BEAUTIFUL  美麗

EXCELLENT in APPEARANCE.
PLEASANTATTRACTIVEPRETTYHANDSOMEGOOD-LOOKINGALLURINGPREPOSSESSINGLOVELYCHARMINGDELIGHTFULAPPEALINGENGAGINGWINSOMERAVISHINGGORGEOUSSTUNNINGARRESTINGGLAMOROUSBEWITCHINGBEGUILINGGRACEFULELEGANTEXQUISITEAESTHETICARTISTICDECORATIVEMAGNIFICENTDIVINEDROP-DEAD GORGEOUSEASY ON THE EYEKILLERCUTEFOXYBEAUTEOUSCOMELYFAIR
Taxonoymy

EMBELLISHSEXYKITSCHCHARISMA

Antonymy

UGLYVULGAR

See also

STRONG

Kind Of

EXCELLENT

Old Chinese Criteria

[ABSOLUTE/GRADED]

[ACOUSTIC/VISUAL]

[ARTIFICIAL/NATURAL]

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[ELEVATED/VULGAR]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[HUMAN/NON-HUMAN]

[POETIC/PROSAIC]

1. The general word is měi 美 "handsome and admirable" (ant. è 惡 "ugly") which refers to anything concrete or abstract which is attractive or handsome in a dignified way, and the word often retains its primary culinary sense of "tasty".

[GENERAL], [GRADED]; [[COMMON]]

2. Lì 麗 (ant. sù 素 "unaodorned") is often restricted to physical objects, prototypically to clothes, and emphasises their balanced symmetric beauty, occasionally also - by analogy - the well-aligned symmetric beauty of mountains.

[ELEVATED], [NON-HUMAN], [VISUAL!]

3. Wén 文 (ant. zhì 質 "merely material") emphasises cultivated external as well as internal elegance as well as traditionalism.

[ARTIFICIAL], [ELEVATED], [NON-HUMAN], [VISUAL!]

4. Yǎ 雅 (ant. sú 俗 "vulgar") emphasises primarily external elevated elegance.

[ACOUSTIC!], [ARTIFICIAL], [ELEVATED+], [NON-HUMAN]

5. Hǎo 好 "comely, handsome" (ant. chǒu 醜 "ugly") refers indiscriminately to men and women, but the word is sometimes more general and even abstract in application and refers to attractive words or attractive moral qualities.

[HUMAN!], [NATURAL], [VISUAL]

6. Xiù 秀 "of vigorous and imposing beauty" focusses on flourishing and flamboyant beauty in analogy with that of flowers.

[ELEVATED], [NATURAL], [NON-HUMAN], [POETIC], [VISUAL]; [[RARE]]

7. Huá 華 "of striking and colourful beauty" (ant. sú 俗 "vulgar") focusses on flourishing and flamboyant superficial or only apparent beauty, on the analogy analogy with that of flowers.

[ARTIFICIAL], [ELEVATED], NON-HUMAN], [SUPERFICIAL], [VISUAL]

8. Zhuàng 壯 "stately" (ant. ruò 弱 "weak and unsightly") is virile beauty associated with strength and vigour. See STRONG

[NATURAL], [MARGINAL], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

9. Jiā 佳 "of outstanding beauty" (NB: liè 劣 "unremarkable" is the ant. of jiā 佳 "outstanding", and not in the meaning of "outstandingly beautiful") emphasises comparative beauty compared to others in the same group.

[GRADED], [ELEVATED], [NATURAL], [POETIC]

10. Dū 都 "urbane and exquisitely beautiful" (ant. bì 鄙 "rustic and inelegant") is a highly poetic word that can only be used in elevated prose.

[ARCHAIC], [ELEVATED], [POETIC], [VISUAL]; [[RARE]]

11. Yán 妍 "attractive and exquisite (of humans as well as human products)" (ant. chì 蚩 "unattractive") refers to elaborate beauty. See SEXY.

[ARCHAIC], [ELEVATED], [HUMAN], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

12. Xiū 脩 / 修 "refined moral beauty" refers to moral as well as physical beauty, thus coming close the Greek kalokagathia, but never approaching the latter in importance as a cultural keyword.

[ELEVATED], [ARTIFICIAL]; [[RARE]]

Modern Chinese Criteria

美麗

漂亮

美貌

美顏

好看

受看

中看

入眼

順眼

悅目

美觀

華美

雅致

雅觀

文雅

清雅

淡雅

雅淡

古雅

優美

美妙

猗猗

菲菲

優美

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 16.81

CASSIN 2004 Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles 160

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 359

DECENS, SPECIOSUS

161. C. Fronto: Decens in gestu est, et motu corporis, speciosus; male legitur: formosus ab excellenti specie dicitur, forma naturae bonum, unde etiam formosus dicitur.

]

161. Inter Decentem et speciosum et formosum. Decens motu corporis probatur, speciosus specie, formosus, natura, sive forma.

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

BEAUTIFUL

formosus refers to beauty in so far as it excites pleasure and delight.

pulcher refers to beauty in so far as it excites admiration, is imposing or satisfies taste by its perfectness.

venustus refers to beauty in so far as it excites desire and captivates.

formosus refers to beauty in so far as it is manifested in physical form and affects a natural (not necessarily elevated) sense of beauty.

venustas transports and captivates through a high degree of attractiveness.

gratia merely pleases and attracts by beauty.

PLEASANT

gratus refers to something that is welcome and acceptable to someone as precious, interesting or deserving of thanks.

iucundus refers to something that is welcome and acceptable because it gives delight.

gratiosus refers to something that seeks favour or popularity.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 16

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 285

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

FORMA/PULCHRITUDO

PULCHRITUDO

MAUTHNER WP 1924 Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache III73

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 302

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.842

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 2.379

ELEGANCE

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 4.682

KALOKAGATHIA

SEE ALSO THE MANY ARTICLES RELATED TO SCHOENHEIT

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 300

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy beauty

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

BARCK 2010 Ästhetische Grundbegriffe 6.7.30

BARCK 2010 Ästhetische Grundbegriffe 5.390

BARCK 2010 Ästhetische Grundbegriffe 2.275

BARCK 2010 Ästhetische Grundbegriffe 1.193

QUINE 1987 Quiddities. An Intermittently Philosophical Dictionary 17

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.85:61

BEAU.JOLI

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.11.12

GRACIEUX.AGREABLE

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.75.55

GRACES.AGREMENTS; ATTRAITS.APPAS.CHARMES

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.103.77

BEAU.JOLI

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.327.288

RELEVE.SUBLIME

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.2278

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 220

DIVISIONES 1906 Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae no. 11

YANG MINGTIAN 2009 觀念的對比分析 261

KRASOTA

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 51A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 106
  • nab : 46
  • vadN : 42
  • VPi : 36
  • NPab : 15
  • v[adN] : 11
  • n : 11
  • vtoN : 7
  • vadV : 7
  • vi.red : 6
  • nab : 4
  • VPadN : 4
  • NPab{N1=N2} : 3
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2} : 2
  • VP[adN] : 2
  • nadN : 2
  • VPadV : 1
  • vi-V{SUFF} : 1
  • v(ad)N : 1
  • vi.red:adN : 1
  • vpostadV : 1
  • NP{N1&N2} : 1

Attributions by text

  • 楚辭 : 48
  • 韓非子 : 43
  • 賢愚經 : 27
  • 論語 : 26
  • 春秋左傳 : 22
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 18
  • 百喻經 : 17
  • 毛詩 : 16
  • 管子 : 15
  • 荀子 : 9
  • 莊子 : 8
  • 韓詩外傳 : 8
  • 說苑 : 7
  • 孟子 : 7
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
  • 論衡 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 孝經 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 3
  • 老子 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 2
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1

Words

美 / 媄 / 媺   měi OC: mriʔ MC: mi měi OC: mriʔ MC: mi měi OC: mrɯlʔ MC: mi 86 Attributions

The general word is měi 美 "handsome and admirable" (ant. è 惡 "ugly") which refers to anything concrete or abstract which is attractive or handsome in a dignified way, and the word often retains its primary culinary sense of "tasty". [GENERAL], [GRADED]; [[COMMON]] The general word is měi 美 "handsome and admirable" (ant. è 惡 "ugly") which refers to anything concrete or abstract which is attractive or handsome in a dignified way, and the word often retains its primary culinary sense of "tasty". [GENERAL], [GRADED]; [[COMMON]] The general word is měi 美 "handsome and admirable" (ant. è 惡 "ugly") which refers to anything concrete or abstract which is attractive or handsome in a dignified way, and the word often retains its primary culinary sense of "tasty". [GENERAL], [GRADED]; [[COMMON]]

  • vadNvisualattractive; wonderful; handsome, splendid, admirable; illustrious (name); elaborate and beautiful, lavish; of soil: be rich and good; of high quality; (also of sounds:) attractiveIn SJ & HS, 好女 and 美女 appear mainly as temptresses, gift objects that corrupt rulers; in this collocation, 好 and 美 would be "attractive." A very large number of females characterised simpl as 美 are prospective brides. 美 (but not 麗 ) is often used in connection with abstracta, such as deeds, words, customs and virtues. [JP]
  • vibe attractive; be handsome; splendid; be elaborate and beautiful, lavish; of soil: be rich and good; of high quality; (also of sounds:) attractive
  • vadVbeautifully; lavishly; wonderfully
  • vtoNcausativebeautify, make particularly beautiful
  • v[adN]what is beautiful; wonderful thing, beautiful thing, splendid thing, admirable thing, wonderful thing
  • nabfeaturephysical beauty; handsomeness; splendour; good looks
  • nsubject=nonrefwhat is beautiful> wonderful things, beautiful creatures 兩美
  • vifigurativebe of non-material superior beauty
  • nabaestheticabstract non-physical beauty
  • vadNfigurativeattractive; welcome
  • vtoNputativeappreciate as attractive or handsome
  • vadNabstractsplendid, brilliant (name etc)
  • nabvisualbeauty
  • viacousticacoustically: pleasant to hear
  • viodourspleasant
  • vi+prep+Nbeautiful with respect to
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2gradedregard the contextually determinate N1 as more beautiful than N2
  • nsubj=nonhumanbeautiful/attractive things
  • v[adN]N=humanbeautiful woman
  • v[adN.]post-N2what is beautiful
   hǎo OC: qhuuʔ MC: hɑu 31 Attributions

Hǎo 好 "comely, handsome" (ant. chǒu 醜"ugly") refers indiscriminately to men and women, but the word is sometimes more general in application and refers more abstractly to attractive words or even moral qualities. [HUMAN!], [NATURAL], [VISUAL]

  • nsubject=pluralsplendid things, beautiful things
  • nabfeatureBUDDH: anuryanjana: beautiful excellencies
  • nabaestheticbeauty LY 室家之好
  • vadNcomely, handsome; good to look at
  • vadNacousticbeautiful
  • vigradedbe beautiful to look at, be attractive 甚好LIEXIANZHUAN 姿貌好而性良
  • vifigurativebe morally attractive
  • vpostadVso that it becomes beautiful
  • vtoNputativeconsider as beautiful
  • vtoNmake beautiful
端正   duān zhèng OC: toon tjeŋs MC: tʷɑn tɕiɛŋ 23 Attributions
  • NPabphysical properness > dignified beauty
  • VPadNhandsome
  • VPiupright and proper (physical form) > be handsome, be beautiful; be in an excellent state (typically used in Buddhist sutras and in Tang vernacular literature such as HANSHAN; propably referring to symetrical and delicate features of the body)
   lì OC: b-reels MC: lei 22 Attributions

Lì 麗 (ant. sù 素 "unadorned) is often restricted to physical objects, prototypically to clothes, and emphasises their balanced symmetric beauty, occasionally also the well-aligned symmetric beauty of mountains. [ELEVATED], [NON-HUMAN]

  • nabfeaturebeauty; symmetric balance
  • v[adN]stately and beautiful things
  • vadNbeautiful; symmetrically balanced
  • vibe decorative, evenly patterned, beautifully patterned, symmetrically patterned; elegant and beautiful; be magnificent, be imposing (as the sound of a drum]
  • vtoNcausativecuase to be beautiful > embellish
  • vtoNputativeexperience as beautiful, find beautiful
   wén OC: mɯn MC: mi̯un 15 Attributions

Wén 文 (ant. zhì 質 "merely material") emphasises cultivated external as well as internal elegance as well as traditionalism. [ARTIFICIAL], [ELEVATED], [NON-HUMAN], [VISUAL!]

  • nsubjectwhat is beautifully patterned> products the polite arts; belles lettres
  • nabaestheticelevated aesthetic beauty; elegance; decorous patterning
  • nadNwell decorated, elegantly patterned; dignified; refined, embellished, patterned;
  • viactcultivate civilised elegance
  • vigradedbe elegant and civilised (in speech and/or behaviour), be polished so as to be in accordance with elegant standards 甚文
   yǎ OC: ŋɡraaʔ MC: ŋɣɛ 12 Attributions

Yǎ 雅 (ant. sú 俗 "vulgar") emphasises primarily external elevated elegance. [ARTIFICIAL], [ELEVATED+], [NON-HUMAN].

  • vadNdignified, elegant and handsome; elegant and comely
  • vadVin a dignified way, in the elegant proper style
  • vibe dignified, be elegant and handsome, be in the proper elegant style
脩 / 修   xiū OC: sqlɯw MC: sɨu xiū OC: sqlɯw MC: sɨu 10 Attributions

Xiū 脩/修"refined moral beauty" refers to moral as well as physical beauty, thus coming close the Greek kalokagathia, but never approaching the latter in importance as a cultural keyword. [ELEVATED], [ARTIFICIAL]; [[RARE]] Xiū 脩/修"refined moral beauty" refers to moral as well as physical beauty, thus coming close the Greek kalokagathia, but never approaching the latter in importance as a cultural keyword. [ELEVATED], [ARTIFICIAL]; [[RARE]]

  • vadNfair, refined, cultivared, CC 修德 "refined, fair virtue"
  • vigradedbe refined and beautiful 甚修
  • nsubjectthe fair one CC
  • nabaestheticrefined (moral) beauty
  • vtoNcausativebeautify (oneself)
   huá OC: ɢʷraal MC: ɦɣɛ 7 Attributions

Huá 華"of striking and colourful beauty" (ant. sú 俗 "vulgar") focusses on flourishing and flamboyant superficial or only apparent beauty, on the analogy analogy with that of flowers. [ARTIFICIAL], [ELEVATED], NON-HUMAN], [SUPERFICIAL]

  • nabaestheticostentatious ornament; ostentatious beauty
  • vadNbeautifully patterned; beautifully adorned with flower patterns
  • vibe luxuriously beautiful, ostentatiously beautiful; be superficial and ostentatious
  • vadNderivedliterary: rhetorically ostentatious
   zhuó OC: rleewɡ MC: ɖɣɔk 6 Attributions
  • vadVin (glossy>) resplendent fashion
  • vi.redbe all glossy and beautiful
  • vi.redfigurativebe all splendid
  • vibe glossy and fine, splendid; be brilliant and glossy
美好   měi hǎo OC: mriʔ qhuuʔ MC: mi hɑu 6 Attributions

Měi hǎo 美好 is intensitive, and relates to surface display even when it occasionally refers to abstract beauty.

  • NPab{N1=N2}stativethe state of being beautiful; beauty
  • NPabfigurativebeauty and excellence, points of excellence
  • VPiintensitivebe of exquisite beauty
   jiā OC: kree MC: kɣɛ 5 Attributions

Jiā 佳 "of outstanding beauty" (NB: liè 劣 "unremarkable" is the ant. of jiā 佳 "outstanding", and not in the meaning of "outstandingly beautiful") emphasises comparative beauty compared to others in the same group. [GRADED], [ELEVATED], [NATURAL], [POETIC]

  • nsingularthe beautiful one (or: the excellent one??)
  • vadNbeautiful
  • vioutstanding, of excellent appearance
   kuā OC: khʷraa MC: khɣɛ 4 Attributions
  • nabaesthetic(spiritiual) beauty
  • vibe of outward beauty
  • vifigurativebe inwardly and truly beautiful
   dū OC: k-laa MC: tuo̝ 4 Attributions

Dū 都 "urbane and exquisitely beautiful" (ant. bì 鄙 "rustic and inelegant") is a highly poetic word that can only be used in elevated prose. [ARCHAIC], [ELEVATED], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

  • nabfeaturebeauty
  • v[adN]the fair one
  • vadNstately (courtyard)??
  • viurbanely beautiful; be beautiful in a refined way; stately, imposing
   sè OC: sqrɯɡ MC: ʂɨk 4 Attributions
  • nabfeaturebeautiful appearance
  • v[adN]beautiful women; female beauty
   yán OC: ŋɡeen MC: ŋen 3 Attributions

Yán 妍 "attractive and exquisite (of humans as well as human products)" (ant. chì 蚩 "unattractive") refers to elaborate beauty, often close to the modern "sexiness". See SEXY. [ARCHAIC], [ELEVATED], [HUMAN], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

  • nabfeatureexquisite beauty
  • vadNFANGYAN: beautiful 妍好也
  • v[adN]the beautiful; what is beautiful
   xiù OC: slus MC: sɨu 3 Attributions

Xiù 秀 "of vigorous and imposing beauty" focusses on flourishing and flamboyant beauty in analogy with that of flowers. [ELEVATED], [NATURAL], [NON-HUMAN], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

  • vadNresplendent, delicate
  • vibe strikingly beautiful, be resplendent
佳麗   jiā lì OC: kree b-reels MC: kɣɛ lei 3 Attributions
  • NPabfeatureequisite balanced beauty
  • VPibe of exquisite beauty
   miào OC: mews MC: miɛu 3 Attributions
  • NPabfeatureextraordinary beauty
  • VPiexquisit to look at
   qiàn OC: tsheens MC: tshen 2 Attributions
  • vadNbeautiful
  • vibeautiful
   zhuàng OC: skraŋs MC: ʈʂi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions

Zhuàng 壯 "stately" (ant. ruò 弱 "weak and unsightly") is virile beauty associated with strength and vigour. See STRONG [NATURAL], [MARGINAL], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

  • vistately
   mèi OC: mrils MC: mi 2 Attributions
  • vadNalluring, attractive; favourite
  • vtoNbe enamoured of the looks of someone
  • vtoNcausativegive charm to
  • viderivedhave something beautiful about one
   luán OC: b-ronʔ MC: liɛn 2 Attributions
  • vilovely; beautiful; handsome
   yì OC: qriɡs MC: ʔi 2 Attributions
  • vadNbeautiful; excellent; outstanding; admirable; superb
  • v(ad)Nnon-restrictive modifier: superb
嚴麗   yán lì OC: ŋɡam b-reels MC: ŋi̯ɐm lei 2 Attributions
  • VPibe of majestic beauty, be imposing
壯麗   zhuàng lì OC: skraŋs b-reels MC: ʈʂi̯ɐŋ lei 2 Attributions
  • NPab{N1=N2}virile beauty; vigorous beauty
  • VPibe stately and handsome
文麗   wén lì OC: mɯn b-reels MC: mi̯un lei 2 Attributions
  • NPabfeatureelegant beauty
  • VPadNstately and beautiful
端嚴   duān yán OC: toon ŋɡam MC: tʷɑn ŋi̯ɐm 2 Attributions
  • VPibeautiful in a dignified way, handsome
美妙   měi miào OC: mriʔ mews MC: mi miɛu 2 Attributions
  • VP[adN]exquisitly beautiful person
  • VPibe exquisitly beautiful
醜美   chǒu měi OC: khljuʔ mriʔ MC: tɕhɨu mi 2 Attributions
  • NP{N1&N2}beautiful and ugly things
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}featurerelative beauty or ugliness
   ǎo OC: qoowʔ MC: ʔɑu 1 Attribution
  • vibeautiful and young; delicate
   wǎn OC: qonʔ MC: ʔi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • vipolitely winning; graceful; amiable; gentle
    OC:  MC:  1 Attribution

mián

  • vibe beautiful
   hù OC: ɢaas MC: ɦuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vadNHANSHU: beautiful (of women)
  • vibeautiful
   liǔ OC: b-ruʔ MC: lɨu 1 Attribution
  • vibeautiful; handsome; fine
   fěi OC: phɯlʔ MC: phɨi 1 Attribution
  • vi-V{SUFF}be bombastically beautiful 裴然
  • viornate, elegant
   màn OC: mons MC: mi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • vadNbeautiful?? ??? ??? ??????
   pàn OC: phrɯɯns MC: phɣɛn 1 Attribution
  • viwell-defined; beautiful (of eyes)
   xiàn OC: ɡeenʔ MC: ɦen 1 Attribution
  • viSHI: be beautiful
絢 / 絃   xuàn OC: qhʷiins MC: hen xuàn OC: qhʷeens MC: hen 1 Attribution
  • viLY 3.8: (of cloth) beautiful, with beautiful patterns (and colourful)
   yàn OC: lams MC: jiɛm 1 Attribution
  • vibe alluring; be attractive to look at or to read
   yù OC: qʷɯɡ MC: ʔuk 1 Attribution
  • vistately, elegant
   shuò OC: qhljawɡ MC: ɕi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • vibe beautiful; be impressive
   wěi OC: ɢulʔ MC: ɦɨi 1 Attribution
  • vi.redbe very beautiful; be gorgeous
   sháo OC: ɡ-lew MC: dʑiɛu 1 Attribution
  • visplendid
佳冶   jiā yě OC: kree laʔ MC: kɣɛ jɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeatureremarkable beauty
可愛   kě ài OC: khlaalʔ qɯɯds MC: khɑ ʔəi 1 Attribution
  • VPiworth to be loved > lovely, attractive, beautiful (synonym group ??)
嘉淑   jiā shū OC: kraal ɡljɯwɡ MC: kɣɛ dʑuk 1 Attribution
  • VP[adN]elegant and beautiful offerings
好姱   hǎo kuā OC: qhuuʔ khʷraa MC: hɑu khɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPiintensitivebe extraordinarily beautiful in appearance
好脩   hǎo xiū OC: qhuuʔ sqlɯw MC: hɑu sɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPifigurativebe abstractly (or psychologically) very beautiful or attractive
好色   hǎo sè OC: qhuuʔ sqrɯɡ MC: hɑu ʂɨk 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeatureattractiveness (particularly of young ladies)
妙色   miào sè OC: mews sqrɯɡ MC: miɛu ʂɨk 1 Attribution
  • VPadNsplendidly colourful and beautiful
有相   yǒu xiàng OC: ɢʷɯʔ sqaŋs MC: ɦɨu si̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPadNpresentable; impressive
濯濯   zhuó zhuó OC: rleewɡ rleewɡ MC: ɖɣɔk ɖɣɔk 1 Attribution
  • vi.redto be sleek and in excellent condition
秀雅   xiù yǎ OC: slus ŋɡraaʔ MC: sɨu ŋɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe beauteous
端秀   duān xiù OC: toon slus MC: tʷɑn sɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPibe beautiful, handsome
純好   chún hǎo OC: djun qhuuʔ MC: dʑʷin hɑu 1 Attribution
  • VPibe beautiful
美惡   měi è OC: mriʔ qaaɡ MC: mi ʔɑk 1 Attribution
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}relative beauty; beauty as opposed to ugliness
美色   měi sè OC: mriʔ sqrɯɡ MC: mi ʂɨk 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturebeauty
脩美 / 修美   xiū měi OC: sqlɯw mriʔ MC: sɨu mi xiū měi OC: sqlɯw mriʔ MC: sɨu mi 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeatureremarkable (moral) beauty
葳蕤   wēi ruí OC: qul njul MC: ʔɨi ȵi 1 Attribution
  • VPibe resplendently beautiful, be strikingly beautiful
  • VPiinchoativeturn out complex and intricately beautiful
郁郁   yù yù OC: qʷɯɡ qʷɯɡ MC: ʔuk ʔuk 1 Attribution
  • vi.red:adNsupremely elegant
鶴鶴   hè hè OC: ɡlaawɡ ɡlaawɡ MC: ɦɑk ɦɑk 1 Attribution
  • vi.redintensitivebe very clean and shiny
   zhāng MC: tsyang OC: kjaŋ 1 Attribution
  • nabsplendour
   jǐng MC: kjaengX OC: kraŋʔ 1 Attribution
  • nbeautiful vista, elevating scenery
綺靡   qǐ mǐ MC: khjeX mjeX OC: khralʔ mralʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe subtly and intricately beautiful
清麗   qīng lì MC: tshjeng lejH OC: tsheŋ b-reels 1 Attribution
  • VPipoeticexquisitely beautiful and aesthetically undiluted
妖冶   yāo yě MC: 'jew dzyoX OC: qrow laʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe pleasing to the eye
   yě MC: dzyoX OC: laʔ 1 Attribution
  • vibe beautiful
   yě MC: dzyoX OC: laʔ 1 Attribution
  • vibe beautiful
粲然   càn rán MC: tshanH nyen OC: tshaans njen 1 Attribution
  • VPadVstative word evoking splendour: in a spledid way, in a way the splendour can be perceived etc.
   yáo OC: k-lew MC: jiɛu 0 Attributions
  • nabpsychdecorous modesty ???
  • vibe beautiful; handsome (XUN)
   juān OC: qʷlen MC: ʔiɛn 0 Attributions
  • vadNpoeticbeautiful, graceful
   chán OC: djan MC: dʑiɛn 0 Attributions
  • vadNpoeticbeautiful, pretty, lovely
   chāng OC: thjaŋ MC: tɕhi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vibeautiful; splendid (SHI)
   càn OC: tshaans MC: tshɑn 0 Attributions
  • vibeautiful; splendid
   fū OC: pqla MC: pi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vibeautiful; fine
佼好   jiǎo hǎo OC: kreewʔ qhuuʔ MC: kɣɛu hɑu 0 Attributions
  • VPibe attractive; be handsome
婀娜   ā nuó OC: qlaal naalʔ MC: ʔɑ nɑ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe exquisitely beautiful
嬋娟   chán juān OC: djan qʷlen MC: dʑiɛn ʔiɛn 0 Attributions
  • VPadNpoeticbeautiful, graceful, attractive
曲直   qū zhí OC: khoɡ dɯɡ MC: khi̯ok ɖɨk 0 Attributions
  • NPabfeatureelaborate beauty
  • VPadNof exquisite appearance; of exquisite beauty
美麗   měi lì OC: mriʔ b-reels MC: mi lei 0 Attributions
  • VPadNbeautiful in every way
華麗   huá lì OC: ɢʷraal b-reels MC: ɦɣɛ lei 0 Attributions
  • NPabaestheticbeauty
  • NPadNdone-up and beautiful, lavishly embellished
靡麗   mǐ lì OC: mralʔ b-reels MC: miɛ lei 0 Attributions
  • VPibe wonderful and splendid
順比   shùn bǐ OC: ɢjuns piʔ MC: ʑʷin pi 0 Attributions

Shùn bǐ 順比 occasionally refers to the smooth beauty of text.

  • VPibe mellow and smooth
   yù OC: ŋɡoɡ MC: ŋi̯ok 0 Attributions
  • nadNof jade-like beauty and dignity
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • nbeautiful vista, elevating scenery
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPibe subtly and intricately beautiful
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPibe pleasing to the eye
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vibe beautiful
好醜   hǎo chǒu MC: xawX tsyhuwX OC: qhuuʔ khljuʔ 0 Attributions
  • NPabfeaturerelative beauty

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: