ACCEPT  接受

AGREE-TO RECEIVE AND THEN POSSESS.
RECEIVETAKEGETGAINOBTAINACQUIRE
Antonymy

REFUSE

Kind Of

AGREE TO

Old Chinese Criteria

[ASCENDING/DESCENDING[

[ELEVATED/INFORMAL]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[IMPOLITE/POLITE]

1. The general word for accepting something offered to one is shòu 受, but the distinction with the passive "receive" is not made explicit.

[GENERAL]

2. Fe4ng 奉 is literally to accept something with both arms, enthusiastically, formally.

3. Sho1u 收 refers to accepting and keeping something.

4. Na4 納 refers neutrally to not refusing what one is offered.

5. Bài 拜 is sometimes used by itself to signify very polite acceptance of an offer.

[ASCENDING], [POLITE], [ELEVATED], [SPECIFIC]

Modern Chinese Criteria

接受

領受

收受

承受

經受

稟受

接納

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Old Chinese Contrasts

LEIBNIZ 6.4 P. 55: A c c i p e r e incipere habere, voluntate ejus qui tenet.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 58
  • vt(oN) : 16
  • VPtoN : 4
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 2
  • vtt(oN1.)(+N2) : 2
  • vtt[oN1.] N2 : 1
  • VPi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 18
  • 賢愚經 : 17
  • 說苑 : 11
  • 孟子 : 8
  • 韓非子 : 8
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 論語 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   shòu OC: djuʔ MC: dʑɨu 69 Attributions

The general word for accepting something offered to one is shòu 受, but the distinction with the passive "receive" is not made explicit. >>NEUTRAL

  • vt(oN)accept the contextually determinate thing
  • vt(oN)accept ( a contextually determinate object)
  • vtoNaccept (and, in case of an order, obey);
  • vtoNfigurativewelcome;
  • vtoNobject=negativeaccept (responsibility/guilt)
  • vtoNpassiveget accepted (of advice)
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2omaccept a contextually determinate thing N1 or behaviour from (a source N2)
  • vttoN1.+N2accept N1 from N2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2receive N1 from N2
  • vtt[oN1.] N2accept things from someone
   fèng OC: boŋʔ MC: bi̯oŋ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNaccept politely
   shōu OC: qjiw MC: ɕɨu 2 Attributions
  • vtoNaccept and take; accept in one's place
  • vt(oN)accept the contextually determinate N
   nà OC: nuub MC: nəp 2 Attributions
  • vtoNaccept
  • vtoNbe open to receive, accept
攝受   shè shòu OC: qhljeb djuʔ MC: ɕiɛp dʑɨu 2 Attributions
  • vtt(oN1.)(+N2)omaccept somebody as something (with two contextually determinate N)
   bài OC: proods MC: pɣɛi 1 Attribution

Bài 拜 is sometimes used by itself to signify very polite acceptance of an offer. >>POLITE

  • vtoNbowingly accept, accept gratefully
   jiē OC: skeb MC: tsiɛp 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfigurativeaccept (a task etc)
任受   rèn shòu OC: njɯms djuʔ MC: ȵim dʑɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNaccept; undertake to follow
承受   chéng shòu OC: ɡjɯŋ djuʔ MC: dʑɨŋ dʑɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNaccept politely
承當   chéng dāng OC: ɡjɯŋ taaŋ MC: dʑɨŋ tɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)figurativeto take responsibiltiy for something; accept something as one's duty; take responsibity for (what one has done) > admit
拜命   bài mìng OC: proods mɢreŋs MC: pɣɛi mɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPiacttake office; accept an appointment
當受   dāng shòu OC: taaŋ djuʔ MC: tɑŋ dʑɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNaccept
納受   nà shòu OC: nuub djuʔ MC: nəp dʑɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNtake in and accept
遵承   zūn chéng OC: tsun ɡjɯŋ MC: tsʷin dʑɨŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)accept politely the contextually determinate N
   tīng OC: theeŋ MC: theŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNaccept (an offer of a truce etc)
哂收   shěn shōu OC: qhjɯnʔ qjiw MC: ɕin ɕɨu 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept with a smile
哂納   shěn nà OC: qhjɯnʔ nuub MC: ɕin nəp 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept with a smile
恭奉   gōng fèng OC: koŋ boŋʔ MC: ki̯oŋ bi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept politely
拜賜   bài cì OC: proods sleeɡs MC: pɣɛi siɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)accept the contextually determinate gift with thanks
拜領   bài lǐng OC: proods ɡ-reŋʔ MC: pɣɛi liɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept with thanks
收納   shōu nà OC: qjiw nuub MC: ɕɨu nəp 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept so as to keep
敬領   jìng lǐng OC: kreŋs ɡ-reŋʔ MC: kɣaŋ liɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept politely
甘受   gān shòu OC: kaam djuʔ MC: kɑm dʑɨu 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept with pleasure
祗奉   zhī fèng OC: tjil boŋʔ MC: tɕi bi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept with reverence
祗承   zhī chéng OC: tjil ɡjɯŋ MC: tɕi dʑɨŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept reverently
笑納   xiào nà OC: sqows nuub MC: siɛu nəp 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept, laughing
苟取   gǒu qǔ OC: kooʔ skhoʔ MC: ku tshi̯o 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept shamelessly
謝領   xiè lǐng OC: ɡ-reŋʔ MC: zɣɛ liɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept with thanks
領納   lǐng nà OC: ɡ-reŋʔ nuub MC: liɛŋ nəp 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccept
欣然接受   xīn rán jiē shòu OC: qhɯn njen skeb djuʔ MC: hɨn ȵiɛn tsiɛp dʑɨu 0 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)accept the contextually determinate gift with pleasure
   rù OC: njub MC: ȵip 0 Attributions
  • vtoNaccept, allow to be entered SHI
   shí OC: ɢljɯɡ MC: ʑɨk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNaccept; be open to, be amenable to
   fú OC: bɯɡ MC: buk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNaccept politely
   yìng OC: qɯŋs MC: ʔɨŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNaccept and take to heart; acknowledge

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: