC: ɡruul ɡ-raawɡ MC: ɦɣɛi lɑk 3 Attributions
  • VPtoNbe happy about
  • VPtoNpsychfind happiness in, be fond of in every way
榮富   róng fù OC: ɢʷeŋ pɯɡs MC: ɦɣaŋ pɨu 3 Attributions
  • NPabpsychprosperity (as happiness??? This term may be usefully compared to those of happiness and properly belongs into the Synonym Group RICH)
  • VPibe prosperous (and happy)
歡樂   huān lè OC: qhoon ɡ-raawɡ MC: hʷɑn lɑk 3 Attributions
  • NPab{nab1=nab2}nonreferentialhappy enjoyments of any kind
  • VPiactshow open happiness
  • VPtoNintensitivebe very happy with
福佑   fú yòu OC: pɯɡ ɢʷɯs MC: puk ɦɨu 3 Attributions
  • NPab{N1=N2}stativeblessed happiness
自得   zì dé OC: sblids tɯɯɡ MC: dzi tək 3 Attributions
  • NPabpsychhappiness
  • VPipsychlive up to one's hopes and aspirations (contrast 得己?)
  • VPtoNfind one's happiness in
  • VPibe self-satisfied
驩欣   huān xīn OC: qhoon qhɯn MC: hʷɑn hɨn 3 Attributions
  • NPabpsychhappiness
  • vicausativeconducive to happiness
  • VPibe happy; be in happy accord
   píng OC: breŋ MC: bɣaŋ 2 Attributions
  • vibe happily at peace
  • vtoNcausativecause to be happily at peace
   zāng OC: skaaŋ MC: tsɑŋ 2 Attributions
  • nabpsycharchaic/poetic: happiness
  • viarchaic/poetic: be good>happy
佚樂   yì lè OC: liɡ ɡ-raawɡ MC: jit lɑk 2 Attributions
  • NPabpsycheasy happiness
豈樂 / 凱樂   qǐ lè OC: khɯlʔ ɡ-raawɡ MC: khɨi lɑk kǎi lè OC: khɯɯlʔ ɡ-raawɡ MC: khəi lɑk 2 Attributions
  • VPiread kǎilè: be supremely happy and... (perhaps adverbial)
喜悅   xǐ yuè OC: qhɯʔ lod MC: hɨ jiɛt 2 Attributions
  • VPibe happy
  • VPichangebecome happy/glad
大安   dà ān OC: daads qaan MC: dɑi ʔɑn 2 Attributions
  • NPabpsychsupreme peace of mind> supreme tranquility; supreme serenity
富樂   fù lè OC: pɯɡs ɡ-raawɡ MC: pɨu lɑk 2 Attributions
  • NPabpsychwealth and joy> happiness
  • VPadNhappy
心怡   xīn yí OC: slɯm lɯ MC: sim jɨ 2 Attributions
  • VPibe happy in one's mind> be happy and contented neg: 心不怡
怡然   yí rán OC: lɯ njen MC: jɨ ȵiɛn 2 Attributions
  • VPadVhappily; contentedly; in good spirits
  • VPibe perfectly happily contented (often in spite of adversities)
愉佚   yú yì OC: lo liɡ MC: ji̯o jit 2 Attributions
  • NPabpsychhappy contentment
  • VPibe happily contented; be happy while enjoying leisure
愉樂   yú lè OC: lo ɡ-raawɡ MC: ji̯o lɑk 2 Attributions
  • VPadNindulgently happy; joyful
  • VPibe happy; indulge in one's own happiness
樂易   lè yì OC: ɡ-raawɡ leeɡs MC: lɑk jiɛ 2 Attributions
  • VPibe happy and at ease
歡然 / 驩然   huān rán OC: qhoon njen MC: hʷɑn ȵiɛn huān rán OC: qhoon njen MC: hʷɑn ȵiɛn 2 Attributions
  • VPibe happy
耽樂   dān lè OC: k-luum ɡ-raawɡ MC: təm lɑk 2 Attributions
  • NPabpsychdebauched happiness
  • VPiacthave fun, indulge in pleasure
自虞 / 自娛   zì yú OC: sblids ŋʷa MC: dzi ŋi̯o zì yú OC: sblids ŋʷa MC: dzi ŋi̯o 2 Attributions
  • VPibe pleased with oneself and happy
豐樂   fēng lè OC: phuŋ ɡ-raawɡ MC: phuŋ lɑk 2 Attributions
  • VPibe prosperous and happy 歲豐熟,民安樂。亦謂富饒安樂。《詩‧大雅‧旱麓》"瞻彼旱麓,榛楛濟濟" 漢 鄭玄 箋:"喻 周 邦之民獨豐樂者,被其君德教。"
邂逅   xiè hòu OC: ɡrees ɡoos MC: ɦɣɛ ɦu 2 Attributions
  • VP[adN]happy ones
樂其志   lè qí zhì OC: ɡ-raawɡ ɡɯ kljɯs MC: lɑk gɨ tɕɨ 2 Attributions
  • VPibe happy through fulfillment of their aspirations
饒樂   ráo lè luò,liáo MC: nyew lak OC: nɢjew ɡ-raawɡ 2 Attributions
  • VPadNjoyful, highly pleasant
   jí OC: kid MC: kit 1 Attribution
  • nabgood fortune in the form of happiness
  • vibe happy by good fortune
   xìng OC: ɢreeŋʔ MC: ɦɣɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • vibe happy by good fortune
   biàn OC: brons MC: biɛn 1 Attribution
  • viread pán; archaic and poetic: happy
   chǐ OC: kh-lɯʔ MC: ʈhɨ 1 Attribution
  • vibe in good shape, be happy
  • nab.post-V{NUM}blessings
   táo OC: b-lu MC: dɑu 1 Attribution
  • vilook pleased; be happy 《禮記‧檀弓下》:『人喜則斯陶,陶斯詠。』
世樂   shì lè OC: lʰebs ɡ-raawɡ MC: ɕiɛi lɑk 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychworldly happiness; mundane joys
受福   shòu fú OC: djuʔ pɯɡ MC: dʑɨu puk 1 Attribution
  • VPireceive happiness as a reward for meritorious behaviour
吉康   jí kāng OC: kid khlaaŋ MC: kit khɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPabstativestate of happy circumstances
喜說   xǐ yuè OC: qhɯʔ lod MC: hɨ jiɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPibe happy
大福   dà fú OC: daads pɯɡ MC: dɑi puk 1 Attribution
  • NPabstativegreat happiness
夷懌   yí yì OC: li laɡ MC: ji jiɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe balanced and happily pleased
娛戲   yú xì OC: ŋʷa qhras MC: ŋi̯o hiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPiactindulge in the joys of life
媮娛   yú yú OC: lo ŋʷa MC: ji̯o ŋi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPifeel happy
安愉   ān yú OC: qaan lo MC: ʔɑn ji̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPibe peacefully contented
容與   róng yǔ OC: k-loŋ k-laʔ MC: ji̯oŋ ji̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcausativecause to become pleased> make happy
常安   cháng ān OC: djaŋ qaan MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ ʔɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPibe in enduring happy peace
平愉   píng yú OC: breŋ lo MC: bɣaŋ ji̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPibe in happy harmonious balance
康娛   kāng yú OC: khlaaŋ ŋʷa MC: khɑŋ ŋi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPiactindulge in a happy-go-lucky way of life
心悅   xīn yuè OC: slɯm lod MC: sim jiɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPibe happily contented in one's mind
心樂   xīn lè OC: slɯm ɡ-raawɡ MC: sim lɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPifeel happy in one's heart
快意   kuài yì OC: khʷraads qɯɡs MC: khɣɛi ʔɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPifeel happy
悅喜   yuè xǐ OC: lod qhɯʔ MC: jiɛt hɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychhappiness
愉易   yú yì OC: lo leeɡs MC: ji̯o jiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe happily at ease
歡喜 / 歡喜 / 驩喜   huān xǐ OC: qhoon qhɯʔ MC: hʷɑn hɨ huān xǐ OC: qhoon qhɯʔ MC: hʷɑn hɨ huān xǐ OC: qhoon qhɯʔ MC: hʷɑn hɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychhappiness
榮樂   róng lè OC: ɢʷeŋ ɡ-raawɡ MC: ɦɣaŋ lɑk 1 Attribution
  • NPabstativespectacular demonstrative happiness
樂悅   lè yuè OC: ɡ-raawɡ lod MC: lɑk jiɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPibe happy and contented
   xíng OC: ɢraaŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiactconduct a happy life
欣喜   xīn xǐ OC: qhɯn qhɯʔ MC: hɨn hɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe perfectly happy
欣歡   xīn huān OC: qhɯn qhoon MC: hɨn hʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychhappiness
欣欣   xīn xīn OC: qhɯn qhɯn MC: hɨn hɨn 1 Attribution
  • VPifeel happy
欣驩   xīn huān OC: qhɯn qhoon MC: hɨn hʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPadVwith happy enthusiasm
洽驩   qià huān OC: ɡroob qhoon MC: ɦɣɛp hʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPibe happy in each other's company
福業   fú yè OC: pɯɡ ŋab MC: puk ŋi̯ɐp 1 Attribution
  • NPabmetaphysicalkarma of good fortune, fortunate karma
福祉   fú chǐ OC: pɯɡ kh-lɯʔ MC: puk ʈhɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychblessed happiness
福祿   fú lù OC: pɯɡ b-rooɡ MC: puk luk 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturehappy affluence
自愉 / 自喻   zì yú OC: sblids lo MC: dzi ji̯o zì yù OC: sblids los MC: dzi ji̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPibe happy and pleased with oneself
自在   zì zài OC: sblids sɡɯɯʔ MC: dzi dzəi 1 Attribution
  • VPibe free and happy
自樂   zì lè OC: sblids ɡ-raawɡ MC: dzi lɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPireflexive.自feel happy and at ease with oneself
  • nabpsychhappiness, delight, satisfaction
至愉   zhì yú OC: kljiɡs lo MC: tɕi ji̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPibe supremely happily amused
輕易   qīng yì OC: kheŋ leeɡs MC: khiɛŋ jiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPifeel unencumbered and happy; feel light-heartedly happy
天上樂   tiān shàng lè OC: lʰiin ɡljaŋs ɡ-raawɡ MC: then dʑi̯ɐŋ lɑk 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychcelestial happiness
愉愉然   yú yú rán OC: lo lo njen MC: ji̯o ji̯o ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPibe completely happy
歡喜心   huān xǐ xīn OC: qhoon qhɯʔ slɯm MC: hʷɑn hɨ sim 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychhappiness
涅盤樂   niè pán lè OC: m-liiɡ baan ɡ-raawɡ MC: net bʷɑn lɑk 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychnirvāna happiness
全安之福   quán ān zhī fú OC: sɡon qaan kljɯ pɯɡ MC: dziɛn ʔɑn tɕɨ puk 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychcomplete peaceful happiness
安育其性   ān yù qí xìng OC: qaan luɡ ɡɯ seŋs MC: ʔɑn juk gɨ siɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiactrealise oneself happily
安隱豐樂   ān yǐn fēng lè OC: qaan qɯnʔ phuŋ ɡ-raawɡ MC: ʔɑn ʔɨn phuŋ lɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe prosperous and happy
心怡氣和   xīn yí qì hé OC: slɯm lɯ khɯds ɡool MC: sim jɨ khɨi ɦʷɑ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe happy
心悅意清   xīn yuè yì qīng OC: slɯm lod qɯɡs tsheŋ MC: sim jiɛt ʔɨ tshiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPifeel ethereal happiness
心淨歡然   xīn jìng huān rán OC: slɯm skhreeŋ qhoon njen MC: sim dziɛŋ hʷɑn ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPifeel ethereally happy
   dé OC: tɯɯɡ MC: tək 1 Attribution
  • nabfeatureblessedness by supernatural generosity; blessing
栩栩然   xǔ xǔ rán MC: xjuX xjuX nyen OC: qhʷlaʔ qhʷlaʔ njen 1 Attribution
  • VPadNfree and happy
盤 / 盤 / 般   pán OC: baan MC: bʷɑn pán OC: baan MC: bʷɑn pán OC: baan MC: bʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • viSHI: be happy 《詩‧衛風‧考槃》:『考槃在澗,顧人之寬。』〈毛〉傳:『槃,樂也。』;《逸周書‧祭公》:『允乃詔,畢桓于黎民般。』〈孔晁〉注:『般,樂也。』
   róng OC: ɢʷeŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • vi《國語‧晉語四》:『〈狐偃〉曰:‘日,吾來此也,非以〈狄〉為榮,可以成事也……’』〈韋昭〉注:『榮,樂也。』
   tián OC: diim MC: dem 0 Attributions
  • vifigurativebe in a sweet psychological state> be happy 【唐】【羅隱】《蜂》詩:『採得百花成蜜後,為誰辛苦為誰甜?』
   xiáng OC: sɢlaŋ MC: zi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabpsych(heaven-sent) happiness
作樂   zuò lè OC: tsaaɡ ɡ-raawɡ MC: tsɑk lɑk 0 Attributions
  • VPiacthave fun
大歡   dà huān OC: daads qhoon MC: dɑi hʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • NPabgreat happiness; greatest happiness; greatest pleasure
委蛇   wēi yí OC: qrol lal MC: ʔiɛ jiɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPishow contented self-satisfied happiness in one's comportment
媮快   yú kuài OC: lo khʷraads MC: ji̯o khɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy and contented 《漢書‧酷吏傳序》:『當是之時,吏治若救火揚沸,非武健嚴酷,惡能勝其任而媮快乎?』
安吉   ān jí OC: qaan kid MC: ʔɑn kit 0 Attributions
  • NPabpsychhappiness and good fortune
快暢   kuài chàng OC: khʷraads khrlaŋs MC: khɣɛi ʈhi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe effusively happy
快活   kuài huó OC: khʷraads ɡood MC: khɣɛi ɦʷɑt 0 Attributions
  • NPabpsychcolloquial: happiness
怡說   yí yuè OC: lɯ lod MC: jɨ jiɛt 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNcause to be happy
悅夷   yuè yí OC: lod li MC: jiɛt ji 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy 《大戴禮記‧五帝德》:『舟輿所至,莫不說夷。』
意樂   yì lè OC: qɯɡs ɡ-raawɡ MC: ʔɨ lɑk 0 Attributions
  • NPabpsychpsychological happiness 【南朝】【梁簡文帝】《大法頌》:『彤彤寶塔,既等法華之座;峨峨長表,更同意樂之國。』
愉娛   yú yú OC: lo ŋʷa MC: ji̯o ŋi̯o 0 Attributions
  • VPifeel happy
愉快   yú kuài OC: lo khʷraads MC: ji̯o khɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy 《史記‧酷吏列傳序》:『非武健嚴酷,惡能勝其任而愉快乎!』
愉怡   yú yí OC: lo lɯ MC: ji̯o jɨ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy (in appearance) 【宋】【歐陽修】《張子野墓志銘》:『〈子野〉為人,外雖愉怡,中自刻苦。』
驩虞 / 歡娛 / 歡娛   huān yú OC: qhoon ŋʷa MC: hʷɑn ŋi̯o huān yú OC: qhoon ŋʷa MC: hʷɑn ŋi̯o huān yú OC: qhoon ŋʷa MC: hʷɑn ŋi̯o 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy 歡愉,歡娛
歡快   huān kuài OC: qhoon khʷraads MC: hʷɑn khɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy 【宋】【王闢之】《澠水燕談錄‧知人》:『〈慶歷〉二年,〈仁宗〉用〈范文正公〉參知政事,〈韓魏公〉、〈富韓公〉為樞密副使,天下人心莫不懽快。』
歡悰   huān cóng OC: qhoon dzuuŋ MC: hʷɑn dzuo̝ŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPabpsychhappy frame of mind 【宋】【蘇軾】《賀新運使張大夫啟》:『矧惟雅故,尤激懽悰。』
歡樂   huān lè OC: qhoon ɡ-raawɡ MC: hʷɑn lɑk 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNputativerejoice in
歡洽   huān qià OC: qhoon ɡroob MC: hʷɑn ɦɣɛp 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy
樂事   lè shì OC: ɡ-raawɡ dzrɯs MC: lɑk ɖʐɨ 0 Attributions
  • NPabeventhappy events, happy episodes
樂和   lè hé OC: ɡ-raawɡ ɡool MC: lɑk ɦʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe harmoniously happy and contented 《後漢書‧崔駰傳》:『六合怡怡,比屋為仁……家家有以樂和,人人有以自優。』
欣快   xīn kuài OC: qhɯn khʷraads MC: hɨn khɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy 《明史‧吳時來傳》:『頃陛下赫然震怒,逮治僨事邊臣,人心莫不欣快。』
欣豫   xīn yù OC: qhɯn las MC: hɨn ji̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy and contented
祉福   chǐ fú OC: kh-lɯʔ pɯɡ MC: ʈhɨ puk 0 Attributions
  • NPabpsycharchaic: happiness 天降祉福
福祜   fú hù OC: pɯɡ ɡaaʔ MC: puk ɦuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • NPabstativegood fortune and happiness; a happy life
自娛   zì yú OC: sblids ŋʷa MC: dzi ŋi̯o 0 Attributions
  • VPifind happiness
自怡   zì yí OC: sblids lɯ MC: dzi jɨ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happily contented
虞樂   yú lè OC: ŋʷa ɡ-raawɡ MC: ŋi̯o lɑk 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNcausativecause to be happy
說豫   yuè yù OC: lod las MC: jiɛt ji̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • NPabfeaturevisible happiness; happiness expressed on one's face
諧樂   xié lè OC: ɡriid ɡ-raawɡ MC: ɦɣɛi lɑk 0 Attributions
  • VPibe in happy harmony 【宋】【葉適】《陳叔向墓志銘》:『兄弟相愛友,門內諧樂,無疾聲遽色。』
陶欣   táo xīn OC: b-lu qhɯn MC: dɑu hɨn 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy 【唐】【張祜】《高閑上人》詩:『陶欣入社叟,坐怯論經儔。』
陶然   táo rán OC: b-lu njen MC: dɑu ȵiɛn 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy 【唐】【韓愈】《送區冊序》:『與之翳嘉林,坐石磯,投竿而漁,陶然以樂。』
安以樂   ān yǐ lè OC: qaan k-lɯʔ ɡ-raawɡ MC: ʔɑn jɨ lɑk 0 Attributions
  • VPibe easy and happy
怡怡如   yí yí rú OC: lɯ lɯ nja MC: jɨ jɨ ȵi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happily contented and at ease; give an appearance of contentment and ease
自怡悅   zì yí yuè OC: sblids lɯ lod MC: dzi jɨ jiɛt 0 Attributions
  • VPifind happiness and spiritual satisfaction
安土樂業   ān tǔ lè yè OC: qaan kh-laaʔ ɡ-raawɡ ŋab MC: ʔɑn thuo̝ lɑk ŋi̯ɐp 0 Attributions
  • VPiactenjoy life as it is; be happy where one is 【漢】【揚雄】《連珠》:『吏不苟暴,役賦不重,財力不傷,安土樂業,民之樂也。』
安居樂業   ān jū lè yè OC: qaan ka ɡ-raawɡ ŋab MC: ʔɑn ki̯ɤ lɑk ŋi̯ɐp 0 Attributions
  • VPiactenjoy one's life and work as it is
怡然自得   yí rán zì dé OC: lɯ njen sblids tɯɯɡ MC: jɨ ȵiɛn dzi tək 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happily contented
樂不可言   lè bù kě yán OC: ɡ-raawɡ pɯʔ khlaalʔ ŋan MC: lɑk pi̯ut khɑ ŋi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • VPihappy beyond words 《楚辭‧大招》:『魂兮歸徠!樂不可言只。五穀六仞,設菰梁兮。』
樂而不淫   lè ér bù yín OC: ɡ-raawɡ njɯ pɯʔ lɯm MC: lɑk ȵɨ pi̯ut jim 0 Attributions
  • VPibe happy without going to excesses LY《關雎》樂而不淫,哀而不傷。
樂而忘返   lè ér wàng fǎn OC: ɡ-raawɡ njɯ maŋs panʔ MC: lɑk ȵɨ mi̯ɐŋ pi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • VPibe extremely happy where one is; be beyond oneself with happiness
泥洹常樂   ní huán cháng lè OC: niil ɢoon djaŋ ɡ-raawɡ MC: nei ɦʷɑn dʑi̯ɐŋ lɑk 0 Attributions
  • NPabmetaphysicaleternal bliss of Nirvāna

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: