WRITE  

PRODUCE a DOCUMENT.
PUT IN WRITINGWRITE DOWNJOT DOWNPUT DOWNNOTETAKE DOWNRECORDREGISTERLOGLISTINSCRIBESIGNSCRIBBLESCRAWLPENCIL.COMPOSEDRAFTTHINK UPFORMULATECOMPILEPENDASH OFFPRODUCE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard current word for writing something down or noting it down is shū 書, and this word can never refer to an act of literary creation.

2. Zhù 著 and zhuàn 撰 are late words referring to the act of writing of a text.

3. Xiě 寫 refers to copying and transcribing rather than writing as such.

4. Lù 錄, zhì 志, and jì 記 refer to the act of recording, formally or informally.

5. Biān 編, lí 離, and zhǔ 屬 refer to the compilation of texts.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

EDUCATION 14. 文獻複製。

書,書寫的通稱。

寫,抄寫、臨摹;宋代以後產生書寫義。

錄,抄錄。

鈔,專指謄寫。

謄,照原稿抄寫,後起口語詞。

用於字畫:臨,照原樣抄寫;

摹,直接將紙覆在原本上照抄。

描,依樣摹寫或繪畫,成都輕於摹。

Modern Chinese Criteria

寫字

編著

撰寫

揮筆

揮毫

題筆

揮灑

援毫

搦管

執筆

援筆

落筆

落墨

書寫

開筆

運筆

命筆

涉筆

振筆

著筆

下筆

手擬 (lit) is to make a hand-written old-fashioned draft.

泐 (utterly obs) "inscribe"

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 18.51

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 231

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 2.309

STAIGER 2003 Das grosse China-Lexikon 651

UNGER 2009 Kleine Schriften Deutsche Ostasienstudien 31-52

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

SCHRIFT

WANG WEIHUI 2000 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 237

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 228

1. WL 229 fails to consider the determining feature of shu1 書 which is that this word always refers to an act of writing down rather than an act of creating texts.

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 280ff

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 339

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

COMMUNICATION OF IDEAS: ORALITY AND THE ADVENT OF WRITING (JACK GOODY)

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 46
  • nab : 15
  • vt+Vt.oS : 8
  • n : 4
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 2
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • vi+.Vt[0]+S : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • vtoS.postV : 1
  • nadV : 1
  • nadN : 1
  • vtoN.+VtoS : 1

Attributions by text

  • 論衡 : 13
  • 韓非子 : 11
  • 春秋左傳 : 10
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 8
  • 六祖壇經 : 7
  • 祖堂集 : 6
  • 呂氏春秋 : 5
  • 尚書 : 4
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 史記 : 3
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 3
  • 典論一卷 : 2
  • 論語 : 2
  • 長短經 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 翻譯名義集 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1

Words

   shū OC: qhlja MC: ɕi̯ɤ 35 Attributions

The standard current word for writing something down or noting it down is shū 書, and this word can never refer to an act of literary creation.

  • nab.post-V{NUM}actstyle of writing
  • nabactact of writing
  • nabmethodthe art of writing; the writing system
  • vadNregistered, written-down
  • vt(oN)write a contextually determinate document or text N; write (the same thing)
  • vt[oN]write characters
  • vt+Vt.oSwrite down 書曰
  • vtoNobject=inscriptionwrite書銘; reduce to writing
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2write the contextually determinate thing N1 down on the object N2
  • vi+.Vt[0]+Swrite a letter saying S
作 / 作 / 作   zuò OC: tsaaɡs MC: tsuo̝ zuò OC: tsaals MC: tsɑ zuò OC: tsaaɡ MC: tsɑk 11 Attributions
  • vtoNwrite or compose (a document)
  • vtoNimperativewrite!
   zhù OC: k-las MC: ʈi̯ɤ 10 Attributions

Zhù 著 and zhuàn 撰 are late words referring to the act of writing of a text.

  • vt+prep+Nmiddle voiceget written down on 著乎竹帛
  • vtoNcommit to writing; 著所聞 "write down what one has heard"; to compose in writing; compose a record of, celebrate in writing
   wén OC: mɯn MC: mi̯un 6 Attributions
  • nobjectwhat is written> written text> language
  • nadNwritten; in written form
  • nadVin written form, in writing
   zhǔ OC: tjoɡ MC: tɕi̯ok 5 Attributions

Biān 編, lí 離, and zhǔ 屬 refer to the compilation of texts.

  • vtoNcompose, put together
  • vtoNpassivebe composed, be put together as literature
   zhuàn OC: sɡroonʔ MC: ɖʐɣan 4 Attributions

Zhù 著 and zhuàn 撰 are late words referring to the act of writing of a text.

  • vtoNcompile writings, write, compose
   wéi OC: ɢʷal MC: ɦiɛ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNproduce> e.g. 為此詩者 "he who has written/composed this song" write; compose
   zào OC: sɡuuʔ MC: dzɑu 3 Attributions
  • vtoNcreate a written text > write, compose
   biān OC: pen MC: piɛn 2 Attributions

Biān 編, lí 離, and zhǔ 屬 refer to the compilation of texts.

  • vtoNarrange writing strips in proper order; edit, compile
書寫   shū xiě OC: qhlja sqaʔ MC: ɕi̯ɤ sɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)write down and record the contextually determinate material [sometimes alternative texts have 盡寫]
題作   tí zuò OC: ɡ-lee tsaaɡ MC: dei tsɑk 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNmake an inscription of, inscribe
   zhì OC: kjeds MC: tɕiɛi 1 Attribution
  • vtoN.+VtoSwrite/author a text saying
  • vtoNproduce (a text) > write, author
   yuē OC: ɢʷad MC: ɦi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
  • vtoS.postV(write down, make a record) as follows:
   bǐ OC: prud MC: pit 1 Attribution
  • nabactactivity of writing
  • vtoNwrite out
   shǔ OC: ɡljas MC: dʑi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vt+Vt.oSwrite a submission (saying...) 署曰
   lù OC: rog MC: li̯ok 1 Attribution

Lù 錄, zhì 志, and jì 記 refer to the act of recording, formally or informally.

  • vtoNto record; to record on (some material)
   tí OC: ɡ-lee MC: dei 1 Attribution
  • vtoNinscribe, write out
草創   cǎo chuàng OC: tshuuʔ skhraŋs MC: tshɑu ʈʂhi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNwrite a rough draft for (a document)
作文   zuò wén MC: tsuH mjun OC: tsaaɡ mɯn 1 Attribution
  • VPicompose literature, write literary works, write poetic works
   lì  MC: lip  OC: ɡ-rub  1 Attribution
  • vtoNderivedput down and establish as part of one's composition> write
   xiě OC: sqaʔ MC: sɣɛ 0 Attributions

Xiě 寫 refers to copying and transcribing rather than writing as such in early medieval Chinese.

  • vt(oN1.)+prep+N2write the contextually determinate N1 on N2
  • vtoNHANSHU, yiwenzhi: copy, transcribe
   zhì OC: kljɯs MC: tɕɨ 0 Attributions

Lù 錄, zhì 志, and jì 記 refer to the act of recording, formally or informally.

       shì OC: dzrɯʔ MC: ɖʐɨ 0 Attributions
    • nscrapings removed with a knife in order to erase mistakes made when writing on a strip.
       jí OC: sɡaɡ MC: dziɛk 0 Attributions
    • vtoNZUO Cheng 2: to register as a historian, to make a public record
        OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
    • vtoNcompile
       jì OC: kɯs MC: kɨ 0 Attributions

    Lù 錄, zhì 志, and jì 記 refer to the act of recording, formally or informally.

         lí OC: b-rel MC: liɛ 0 Attributions

      Biān 編, lí 離, and zhǔ 屬 refer to the compilation of texts.

      • vtoNHF 8.6.12: compose (a proposal, a text)
      六書   liù shū OC: ɡ-ruɡ qhlja MC: luk ɕi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
      • NPabactsix ways of writing characters (defined as two quite separate sets in the Shuōwén dictionary)
      書判   shū pàn OC: qhlja phaans MC: ɕi̯ɤ phʷɑn 0 Attributions
      • NPabactcalligraphy and style (DCD)
      殺青   shā qīng OC: sreed tsheeŋ MC: ʂɣɛt tsheŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNcompose
      鳥書   niǎo shū OC: ntɯɯwʔ qhlja MC: teu ɕi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
      • NPabtext"bird writing style"
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • VPicompose literature, write literary works, write poetic works
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • vtoNput down and establish as part of one's composition> write

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: