SHOW  表示

ACT so as to TRY TO CAUSE something TO be PERCEIVED OR UNDERSTOOD.
DISPLAYEXHIBITPUT ON SHOW/DISPLAYPUT ON VIEWPARADEUNCOVERREVEALREVEALSHOWMAKE PLAINMANIFESTINDICATEDISPLAYEXHIBITDEMONSTRATEEVIDENCEATTEST TOCONVEYCOMMUNICATEPROCLAIMBESPEAKINFORMAL OOZE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word for making anything visible is shì 示 (ant. hán 含 "keep to oneself").

2. Xiàn 見 / 現 (ant. bì 蔽 "make invisible to others,") refers to making visible what is there.

3. Xiǎn 顯 (ant. yǐn 隱 "hide from sight") is to make something prominently visible to wider audience.

4. Yáng 揚 (ant. yì 抑 "suppress and keep from general knowledge") is to make something universally visible to the general public.

5. Zhù 著 (ant. bì 蔽 "block from sight") is to show something up as deserving great attention.

6. Chén 陳 (ant. cáng 藏 "hide") is to lay out something so as to make it accessible to inspection.

7. Zhāo 昭 (yōu 幽 "keep in obscurity") is to cast light over something so as to make it accessible to wide appreciation.

8. Zhāng 彰 (ant. yì 抑 is to give proper illustrious public status to something that is held to clearly deserve such recognition.

9. Zhú 燭 (ant. yǐn 隱 "keep in the dark") is to cast enought light on something dark in order to make it visible.

10. Pù 暴 is to make accessible to view what is covered and therefore inaccessible to inspection.

Modern Chinese Criteria

表示 is the most current general word for showing or revealing someing.

表現 refers to making something visible that might typically be itself invisible.

暴露 refers to revealing something that should be hidden.

揭示 refers to the revealing of something abstract that might be difficult to fully understand.

揭發 refers to disclosing something that might have been kept secret.

泄露 refers to leaking information supposed to be secret.

透出去 refers to leaking something one is supposed to keep secret.

走漏 refers to information supposed to being kept secret being leaked.

露餡兒 refers to "letting the cat out of the bag".

象徵 refers to showing something by standing for it as a symbol etc..

代表 refers to showing something by standing for it as a sign etc..

顯示 refers to revealing something abstract clearly for all to see.

表露 refers to showing openly something abstract that might otherwise be hidden.

顯露 refers to showing very clearly something abstract that might otherwise be more obscure.

體現 "manifest" refers to making visibly manifest something that is within oneself.

反應 "reflect" refers to showing something as a result of receiving an impression from something else and is marginal to the group.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 15.55

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

SHOW

ostendere refers to the showing of something insofar as one makes something observable, lets it be seen and does not keep it secret.

monstrare refers to showing something insofar as one imparts inofrmation thereby.

declarare refers to making something inident and clear, thus dispelling doubt.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 115

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 258

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 71

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 12.1182

ZEIGEN

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 28

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 392

CAI SHAOWEI 2010 跟我學同義詞 88

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.268.225

AFFECTATION.AFFETERIE AFFECTER.SE PIQUER

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.161

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO.161

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 148
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2 : 19
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 10
  • vi : 8
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 7
  • vadV : 7
  • vtt+prep+N1:postvt(oN2) : 5
  • VPtt(oN1.)(+N2) : 5
  • nab : 4
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 4
  • vt.postVt(oN) : 4
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2 : 4
  • NPab : 4
  • vt(oN) : 3
  • vtoN : 3
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 3
  • vtt(oN1.)+vtoN2 : 3
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • vttoN.+S : 2
  • vtoS : 2
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • vtt[oN1.]+N2 : 1
  • vpostadV : 1
  • vt+prep+N.adV : 1
  • vttoN1.postvt(oN2{OBJ}) : 1
  • vt+N : 1
  • vtoNab{S} : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1
  • vttoN.+VtoS : 1
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2 : 1
  • VPttoN1.+N2 : 1
  • VPtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 1
  • vtoNab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 60
  • 春秋左傳 : 37
  • 祖堂集 : 22
  • 禮記 : 13
  • 說苑 : 11
  • 百喻經 : 10
  • 六祖壇經 : 10
  • 臨濟錄 : 9
  • 荀子 : 7
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 6
  • 管子 : 6
  • 戰國策 : 6
  • 淮南子 : 6
  • 論語 : 5
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 5
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
  • 孫子 : 4
  • 論衡 : 4
  • 孝經 : 4
  • 楚辭 : 4
  • 老子 : 3
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 3
  • 尚書 : 3
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 文子 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 典論一卷 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 翻譯名義集 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

示 / 視   shì OC: ɢljils MC: ʑi shì OC: ɢljils MC: ʑi 48 Attributions

The most general word for making anything visible is shì 示 (ant. hán 含"keep to oneself"). The most general word for making anything visible is shì 示 (ant. hán 含"keep to oneself").

  • vttoN1.+N2demonstrate (something N2) to (someone N1), make (something N2) clear to (an audience N1); make a demonstration of N2 to N1
  • vibe demonstrative
  • vtoNset an example for; give a sign to, put on notice; instruct
  • vttoN.+Sshow (to someone) that S
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2show (something) in (some place)其如示諸斯乎
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2show the determinate object to (someone); make a show of the contextually determinate thing to N
  • vtt+prep+N1:postvt(oN2)show (something) to (someone)
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2show (someone N1) (something N2)
  • vttoN.+V[0]V=compto show (something N) as if it is (V-ing)
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2show the contextually determinate object N1 to N2
  • vttoN.+VtoSshow to > instruct, teach somebody S
  • vtt(oN1.)postvt(oN2{OBJ})show the contextually determinate N2 to the contextually determinate audience N1
  • vtt(oN1.)+vtoN2show the contextually determinate N1 N2
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2{OBJ}show N2 to N1
  • vtoNabshow
  • vttoN1.postvt(oN2{OBJ})show the contextually determinate N2 to N1
  • vtoNN=featuredisplay (the feature N)
  • vtt[oN1.]+N2show things to N2
現 / 見   xiàn OC: ɡeens MC: ɦen xiàn OC: ɡeens MC: ɦen 40 Attributions

Xiàn 見/現 (ant. bì 蔽 "make invisible to others,") refers to making visible what is there. Xiàn 見/現 (ant. bì 蔽 "make invisible to others,") refers to making visible what is there.

  • vtoNcausativemake visible, show openly; make a show of; cause to appear; show, display (abilities);
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2psychshow (oneself) to N2
  • vtoNpsychmake a display of (oneself)
  • vtoNab{S}show that S
   xiǎn OC: qhleenʔ MC: hen 17 Attributions

Xiǎn 顯 (ant. yǐn 隱 "hide from sight") is to make something prominently visible to wider audience.

  • nabactshowing oneself in public
  • vadVpublicly, demonstratively; overtly
  • viactshow oneself
  • vtoNcausativeshow off; make a show of; make visible; make public and clear; highlight
  • vttoN1.+N2show off N1 to N2, make a show of N1 for N2
  • vtoNmiddle voiceget shown
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe made visible/famous to N
  • vpostadVcause to be illustrious
   zhǐ OC: kjiʔ MC: tɕi 13 Attributions
  • viactpoint with the finger
  • vt(oN)point a finger at (a contextually determinate N)
  • vt+prep+Npoint at (with the finger)
  • vtoNpoint a finger at
  • vtoNfigurativepoint to, lead on to, show up
  • vt[oN]point one's finger at various people
   xiào OC: ɡreews MC: ɦɣɛu 13 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativeHF 7.3.8: show up clearly (one's real thoughts); show through action, show in action; deploy in action; make a show of
   xùn OC: sɢʷlins MC: zʷin 12 Attributions
  • vt.postVt(oN)display (someone) to the public 以徇
  • vt+prep+N.adVmake an announcement to N saying 殉於x曰
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2omdisplay the dead body of an executed person (to some public or group of people) 殉國
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2omdisplay someone determinate N1 to (some public recipient N2) 殉於x
  • vtt+prep+N1:postvt(oN2)display someone contextually determinate N2 to (a public N1) 以殉於國
指示   zhǐ shì OC: kjiʔ ɢljils MC: tɕi ʑi 12 Attributions
  • NPabactinstruction, demonstration
  • VPt+prep+Ninstruct somebody
  • VPtoNinstruct, elucidate to (somebody)
  • VPtt(oN1.)(+N2)omelucidate (a matter) (to somebody), instruct (somebody) (concerning a contextually determinate matter)
  • VPtt(oN1.)+prep+N2elucidate a matter (contextually determinate) to somebody
  • VPttoN1.+N2elucidate a matter to somebody, point out something to somebody, instruct somebody about a matter
   míng OC: mraŋ MC: mɣaŋ 10 Attributions
  • vtoNshow up, make clear; show up in a positive light, show up the virtues of
   zhù OC: k-las MC: ʈi̯ɤ 8 Attributions

Zhù 著 (ant. bì 蔽 "block from sight") is to show something up as deserving great attention.

  • vichangeCC270: become illustrious; CC432: become well-known
  • vtoNZZ 33.1337: make manifest (oneself); celebrate publicly
  • vtoNpsychdisplay (oneself)
  • vttoN1.+N2make manifest, publicise (something N2) for (somebody N1)
  • vtoNpassivebe on show
  • vt(oN)display the contextually determinate N
   zhāng OC: kjaŋ MC: tɕi̯ɐŋ 8 Attributions
  • vtoNmiddle voiceshow up, be displayed, be visible
  • vichangebecome manifest, show up clearly
  • vtoNdemonstrate; publicise, show up for what something is (loan for 彰); make visible
  • nabeventsymbolic manifestation
   zhāo OC: kljew MC: tɕiɛu 7 Attributions

Zhāo 昭 (yōu 幽 "keep in obscurity") is to cast light over something so as to make it accessible to wide appreciation.

  • viillustrious
  • vtoNcausativemake widely illustrious; show off; make generally known
   biǎo OC: prawʔ MC: piɛu 7 Attributions

Biǎo 表 refers to making something publicly visible, by publishing or by display.

  • nabexpression, manifestation
  • vtoNmake public, make widely known, advertise openly; mark out
  • vtoSexpress that
   chéng OC: deŋ MC: ɖiɛŋ 6 Attributions
  • vtoNappear to, show oneself to, be manifest for; show, make visible
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2show the contextually determiate N1 to N2
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2imperativeshow the contextually determinate N1 to N2
   chén OC: ɡrliŋ MC: ɖin 6 Attributions

Chén 陳 (ant. cáng 藏 "hide") is to lay out something so as to make it accessible to inspection.

  • vtoNmanifest through action, display through action; deploy visibly
  • vtoNpassivebe publicly displayed (in the market place)
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2to show N1 to N2, to manifest N1 (through action) to N2
   chū OC: khljud MC: tɕhʷit 5 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativeshow on the outside
  • vtoNN=placeto appear at (a place N)
  • vt+prep+NN=placeto appear in the place N, to become explicit in N
   yáng OC: k-laŋ MC: ji̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions

Yáng 揚 (ant. yì 抑 "suppress and keep from general knowledge") is to make something universally visible to the general public.

  • vtoNfigurativeLIJI, zhongyong: make widely known (good points)
  • vtoNpassivebe displayed
  • vtt[oN1.]+prep+N2display things in the place N2
  • vtoNshow off by wearing
   fā OC: pod MC: pi̯ɐt 5 Attributions
  • vt+NN=placemanifest oneself (in the place N)
  • vtoNshow openly, vent (anger etc); disclose (advanced doctrines)
   yáng OC: k-laŋ MC: ji̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions
  • nabactopenness; open methods
  • vadVopenly, in appearance; overtly; on the surface
   zhú OC: tjoɡ MC: tɕi̯ok 4 Attributions

Zhú 燭 (ant. yǐn 隱 "keep in the dark") is to cast enought light on something dark in order to make it visible.

  • vtoNshine light on> make visible; expose
   zhāng OC: kjaŋ MC: tɕi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions

Zhāng 彰 (ant. yì 抑 is to give proper illustrious public status to something that is held to clearly deserve such recognition.

  • vtoNSHU, jinteng 18: display, make known (virtue, good points); glorify
  • vtoNpassivemade visible, be exposed, be illustrated
   chéng OC: djeŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNgive full expression to
   kàng OC: khaaŋs MC: khɑŋ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNshow; illustrate; set forth
   pù OC: booɡ MC: buk 3 Attributions

Pù 暴 is to make accessible to view what is covered and therefore inaccessible to inspection.

  • vtoNexpose (a body at the market place); manifest
   kāi OC: khɯɯl MC: khəi 3 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativedisclose
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2disclose
   chōu OC: rlʰiw MC: ʈhɨu 2 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativeexhibit (what is basically hidden) for others to see
   guān OC: koon MC: kʷɑn 2 Attributions
  • vtoNindicate indirectly
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2flaunt N1 to N2; make a show of N1 to N2
  • vtt(+N.)-vtoN{OBJ}show
發露   fā lù OC: pod ɡ-raaɡs MC: pi̯ɐt luo̝ 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)figurativeshow openly
   jīng OC: tseŋ MC: tsiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmake a visible display of
   zhǐ OC: kjiʔ MC: tɕi 1 Attribution
  • nabactinstruction
   xiàn OC: hŋans MC: hi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdisplay politely for everyone to see; present to a person in authority or in a temple
   juān OC: kʷliiŋ MC: ken 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmanifest
   lǎn OC: ɡ-raamʔ MC: lɑm 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativeexpose to full view
   lù OC: ɡ-raaɡs MC: luo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmake appear, show openly; expose
  • vtoNmiddle voicecome out into the open, be disclosed
   qíng OC: ɡraŋ MC: gɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfigurativemark out clearly
有表   yǒu biǎo OC: ɢʷɯʔ prawʔ MC: ɦɨu piɛu 1 Attribution
  • NPabsubjectBUDDH: that which has expression > expression, visible manifestation
現出   xiàn chū OC: ɡeens khljud MC: ɦen tɕhʷit 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcausativecause to appear > show, expose, make visible
示教   shì jiāo OC: ɢljils kruu MC: ʑi kɣɛu 1 Attribution
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2show and teach > instruct a contextually determinate person concerning N2
表顯   biǎo xiǎn OC: prawʔ qhleenʔ MC: piɛu hen 1 Attribution
  • VPadNof the surface; superficial; visible on the surface
顯現   xiǎn xiàn OC: qhleenʔ ɡeens MC: hen ɦen 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe shown in public
   chéng MC: drjeng OC: deŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNshow
   jié MC: gjet OC: ɡrad 1 Attribution
  • vtoN= jie1 揭: to reveal N
   liè OC: b-red MC: liɛt 0 Attributions
  • vtoNlay out for all to see, display in an orderly fashion
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe laid out
   qǐ OC: kheeʔ MC: khei 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdisplay openly, uncover and display
   chàng OC: khrlaŋs MC: ʈhi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabactfrank display
   yòng OC: k-loŋs MC: ji̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmake use of so as to display
   dǔ OC: k-laaʔ MC: tuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • viappear, show oneself
   fú OC: phɯd MC: phi̯ut 0 Attributions
  • vito appear; to show itself
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

  • vtoNexhibit, show 荴露
   jué OC: kruuɡ MC: kɣɔk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmake palpable, show up publicly
覿   dí OC: ɡ-lɯwɡ MC: dek 0 Attributions
  • vibe visible
   chì OC: khjaɡ MC: tɕhiɛk 0 Attributions
  • VPt[oN]show openly what one might want to hide HYDCD 6
   bì OC: peɡ MC: piɛk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdisplay, show off
   chěng OC: theŋʔ MC: ʈhiɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNshow to the full (one's abilities,beauty, etc.), give free rein to, indulge (one's weeknesses)
分別   fēn bié OC: pɯn pred MC: pi̯un piɛt 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNbuddhistBUDDH: show, explain, preach very frequently used for example in LOTUS(B), in contrast to Zen texts no negative connotations: LOTUS(B): 78a5 分別三乘
   nòng OC: ɡ-rooŋs MC: luŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmake a show of; display one's skill with; manipulate publicly
   mù OC: muɡ MC: muk 0 Attributions
  • vt(oN)indicate with one's eyes what one is thinking; show one's contextually determinate attitude by one's regard
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNshow

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: