TOOL  工具

ARTEFACT PRODUCED FOR USE USING a DEFINED METHOD.
INSTRUMENT
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word for a tool for use of any kind is qì 器, but the primary meaning of the word remains "container, vessel". (For complex mechanical tools see CONTRAPTION.)

Modern Chinese Criteria

工具

用具

器具

傢伙

家什

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 9.422

QIAN YULIN 1996 中華古代文化辭典 Zhonghua gudai wenhua cidian 218-237

Basic traditional implement terminology simply explained.

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 485

器,械

1. WL presents the received opinion that qi4 器 always refers to containers. This is clearly not so: 百工之銳器 does not refer to containers. Examples of this sort abound.

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms no. 7

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 100A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • NP : 39
  • n : 28
  • NP{N1=N2} : 4
  • vtoN : 3
  • vi : 1
  • nab : 1
  • nm : 1
  • NPadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 15
  • 管子 : 9
  • 春秋左傳 : 8
  • 莊子 : 6
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 孟子 : 5
  • 論語 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 景德傳燈錄 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1

Words

規矩   guī jǔ OC: kʷe kʷaʔ MC: kiɛ ki̯o 34 Attributions

compass and square

  • NPcompass and square
   qì OC: khrɯds MC: khi 18 Attributions

The general word for a tool for use of any kind is qì 器, but the primary meaning of the word remains "container, vessel". (For complex mechanical tools see CONTRAPTION.)

  • nobject for use by someone; instrument, (agricultural) tool; appurtenance (used in dance and music, or in warfare);
  • ngadgetgadget, artefact
  • nfigurative(mere) tool; (abstract) instrument>method
  • viactact as a tool
  • vtoNattitudinaltreat as a tool only (not as an independent agent)
器械   qì xiè OC: khrɯds ɡrɯɯɡs MC: khi ɦɣɛi 4 Attributions
  • NP{N1=N2}nonreferentialcontraptions of all kinds
   jù OC: ɡos MC: gi̯o 3 Attributions
  • nimplements; necessary equipment; necessary tools
   yòng OC: k-loŋs MC: ji̯oŋ 3 Attributions
  • nutensils, useful tools
  • nabcollectiveset of things needed
器用   qì yòng OC: khrɯds k-loŋs MC: khi ji̯oŋ 3 Attributions
  • NPhousehold goods, tools; sacrificial tools of all kinds
   xiē OC: sqeed MC: set 2 Attributions
  • nwedge which is inserted between the teeth of a corpse
  • vtoNto insert a wedge between (the teeth of a corpse)
   tuó OC: thaaɡ MC: thɑk 2 Attributions
  • nfire-blowing bellows
隱栝   yǐn kuò OC: qɯnʔ kood MC: ʔɨn kʷɑt 2 Attributions

yǐnkuò

  • ninstrument for bending wood to make nice round shapes
樞機   shū jī MC: tsyhu kj+j OC: khjo kɯl 2 Attributions
  • NPfigurativeeffective tools
   bèi OC: brɯɡs MC: bi 1 Attribution
  • nmpluralnecessary prerequisites
   qián OC: ɡram MC: giɛm 1 Attribution
  • ntongs
   qiú OC: ɡu MC: gɨu 1 Attribution
  • nchisel
連架   lián jià OC: b-ren kraals MC: liɛn kɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPagricultureflail; tool with a long handle and a series of evenly distributed spikes made of bamboo or wood; used for trashing corn, etc. (usually written 連枷 or 連耞); in ancient China the word was also used for a torture instrument capable of torturing more than one person at the same time
  • NPadVagriculturewith a flail
   qíng MC: gjaeng OC: ɡreŋ 1 Attribution
  • nstraightening frame for bows
   zǐ OC: sklɯʔ MC: tsɨ 0 Attributions
  • npost-V梳子 "instrument used for combing"
   pán OC: baan MC: bʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • ntray (a 盤 made of wood or metal)
鑽 / 鑽   zuàn OC: tsoons MC: tsʷɑn zuān OC: tsoon MC: tsʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • na drill
車 / 車   chē OC: khlja MC: tɕhɣɛ jū OC: kla MC: ki̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • nmachine, tool or instrument which involves wheels
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPfigurativeeffective tools

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: