CONCEAL  隱/匿

CAUSE TO BECOME OBSCURE:invisible.
HIDESCREENCOVEROBSCUREBLOCK OUTBLOT OUTMASKSHROUDSECRETE
Taxonoymy

COVERSECRETHIDE ONESELF

Antonymy

PUBLICISESHOWVISIBLE

See also

AVOIDTABOO

Kind Of

OBSCURE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for hiding anything is yǐn 隱 (ant. xiǎn 顯 "display clearly") which refers to the hiding of anything, physically or intellectually.

2. Nì 匿 (ant. zhāng 章 / 彰 "make a display of") refers to the physical removal of things so as to make them inaccessible to others.

3. Cáng 藏 (ant. xiàn 見 ) adds to the notion of hiding that of safe keeping and collecting for use.

3. Fú 伏 (ant. chū 出 "come into the open") refers prinarily to hiding in a certain terrain.

4. Cuàn 竄 is incoative and refers to the action of going into hiding.

5. Yōu 幽 refers primarily to putting or leaving something in the dark and thus by extension to concealing it.

Modern Chinese Criteria

包藏 is a current modern word for concealing or hiding someting.

暗藏 focusses prototypically on hiding something in a dark place.

隱匿 (lit) refers to hiding something in a dark place.

藏匿 focusses on hiding something for safe-keeping.

掩藏 focusses on covering what one hides.

逃匿 focusses on hiding away through flight.

藏身 focusses on hiding one's body.

掩蔽 focusses on providing shelter through hiding something.

隱蔽 focusses on protective hiding in a dark place.

隱瞞

相瞞

隱秘

隱匿

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Old Chinese Contrasts

躲藏

潛伏 focusses on hiding by going underground.

埋伏 refers to hiding as part of an ambush.

打埋伏 refers in a colloquial style to hiding as part of an ambush.

隱伏

匿伏

藏躲

隱藏

潛藏

藏蹤

匿跡

斂跡

潛蹤

匿影藏形

狐憑鼠伏

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.27

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 450©

ABSCONDERE

est rem, ut ne sciri et inveniri, aut perire possit, abdere.

Modus: 1. Si res absconditur, ut ne videatur, dicitur Velari; 2. ut nesciatur, Celari; 3. ut non auferatur, Condi, recondi.

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 169

ABSCONSUM, ABSCONDITUM, OCCULTUM, ARCANUM

9. Inter Absconditum et absconsum. Absconsum est cujuslibet arte celatum, absconditum vero naturaliter abditum. Conditum est enim, non consum. Inde et consuere dicitur, quando rupta [ Al., erupta] atque aperta quaeque texuntur [ Al., trahuntur]. Porro occultum [ Al., occultatum] ab occulendo, id est, claudendo, dictum. Arcanum vero ab arca vel ab arcendo, eo quod ab eo omnes arceantur, id est, prohibeantur. [col. 11B] Inde et arces dicuntur, a quibus arceantur hostes. Inde et arca, eo quod arceat furem. Inde et arcus, eo quod arceat adversarium.

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

HIDE

celare refers to an abstract failure to divulge, like reticere.

occulere and occultare refer to the concrete hiding of something from physical view.

occultare refers to making a physical thing or event unobservable.

abdere refers to making a physical thing unobservable by moving it aside or putting it somewhere else.

condere refers to making a physical object unobservable by putting it in a safe place that protects it from inspection and hiding it carefully.

abscondere refers to making a physicla object unobservable by putting in in a safe place and ensuring its careful preservation.

HIDING PLACE

latebra refers to a retired or obscure place where a man can conveniently remean concealed.

latibulum is a lurking-hole into whihc a person must creep in order to hide away in it.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 269

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1459

躲,避

LIU SHUXIN 1987 現代漢語同義詞詞典 9

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.144.106

CACHER.DISSIMULER.DEGUISER

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.301

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 413

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 82
  • vadV : 10
  • vadN : 8
  • vt[oN] : 8
  • vi : 8
  • vt+prep+N : 8
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}] : 8
  • VPtoN : 6
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]. prep N : 5
  • vt(oN) : 4
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 3
  • VPi : 3
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • nab : 1
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • VP[adN] : 1
  • NP : 1
  • vtt[+N1.]oN2 : 1
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 1
  • VPt[oN[REFLEX]] : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 33
  • 春秋左傳 : 19
  • 說苑 : 12
  • 史記 : 9
  • 論衡 : 8
  • 賢愚經 : 8
  • 楚辭 : 8
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 7
  • 論語 : 7
  • 莊子 : 6
  • 管子 : 5
  • 百喻經 : 5
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 法句經 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 新序 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   nì OC: nɯɡ MC: ɳɨk 26 Attributions

Nì 匿 (ant. zhāng 章/彰 "make a display of") refers to the physical removal of things so as to make them inaccessible to others.

  • vt(oN)conceal the contextually determinate N
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]reflexivehide away
  • vtoNhide; hide away 
  • vtoNN=placehide in (a place)
  • vtoNpassivebe hidden away
  • vtoNreflexive.自hide (onself)
  • vttoN.+V[0]reflexive.自hide that (oneself) V-s
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]. prep N
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]. prep Nhide oneself in N
  • vttoN1.+N2hide N1 in N2
   yǐn OC: qɯnʔ MC: ʔɨn 24 Attributions

The current general word for hiding anything is yǐn 隱 (ant. xiǎn 顯 "display clearly") which refers to the hiding of anything, physically or intellectually.

  • nabactsecretiveness
  • vadNhidden; concealed
  • vadNactkeeping in hiding; concealing oneself
  • vadVin hiding, secretely, privately 隱居
  • vibe hidden, be concealed; be obscured
  • vt[oN]actbe secretive about things, hide things
  • vt+prep+Nhide (something) from 隱乎
  • vt+prep+Npassivebe obscured by N
  • vtoNcover up; hide, conceal
  • vtoNreflexive.自conceal (oneself)
  • vt+prep+Nreflexivehide oneself in
藏 / 藏臧   cáng OC: sɡaaŋ MC: dzɑŋ  OC:  MC:  23 Attributions

Cáng 藏 (ant. xiàn 見) adds to the notion of hiding that of safe keeping and collecting for use.xxx Cáng 藏 (ant. xiàn 見) adds to the notion of hiding that of safe keeping and collecting for use.xxx

  • vtoNhide away; also: hide away from
  • vt[oN]continuativekeep in hiding; go into hiding
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe concealed, get hidden away
  • vtoNN=placehide in (a place)
  • vtoNreflexive.自hide (oneself)
  • vt(oN)conceal, hide (with contextually determinate N)
  • vtoNimperativehide!
  • vttoN1.+N2N2=placehide/store N1 in the place N2
   fú OC: bɯɡ MC: buk 18 Attributions

Fú 伏 (ant. chū 出 "come into the open") refers prinarily to hiding in a certain terrain.

  • vadNhidden
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]reflexivecrouch, lie low, hide away, go into hiding, live in hiding; be hidden
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]inchoativego into hiding
  • vt+prep+Nto hide in; crouch on (the ground) 伏於
  • vtoNcausativecause to be hiding> hide away
  • vtoNN=placehide in; crouch on (the ground etc) 伏地
   bì OC: peds MC: piɛi 10 Attributions
  • vt(oN)hide the contextually determinate thing
  • vtoNhide physically, hide from view
  • vtoNfigurativecover and hide from intellectual view
  • vtoNpassivebe hidden
   yōu OC: qriw MC: ʔi̯u 9 Attributions

Yōu 幽 refers primarily to putting or leaving something in the dark and thus by extension to concealing it.

  • vadNconcealed, hidden
  • vadVin hiding, hidden away, all hidden away; in hidden confinement 幽死
  • vibe hidden, live in hiding; live in hidden seclusion
  • vtoNrare: hide (woman) away and keep her in confinement
   mì OC: priɡs MC: pi 5 Attributions
  • vadNhidden
  • vtoNhide in a secret place; keep secret
  • vtoNpassivebe kept concealed or secret
   cuàn OC: tshoons MC: tshʷɑn 5 Attributions

Cuàn 竄 is incoative and refers to the action of going into hiding.

  • viacthide away
  • vt+prep+Nhide in/at
  • vtoNconceal; hide
  • vttoN1.+N2hide N1 in N2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2reflexive.自hide (oneself) at N2
   àn OC: qɯɯms MC: ʔəm 5 Attributions
  • vibe hidden
  • vt[oN]hide things, be secretive
  • vtoNhide in the dark (what is before one etc)
  • vadVin a hidden way> imperceptibly
   yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm 4 Attributions
  • vtoNcover up for see 掩蓋
  • vtoNfigurativeconceal
  • vtoNmiddle voiceget concealed, remain concealed
覆藏   fù cáng OC: buɡs sɡaaŋ MC: bɨu dzɑŋ 4 Attributions
  • VPimiddle voicebe concealed
  • VPt(oN)conceal the contextually determinate thing N
  • VPt(oN)object=fromhide from the contextually determinate N
  • VPtoNresultativecover so as to hide: hide away
   gài OC: kaabs MC: kɑi 3 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativecover over something in order to hide it
   bì OC: beds MC: biɛi 2 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivebe concealed (for 蔽)
   dùn OC: ɡ-luuns MC: duo̝n 2 Attributions
  • vt(oN)hide away from a contextually determinate person
  • vtoNhide from; ZUO ZZ 28: abscond secretly, disappear (during the night)
   yīn OC: qrɯm MC: ʔim 2 Attributions
  • vadNpassivehidden, concealed
幽閉   yōu bì OC: qriw piids MC: ʔi̯u pei 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)confine and keep in obscurity a contextually determinate woman
  • vtoNpassiveSHANGSHU, LYUXING, KONGZHUAN: (of women) to be confined at home (there is controversy about the exact nature of the process involved)
藏匿   cáng nì OC: sɡaaŋ nɯɡ MC: dzɑŋ ɳɨk 2 Attributions
  • VPiacthide
  • VPtoNreflexive.自hide (oneself) thoroughly
   qián MC: dzjem OC: sɡam 2 Attributions
  • vtoNreflexive.身hide
  • vtt[oN1.] prep N2hide oneself in N2
  • vtt[oN1.] prep N2reflexivehide [oneself] in N2
   sōu OC: sru MC: ʂɨu 1 Attribution
  • virare: be hidden from view; dissimulate
   yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcover up (wicked deeds)
   mán OC: mboon MC: mʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtt[+N1.]oN2conceal things from N2
   tuō OC: ph-laaɡ MC: thɑk 1 Attribution
  • vitake refuge, hide
  • vtoNreflexive.自conceal (oneself) in a place of refuge
   duǒ OC: toolʔ MC: tʷɑ 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]reflexivehide oneself
   zhàng OC: kjaŋs MC: tɕi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNconceal from one's own sight, block the sight of
不見   bù jiàn OC: pɯʔ keens MC: pi̯ut ken 1 Attribution
  • VP[adN]the invisible; what has not manifestd itself
伏藏   fú cáng OC: bɯɡ sɡaaŋ MC: buk dzɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPfúzàng?? concealed things
  • VPadNhidden
奄伏   yǎn fú OC: qromʔ bɯɡ MC: ʔiɛm buk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNreflexive.自conceal (oneself) by lying low; hide
掩匿   yǎn nì OC: qromʔ nɯɡ MC: ʔiɛm ɳɨk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativekeep hidden; hide away from public sight (also abstract things such as shortcomings)
蓋覆   gài fù OC: kaabs phuɡ MC: kɑi phuk 1 Attribution
  • VPt+prep+Nhide N from sight
  • vt[oN]cover up things so as to hide them from view
逃匿   táo nì OC: ɡ-laaw nɯɡ MC: dɑu ɳɨk 1 Attribution
  • VPiresultativeflee so as to go into hiding
逃隱   táo yǐn OC: ɡ-laaw qɯnʔ MC: dɑu ʔɨn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeflee so as to be able to hide
隱遁   yǐn dùn OC: qɯnʔ ɡ-luuns MC: ʔɨn duo̝n 1 Attribution
  • VPt[oN[REFLEX]]reflexiveconceal oneself from a contextually determinate person
掩蔽   yǎn bì MC: 'jemX pjiejH OC: qromʔ peds 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe kept hidden away
   yǎn OC: qanʔ MC: ʔi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNhide
   hán OC: ɡlɯɯm MC: ɦəm 0 Attributions
  • vtoNkeep inside so as not to let others see> conceal inside; keep inside oneself; fail to show openly; avoid showing openly
   wēi OC: mɯl MC: mɨi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNrare: hide the whereabouts (of a person)
  • vtoNmiddle voicehidden, imperceptible
  • vimiddle voiceof light: be faint as if half-concealed
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

chuāi

  • vtoNchuāi:hide something;store at an invisible place
   àn OC: qɯɯms MC: ʔəm 0 Attributions
  • vtoNhide
   chén OC: ɡrlum MC: ɖim 0 Attributions
  • vadNconcealed
伏竄   fú cuàn OC: bɯɡ tshoons MC: buk tshʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • VPiacthide away
祕藏   mì cáng OC: priɡs sɡaaŋ MC: pi dzɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPadNdeeply hidden
蔽隱   bì yǐn OC: peds qɯnʔ MC: piɛi ʔɨn 0 Attributions
  • VPiactcover oneself so as to become concealed> hide away
   yǐn OC: qrɯmʔ MC: ʔim 0 Attributions
  • vtoNHANSHU: hide 不伐其能 飲其德
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNreflexive.身hide

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: