CHAOS  動亂

SITUATION NOT APPROPRIATELY CONTROLLED OR LACKING APPROPRIATE ORDERLY:order.
DISORDERDISARRAYDISORGANIZATIONCONFUSIONMAYHEMBEDLAMPANDEMONIUMHAVOCTURMOILTUMULTCOMMOTIONDISRUPTIONUPHEAVALUPROARMAELSTROMMUDDLEMESSSHAMBLESFREE-FOR-ALLANARCHYLAWLESSNESS
Taxonoymy

DISTURB

Antonymy

ORDERLY

Kind Of

SITUATION

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The very dominant word in this group is luàn 亂 (ant. zhì 治 "state of good government, state of good order") which refers to all kinds of reprehensible lack of order.

2. Èr 二 / 貳 "disunited" (ant. yī 一 "be properly united in attitude") refers to political dissension or duplicity.

3. Fēn 紛 describes a mild form of physical disorder. See CONFUSED.

4. Fén 棼 describes something as unprincipled and disorganised.

5. Wèn 紊 is often inchoative and describes the process by which something concrete or abstract enters a disorderly state.

6. Hún 混 refers to a kind of chaos that is close to objective confusion. See CONFUSED.

Modern Chinese Criteria

動亂

變亂

騷動

騷擾

擾動

暴亂

戰亂

禍亂

喪亂

離亂

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 103

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.1412

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 1.980

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

BARCK 2010 Ästhetische Grundbegriffe 696

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.394.352

VAARME.TUMULTE

DIVISIONES 1906 Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae no. 26

DIVISIONES 1906 Divisiones quae vulgo dicuntur Aristoteleae B 41

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 671

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 46
  • nab : 33
  • vtoN : 33
  • vadN : 19
  • vi0 : 19
  • VPi : 12
  • vadV : 6
  • VPi0 : 4
  • VPtoN : 3
  • VPi : 1
  • NPadV : 1
  • nab.post-N : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • nab(.post-N) : 1
  • VPadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 53
  • 荀子 : 19
  • 春秋左傳 : 16
  • 說苑 : 10
  • 墨子 : 7
  • 論語 : 7
  • 管子 : 7
  • 淮南子 : 6
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 5
  • 戰國策 : 5
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
  • 楚辭 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 文子 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 老子 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 春秋繁露 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   luàn OC: ɡ-roons MC: lʷɑn 128 Attributions

The very dominant word in this group is luàn 亂 (ant. zhì 治 "state of good government, state of good order") which refers to all kinds of reprehensible lack of order.

  • nabeventconfused unruliness
  • nabfactualsomething chaotic; a chaotic state; a chaotic situation, political chaos
  • nabfeaturechaotic state
  • vadNdisorderly, unruly; chaotic; doomed to chaos; bent on chaos
  • vadVchaotically, disorderly; recklessly (> furiously)
  • viactcreate havoc, create political turmoil
  • vichangebecome chaotic; get into disarray
  • vigradedbe in turmoil; be in disorder 亂弱甚矣
  • vi0there is political chaos; there was a rebellion
  • vtoNcausativecause to be chaotic, reduce to chaos; mix something chaotically into (something else); wreak havoc in; disrupt
  • vtoNcausativepassive: be reduced to chaos
  • vtoNcausativereflexive: bring chaos upon (oneself)
  • nab.post-Nthe chaos of N, the chaos resulting from; the chaos constituted by
  • nabactmisrule
   guāi OC: kʷreed MC: kɣɛi 12 Attributions
  • viactcontrary, perverse; be at odds with each other; be at loggerheads
   hùn OC: ɡuunʔ MC: ɦuo̝n 6 Attributions

Hún 混 refers to a kind of chaos that is close to objective confusion. See CONFUSED.

  • nabstativechaos
  • vadVchaoticly; confusedly
  • vibe chaotic
  • nabfigurativemessiness
   fēn OC: phɯn MC: phi̯un 6 Attributions

Fēn 紛 describes a mild form of physical disorder. See CONFUSED.

  • nabstativeconfusion
  • vibe various, disorderly, and confused
  • nab(.post-N)the confusion of the contextually determinate N
  • vadVin a tumultuous fashion, in disarray
   gǔ OC: kuud MC: kuot 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativerender chaotic; confuse
勃亂   bó luàn OC: bɯɯd ɡ-roons MC: buot lʷɑn 2 Attributions
  • VPi0there is chaos
  • VPibe in chaotic state
反覆   fǎn fù OC: panʔ phuɡ MC: pi̯ɐn phuk 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNbring disorder to
  • VPibe topsy-turvy
昏亂   hūn luàn OC: hmuun ɡ-roons MC: huo̝n lʷɑn 2 Attributions
  • VPi0there is chaos
  • VPihendiadys: be in complete chaos
迷亂   mí luàn OC: mii ɡ-roons MC: mei lʷɑn 2 Attributions
  • VPichangebe reduced to a state of chaos
  • VPtoNreduce to complete chaos
   chán OC: dzroom MC: ɖʐɣɛm 1 Attribution
  • v[adN]N=humthose in disarray
  • vadVin a chaotic way
   xié OC: ɡʷlee MC: ɦei 1 Attribution
  • vibe disunited and not well aligned (HYDZD)
   gǔ OC: kʷɯɯd MC: kuot 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativethrow into chaos
   cuò OC: skhaaɡ MC: tshɑk 1 Attribution
  • vadNchaotically placed
  • vibe (typically chaotically) intertwined
乖亂   guāi luàn OC: kʷreed ɡ-roons MC: kɣɛi lʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPiactengage in chaotic political behaviour
亂惑   luàn huò OC: ɡ-roons ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: lʷɑn ɦək 1 Attribution
  • VPichangeget into a chaotic state, turn chaotic
參差   cēn cī OC: tshrum skhral MC: ʈʂhim ʈʂhiɛ 1 Attribution
  • vadNuneven
  • VPibe in disarray; be uneven in sizeHYDCD: [1] 不齊貌。《詩 · 周南 · 關雎》:「參差荇菜,左右流之。」
悖亂   bèi luàn OC: bɯɯds ɡ-roons MC: buo̝i lʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPadNthoroughly disorganised and confused
撩亂   liáo luàn OC: ɡ-reew ɡ-roons MC: leu lʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPiactcreate havoc; run rampant
擾亂   rǎo luàn OC: njawʔ ɡ-roons MC: ȵiɛu lʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPihave been messed up so as to be in disarray; be in turmoil
  • VPichangerun into chaos; get into total disorder
無理   wú lǐ OC: ma ɡ-rɯʔ MC: mi̯o lɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe unprincipled
煩亂   fán luàn OC: ban ɡ-roons MC: bi̯ɐn lʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPibe in turmoil
肴亂   yáo luàn OC: ɡraaw ɡ-roons MC: ɦɣɛu lʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPistativebe in complete chaos
變亂   biàn luàn OC: prons ɡ-roons MC: piɛn lʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativechange into a chaotic state
亂次   luàn cì MC: lwanH tshijH OC: ɡ-roons snʰis 1 Attribution
  • NPadVin total disorder
不治   bù zhì MC: pjut drijH OC: pɯʔ rlils 1 Attribution
  • VPi0changerun into chaos, get into chaos
淟涊   tiǎn niǎn MC: thenX nenX OC: thɯɯnʔ nɯɯnʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPipoeticbe messy, blurred and fuzzy
撓亂   náo nǎo luàn  MC: nraewX lwanH  OC: mɢreewʔ ɡ-roons  1 Attribution
  • VPi0there is unrest; there is revolt; there is misrule
惛亂   hùn luàn  MC: xwonH lwanH  OC: hmuuns ɡ-roons  1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturemisrule, social/political chaos
   èr OC: njis MC: ȵi 0 Attributions

Ér 二/貳 "disunited" (ant. yī 一 "be properly united in attitude") refers to political dissension or duplicity.

  • vibe disunited, ununified; unfocussed
   jiǎo OC: kruuʔ MC: kɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmake chaotic> disturb, upset
   fén OC: bɯn MC: bi̯un 0 Attributions

Fén 棼 describes something as unprincipled and disorganised.

  • viall confused and chaotic
  • vtoNcausativecause to be chaotic; cause to be in disorder
   xiáo OC: ɡraaw MC: ɦɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • vimixed, confused
  • vi0there is turbulence
   xìng OC: ɢeeŋʔ MC: ɦeŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabstativechaos; boundlessness
   wèn OC: mɯns MC: mi̯un 0 Attributions

Wèn 紊 is often inchoative and describes the process by which something concrete or abstract enters a disorderly state.

  • vichangebecome disorderly
侵擾   qīn rǎo OC: skhim njawʔ MC: tshim ȵiɛu 0 Attributions
  • VPiactcreate havoc; offend all the rules
叢殘   cóng cán OC: dzooŋ dzaan MC: dzuŋ dzɑn 0 Attributions
  • VPibe in chaos; form a chaotic and incomplete whole
囂塵   xiāo chén OC: hŋraw din MC: hiɛu ɖin 0 Attributions
  • NPabstativethe chaotic din of this world (DCD)
擾攘   rǎo rǎng OC: njawʔ njaŋʔ MC: ȵiɛu ȵi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe in chaotic conflict; be in conflict and turmoil
板蕩   bǎn dàng OC: praanʔ ɡ-laaŋʔ MC: pɣan dɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPichangebe reduced to chaos XIE LINGYUN
殽亂   xiáo luàn OC: ɡraaw ɡ-roons MC: ɦɣɛu lʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • VPibe in chaos
  • VPi0there is turbulence
混沌   hùn dùn OC: ɡuunʔ duunʔ MC: ɦuo̝n duo̝n 0 Attributions
  • NPabstativechaos
  • VPibe in a state of chaos
鴻荒   hóng huāng OC: ɡooŋ hmaaŋ MC: ɦuŋ hɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPabstativestate of chaos
   zá OC: sɡuub MC: dzəp 0 Attributions
  • vadVchaotically
  • vibe mixed and in chaos
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPipoeticbe messy, blurred and fuzzy

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: