TIRED  疲倦

DISTRESSED BECAUSE of NEAR:recent PAST INTENSIVE EFFORT.
EXHAUSTEDTIRED OUTWORN OUTWEARYDEAD-TIREDDOG-TIREDBONE-TIREDREADY TO DROPDRAINEDFATIGUEDENERVATEDINFORMAL BEATDONE INALL INBUSHEDZONKEDBAGGEDKNOCKED OUTWIPED OUTBURNED OUTPOOPEDTUCKERED OUTTAPPED OUTFRIEDWHIPPED
See also

LAZYDISSATISFIED

Kind Of

DISTRESS

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general purpose word for communal exhaustion is pì 罷 (ant. zhuàng 壯 "in strong shape"); the general word for the state of exhaustion of an individual is juàn 倦. 不倦 refers to tireless activity, 不饜 refers to tireless receptivity. See DISSATISFIED.

2. Pí 疲 and bèi 憊 typically refer to a relatively mild state of exhaustion.

3. Bì 弊 refers to a desperate state of exhaustion.

4. Láo 勞 refers to the state of exhaustion after extended lasting effort.

5. Dān 殫 refers not so much to the subjective feeling of exhaustion as to the objective inability to continue an activity for lack of further energy.

6. Qú 劬, a very poetic word, and the less poetic qín 勤, focus on the effort that brings about tiredness.

7. Cuì 瘁 is a poetic word referring to weariness.

8. Qiáo cuì 憔悴 refers to a weariness born of exhaustion.

9. Láo 老 refers specifically to exhaustion of soldiers.

10. Yàn 厭 refers specifically to being tired of, and thus fed up with something.

Modern Chinese Criteria

疲倦

疲勞

疲乏

疲憊

困乏

困頓

困倦

勞累

疲憊

困憊

衰憊

慵困

慵倦

疲頓

委頓

疲竭

疲軟

酸懶

頭涔涔

精疲力盡

力盡精疲

精神不濟

蒙袂輯屨

神困眼倦

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.91

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

TIRED

fatigatus refers to a subjective state of exhaustion induced by an exhausting effort.

fessus refers also to a subjective state of exhaustion induced by an exhausting effort, but is perhaps a somewhat stronger word to use.

lassus refers to an objective and physical state of exhaustion, like lassatus.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 85

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 247

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 341

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 78

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1114

苶,薾,芡

These are quite separate words, of course. That 芡 can be used for 苶 is not documented under 芡, nor is it in HYDCD, but it may be true all the same as a scribal error.

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 261

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 341

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.32:26

LAS.FATIGUE.HARASSE

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.322.284

LASSER.FATIGUER

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 244

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 58B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 75
  • vtoN : 32
  • VPi : 22
  • nab : 6
  • VPtoN : 4
  • v[adN] : 3
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • vadN : 1
  • vi.red : 1
  • vi-P : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • VPadV : 1
  • vt+prep+NPab{ACT} : 1
  • VP[adN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 34
  • 春秋左傳 : 29
  • 管子 : 10
  • 戰國策 : 9
  • 孟子 : 8
  • 祖堂集 : 8
  • 賢愚經 : 7
  • 百喻經 : 7
  • 論語 : 6
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 韓詩外傳 : 4
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 法言 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   láo OC: raaw MC: lɑu 24 Attributions

Láo 勞 refers to the state of exhaustion after extended lasting effort.

  • nabdispositiontiredness, exhaustion
  • v[adN]nonreferentialthose tired out and in distress
  • vibe distressed and quite exhausted; be completely worn out
  • viactwear oneself out (for no very good reason)
  • vicausative(of work or effort) be exhausting
  • vichange(of persons) get worn out;
  • vtoNcausativewear out, tire out
  • vtoNreflexive.其心tire oneself out
   juàn OC: ɡrons MC: giɛn 17 Attributions

The general purpose word for communal exhaustion is pì 罷 (ant. zhuàng 壯 "in strong shape"); the general word for the state of exhaustion of an individual is juàn 倦.

  • nabdispositionexhaustion, weariness
  • vibe tired and exhausted; also of strength: be worn out
  • viactallow oneself to get exhausted
  • vichangemostly negated: get tired; be exasperated by; get weary (through excessive effort)
  • vt+prep+Nbe tired by the exercise of N
罷 / 疲   pí OC: bral MC: biɛ pí OC: bral MC: biɛ 15 Attributions

The general purpose word for communal exhaustion is pí 罷 (ant. zhuàng 壯 "in strong shape"); the general word for the state of exhaustion of an individual is juàn 倦. The general purpose word for communal exhaustion is pí 罷 (ant. zhuàng 壯 "in strong shape"); the general word for the state of exhaustion of an individual is juàn 倦.

  • vibe exhausted vt-pass ???
  • v[adN]pluralthe exhausted
  • vtoNcausativecause to be exhausted
  • vt+prep+NPab{ACT}be too exhausted to V
  • vadNworn-out, tired-out
   bì OC: beds MC: biɛi 9 Attributions

Bì 弊 refers to a desperate state of exhaustion.

  • nabstativeshattered state, shattered condition; decrepitude
  • vi.redtire oneself out, wear oneself out
  • vibe worn out, exhausted
  • vichangeget tired
  • DELETEwear down
  • vtoNreflexive.自wear oneself down
  • vtoNcausativewear out
   lǎo OC: ɡ-ruuʔ MC: lɑu 9 Attributions

Láo 老 refers specifically to exhaustion of soldiers.

  • vifigurativebe worn out; be exhausted; look old
  • vioccasionally, in derived sense: exhausted from long fighting effort
  • vtoNcausativewear out; exhaust (an army) ZUO 將以老我師也。
   bì OC: beds MC: biɛi 7 Attributions
  • vichangeexhaust one's strength; get exhausted
  • vtoNcausativecause to be exhausted; wear out completely
  • vtoNpassivetired out by
   kùn OC: khuuns MC: khuo̝n 6 Attributions
  • vibe tired
  • vichangebecome tired
   qín OC: ɡlɯn MC: gɨn 4 Attributions
  • vitired out by diligent effort; be stressed; feel strained
  • vtoNcausativewear out
勞苦   láo kǔ OC: raaw khaaʔ MC: lɑu khuo̝ 4 Attributions
  • VP[adN]nonreferentialthose who suffer hardship
  • VPibe tired
  • VPtoNreflexive.自tire out
疲極   pí jí OC: bral ɡɯɡ MC: biɛ gɨk 4 Attributions
  • VPichangeget exhausted
   dài OC: lɯɯʔ MC: dəi 3 Attributions
  • vifeel weary and uncapable of work
   bèi OC: brɯɯɡs MC: bɣɛi 3 Attributions

Pí 疲 and bèi 憊 typically refer to a relatively mild state of exhaustion.

  • nabdispositionlack of energy
  • vigradedbe utterly exhausted after hard work; lack energy
   bìng OC: bɢraŋs MC: bɣaŋ 3 Attributions
  • vibe seriously worn out
   cuì OC: sɡuds MC: dzi 3 Attributions

Cuì 瘁 is a poetic word referring to weariness.

  • vibe weary, fatigued
  • vtoNcausativetire out
  • vichangeget worn out
  • vadNweary, dreary
   dùn OC: tuuns MC: tuo̝n 3 Attributions
  • vtoNwear (oneself) out
  • vtoNcausativetire (oneself) out
  • vtoNpassivebe worn down; be worn out; be in tatters
   jí OC: ɡɯɡ MC: gɨk 2 Attributions
  • nabfeatureextremity, state of extreme exhaustion and hardship
   pí OC: bral MC: biɛ 2 Attributions

Pí 疲 and bèi 憊 typically refer to a relatively mild state of exhaustion.

  • vichangeget exhausted after hard work
   kǔ OC: khaaʔ MC: khuo̝ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativeembitter through strain, tire out (one's strength)
疲倦 / 疲   pí juàn OC: bral ɡrons MC: biɛ giɛn pí OC: bral MC: biɛ 2 Attributions
  • VPadNtired out; worn out
  • VPibe worn out; be tired out
罷勞 / 疲勞   pí láo OC: bral raaw MC: biɛ lɑu pí láo OC: bral raaw MC: biɛ lɑu 2 Attributions
  • VPibe exhausted
疲懈   pí xiè OC: bral krees MC: biɛ kɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • VPibe tired and listless
瞌睡   kē shuì OC: khaab djols MC: khɑp dʑiɛ 2 Attributions
  • VPiinchoativebecome tired, sleepy
勞勌   láo juan4 MC: law -- OC: raaw -- 2 Attributions
  • VPi= láojuan4 勞倦: be tired and exhausted
   fá OC: bob MC: bi̯ɐp 1 Attribution
  • vibe exhausted
  • vtoNexhaust
   chāo OC: dzraaw MC: ɖʐɣɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativewear out
   qín OC: ɡlɯn MC: gɨn 1 Attribution
  • vichangeget exhausted; be worn out
   dān OC: taan MC: tɑn 1 Attribution
  • vibe exhausted from one's effort
  • vtoNcausativecause to be exhausted
  • vtoNcausativebe made tired of
   pū OC: phaa MC: phuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • viexhausted; ill ????????????????
   tú OC: ɡ-laa MC: duo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vibe exhausted; fatigue; suffering
   shuì OC: djols MC: dʑiɛ 1 Attribution
  • viinchoativebecome tired; become sleepy
   kē OC: khaab MC: khɑp 1 Attribution
  • viinchoativebecome sleepy, tired
   niè OC: m-leed MC: net 1 Attribution
  • vi-Pbe exhausted; tired; be weary 苶然
   lù OC: ɡ-raaɡs MC: luo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNexpose to wind and weather
作役   zuò yì OC: tsaaɡ ɢʷleɡ MC: tsɑk jiɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcausativewear out, tire out
勞倦   láo juàn OC: raaw ɡrons MC: lɑu giɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPibe tired and exhausted
  • VPichangebecome tired, get exhausted
困乏   kùn fá OC: khuuns bob MC: khuo̝n bi̯ɐp 1 Attribution
  • VPibe utterly exhausted
委頓   wěi dùn OC: qrolʔ tuuns MC: ʔiɛ tuo̝n 1 Attribution
  • VPibe completely worn out
怠倦   dài juàn OC: lɯɯʔ ɡrons MC: dəi giɛn 1 Attribution
  • VP[adN]nonreferentialthose who are remiss or derelict in duty
  • VPipsychfeel thoroughly tired
憔悴   qiáo cuì OC: dzew sɡuds MC: dziɛu dzi 1 Attribution

Qiáo cuì 憔悴 refers to a weariness born of exhaustion.

  • viweary and sad, gloomy; thin and pale
罷苦 / 疲苦   pí kǔ OC: bral khaaʔ MC: biɛ khuo̝ pí kǔ OC: bral khaaʔ MC: biɛ khuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcausativecause to be tired out> tire out
罷敝 / 疲敝 / 疲 / 罷弊   pí bì OC: bral beds MC: biɛ biɛi pí bì OC: bral beds MC: biɛ biɛi pí OC: bral MC: biɛ pí bì OC: bral beds MC: biɛ biɛi 1 Attribution
  • VPibe very exhausted
罷病 / 疲病   pí bìng OC: bral bɢraŋs MC: biɛ bɣaŋ pí bìng OC: bral bɢraŋs MC: biɛ bɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiresultativeget exhausted to be point of being disabled/sick
虺隤   huī tuí OC: qhluul ɡ-luul MC: huo̝i duo̝i 1 Attribution
  • VPibe exhausted
芒芒然   máng máng rán OC: maaŋ maaŋ njen MC: mɑŋ mɑŋ ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPadVintensitivefull of exhaustion; being very tired
   lèi OC: ruuls MC: luo̝i 0 Attributions
  • vi???? [LAO]
  • vichangebecome tired
   qú OC: ɡo MC: gi̯o 0 Attributions

Qú 劬, a very poetic word, and the less poetic qín 勤, focus on the effort that brings about tiredness.

  • vibe very weary as a result of hard work; work very hard so as to get exhausted
   bài OC: braads MC: bɣɛi 0 Attributions
  • vadNworn-out
癉 / 殫   dān OC: taan MC: tɑn dān OC: taan MC: tɑn 0 Attributions

Dān 殫 refers not so much to the subjective feeling of exhaustion as to the objective inability to continue an activity for lack of further energy. Dān 殫 refers not so much to the subjective feeling of exhaustion as to the objective inability to continue an activity for lack of further energy.

  • vadNexhausted
   mò OC: mɯɯd MC: muot 0 Attributions
  • vibe exhausting
   guǎn OC: koonʔ MC: kʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • vibe worn-out; be exhausted
   lèi OC: rols MC: liɛ 0 Attributions
  • vilate colloquial, post-Han: tired
   huī OC: qhluul MC: huo̝i 0 Attributions
  • vibe exhausted; tired
   tuí OC: ɡ-luul MC: duo̝i 0 Attributions
  • vibe exhausted
   jū OC: kuɡ MC: kuk 0 Attributions
  • vibe exhausted
不道   bù dào OC: pɯʔ ɡ-luuʔ MC: pi̯ut dɑu 0 Attributions
  • NPabmedicalprecocious dilapidation
困頓   kùn dùn OC: khuuns tuuns MC: khuo̝n tuo̝n 0 Attributions
  • VPito feel exhausted; be utterly exhausted

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: