GIVE  與/予

CAUSE someone TO POSSESS in the FUTURE what one POSSESSES at PRESENT.
PRESENT WITHPROVIDE WITHSUPPLY WITHFURNISH WITHLET SOMEONE HAVEHAND (OVER TO)OFFERPROFFERAWARDGRANT (TO)BESTOW ON/UPONACCORDCONFER ONMAKE OVER TODONATE TOCONTRIBUTE TO
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word for to give is probably yǔ 與 (ant. qǔ 取 "take away from").

2. Wèi 遺 and wěi 委 refer to any act of giving something to someone in permanence and for keeping.

3. Cì 賜 can refer to an act of charity or to any giving of anything, typically from a person in authority to inferiors.

4. Zèng 贈 refers to formal presents to an inferior from a person in high authority.

5. Yí 貽 is an archaic colourless word for giving something away to someone of one's own volition, and the recipient may be of higher status than oneself.

6. Zhì 致 is to hand over something or to pass something on to someone.

7. Kuì 饋 typicall refers quite specifically to the conferring of a gift of food.

8. Fù 賦 refers to giving something as reward or recompensation to somebody, typically to a person of lower status.

9. Shòu 授 refers to the physical act of handing something over to a recipient.

Modern Chinese Criteria

賜給

給予

賦予

加以

予以

給以

致以

贈送

饋送

奉送

奉贈

饋贈

賻贈

捐贈

贈與

轉送

轉贈

借花獻佛

送禮

送情

送人情

行人情

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 11.21

  • De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione ( COMENIUS 1665) p. 502©

    DARE alterius possessioni subjicere. Concurrunt hic 1. Dans. 2. Accipiens. 3. Res data et accepta. In Dante reqviritur, ut dare possit, velit, sciat hoc est habeat quod det, et offerat, et exhibeat.

    4 Axioms.

    Modi. Dare gratis, Donare; de manu in manum cominus (hand-to-hand), Tradere, eminus, Porrigere; per alium vero, Mittere; dare largiter, Largiri; partem rei, impertiri; dare ad reddendum, Mutuare; dare proprium, Dicare; DEO, Consecrare; Verbis, Promittere.

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    GIFT

    donum refers to a gratuitous gift which is intended to give pleasure to the beneficiary.

    munus refers to a present given to the beneficiary in recognition of his services, and something that the beneficiary clearly deserves.

    largitio is a display of generosity through gifts motivated by self-interest and a desire to build up a network of loyalties.

    donarium refers specifically to a propitiary gift to a temple.

    donativum refers even more specifically to the customary gifts by a new emperor to the soldiers that owe loyalty to him.

    liberalitas refers specifically to a gratuitous gift by an emperor to a poor nobleman in recognition of support offered.

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 159

  • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

    DONUM

    DOS

    MUNERA

  • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p.

  • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 1326

    貽,贈

    1. WL fail to notice that yi2 貽 can be to superiors

    SHU 16.19

    于後 Afterwards,

    公乃為詩以貽王 the prince made an ode and presented it to the king,

  • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 149

  • Encyclopedia of Religion ( JONES 2005) p.

    GIFT GIVING

  • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 1.255.212

    DONNER.PRESENTER.OFFRIR

  • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.175

  • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 374/7

  • A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms ( T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004) p. NO.177

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vttoN1.+N2 : 182
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2 : 94
  • vtoN : 61
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2 : 23
  • vtt+N1.oN2 : 13
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2 : 12
  • vtt[oN1.+N2] : 11
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 10
  • VPtoN : 9
  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2) : 9
  • vt[0]oN.postadV : 8
  • vttoN1(.+N2) : 7
  • vt(oN) : 7
  • nab : 7
  • vt[oN] : 6
  • vtt(oN1.) N2 : 6
  • vtt(oN1.)(+N2) : 6
  • NPab : 5
  • NP : 3
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2 : 3
  • n : 2
  • vtoN1.+N2 : 2
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • vtt[+N1.]oN2 : 2
  • VPttoN1.+N2 : 2
  • vt( prep N) : 1
  • v[adN] : 1
  • vi : 1
  • vtt(oN1.)-vtoN2 : 1
  • vttoN1.postN2 : 1
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2{OBJ} : 1
  • vtoN1.postN2:adN3 : 1
  • vtt(+N1.)(oN2) : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2:-V : 1
  • VPtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2:-V[0] : 1
  • VPtt[oN1.]oN2 : 1
  • VPtt(oN1.)(+N2) : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 171
  • 韓非子 : 93
  • 戰國策 : 25
  • 史記 : 23
  • 說苑 : 21
  • 論語 : 17
  • 賢愚經 : 17
  • 百喻經 : 16
  • 毛詩 : 15
  • 呂氏春秋 : 12
  • 荀子 : 10
  • 祖堂集 : 10
  • 禮記 : 9
  • 論衡 : 8
  • 管子 : 7
  • 臨濟錄 : 7
  • 孟子 : 7
  • 六祖壇經 : 7
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 韓詩外傳 : 5
  • 尚書 : 5
  • 楚辭 : 4
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

與 / 予   yǔ OC: k-laʔ MC: ji̯ɤ yǔ OC: laʔ MC: ji̯ɤ 157 Attributions

The most general word for to give is probably yǔ 與 (ant. qǔ 取 "take away from"). The most general word for to give is probably yǔ 與 (ant. qǔ 取 "take away from").

  • vttoN1.+N2hand over (something N2) to (someone N1), typically as demanded; give (as appropriate under the circumstances, but without having to
  • nabactthe act of giving or conferring presents
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2omgive the contextually determinate thing N1 to someone N2
  • vtt(oN1.)(+N2)hand the contextually determinate thing over to a contextually determinate person
  • vtt[oN1.+N2]make gifts, give out presents, confer presents on people; specifically: give out rewards
  • vtoNN=beneficiarygive presents to N, confer presents on N
  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)omgive the determinate object to (a beneficiary)
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2give (something) to (a beneficiary)
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2N1=recipientgive (something N2) to a contextually determinate recipient N1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2reflexive.自confer something contextually determinate upon (oneself)
  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)give
  • vtoN1.postN2:adN3the N3 given to N1 by N2
  • vttoN1.+N2N1=gift.N2=recipientgive
  • vttoN1.+N2figurativeadminister N2 to N1
  • vtoNN=giftgive away N to someone
  • vtt(oN1).+N2:-V[0]give N1 to N2 to V
  • vttoN1.+N2:-Vgive N1 to N2 for N2 to V it
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2give N2 to the contextually determinate N1
  • vtt+N1.oN2imperativegive N2 to N1!
  • vttoN1(.+N2)give N1 to the contextually determinate N2
  • vtt[N1.] N2give things to somebody; make gifts to somebody
  • vttoN1.postN2N2 was given to N1
   cì OC: sleeɡs MC: siɛ 81 Attributions

Cì 賜 can refer to an act of charity or to any giving of anything, typically from a person in authority to inferiors.

  • nabactthe giving of gifts to inferiors
  • vt(oN)omgive (unspecified) gifts to the contextually determinate person N; shower with gifts
  • vtoNmake presents to (an inferior);
  • vtoNobject=giftgive away to others (a gift)
  • vtoNpassivebe given gifts
  • vtt(oN1.)(+N2)to give a contextually determinate thing N2 to a contextually determinate recepient of lower status N1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2omgive a contextually determinate thing N1 to (a recipient N2);
  • vtt[oN1.+N2]make gifts
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2give (a disposable item) to (a beneficiary)
  • vttoN1.+N2give (a present N2) to (a recipient N1 of lower status)
  • vttoN1.+N2figurativegive (an inferior N1) the gift of (the favourable action N2)> do (an inferior N1) the favour of (the nominalised action N2); bestow an abstract N2 to the person N1
  • vttoN1(.+N2)omgive (a gift N1) to a determinate beneficiary N2
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2give N1 to N2
  • vadNpassiveconferred by someone, give to one
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2{OBJ}give N2 to N1
  • v[adN]giver
授 / 受   shòu OC: djus MC: ɨu shòu OC: djuʔ MC: dʑɨu 23 Attributions

Shòu 授 refers to the physical act of handing something over to a recipient. Shòu 授 refers to the physical act of handing something over to a recipient.

  • vttoN1.+N2hand over (something N2) to (someone N1); confer (something N2) upon (someone N1)
  • vt(oN)make presents, confer something on others
  • vihand something over
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2transfer (something N2) to (someone N1) 授之以政
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2hand over/give the contextually determinate thing N1 to N2
  • vtt(oN1.)-vtoN2give N2 to contextually determinate recipients N1
  • vttoN1.+N2figurativegive (an abstract object/task etc)
  • vttoN1(.+N2)give N1 to the contextually determinate N2
   zhì OC: k-liɡs MC: ʈi 21 Attributions

Zhì 致 is to hand over something or to pass something on to someone.

  • vtt(oN1.)+N2omhand over, pass on (a gift N1) to a contextually determinate recipient N2; give; confer formally
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2N2=titleconfer on the determinate N1 (the title of N2)
  • vttoN1.+N2confer (something N2) on (someone N1)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2hand over
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2figurative"give"
  • vttoN1(. prep N2)subject high status: bestow N1 on the the contextually determinate N2
   wèi OC: k-luds MC: ji 21 Attributions

Wèi 遺 and wěi 委 refer to any act of giving something to someone in permanence and for keeping.

  • vtt+N1.oN2make a (typically formal) present of N2 to (mostly inferiors N1); send or pass on (as gift or message) N1 to N2
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2give N2 to N1
  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)omto give a contextually determinate thing N1 to (a recipient N2)
  • vttoN1(.+N2)omgive the determinate gift N2 to (someone N1)
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2give (something) to (someone)
貽 / 詒   yí OC: lɯ MC: jɨ yí OC: lɯ MC: jɨ 19 Attributions

Yí 貽 is an archaic colourless word for giving something away to someone of one's own volition, and the recipient may be of higher status than oneself. Yí 貽 is an archaic colourless word for giving something away to someone of one's own volition, and the recipient may be of higher status than oneself.

  • vtoNformal: give, bestow; pass down the generations; gift
  • vttoN1.+N2present (somebody N1) with (a present N2); bestow something on somebody
  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)omgive a contextually determinate things to N1
  • vtoNpassivebe made a present
  • vttoN1.+N2psychbring something upon oneself
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2give something contextually determinate to someone
   guī OC: klul MC: kɨi 16 Attributions
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2figurativeattribute (something N2) to a contextually determinate person N1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2omgive a present of (something N2) to a contextually determinate person N1
  • vttoN1.+N2give (something N!) to (somebody N2) (to whom it is NOT necessarily owed but who should naturally have it)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2figurativeattribute (something N1) to (on someone N2); assign to  歸責於被累害者 "lay the blame on sufferers"
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2give something to someone who ought to be given it; give "back" (something N1) to (someone or some place N2) 歸胙于公
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2give the contextually determinate N1 to N2
   gē OC: kaad MC: kɑt 14 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativecut off (territory etc)> cede (territory to someone else)
餽 / 饋   kuì OC: ɡruls MC: gi kuì OC: ɡruds MC: gi 13 Attributions

Kuì 饋 typically refers quite specifically to the conferring of a gift of food. Kuì 饋 typically refers quite specifically to the conferring of a gift of food.

  • vtoNgive food as an unofficial present; give (something as a present); serve up
  • vt(oN)come with presents to the contextually determinate person(s), make presents to one
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2omto give a contextually determinate beneficiary N2 (something N1) as present
  • vttoN1.+N2make a present of N2 to N1
   fù OC: pos MC: pi̯o 10 Attributions
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2give N2 to the contextually determinate N1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2figurativeattribute the contextually determinate N1 to N2
  • vttoN1.+N2give; confer N2 upon N1
  • vttoN1.+N2figurativeattribute N1 to N2
   sì OC: sɢlɯʔ MC: zɨ 8 Attributions
  • vt[0]oN.postadVvernacular preposition introducing the recipient of a speech act (most commonly in 舉似 'cite (something) to N') (rarely the main verb can also belong to the semantic group 'to give'); also: talk about; say something about
   jiā OC: kraal MC: kɣɛ 8 Attributions
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2give N2 to the contextually determinate N1
  • vttoN1.+N2give (someone N1) in addition (a present of N2)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2give N1 to N2
  • vttoN1(.+N2)passivebe given
  • vtt(oN1.) N2figurativeattribute the contextually determinate N1 to N2
   zèng OC: dzɯɯŋs MC: dzəŋ 8 Attributions

Zèng 贈 refers to formal presents to an inferior from a person in high authority.

  • vt(oN)make a present to a contextually determinate person
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2omgive a determinate person N1 (something N2)
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2give (a gift) to (a beneficiary)
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2formal, SHI 259: present N1 with (a gift N2) 贈之以馬二十乘
  • vttoN1[ N2]make presents(N2non-referential, unspecified) to N1
   shī OC: lʰal MC: ɕiɛ 7 Attributions
  • nsubjectwhat is given > alms
  • vt(oN)give away a contextually determinate N as an act of generosity
  • vt[oN]give away things generously
  • vtoNgive away generously
  • vtpostNgive generously
  • vttoN1(.+N2)give N1 to the contextually determinate N2
   bì OC: pids MC: pi 7 Attributions
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2omgive the contextually determinate thing N1 to (the beneficiary N2)
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2hand N2 over to N1, give N2 away formally to N1
  • vtoN1.+N2give N1 to N2
   xī OC: sleeɡ MC: sek 6 Attributions
  • vtoNgive
  • vttoN1.+N2bestow (something N2) to (somebody N1) GONGYANG Xuan 12.3; ssj: 1642; tr. Malmqvist 1971: 184 錫之不毛之地, presents him with (a territory of) barren land
   rù OC: njub MC: ȵip 4 Attributions
  • vtoNhand in
  • vtoNpassivebe handed in, be offered as a gift
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2hand the contextually determinate N1 in to N2
   wěi OC: qrolʔ MC: ʔiɛ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNpass on to, give to; hand over (for keeping); entrust to
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2give N2 to N1
   lù OC: ɡ-raaɡs MC: luo̝ 4 Attributions
  • vt[oN]make gifts
  • vttoN1.+N2make a present of (a substantial gift N2) to (a recipient N1)
  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)omgive (a substantial gift, e.g. territory N1) to a determinate recipient
   fù OC: pas MC: pi̯o 4 Attributions

Fù 賦 refers to giving something as reward or recompensation to somebody, typically to a person of lower status.

  • vtoNconfer as reward for services rendered, recompense or as compensation; sometimes generally: give out to (e.g. the poor or one's concubines)
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2formally hand over the contextually determinate N1 the N2
  • vttoN1(.+N2)hand out N1 to the contextually determinate N2
   sòng OC: sooŋs MC: suŋ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNhand over, give away; send
  • vtt(+N1.)(oN2)give; hand over the contextually determinate thing
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2hand over the contextually determinate N1 to N2
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2give the contextually determinate object to N2
  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)give N2 to N1
   xì OC: qhɯds MC: hɨi 4 Attributions
  • vttoN1.+N2present (N2, e.g. grain etc) to (a recipient N1) 
賞賜   shǎng cì OC: lʰaŋʔ sleeɡs MC: ɕi̯ɐŋ siɛ 4 Attributions
  • NPabtransitivethe giving of rewards
  • VPtoNgeneralmake presents of all kinds to a contextually determinate person
  • NPgifts as rewards for service
賜予   cì yǔ OC: sleeɡs laʔ MC: siɛ ji̯ɤ 4 Attributions
  • VPtt[oN1.]oN2give
  • NPabactthe making of gifts in general
  • NPabactthe receiving of gifts, the giving of gifts to one
   chū OC: khljud MC: tɕhʷit 3 Attributions
  • vtoNcause to go out: give up and hand over, German: herausgeben
   huì OC: qhʷɯɯʔ MC: huo̝i 3 Attributions
  • vtoNto give something to, to confer on; give presents to
  • vttoN1.+N2confer (a gift N2) on (a recipient N1)
   yàng OC: laŋs MC: ji̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNgive to as a means of support living expenses; give as a present to keep someone near one
   jī OC:  MC: tsei 3 Attributions
  • nmortuary gift
  • vtoNgive away; give as a mortuary gift
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2give
  • vttoN1.+N2present (somebody N1) with (something N2)
布施 / 佈施   bù shī OC: paas lʰal MC: puo̝ ɕiɛ bù shī OC: paas lʰal MC: puo̝ ɕiɛ 3 Attributions
  • NPab.t:post-Nthe giving of N
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2Give N2 to the contextually explicit N1
  • VPttoN1.+N2give N1 to N2
  • VPtoNgive away
   jiǎ OC: kraaʔ MC: kɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • vttoN1.+N2give (someone N1) (what is not his due N2)
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2to give (somebody N1) (something N2); to supply (somebody N1) with (something N2)
   chéng OC: deŋ MC: ɖiɛŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNhand up (to a superior); submit
   huái OC: ɡruul MC: ɦɣɛi 2 Attributions
  • vtoNstick into someone's breast pocket, give informally as a small symbolic present
貺 / 況   kuàng OC: qhʷaŋs MC: hi̯ɐŋ kuàng OC: qhʷaŋs MC: hi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoN(of feudal lords) confer an official gift upon
   lèi OC: rols MC: liɛ 2 Attributions
  • vtt[+N1.]oN2polite circumlocution: encumber you with, turn over to you, i. e. give
   lài OC: rɯɯs MC: ləi 2 Attributions
  • ngift
  • vibestow gifts on others
  • vttoN1.+N2sell N1 for the price N2
   fù OC: baɡs MC: bi̯o 2 Attributions
  • vttoN1.post-vt(oN2)omgive the contextually determinate object (to someone)
授與   shòu yǔ OC: djus k-laʔ MC: ɨu ji̯ɤ 2 Attributions
  • VPtt(oN1.)(+N2)give/hand over a contextually determinate N1 to the contextually determinate person N2
  • VPttoN1.+N2give N1 to N2
施主   shī zhǔ OC: lʰal tjoʔ MC: ɕiɛ tɕi̯o 2 Attributions
  • NPgenerous donor
百牢   bǎi láo OC: praaɡ ruu MC: pɣɛk lɑu 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNfigurativetreat to a hundred sets of animals
   wǎng MC: hjwangX OC: ɢʷaŋʔ 2 Attributions
  • vt[oN]give presents (ant. 來 have gifts coming to one)
   xià OC: ɢraas MC: ɦɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2figurativehand (N2) down to (a recipient N1); pass over (a memorial N2) to (an official N1 for appraisal);
   xiǎng OC: qhaŋʔ MC: hi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNhand up
   wèn OC: mɯns MC: mi̯un 1 Attribution
  • vttoN1.+N2pay formal visit to X with (a gift) Y> make a formal gift of Y to X
   jiù OC: dzuɡs MC: dzɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2:-V[0]omconsign to, turn (someone contextually determinate N1) over to (someone N2) for V-ing
   kào OC: khoows MC: khɑu 1 Attribution
  • vttoN1.postN2preposedpresent (something N2) to (someone N1 who deserves it)
   liú OC: b-ru MC: lɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNleave behind
   yì OC: qleɡ MC: ʔiɛk 1 Attribution
  • vttoN1.+N2give N1 more of N2
   xíng OC: ɢraaŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • vttoN1.+N2dole (something N1) out administratively to (someone N2)
   zī OC: sti MC: tsi 1 Attribution
  • vttoN1.+N2give
出納   chū nà OC: khljud nuub MC: tɕhʷit nəp 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNhand out
慶賜   qìng cì OC: khraŋs sleeɡs MC: khɣaŋ siɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabactthe giving of congratulatory gifts
留付   liú fù OC: b-ru pos MC: lɨu pi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2leave behind so as to give N2 to the contextually determinate N1
稟授   bǐng shòu OC: prɯmʔ djus MC: pim ɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNfigurativeendow (something) with its natural properties
給賜   jǐ cì OC: krub sleeɡs MC: kip siɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2give N2 to the contextually determinate N1
行施   xíng shī OC: ɢraaŋ lʰal MC: ɦɣaŋ ɕiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmake generous gifts of N
見賜   jiàn cì OC: keens sleeɡs MC: ken siɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)give the contextually determinate object to me
  • VPtoNgive (to me) [note the prefix 見]
贈遺   zèng wèi OC: dzɯɯŋs k-luds MC: dzəŋ ji 1 Attribution
  • VPtt(oN1.)+prep+N2give the contextually determinate N1 to N2
饋詒   kuì yí OC: ɡruds lɯ MC: gi jɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmake gifts (of various kinds?)
   xiū  MC: sjuw  OC: smlu  1 Attribution
  • vt( prep N)make a present of delicacies to the contextually determinate N
   lǐ  MC: lejX  OC: riiʔ  1 Attribution
  • vttoN1. N2give N1 to N2 as a formal present
   gài OC: kaads MC: kɑi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNgive generously to
  • vttoN1.+N2actgive N1 to N2 HS: 我丐若馬
   qì OC: khɯds MC: khɨi 0 Attributions
  • vttoN1.+N2donate HANSHU 乞其夫錢,令葬 donated a sum of money to the wife/widow and ordered him to be buried
   chuán OC: don MC: ɖiɛn 0 Attributions
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2pass on a contextually determinate (abstract) thing N1 (e.g. rulership)to N2
   nòng OC: ɡ-rooŋs MC: luŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNgive (to play with)
  • vtt+N1.oN2give N2 to N1
   bǐng OC: prɯmʔ MC: pim 0 Attributions
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2give something contextually determinate to N2
   jiàn OC: tseens MC: tsen 0 Attributions
       jìn OC: zins MC: zin 0 Attributions
    • nfarewell gift
       fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
    • vttoN1.+N2return (property N2) to (owner N1)
       dì OC: leeʔ MC: dei 0 Attributions
    • viacthand over things, pass on things to others
       lí OC: ɡ-rɯ MC: lɨ 0 Attributions
    • vttoN1.+N2give N1 the present N2
       mǐ OC: mralʔ MC: miɛ 0 Attributions
    • vtoNYI: confer; distribute more HF
    餉 / 饟   xiǎng OC: qhjaŋs MC: ɕi̯ɐŋ shàng OC: hnjaŋs MC: ɕi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
    • vtoNmake a present of food (to inferiors); give the choice pieces of food to
    受祐   shòu yòu OC: djuʔ ɢʷɯs MC: dʑɨu ɦɨu 0 Attributions
    • VPiactgive assistance [NOTE THAT SINCE FOR JIAGUWEN WE HAVE YET TO ESTABLISH THE PRESENCE OF QU-SHENG DERIVATION, FOR THE TIME BEING WE TAKE THIS AMBIGUITY OF THE WORD FOR "RECEIVE" TO BE LIKE THE LATER AMBIGUITY OF 借 AS A CASE OF UNMARKED DERIVATION.]
    施與   shī yǔ OC: lʰal k-laʔ MC: ɕiɛ ji̯ɤ 0 Attributions
    • VPtpostN{OBJ}give generously
    • VPttoN1.postVtoN2give N2 to N1
       jiāo OC: kreew MC: kɣɛu 0 Attributions
    • vttoN1.+N2hand over N1 to N2
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • vt[oN]give presents (ant. 來 have gifts coming to one)

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: