LEAD  帶路

CONTROL so as to CAUSE TO FOLLOW OR OBEY oneself.
GUIDECONDUCTSHOWSHOW THE WAYLEAD THE WAYUSHERESCORTSTEERPILOTSHEPHERDACCOMPANY
Taxonoymy

HOST

CONFORM

Antonymy

ASSISTANTFOLLOW

See also

HEROSENIORDRIVESLAVE

Kind Of

CONTROL

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general term for leadership or guidance of any kind is dǎo 導 / 道.

2. Shuài 率 / 帥 places stronger emphasis on leadership in a certain campaign than on general guidance.

3. Jiāng 將 and yǐn 引 refer to leading an informal group, large or small, occasionally even a single person.

4. Xiàng 相 refers specifically to leading or guiding the blind.

5. Shuài 帥 refers specifically to leadership in a military campaign.

6. Jiàng 將 refers to a formal formal military rank and leadership exercised by someone occupying that rank.

7. Xiān 先 refers to leadership on the image of being at the head of a procession.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

GOVERNMENT/LAW 44. LEADER

首,首領通稱。

主,喻指首領,一般用為貶義。

帥,泛指統帥一定數量的士兵或民眾的首領。

豪,地方勢力的首領。

魁,次於 “ 帥、豪 ” 的首領。

梟,喻指天下智勇的首領。

LAW 4. LEADER OF OFFICE 表長官的類詞。

令,多用於縣;也用於中央最高機關。

宰,上古主要用於《周禮》系統。

尹,多用於地方長官。

正,用於西周以前或早期傳說中的一些官名。

長,從周代起使用最普遍的類詞。

Modern Chinese Criteria

帶路

引路

領路

領道

向導

先導

前導

引導

指引

帶領

領袖

元首

首領

首腦

主腦

頭領

頭腦

頭子

頭目

頭兒

頭頭

把頭

大王

大魁

魁首

頭人

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 515

DUX est, qvi alteri paeit et monstrat viam. Id si fit Verbo, dicitur Doctor; si exemplo, Praemonstrator; Si Hortatione, Praeceptor; si omnibus modis, Magister.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 162

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

DUX

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

ago, -ere 'to drive' [v. Ill; pf. egT, ppp. actum; OLat. pr.sb. addxint, axim, axit] (Lex

XII, Naev.+)

Derivatives [are extraordinarily many]: (1) actor 'performer, pleader' (P1.+); actus, -us 'driving of cattle or

carts, motion, activity' (Cato+), actutum 'immediately' (Naev.+); actio 'activity,

action' (Varro+); (2) agitare 'to stir, drive, disturb, be occupied, aspire to' (Naev.+),

agitator 'driver, charioteer' (P1.+); agmen (Enn.+) 'stream, crowd'; ex amen 'swarm

(of bees) (P1.+); needle of scales (Verg.+); ammentum / amentum 'thong or loop

attached to a spear' (Caes.+); agilis 'swift, agile' (Sis.+); agolum 'shepherd's staff

(only Paul, ex F.);

[Also compounds]: remex 'oarsman, rower' (P1.+); coagulum 'bond, tie; rennet,

curdled milk' (Var.+); ambages 'detour, meanderings; circumlocution' (P1-+); indago,

-inis 'ring of huntsmen' (Verg.+); (3) abigere 'to drive away, reject' (P1.+), adigere

'to drive, force into' (P1.+), ambigere 'to dispute' (Ter.+), ambiguus 'undecided,

doubtful' (P1-+), cogere 'to collect, compel' [pf. coegi, ppp. coactum] (P1.+), cogitare

'to think, consider' (P1.+), degere 'to spend one's life, live' (P1.+), exigere 'to drive

out, remove' (Naev.+), exiguus 'small, scanty' (Lucr.+), exilis 'thin, slender'

(Lucil.+), inigere 'to drive in, push' (Varro+), prodigere 'to waste, squander'

(Naev.+), prodigus 'wasteful, extravagant' (P1.+), prodigium 'unnatural event,

wonder, marvel' (P1.+), prodigialis 'of prodigies' (P1.+), redigere 'to send back,

restore, bring under control' (P1.+), subigere 'to bring under, subdue, constrain'

(Naev.+), subigitare 'to excite sexually by fondling' (P1.+), subigitatrix (PI.),

subigitatio 'erotic fondling' (PL); circumagere 'to drive round, wind' (Cato+),

peragere 'to perform, finish' (Enn.+); (4) iurigare 'to quarrel' (P1.+); litigare 'to

litigate' (P1-+); navigare 'to go by ship' (P1.+); purigare 'to clean, purify' (> purgo)

(PL+); fatigare 'to tire, exhaust' (Pac.+); fastTgare 'to taper, make pointed' (Caes.+);

castTgare 'to reprimand, reprove' (P1.+); vectigal (Cato+) 'revenue, income'; aureax

(Paul, ex F.) /auriga (Var.+) 'charioteer'.

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.170.130

ONDUIRE.GUIDER.MENER

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no. 8

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms no. 8

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 120
  • vtoN.-V[0] : 23
  • v[adN] : 14
  • NP : 12
  • vi : 11
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 10
  • VPtoN : 6
  • n(post-N) : 6
  • n : 5
  • NP : 4
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 3
  • vt+V[0] : 3
  • vt(oN) : 3
  • vtoN.adV : 3
  • vadV : 2
  • NP=Npr : 2
  • vt(oN.)adV : 2
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2 : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • nmpost-N{PLACE} : 1
  • VPttoN.+V[0] : 1
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2 : 1
  • vtt(oN.)+V[0] : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 61
  • 韓非子 : 36
  • 禮記 : 20
  • 史記 : 17
  • 賢愚經 : 13
  • 呂氏春秋 : 8
  • 管子 : 8
  • 戰國策 : 7
  • 說苑 : 7
  • 論語 : 7
  • 百喻經 : 7
  • 孟子 : 7
  • 論衡 : 6
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 孝經 : 3
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 六祖壇經 : 3
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

帥 / 率   shuài OC: srud MC: ʂʷit shuài OC: sruds MC: ʂi 60 Attributions

Shuài 率/帥 places stronger emphasis on leadership in a certain campaign than on general guidance. Shuài 率/帥 places stronger emphasis on leadership in a certain campaign than on general guidance.

  • vtoN.-V[0]lead; mobilize (somebody) (in order to do something)
  • vtoNlead (typically a whole army, or a host of feudal lords etc); hold the command over (areas or districts); ceremonially: lead a cortege of; come first in a procession
  • v[adN]leader; person in charge;
  • viacttake the lead
  • vttoN.+V[0]pivotlead as a nominal head or as a politically leading figure; lead and command (an army or a band of robbers)
  • v[adN]agentthe "leader" 志氣之帥也
  • vtoN.adVfigurativeat the head of 帥雲霓
  • vtoNsubject=queenlead
  • vt(oN)guide the contextually determinate person or group
   jiàng OC: skaŋs MC: tsi̯ɐŋ 42 Attributions

Jiàng 將 and yǐn 引refer to leading an informal group, large or small, occasionally even a single person.

  • v[adN]N=humanleader; high level official
  • vt(oN.)adVleading the contextually determinate N along
  • vt(oN)be in command of a contextually determinate campaign
  • vtoN.-V[0]lead N to V
  • vtoN.adVleading along N to V
  • vtoNact as a general for (an army on a campaign), be in command of as general; lead (a large number of people on a mission); lead along (one's wife etc)
  • vtoNfigurativelead along > take along with one; guide along a good path; guide along
   yǐn OC: liŋʔ MC: jin 26 Attributions

Jiāng 將 and yǐn 引refer to leading an informal group, large or small, occasionally even a single person.

  • vtoNlead, command (an army, into attack or occasionally retreat); occasionally: lead along, show the way [guide][CA]
  • vtoNpassivebe lead along
  • vttoN.+V[0]lead N to V
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2lead somebody to a place
導 / 導道   dǎo OC: ɡ-luus MC: dɑu  OC:  MC:  18 Attributions

The current general term for leadership or guidance of any kind is dǎo 導/道. The current general term for leadership or guidance of any kind is dǎo 導/道.

  • vtoNguide; lead
  • vtoNpassivebe guided by
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2object=routelead someone contextually determinate along (a way)
  • vtoNpsychguide (oneself)
  • v[adN]person who guides> guide
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2lead
  • vtoNobject=nonhuguide along
   xiàn OC: sɯɯns MC: sen 14 Attributions

Xiān 先 refers to leadership on the image of being at the head of a procession.

  • v[adN]socialthose who are in the leading position
  • nsubjectthe first, the leader; he who leads something on
  • vadVahead, as first, in front
  • viactgo first, take the lead, lead the way
  • vtoNfigurativelead; German: mit gutem Beispiel vorangehen
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2figurativeto lead N1 by means of N2
   lǐng OC: ɡ-reŋʔ MC: liɛŋ 9 Attributions
  • v[adN]commander, person in charge
  • vtoNlead, act as leader of
  • vttoN.+V[0]lead somebody in doing something;
   zhǔ OC: tjoʔ MC: tɕi̯o 7 Attributions
  • n(post-N)leader (should perhaps be n(post-N)
  • vtoNpsychbe in charge of (of oneself)
   chàng OC: thjaŋs MC: tɕhi̯ɐŋ 6 Attributions
  • viactlead the singing > take the lead; initiate
  • vt+V[0]take the lead in VERBING
   zhǎng OC: krlaŋʔ MC: ʈi̯ɐŋ 6 Attributions
  • v[adN]leader
  • vtoNbe the senior of> to govern (over somebody); to be the leader (of somebody)
  • nabsocialleadership; supremacy
   qū OC: kho MC: khi̯o 5 Attributions

Qū 驅 is to drive a conveyance at high speed, or to have it driven for one at high speed.

  • vt(oN)drive, steer; lead (cattle in a direction)
  • vtoNdrive fast (a carriage); steer (horses) so they go fast
  • vtt(oN.)+V[0]drive the contextually determinate N out so as to V
   xióng OC: ɢʷɯŋ MC: ɦuŋ 4 Attributions
  • v[adN]man of paramount factual power (not necessarily with a regular position as a formal ruler)
  • vadNleading
  • vibe in the lead, be dominant
導師   dǎo shī OC: ɡ-luus sril MC: dɑu ʂi 4 Attributions
  • NPguide
  • NPfigurative"guide"
   xié OC: ɡʷlee MC: ɦei 3 Attributions
  • vtoNlead along (children)
典領   diǎn lǐng OC: tɯɯnʔ ɡ-reŋʔ MC: ten liɛŋ 3 Attributions
  • VPtoNlead
  • VPttoN.+V[0]lead N to V
   chū OC: khljud MC: tɕhʷit 2 Attributions
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2lead out (someone) (somewhere)
  • vtoNlead out, lead into the field (an army)
   běi OC: pɯɯɡ MC: pək 2 Attributions
  • vtoNlead north
將行   jiàng xíng OC: skaŋs ɢraaŋ MC: tsi̯ɐŋ ɦɣaŋ 2 Attributions
  • NPcampaign leader; leader on the march;
導首   dǎo shǒu OC: ɡ-luus qhljuʔ MC: dɑu ɕɨu 2 Attributions
  • NPleader
鉅子   jù zǐ OC: ɡaʔ sklɯʔ MC: gi̯ɤ tsɨ 2 Attributions
  • NP=Nprtitleleader Npr
里正   lǐ zhèng  MC: liX tsyengH  OC: ɡ-rɯʔ tjeŋs  2 Attributions
  • NPleader of a hamlet, locally chosen (not publicly appointed by the state administration)
伍老   wǔ lǎo MC: nguX lawX OC: ŋaaʔ ɡ-ruuʔ 2 Attributions
  • NPlocal leader of a small group of families (locally chosen, not government appointed)
   rén OC: njin MC: ȵin 1 Attribution
  • nmpost-N{PLACE}collectivethe leadership
   zuǒ OC: skaals MC: tsɑ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe second in command over
   shī OC: sril MC: ʂi 1 Attribution
  • viuse military force, deploy an army
   yíng OC: ɢʷleŋ MC: jiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNlead
   nán OC: noom MC: nəm 1 Attribution
  • nleader (of the Rong barbarians)
   xiàng OC: sqaŋs MC: si̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution

Xiàng 相 refers specifically to leading or guiding the blind.

  • nagentguide (for the blind)
   gāng OC: kaaŋ MC: kɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNregulate, guide
   lǎo OC: ɡ-ruuʔ MC: lɑu 1 Attribution
  • vitake the senior position
   kuí OC: khuul MC: khuo̝i 1 Attribution
  • vt+V[0]lead the V-ing
將率   jiàng shuài OC: skaŋs srud MC: tsi̯ɐŋ ʂʷit 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNlead
將至   jiāng zhì OC: skaŋ kljiɡs MC: tsi̯ɐŋ tɕi 1 Attribution
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2resultativelead the contextually determinate N1 to N2
標榜   biāo bèng OC: pew praaŋs MC: piɛu pɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPlike twigs (sticking out of the ground) > something which can serve as guideline to a place; mark; sign
率將   shuài jiàng OC: sruds skaŋs MC: ʂi tsi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNlead, be in charge of
良人   liáng rén OC: ɡ-raŋ njin MC: li̯ɐŋ ȵin 1 Attribution
  • NPagentgovernor
領御   lǐng yù OC: ɡ-reŋʔ ŋas MC: liɛŋ ŋi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNprovide leadership and exercise control
提攜   tí xié MC: -- hwej OC: ɡ-lee ɡʷlee 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNlead along by the hand, supporting physically
先引   xiān yǐn MC: sen yinX OC: sɯɯn liŋʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)lead each other along
   lì OC: rɯɯds MC: lei 0 Attributions
  • vtoNlead
   xī OC: slee MC: sei 0 Attributions
  • vtoNlead; take by the hand (MO)
   dí OC: liiwɡ MC: dek 0 Attributions
  • vtoNrare, SHU, dagao 1: guide
   bù OC: bɯʔ MC: buo̝ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNlead SHIJI: 漢王部五諸侯兵 "the king of Han lead the armed forces of five feudal lords"
令率   lìng shuài OC: ɡ-reŋ sruds MC: liɛŋ ʂi 0 Attributions
    先路   xiān lù OC: sɯɯn ɡ-raaɡs MC: sen luo̝ 0 Attributions
    • VPiactlead the way
    導引   dǎo yǐn OC: ɡ-luus liŋʔ MC: dɑu jin 0 Attributions
    • VPiactlead the way
    牽帥   qiān shuài OC: khiin sruds MC: khen ʂi 0 Attributions
    • VPttoN.+V[0]pivotenlist N to V; lead N to V
    驅至   qū zhì OC: kho kljiɡs MC: khi̯o tɕi 0 Attributions
    • VPt(oN)resultativedrive/lead to a place N
       qián OC: dzeen MC: dzen 0 Attributions
    • vtoNlead
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • VPtoNlead along by the hand, supporting physically
    三老   sān lǎo MC: sam lawX OC: saam ɡ-ruuʔ 0 Attributions
    • NPlocal not state-controlled popular village leadership, Threefold Elders
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • NPleader of a hamlet, locally chosen (not publicly appointed by the state administration)
    里正   lǐ zhēng MC: liX tsyeng OC: ɡ-rɯʔ tjeŋ 0 Attributions
    • DELETE

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: