GENTLEMAN  君子

ADULT who is EDUCATED AND ABLE to BECOME an OFFICIAL.
Taxonoymy

RECLUSESCHOLAR

Antonymy

ORDINARYHUMBLE

See also

GOOD

Kind Of

ADULT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general term for a person of a certain social standing is shì 士 and this word often connotes specifically a certain level of education, particularly literacy. See INTELLECTUAL.

2. Jūn zǐ 君子 can focus either on nobility of birth and social status. See alsounder GOOD the meaning "man of excellent character".

3. Rú 儒 (opp. 墨 "Mohist"), literally "weakling", typically referred Late Warring States times to classicists, often from broadly Confucian circles.

4. Xián 賢 (ant. 不肖 "person of inferior worth and talent") adds to the notion of an intellectual of some education that of special talent, and sometimes also of moral worth. See TALENT.

5. Zhé 哲 emphasises advanced intellectual talents.

6. Jiā 家 focusses on basic professionalism or expertise, but the term is rare in pre-Han times.

7. Shēng 生 simply refers to literates.

Modern Chinese Criteria

君子

高人

介士

吉士

仁人君子

正人君子

仁人志士

志士仁人

謙謙君子

耿介之士

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

BONUS VIR

SANBAITI 1987 中國文化史三百題 127

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 163

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.389FF

HOMME DE BIEN. HOMME D'HONNEUR.HONNETE HOMME

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP : 257
  • n : 48
  • nc : 16
  • NP{PRED} : 12
  • NPadN : 4
  • npost-N : 3
  • NPab : 2
  • NP : 2
  • vi : 2
  • n{PRED} : 1
  • NP{vadN} : 1
  • VPi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 毛詩 : 77
  • 荀子 : 53
  • 禮記 : 44
  • 春秋左傳 : 41
  • 說苑 : 22
  • 韓非子 : 21
  • 論語 : 16
  • 孟子 : 14
  • 管子 : 12
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 6
  • 賢愚經 : 6
  • 論衡 : 4
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 尚書 : 4
  • 墨子 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 新書 : 1
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 尹文子 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 國語 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 長短經 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 朱子語類 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 釋名 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

君子   jūn zǐ OC: klun sklɯʔ MC: ki̯un tsɨ 238 Attributions

Jūn zǐ 君子 can focus on nobility of birth and social status.

  • NPnonreferentialthe person of elevated social status 與野人相對
  • NPdefinitethe gentlemen (of a certain time or place) 其君子
  • NPindefinitemembers of the ruling class; men of superior rank 君子食其味焉
  • NP{PRED}socialis a member of the ruling class 君子也
  • NPanaphoricthe person of high rank mentioned above; the person in charge>the ruler> my ruler侍坐於君子,君子問更端 often works like a NP[post-N]@soc.si.def "my (one and only) lord
  • NPindefinitea person of high rank, a gentleman 侍坐於君子,
  • NPabwordthe word 'junzi' 君子也者,人之成名也。
  • NPadNof the nature of a gentleman, of the nobility of a gentleman
  • VPisocialbelong to the ruling class 君子而不仁
  • NPpost-Nsuperlativemost gentleman-like> most distinguished among the N
  • NPabconceptbeing a gentleman
   shì OC: dzrɯʔ MC: ɖʐɨ 67 Attributions

The current general term for a person of a certain social standing is shì 士 and this word often connotes specifically a certain level of education, particularly literacy. See INTELLECTUAL.

  • neducated person (of high or low morals); member of the mobile intelligentia; gentleman with a right to bear a sword and to ride in a carriage; gentleman, member of the gentry. See Yu Yingshi's monograph and Sivin and Lloyd 2002
  • nnonreferentialeducated person (of high or low morals); member of the mobile intelligentia; mobile gentleman with a right to bear a sword and to ride in a carriage
  • ncideale.g.守道者謂之士;樂道者謂之君子 real gentleman; true scholar
  • npost-Ngentleman of the N kind Cf. 道士,儒士
  • viactact as an ideal member of the mobile intelligentia/gentleman should
  • DELETEbe identical with a gentleman
  • n{PRED}be a scholar, be an educated person
學者   xué zhě OC: ɡruuɡ kljaʔ MC: ɦɣɔk tɕɣɛ 14 Attributions
  • NPagentthe learned man
  • NPnonreferentialperson of learning; intellectuals; scholar
士大夫   shì dà fū OC: dzrɯʔ daads pa MC: ɖʐɨ dɑi pi̯o 9 Attributions
  • NPcollectivemembers of the gentry, a member of the gentry
長者   zhǎng zhě OC: krlaŋʔ kljaʔ MC: ʈi̯ɐŋ tɕɣɛ 4 Attributions
  • NPgentleman of superior character
  • NPadNof high status
士君子   shì jūn zǐ MC: dzriX kjun tsiX OC: dzrɯʔ klun sklɯʔ 4 Attributions
  • NPgeneralisedgentleman of any kind
學士   xué shì OC: ɡruuɡ dzrɯʔ MC: ɦɣɔk ɖʐɨ 3 Attributions
  • NPscholar, intellectual
   jiā OC: kraa MC: kɣɛ 2 Attributions

Jiā 家 focusses on basic professionalism or expertise, but the term is rare in pre-Han times.

  • nspecialist, expert; distinguished person
長者子   zhǎng zhě zǐ OC: krlaŋʔ kljaʔ sklɯʔ MC: ʈi̯ɐŋ tɕɣɛ tsɨ 2 Attributions
  • NPgentleman
遊士   yóu shì MC: yuw dzriX OC: lu dzrɯʔ 2 Attributions
  • NPpluralpublic servants: roving gentlemen; "internationally" mobile intellectuals; roaming persuaders; peripatetic diplomatic advisors; "Warring States jet-set"
   shēng OC: sraaŋ MC: ʂɣaŋ 1 Attribution

Shēng 生 simply refers to literates.

  • nintellectual, educated person 諸生
良人   liáng rén OC: ɡ-raŋ njin MC: li̯ɐŋ ȵin 1 Attribution
  • NP{vadN}gentleman
門子   mén zǐ OC: mɯɯn sklɯʔ MC: muo̝n tsɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPpluralscions of leading families
中大夫   zhōng dà fū OC: krluŋ daads pa MC: ʈuŋ dɑi pi̯o 1 Attribution
  • NPMiddle Ranking Dignitaries
   rú OC: njo MC: ȵi̯o 0 Attributions

Rú 儒 "weakling" referred in pre-Qin times to classicists, often from broadly Confucian circles, but came to refer to any scholar with bookish learning.

    書生   shū shēng OC: qhlja sraaŋ MC: ɕi̯ɤ ʂɣaŋ 0 Attributions
    • nliterate person, intellectual
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • NPpluralpublic servants: roving gentlemen; "internationally" mobile intellectuals; roaming persuaders; peripatetic diplomatic advisors
    游士   yóu shì MC: yuw dzriX OC: lu dzrɯʔ 0 Attributions
    • NPpluralitinerant diplomats and intellectuals

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: