TEACH  教化

ADDRESS OTHERS so as to TRY to CAUSE them to HAVE SKILLS OR TALENTS.*Teaching by the teacher X, to learner Y, of content Z.
TEACHINGEDUCATEINSTRUCTSCHOOLTUTORCOACHTRAINENLIGHTENILLUMINATEVERSEEDIFYINDOCTRINATEDRILLDISCIPLINE
Hypernym

ADDRESSSPEAK OR WRITE INTENDING ANOTHER TO HEAR OR READ AND TO REACT to IT.  -> SPEAKACT so as to USE WORDS FOR SHOWING MEANING.*Speech by speaker X, directed towards audience Y, in order to communicate message Z. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

TEACHERADULT whose WORK is to TEACH.

Hyponym
  • EDUCATE SYSTEMATIC TEACHING FOR TRANSMISSION of MORALITY, CULTURE AND SKILLS.
    • REVELATION NEW TRANSCENDENT TEACHING
      Old Chinese Criteria

      1. The current general word for training, instructing, and disciplining others is jiào 教 (ant. xué 學 "study") and the standard main aim of jiào 教 is unquestioning obedience, professional skill, and intellectual conformity to the standard set by the teacher, and the word connotes use of authority and sometimes even coercion. The primary aim of jiào 教 is action conforming to a standard, and the word is commonly nominalised.

      2. Huì 誨 (ant. xí 習 "study persistently") refers to systematic and persistent efforts to teach and inculcate intellectual or practical skills ( 誨之琴 "taught him to play the zither") and moral understanding of students ( 誨女知之 "I will teach you so you understand"), and the word never implies coercion or any threat of force. Huì 誨 can be mutual, or refer to equals teaching equals, even subordinates teaching superiors 諫誨 "remonstrate with and instruct". The word is not commonly nominalised. The primary aim of huì 誨 is understanding.

      3. Huà 化 refers to successful disciplining and teaching, typically on a large social scale. See INFLUENCE

      4. Qǐ 啟 and fā 發 refer to the opening up of new intellectual and moral dimensions for others.

      5. Xùn 訓 refers in a rather abstract way to formal strict instruction and training aimed primarily at professional skill.

      6. Zhào 詔 refers to instruction by means of useful information or warning.

      7. Fēng 風 is occasionally used to refer to teaching by example.

      8. Liàn 練 refers specifically to military training and only occasionally to other forms of drill.

      9. Dào 道 refers to the content of what is taught, and is largely restricted to postnominal position, as in 儒道 "Confucian teaching".

      黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

      HUANG JINGUI 2006

      EDUCATION 11.

      教,用正面的事例讓人效法。

      誨,上對下,長對幼、尊對卑的教導。

      訓,重在疏通事理,使人理解順暢,獲得教益。

      啟,重在啟蒙。

      Modern Chinese Criteria

      教書 is current modern Chinese word for (book-oriented or not-book-oriented) teaching.

      教 is a current word for teaching of any kind, and the word is always verbal, always transitive.

      講課 focusses on the concrete classroom situation.

      授課 focusses on the transmission of curriculum.

      講授 focusses on transmission of knowledge.

      講解 focusses on intellectual disentaglement for students.

      教授 (lit) focusses in a formal way on the transmission of traditional learning.

      教學 focusses on paedagogical method.

      講學 focusses on expounding curriculum content.

      執教 focusses on the conduct of professional duty as a teacher.

      上書 (obs, arch) teach a new lesson.

      上堂 focusses on the physical present "confronting" the students.

      主講 focusses on leadership in the teaching process.

      上講台 is periphrastic for beginning to teach.

      上講臺 is periphrastic for beginning to teach.

      設帳 (lit) is a traditional idiom for setting up a school.

      授徒 focusses on the students as the recipients of teaching.

      下帷講誦 (prov) is a periphrastic idiom for traditional teaching.

      傳授

      感化

      教導

      輔導

      教唆

      教訓

      教育

      指導

      指點

      指教

      rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

      • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 17.25

      • De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione ( COMENIUS 1665) p. 514

        DOCERE est quod qvis scit, ut alter sciat, efficere.

        Ubi tria rez. 1. qvis docendus: discipulus; (1) discendi idoneus (2)avidus. 2. Per qvem? per Doctorem, cujus reisita Scire, posse, velle docere. 3. Qvomodo? per Doctrinam qui comprehendit, Exempla, Praecepta, Usum.

      • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

        EDUCATE

        erudire refers positively to parental action designed to educate and acculturate a child, and particularly reducing the child's ignorance.

        formare refers positively to concerted, typically parental, action designed to prepare a child for a certain task to be performed as an adult, inculcating a bent for the performance of this adult task.

        instituere refers positively to a formal education preparing someone for a certain type of employment.

        homines non nascuntur sed effinguntur (Erasmus)

      • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 209

      • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

        EDUCATIO

        INSTITUTIO

      • Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian ( Mel'cuk 1984) p. 943

      • Dictionnaire explicatif et combinatoire du francais contemporain, vol. I ( Mel'cuk I) p. 93

      • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p.

      • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 2.524

      • Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik ( SCHMIDT 1889) p. 82

      • Das grosse China-Lexikon ( STAIGER 2003) p. 751

      • "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China" ( UNGER SACH) p.

        ERZIEHUNG/UNTERRICHT

      • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 1279

        教,誨

        1. WL claims that both mean 教導 and that the special feature of jia4o 教 is the element of coercion qia2ngzhi4 強制. In fact, one is practical instruction and training, not normally focussing on the coercion or even the threat of force, and the other is intellectual teaching.

        Occasionally, jia4o 教 does have a general meaning where even a subordinate can jia4o 教 a ruler, the point being not coercion or even power, but rather professional or technical (rather than moral) authority:

        HF 13.03:01; jiaoshi 297; jishi 238; jiaozhu 123; shiping 467

        昔者吳起教楚悼王以楚國之俗曰: In ancient times Wu2 Q” taught King Da4o of Chu3 the customs of Chu3, saying:

        HF 32.15:01; jiaoshi 486; jishi 631; jiaozhu 375; shiping 1094

        客有教燕王為不死之道者, A foreigner was teaching the King of Ya1n the way of immortality.

      • Histoire des moeurs ( POIRIER 1991) p. 2.309-375

      • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 221

      • Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology ( BARNARD AND SPENCER 2002) p.

        EDUCATION

      • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 1.53.38

        ENSEIGNER.APPRENDRE.INSTRUIRE.INFORMER.FAIRE SAVOIR

      • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.174

      • A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms ( T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004) p. NO.176

      Attributions by syntactic funtion

      • vtoN : 50
      • nab : 34
      • VPtoN : 26
      • vttoN.+V[0] : 13
      • VPi : 11
      • NPab : 11
      • vi : 8
      • vttoN1+.vtoN2 : 6
      • VPt(oN) : 5
      • NP : 4
      • vttoN1.+N2 : 4
      • vt(oN) : 3
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 3
      • nab : 3
      • vttoN1:postvtoN2 : 2
      • vt[oN] : 2
      • vt prep N : 2
      • vtt[oN.]+V[0] : 2
      • nab.post-N : 2
      • VPt[oN] : 2
      • VPtt(oN1.)+N2 : 2
      • NPadN : 2
      • vadN : 2
      • VPadN : 2
      • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 1
      • nab.adN : 1
      • nab{PRED} : 1
      • VPt+prep+N : 1
      • vttoN.+S : 1
      • vt+prep+N.+V : 1
      • VPttoN.+V[0] : 1
      • vt N : 1

      Attributions by text

      • 孟子 : 29
      • 祖堂集 : 20
      • 說苑 : 17
      • 賢愚經 : 17
      • 孝經 : 15
      • 六祖壇經 : 15
      • 禮記 : 9
      • 呂氏春秋 : 9
      • 妙法蓮華經 : 7
      • 尚書 : 7
      • 管子 : 7
      • 荀子 : 6
      • 百喻經 : 6
      • 法言 : 5
      • 法句經 : 4
      • 公孫龍子 : 3
      • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
      • 史記 : 3
      • 論衡 : 3
      • 莊子 : 3
      • 毛詩 : 3
      • 戰國策 : 3
      • 春秋左傳 : 2
      • 太平經 : 2
      • 韓詩外傳 : 2
      • 列子 : 2
      • 鹽鐵論 : 2
      • 臨濟錄 : 2
      • 韓非子 : 1
      • 墨子 : 1
      • 孫子 : 1

      Words

         jiào OC: kruus MC: kɣɛu 65 Attributions

      The current general word for training, instructing, and disciplining others is jiào 教 (ant. xué 學 "study") and the standard main aim of jiào 教 is unquestioning obedience, professional skill, and intellectual conformity to the standard set by the teacher, and the word connotes use of authority and sometimes even coercion. The primary aim of jiào 教 is action conforming to a standard, and the word is commonly nominalised.

      • vt[oN]be engaged in teaching, give instructions
      • nabacttraining; drill; moral instruction; instruction
      • vadNtrained, properly instructed
      • viactbe engaged in instruction, instructing, drilling; give (proper) instruction
      • vt(oN)instruct a contextually determinate person
      • vt+prep+Nact as an instructor to (someone)
      • vtoN.+VtoSinstruct (someone)(and say...) 教之曰
      • vtoNN=humaninstruct, give instruction to; train up (prototypically military); train up properly, instruct properly
      • vtoNN=nonhugive instruction in (subjects)
      • vtt[oN.]+V[0]teach the lexically determinate N to V; teach people to V, teach one to V
      • vtt+prep+N1:post.vtoN2instruct (someone) in (a subject)  以x教於y
      • vttoN.+V[0]pivotinstruct (someone, to do something) 教良民為姦
      • vttoN1:postvtoN2instruct (a person N1) in (a skill N2); instruct; 以仁義教人 occasionally: admonish (someone) about (something)
      • vttoN1.+N2teach (someone N1) (a subject N2)
      • vttoN1+.vtoN2instruct someone in a subject 教X以Y
         huà OC: hŋʷraals MC: hɣɛ 14 Attributions

      Huà 化 refers to successful disciplining and teaching, typically on a large social scale. See INFLUENCE

      • nabacteducation; civlised human customs
      • viactcause to transform > engage in teaching; teach
      • vt(oN)teach the contextually determinate N an important lesson that changes him
      • vtoNtransform > teach; teach so as to convert to one's views and valuesin the BUDDH. context often 'convert'
      • vtoNpassiveallow oneself to be taught a lesson> have one's mindset changed
      • nab.adNof education, of one's teaching
      教化   jiào huà OC: kruus hŋʷraals MC: kɣɛu hɣɛ 14 Attributions
      • NPabactproper education; reforming impact; reforming moral effort
      • VPiactconduct education; engage in the teaching of Buddhism
      • VPtoNpassivebe taught the truth and transformed [medium??]
      • VPtoNresultativeeducate; BUDDH: convert to the Buddhist truth
         huì OC: hmɯɯs MC: huo̝i 11 Attributions

      Huì 誨 (ant. xí 習 "study persistently") refers to systematic and persistent efforts to teach and inculcate intellectual or practical skills (誨之琴 "taught him to play the zither") and moral understanding of students (誨女知之 "I will teach you so you understand"), and the word never implies coercion or any threat of force. Huì 誨 can be mutual, or refer to equals teaching equals, even subordinates teaching superiors 諫誨 "remonstrate with and instruct". The word is not commonly nominalised. The primary aim of huì 誨 is understanding.

      • nabactteaching
      • vadNinstructive 誨言 "instructive words"
      • viprovide teaching, moral admonishment
      • vtoNgive instruction; teach
      • vtoNpassivebe properly taught
      • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2teach the contextually determinate N1 to N2
      • vttoN.+V[0]pivotteach someone to do something 誨之琴
      • vttoN1.+N2teach (someone N1) (the art of N2)
      • vttoN1+.vtoN2teach (someone) (something) 誨之以忠
         xiū OC: sqlɯw MC: sɨu 9 Attributions
      • vtoNtrain, drill (armed forces), strengthen through training and putting things in good repair
         xùn OC: qhuns MC: hi̯un 9 Attributions

      Xùn 訓 refers in a rather abstract way to formal strict instruction and training aimed primarily at professional skill.

      • nabactteaching, instruction
      • vt+prep+Ninstruct
      • vtoNtrain and instruct; encourage people to pursue (a subject)
      • vtoNpassivebe trained and instructed
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2instruct N2 about N1
      • vt+prep+N.+Vinstruct N, saying: "..."
      • viactengage in teaching
      • vt+prep+Npassivebe instructed through
      • nabobjectteachings; instruction(s)
         jiǎng OC: krooŋʔ MC: kɣɔŋ 5 Attributions
      • vadNteaching- (hall etc)
      • vtoNgive instruction to; give instruction in something
      教授   jiào shòu OC: kruus djus MC: kɣɛu ɨu 5 Attributions
      • NPabsemanticteaching
      • VPadNteaching-
      • VPtoNpassivebe taught
      • VPtoNresultativeteach so as to transmit> transmit through teaching
      • VPtt(oN1.)+N2transmit through teaching the contextually determinate N1 to the audience N2
         qǐ OC: kheeʔ MC: khei 4 Attributions

      Qǐ 啟 and fā 發 refer to the opening up of new intellectual and moral dimensions for others.

      • vtoNenlightento instruct
      • vttoN.+Sinstruct/enlighten somebody that
         yè OC: ŋab MC: ŋi̯ɐp 3 Attributions
      • nabmethodmethod taught (by a master); teaching
      化導   huà dǎo OC: hŋʷraals ɡ-luus MC: hɣɛ dɑu 3 Attributions
      • VPiacttransform and guide > engage in teaching activities, teach the dharma
      • VPtoNtransform and guide> educate
      • VPtt(oN1.)+N2transform and guide > educate a contextually determinate person N1 in N2
      化緣   huà yuán OC: hŋʷraals k-lon MC: hɣɛ jiɛn 3 Attributions
      • NPactBUDDH: reason of transformation > reason of the Buddhist teaching > teaching activities (this is a Buddhist historian's techinical term referring to events of the teaching activities of a master)
      • NPadNbuddhistBUDDH: of teaching activities (this is a Buddhist historian's techinical term referring to events of the teaching activities of a master)
      教誨   jiào huì OC: kruus hmɯɯs MC: kɣɛu huo̝i 3 Attributions
      • nabactteaching
      • VPtoNteach
      聲聞   shēng wén OC: qjeŋ mɯn MC: ɕiɛŋ mi̯un 3 Attributions
      • NPobjectBUDDH: the sound and what is heard> (basic) teaching received
      開示   kāi shì OC: khɯɯl ɢljils MC: khəi ʑi 3 Attributions
      • VPt(oN)enlighten the contextually determinate N
      • VPtoNopen up so as to show > open to the truth, instruct; enlighten
      • VPtt(oN1.)+N2teach N2 to the contextually determinate N1
         liàn OC: ɡ-reens MC: len 2 Attributions

      Liàn 練 refers specifically to military training and only occasionally to other forms of drill.

      • vadNwell-trained
      • vigradedto be better trained (in military affairs)
      • vttoN.+V[0]reflexive.自train oneself to V
         yù OC: luɡ MC: juk 2 Attributions
      • vtoNbring up morally and intellectually
      慰喻   wèi yù OC: quds los MC: ʔɨi ji̯o 2 Attributions
      • VPtoNcomfort and instruct
      教告   jiào gào OC: kruus kuuɡs MC: kɣɛu kɑu 2 Attributions
      • NPabactinstruction (of any kind)
      • VPtoNinstruct, teach
      教 / 教導   jiào OC: kruus MC: kɣɛu jiào dǎo OC: kruus ɡ-luus MC: kɣɛu dɑu 2 Attributions
      • vtoNinstruct and guide> instruct properly
      • nabactact of teaching, practice of teaching
      教示   jiào shì OC: kruus ɢljils MC: kɣɛu ʑi 2 Attributions
      • VPt(oN)teach the contextually determinate person by example
      教誡   jiào jiè OC: kruus krɯɯɡs MC: kɣɛu kɣɛi 2 Attributions
      • NPabsocialteaching
      聖教   shèng jiào OC: qhljeŋs kruus MC: ɕiɛŋ kɣɛu 2 Attributions
      • NPabactteaching from the sage; BUDDH: holy teaching
      行化   xíng huà OC: ɢraaŋ hŋʷraals MC: ɦɣaŋ hɣɛ 2 Attributions
      • VPiactengage in transformation > engage in teaching/education > to teach
      開明   kāi míng OC: khɯɯl mraŋ MC: khəi mɣaŋ 2 Attributions
      • VPt[oN]enlighten [others]
         mìng OC: mɢreŋs MC: mɣaŋ 2 Attributions
      • vtoNMENG: instruct
      • nabobjectinstruction
      政教   zhèng jiào MC: tsyengH -- OC: tjeŋs -- 2 Attributions
      • NPabactpolitical education
         jiào 2 Attributions
      • nabactmilitary training
         chì OC: rʰɯɡ MC: ʈhɨk 1 Attribution
      • vtoNSHIJI: give a warning and an exhortation
         xīn OC: siŋ MC: sin 1 Attribution
      • vtoNreform through teaching 新民
         tǎo OC: thuuʔ MC: thɑu 1 Attribution
      • vtoNteach and train (a population for war, or officials for a task)
         zhào OC: kljews MC: tɕiɛu 1 Attribution

      Zhào 詔 refers to instruction by means of useful information or warning.

      • vt(oN)give instruction or advice to a contextually determinate person
      • vtoNinstruct by passing on information
         dào OC: ɡ-luuʔ MC: dɑu 1 Attribution
      • nab.post-Nteaching, doctrine 佛道, 儒道
      三教   sān jiào OC: saam kruus MC: sɑm kɣɛu 1 Attribution
      • NPabnominaliserthe three teachings (usually referring to Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism)
      出世   chū shì OC: khljud lʰebs MC: tɕhʷit ɕiɛi 1 Attribution
      • VPibuddhistBUDDH: appear in the world as teacher > start one's teaching activities
      宣示   xuān shì OC: sqon ɢljils MC: siɛn ʑi 1 Attribution
      • VPtt(oN1.)+N2divulge and make known> teach N to the contextually determinate audience
      導化   dǎo huà OC: ɡ-luus hŋʷraals MC: dɑu hɣɛ 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNBUDDH: guide and convert > teach, convert
      感切   gǎn qiē, qiè OC: koomʔ snʰiid MC: kəm tshet 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNpersuade and teach by sensitisation and example
      指南   zhǐ nán OC: kjiʔ noom MC: tɕi nəm 1 Attribution
      • VPiactpoint to the south > instruct, teach, guide
      指授   zhǐ shòu OC: kjiʔ djus MC: tɕi ɨu 1 Attribution
      • VPt(oN)teach and transmit the contextually determinate subject
      教導 / 教   jiào dǎo OC: kruus ɡ-luus MC: kɣɛu dɑu jiào OC: kruus MC: kɣɛu 1 Attribution
      • vt Nconduct teaching (in a place)
      教育   jiào yù OC: kruus luɡ MC: kɣɛu juk 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNgive all sorts of treaching and training to
      教訓   jiào xùn OC: kruus qhuns MC: kɣɛu hi̯un 1 Attribution
      • NPabactinstruction
      • NPabacteducation or instruction received
      • VPt[oN]give proper instructions to others
      • VPtoNteach
      教詔   jiào zhào OC: kruus kljews MC: kɣɛu tɕiɛu 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNteach
      教門   jiào mén OC: kruus mɯɯn MC: kɣɛu muo̝n 1 Attribution
      • nabsemanticteaching
      敕示   chì shì OC: rʰɯɡ ɢljils MC: ʈhɨk ʑi 1 Attribution
      • VPt(oN)instruct the contextually determinate person in what to do; guide
      法訓   fǎ xùn OC: pab qhuns MC: pi̯ɐp hi̯un 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNpassivereceive instruction in the dharma
      演化   yǎn huà OC: lenʔ hŋʷraals MC: jiɛn hɣɛ 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNBUDDH ?: teach at, perform the teaching at
      照悟   zhào wù OC: kljews ŋaas MC: tɕiɛu ŋuo̝ 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNresultativeenlighten; through superior light on
      誥教   gào jiào OC: kuuɡs kruus MC: kɑu kɣɛu 1 Attribution
      • VPttoN.+V[0]teach, instruct
      開導   kāi dǎo OC: khɯɯl ɡ-luus MC: khəi dɑu 1 Attribution
      • NPabactthe guiding (of souls) towards the truth
      • VPiactengage in teaching and guiding people
      開悟   kāi wù OC: khɯɯl ŋaas MC: khəi ŋuo̝ 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNopen to sudden understanding
         jiào 1 Attribution
      • nab.post-Nthe teaching of the contextually determinate N; often polite: your teaching
         jiào 1 Attribution
      • nab{PRED}is teaching
      教導   jiào dǎo 1 Attribution
      • VPt+prep+Nteach and guide N
      開道   kāi dào MC: khoj dawX OC: khɯɯl ɡ-luuʔ 1 Attribution
      • VPtoN= kai1dao3 開導: enlighten and instruct
      開內   kāi na4 MC: khoj -- OC: khɯɯl -- 1 Attribution
      • vt prep N= kai1na4 開納: (to open and imbue >) to enlighten N
         diǎn OC: tɯɯnʔ MC: ten 0 Attributions
      • nabactinstruction
      • vtoNregulate, instruct
         líng OC: ɡ-reeŋ MC: leŋ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNto instruct???
         fā OC: pod MC: pi̯ɐt 0 Attributions

      Qǐ 啟 and fā 發 refer to the opening up of new intellectual and moral dimensions for others.

      • vtoNopen up and educate
         fěng OC: plums MC: puŋ 0 Attributions

      Fēng 風 is occasionally used to refer to teaching by example.

      • vtoNset an example for, transform through example
      典訓   diǎn xùn OC: tɯɯnʔ qhuns MC: ten hi̯un 0 Attributions
      • NPabsocialformal instruction
      宣教   xuān jiào OC: sqon kruus MC: siɛn kɣɛu 0 Attributions
      • VPttoN1.+prep+N2teach N1 to N2
      正訓   zhèng xùn OC: tjeŋs qhuns MC: tɕiɛŋ hi̯un 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNteach a lesson to
      示誨   shì huì OC: ɢljils hmɯɯs MC: ʑi huo̝i 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNto teach, instruct
      訓誨   xùn huì OC: qhuns hmɯɯs MC: hi̯un huo̝i 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNpassivebe properly instructed
      講學   jiǎng xué OC: krooŋʔ ɡruuɡ MC: kɣɔŋ ɦɣɔk 0 Attributions
      • VPadNspecialised in the transmission of learning; concerning transmission of learning
          0 Attributions
      • vtt(oN.)+V[0]read xí: teach the contextually determinate N to V

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: