CONFUSED  混淆

FEELING OR SITUATION of one's MIND being in CHAOS.
DEMENTEDBEWILDEREDMUDDLEDADDLEDBEFUDDLEDDISORIENTEDDISORIENTATEDUNBALANCEDUNHINGEDBEWILDEREDBEMUSEDPUZZLEDPERPLEXEDBAFFLEDMYSTIFIEDNONPLUSSEDMUDDLEDDUMBFOUNDEDAT SEAAT A LOSSTAKEN ABACKDISORIENTEDDISCONCERTEDFLUMMOXEDCLUELESSFAZEDDISCOMBOBULATEDGO ASTRAY
See also

TWIST

Kind Of

FEELING

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard general word for any kind of confusion is huò 惑 (ant. qīng 清 "be unconfused and clear").

2. Mí 迷 "be temporarily disorientated" (ant. shí 識 "be familiar with") is in connection with a direction one is intending to take.

3. Hūn 昏 / 惛 is typically confusion within a certain delimited area. See OBSCURE

4. Bèi 悖 / 誖 / 勃 refers to confusion in the form of contradictoriness and incoherence of opinions held or of attitudes.

Modern Chinese Criteria

疑惑

混淆不清

困惑 refers to a state of perplexion and puzzlement.

迷惑

迷瞪

一葉障目

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 300

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 125

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 73
  • vtoN : 44
  • VPi : 30
  • vadN : 21
  • nab : 17
  • NP : 12
  • NPab : 10
  • VPtoN : 7
  • vt+prep+N : 6
  • vadV : 3
  • NPab{N1=N2} : 3
  • vt prep N : 2
  • VPpostadV : 2
  • nab.red : 1
  • nab{PRED} : 1
  • vi.red : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • v.red:adN : 1
  • v[adN] : 1
  • n : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 48
  • 六祖壇經 : 35
  • 祖堂集 : 15
  • 呂氏春秋 : 14
  • 春秋左傳 : 12
  • 百喻經 : 11
  • 臨濟錄 : 11
  • 戰國策 : 8
  • 管子 : 8
  • 荀子 : 7
  • 論語 : 7
  • 淮南子 : 7
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 6
  • 論衡 : 6
  • 法句經 : 6
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 老子 : 4
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 3
  • 文子 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 太平御覽 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 黃帝內經 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 鶡冠子 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   huò OC: ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: ɦək 56 Attributions

The standard general word for any kind of confusion is huò 惑 (ant. qīng 清 "be unconfused and clear").

  • nabpsychconfusion, delusion
  • vadNunclear; confused (and deluded)
  • vimiddle voicebe misguided, deluded, confused
  • vt+prep+Nbe confused about
  • vtoNcausativecause to become confused; cause to be confused
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe led into confusion; be confused about, be confused by
  • vtoNputativeconsider as thoroughly confused in mind
  • vtoNbe confused about
  • vt prep Ncause N to become confused
  • nab{PRED}be confusion
   mí OC: mii MC: mei 31 Attributions

Mí 迷 "be temporarily disorientated" (ant. shí 識 "be familiar with") is in connection with a direction one is intending to take.

  • npersons who are spiritually confused
  • nabstativeconfusion
  • vadNgone astray > confused, deluded, disoriented, ignorant of the truth
  • vadVconfusedly; in one's confusion
  • vibe disorientated; confused, temporarily misguideddeluded
  • vichangebecome increasingly disorientated
  • vt+prep+Nbe confused and misguided about
  • vtoNbe confused about
  • vtoNcausativemake confused, cause to be confusedly visible
  • vtoNpassivebe confused by
悖 / 誖 / 悖誖勃   bèi OC: bɯɯds MC: buo̝i bèi OC: bɯɯds MC: buo̝i  OC:  MC:  18 Attributions

Bèi 悖/誖/勃 refers to confusion in the form of contradictoriness and incoherence of opinions held or of attitudes. xxx Bèi 悖/誖/勃 refers to confusion in the form of contradictoriness and incoherence of opinions held or of attitudes. xxx Bèi 悖/誖/勃 refers to confusion in the form of contradictoriness and incoherence of opinions held or of attitudes. xxx

  • vibe misguided, be incoherent (also of actions); look confused
  • nabpsychconfusion, contradictoriness of attitude
  • vichangebecome confused
  • vtoNpassivebe reduced to a state of confusion
  • vadNmisguided, confused
  • viactact incoherently
  • v[adN]what is confused
   luàn OC: ɡ-roons MC: lʷɑn 14 Attributions

Luàn 亂 refers to a chaotic state of mind.

  • nabpsychconfusion
  • vadNconfused
  • vibe confused
  • vt+prep+Nbe confused about
  • vtoNcausativecause to be confused> confuse
  • nabsocialmisrule; political confusion
迷人   mí rén OC: mii njin MC: mei ȵin 10 Attributions
  • NPgeneralgeneric: the confused people
  • NPpluralconfused people
貳 / 二   èr OC: njis MC: ȵi èr OC: njis MC: ȵi 7 Attributions
  • vibe ambiguous and unclear; be unfocussed
  • vtoNcausative(cause to be confused>) sow doubt on, cast doubt on; cause to be ambiguous
  • vadVin confusion, ambiguously
營 / 榮   yíng OC: ɢʷleŋ MC: jiɛŋ róng OC: ɢʷeŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 7 Attributions
  • viread yíng: loanword for : be confused
  • vtoNcausativeread yíng: confuse, make confused
  • vadNperplexed, confused
恍惚   huǎng hū OC: qhʷaaŋʔ hmɯɯd MC: hɑŋ huot 7 Attributions
  • NPab{N1=N2}stativeprofound confusion
  • VPadVin an indistinct way; imperceptibly
  • VPibe vague; be diffuse; be all confused; cultivate vague illusion and confusion of mind
迷惑   mí huò OC: mii ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: mei ɦək 7 Attributions
  • VPiresultativebe all confused
   hūn OC: hmuun MC: huo̝n 6 Attributions

Hūn 昏/惛 is typically confusion within a certain delimited area. See OBSCURE

  • v.red:adNall fumbling
  • vadNbefuddled, stupid
  • vito be confused; to be stupid
  • vtoNbe confused about
  • vtoNcausativecause to be confused; to confuse
  • vt+prep+Nbe confused about
   yí OC: ŋɡɯ MC: ŋɨ 5 Attributions
  • visubj=nonhumanbe doubtful (of situations) (Contrast DOUBT)
  • vtoNN=humbe puzzled about somebody > worry about somebody
  • vtoNpsychbe puzzled and uncertain about
愚惑   yú huò OC: ŋo ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: ŋi̯o ɦək 5 Attributions
  • NPabpsychstupid confusion
  • VPibe inept and confused
惑亂   huò luàn OC: ɡʷɯɯɡ ɡ-roons MC: ɦək lʷɑn 4 Attributions
  • NPabeventconfusion leading to chaos
  • VPibe confused
  • VPtoNconfuse completely
   huǎng OC: qhʷaaŋʔ MC: hɑŋ 3 Attributions
  • vibe confused, indistinct
  • vadVin a stupor, confused
   hūn OC: hmuun MC: huo̝n 3 Attributions
  • vi0there is confusion
  • vibe inchaotic confusion
  • vtoNbefuddle
   yū OC: qʷla MC: ʔi̯o 3 Attributions
  • vadNconfused
  • vibe confused
   zá OC: sɡuub MC: dzəp 3 Attributions
  • vadNconfused, disorganised
  • vibe confused, distractable, disorganized
  • vadVin an ill-defined way
罔措   wǎng cuò OC: maŋʔ skhaaɡs MC: mi̯ɐŋ tshuo̝ 3 Attributions
  • VPicolloquiallate and colloquial: lack action (or a proper response) > do not know what to do; be at a loss (ZTJ possibly earliest source for this word; see JINGDECHUANDENGLU)
   qióng OC: ɡʷɯŋ MC: guŋ 3 Attributions
  • vibe out of one's depth; be at one's wit's end; be completely lost for words; not know what to think or say
憒鬧   kuì nào OC: kluuds rnaaws MC: kuo̝i ɳɣɛu 2 Attributions
  • NPabpsychconfusion
  • VPibe noisy
散亂   sàn luàn OC: sqaans ɡ-roons MC: sɑn lʷɑn 2 Attributions
  • NPabconfusion; mentally chaotic state
無端   wú duān OC: ma toon MC: mi̯o tʷɑn 2 Attributions
  • VPpostadVfollowing no principles; without rhyme or reason
迷著   mí zhuó OC: mii k-laɡ MC: mei ʈi̯ɐk 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNbe confusedly attached to; be confused so as to be attached to
   jiāo OC: kreew MC: kɣɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNputativeconsider as convoluted
   dào OC: k-laaws MC: tɑu 1 Attribution
  • nabpsychintellectual perversion
  • vibe all upside down and incoherent
   hū OC: hmɯɯd MC: huot 1 Attribution
  • vichangeget confused
   hū OC: hmɯɯd MC: huot 1 Attribution
  • vibe in a confused psychological state; of a person: bewildered
   kuì OC: kluuds MC: kuo̝i 1 Attribution
  • virare, poetic: worried, disturbed and confused; be all confused
縣 / 懸   xuán OC: ɢʷeen MC: ɦen xuán OC: ɢʷeen MC: ɦen 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivebe confused by
   fán OC: ban MC: bi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • viconfusing and complex
   xuàn OC: ɡʷeens MC: ɦen 1 Attribution
  • vibe mentally beclouded and blind to the facts
  • vichangebecome mentally beclouded and blind to the facts around one
   yǎo OC: qeewʔ MC: ʔeu 1 Attribution
  • vidistant (of a look); dazzled
   máng OC: maaŋ MC: mɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • vi.redbe confused and ignorant
  • vi.redpoeticREDUP: be indistinct, unclear, vast
  • vivast and confused, indistinct
   diān OC: tiin MC: ten 1 Attribution
  • vihave things upside down> be confused
失心   shī xīn OC: lʰiɡ slɯm MC: ɕit sim 1 Attribution
  • VPiget confused, lose one's mental orientation
失性   shī xìng OC: lʰiɡ seŋs MC: ɕit siɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiprocessget all confused
失意   shī yì OC: lʰiɡ qɯɡs MC: ɕit ʔɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPiconfused DCD 4: 謂心意迷亂。 漢 劉向 《列女傳‧陳女夏姬》:“三為王后,七為夫人,公侯爭之,莫不迷惑失意。”
惑蔽   huò bì OC: ɡʷɯɯɡ peds MC: ɦək piɛi 1 Attribution
  • VPibe completely confused
惑迷   huò mí OC: ɡʷɯɯɡ mii MC: ɦək mei 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychconfusion, delusion
惱亂   nǎo luàn OC: nuuʔ ɡ-roons MC: nɑu lʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeconfuse with worries
汒焉   máng yān OC: maaŋ qran MC: mɑŋ ʔiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPibe all dazed, be perplexed
紛紜   fēn yún OC: phɯn ɢun MC: phi̯un ɦi̯un 1 Attribution
  • VPibe in confusion
耽荒   dān huāng OC: k-luum hmaaŋ MC: təm hɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe thoroughly confused
   yān OC: qran MC: ʔiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPi[JDSW has two alternative readings] be dazzled, look vacant
葛藤   gé téng OC: kaad lɯɯŋ MC: kɑt dəŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPifigurativebe all up in knots; be all confused
誑惑   kuáng huò OC: ɡʷaŋ ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: gi̯ɐŋ ɦək 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcause to be misguided and confused
迷情   mí qíng OC: mii dzeŋ MC: mei dziɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPpluraldeluded sentient beings
迷染   mí rǎn OC: mii njomʔ MC: mei ȵiɛm 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe confused and influenced
迷者   mí zhě OC: mii kljaʔ MC: mei tɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NP=迷人 "deluded people"
迷誤   mí wù OC: mii ŋʷaas MC: mei ŋuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychconfusion and delusion> confused delusion
邪迷   xié mí OC: sɢlja mii MC: zɣɛ mei 1 Attribution
  • VPadNwicked and misguided
  • VPibe wicked and misguided
闇惑   àn huò OC: qɯɯms ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: ʔəm ɦək 1 Attribution
  • VPadNobfuscated and confused
  • VPibe all confused
牢落   láo luò MC: law lak OC: ruu ɡ-raaɡ 1 Attribution
  • VPipoeticbe all confused; be disorientated
無偶   wú ǒu MC: mju nguwX OC: ma ŋooʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe blacked out, be dead to the world (See Zhuangzi 2 喪其偶)
   mao4 MC: -- OC: -- 1 Attribution
  • vi= mao4 眊, be confused, be in utter confusion
倀倀然   chāng chāng rán MC: trhjang trhjang nyen OC: khrlaŋ khrlaŋ njen 1 Attribution
  • VPibe utterly confused
   huò MC: xweak OC: -- 1 Attribution
  • nab.redbenightedness, utter confusion
   liǎo OC: reewʔ MC: leu 0 Attributions
  • viCC: emotionally confused 心煩意了
   huǎng OC: hmaaŋʔ MC: hɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vibe disorientated, disconcerted/confused
   yíng OC: ɡʷleeŋ MC: ɦeŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdazzle
   wèn OC: mɯns MC: mi̯un 0 Attributions
  • vibe confused, unclear
   máng OC: maaŋ MC: mɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vibe all confused
三惑   sān huò OC: saam ɡʷɯɯɡ MC: sɑm ɦək 0 Attributions
  • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: the three kinds of confusions/delusions SOOTHILL 65: " 三惑 A Tiantai classification of the three delusions, also styled 三煩惱; 三漏; 三垢; 三結; trials or temptations, leakages, uncleannesses, and bonds. The first of the following three is common to all disciples, the two last to bodhisattvas. They arise from (a) 見, 思, 惑 things seen and thought, i.e. illusions from imperfect perception, with temptation to love, hate, etc.; to be rid of these false views and temptations is the discipline and nirvāā of ascetic or Hīnayāna Buddhists. Mahāyāna proceeds further in and by its bodhisattva aims, which produce their own difficulties, i.e. (b) 塵沙惑 illusion and temptation through the immense variety of duties in saving men; and (c) 無明惑 illusions and temptations that arise from failure philosophically to understand things in their reality."
矯滑   jiǎo huá OC: krewʔ ɡruud MC: kiɛu ɦɣɛt 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNcausativemake confused
紛如   fēn rú OC: phɯn nja MC: phi̯un ȵi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe all confused
自失   zì shī OC: sblids lʰiɡ MC: dzi ɕit 0 Attributions
  • NPabpsychdisorientation
迷徑   mí jìng OC: mii keeŋs MC: mei keŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPiprocesslose one's way in difficult terrain
不知所為   bù zhī suǒ wéi OC: pɯʔ te sqraʔ ɢʷal MC: pi̯ut ʈiɛ ʂi̯ɤ ɦiɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPibe confused
   liú OC: ru MC: lɨu 0 Attributions
  • vibe aimless, drifting along; rove about
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPipoeticbe all confused
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPibe blacked out, be dead to the world (See Zhuangzi 2 喪其偶)
繳繞   jiǎo rào MC: kewX nyew OC: kleewʔ nɢjews 0 Attributions
  • VPibe all confused; be complex and confusing

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: