BLOCK  塞住

HINDER something by PUTTING something in a PLACE where it CAUSES THINGS which NORMALLY CAN MOVE in that PLACE NOT TO MOVE there.
CLOG (UP)STOP UPCHOKEPLUGOBSTRUCTGUM UPDAM UPCONGESTJAMCLOSE
Taxonoymy

SHUT

Antonymy

OPEN

See also

STOP

Kind Of

HINDER

Old Chinese Criteria

[[CONGERIES]]; [GENERAL], [SPECIFIC]

1. Sè 塞 (ant. tōng 通 "be unblocked") is the standard word for blocking the progress of something, or for blocking up an opening, and the word specifically refers to the blocking of things from getting out of something.

[GENERAL]

2. Yǎn 掩 is the standard word for blocking visual access to an object.

[SPECIFIC]

3. Yōng 壅 (ant. chè 徹 "unblock") refers to blocking things from entering.

[SPECIFIC]

4. Dāng 當 refers to a deliberate act of standing in the way of something or ensuring that something cannot proceed in a natural way.

[SPECIFIC]

5. Bì 閉 refers to the blocking of something so as to prevent it to get out. See LOCK.

[SPECIFIC]

6. Xiàn 限 refers to a border as blocking access. See BORDER

Modern Chinese Criteria

阻塞

閉塞

蔽塞

堵塞

梗塞

擁塞

淤塞

不通

阻梗

梗阻

阻隔

隔閡

沉滯

淤滯

杜絕

堵塞

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 121

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 35

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 82
  • vt(oN) : 7
  • VPtoN : 5
  • vadN : 4
  • VPi : 3
  • nab : 3
  • n : 2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • nab : 1
  • vi : 1
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 1
  • vtoN.+V : 1
  • vtoN.adV : 1
  • nab.post-V{NUM} : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 43
  • 春秋左傳 : 14
  • 說苑 : 10
  • 呂氏春秋 : 5
  • 管子 : 5
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 3
  • 論語 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   sāi OC: sɯɯɡ MC: sək 31 Attributions

Sè 塞 (ant. tōng 通 "be unblocked") is the standard word for blocking the progress of something, or for blocking up an opening, and the word specifically refers to the blocking of things from getting out of something. [GENERAL]

  • nman-made (road-) block to hinder invasion
  • vtoNcausativeblock up (both in concrete and in abstract senses); block, hinder
  • vtoNpassiveget blocked
  • vtoNreflexive.自block (oneself)
  • vadNpassiveblocked
  • nabfigurativepassive: being blocked in one's efforts
  • vtoNmiddlevoicebe blocked
   yōng OC: qoŋ MC: ʔi̯oŋ 22 Attributions

Yōng 壅 (ant. chè 徹 "unblock") refers to blocking things from entering. [SPECIFIC]

  • nab.post-V{NUM}五壅
  • nabactthe being blocked (from relevant information)
  • nabfigurativeblockage (of the mind, of thoughts)
  • vadNpassivewhat is blocked> blocked
  • vibe blocked up, be isolated from what is important
  • vt(oN)stand in the way of the contextually definite object
  • vtoNGY, ZZ: block up, isolate from information
  • vtoNpassivebe blocked, get isolated from what is important
  • vtoNfromblock others from
  • vtoNblock the flow of or in
   bì OC: piids MC: pei 9 Attributions

Bì 閉refers to the blocking of something so as to prevent it to get out. See LOCK. [SPECIFIC]

  • vtoNcausativeblock up, cause to be closed to the outside; block out (outsiders)
  • vtoNfigurativeshut out; block out
  • vtoNreflexive.其心block
  • vttoN.+V[0]pivotblock (some party)(from Ving)
  • vtoNpassiveget blocked out, get refused
   dāng OC: taaŋ MC: tɑŋ 7 Attributions

Dāng 當 refers to a deliberate act of standing in the way of something or ensuring that something cannot proceed in a natural way. [SPECIFIC]

  • vt(oN)stand in the way of the contextually determinate N
  • vtoN.adVblocking N to V
  • vtoNface in a hostile way
   bì OC: peds MC: piɛi 7 Attributions
  • vtoNblock off (e.g. the wind)
  • vtoNpassivebe blocked/hindered, be kept in the dark
  • vadNpassiveblocked
   bǐng OC: peŋʔ MC: piɛŋ 5 Attributions
  • vadNfigurativeblocked off, separated off > secluded
  • vtoNblock off (e.g. hold one's breath)
  • vtoNfigurativeblock off; keep away
   zhē OC: klja MC: tɕɣɛ 5 Attributions
  • vt(oN)block the contextually determinate object
  • vtoN.+Vblock N from V-ing (with cumulative negation of V, as often in French)
  • vtoNblock up
壅塞   yōng sāi OC: qoŋ sɯɯɡ MC: ʔi̯oŋ sək 4 Attributions
  • VPadNbent on blocking others
  • VPt(oN)figurativeblock and isolate the contextually determinate N
  • VPtoNmiddle voiceget all blocked up
   dù OC: ɡ-laaʔ MC: duo̝ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNstop up (the mouths of men)
   què OC: khaɡ MC: khi̯ɐk 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcause to stop, block, hinder (with double negation, as in French)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2block N1 from N2; block access of N1 to N2
   dǐ OC: tiilʔ MC: tei 2 Attributions
  • vtoNblock; obstruct; stop up (ZUO)
  • vtoNpassivebe blocked, be stopped
揜 / 掩   yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm yǎn OC: qromʔ MC: ʔiɛm 2 Attributions

Yǎn 掩 is the standard word for blocking visual access to an object. [SPECIFIC] Yǎn 掩 is the standard word for blocking visual access to an object. [SPECIFIC]

  • vtoNblock the sight of
  • vtoNpassivehave one's sight blocked
   bì OC: priɡs MC: pi 2 Attributions
  • vtoNblock from; hide; shut
  • vt(oN)close
稽留   jī liú OC: kii b-ru MC: kei lɨu 2 Attributions
  • VPipassivefail to make progress, be blocked
    OC:  MC:  1 Attribution
  • vtoNLIJI 5.34: (insects) stop up (a gate); LIJI 5.46f: fill in and repair (city walls); fill up (a space) and block (it)
   jié OC: dzeed MC: dzen 1 Attribution
  • vtoNblock (roads etc.)
   yān OC: qiin MC: ʔen 1 Attribution
  • vtoNblock up; dam
窒 / 窒   zhì OC: k-liɡ MC: ʈit dié OC: k-liiɡ MC: tet 1 Attribution
  • vtoNSHI: be stopped up (holes), block; YI: stop; repressZZ 17.600
  • vifigurativebe blocked up mentally
   yù OC: qud MC: ʔi̯ut 1 Attribution
  • vtoNblock up; restrain
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe blocked up
揜蔽   yǎn bì OC: qromʔ peds MC: ʔiɛm piɛi 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmiddle voiceget blocked
止塞   zhǐ sāi OC: kljɯʔ sɯɯɡ MC: tɕɨ sək 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe blocked
遮絕   zhē jué OC: klja dzod MC: tɕɣɛ dziɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeblock so as to cut off
鬱滯   yù zhì OC: qud dads MC: ʔi̯ut ɖiɛi 1 Attribution
  • NPabblockage
循滯   xún zhì MC: zwin drjejH OC: sɢlun dads 1 Attribution
  • VPibe blocked, get stuck
底滯   dǐ zhì MC: tejX drjejH OC: tiilʔ dads 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivefigurative: be blocked
   yā  MC: 'jiep  OC: qeb  1 Attribution
  • vtoN= 壓, block, clog
   bìng MC: bjiengH OC: -- 1 Attribution
  • vtoN= bing3 屏: block off
填 / 闐   tián OC: diin MC: den tián OC: diin MC: den 0 Attributions
  • vtoNblock up
   lán OC: ɡ-raan MC: lɑn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNblock (the street etc)
   yì OC: qees MC: ʔei 0 Attributions
  • vtoNblock off (sunlight etc)
   è OC: qaad MC: ʔɑt 0 Attributions
  • vtoNstop up, stand in the way of
隔塞   gé sāi OC: kreeɡ sɯɯɡ MC: kɣɛk sək 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNpassivebe blocked
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPibe blocked, get stuck
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPibe blocked, get stuck
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivefigurative: be blocked

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: