TAKE  

OBTAIN a THING OFTEN by REMOVING it from its PLACE OR OWNER so as to HAVE it ONESELF.
LAY HOLD OFGET HOLD OFGRASPGRIPCLASPCLUTCHGRAB
Antonym

GIVECAUSE someone TO POSSESS in the FUTURE what one POSSESSES at PRESENT.

Hypernym

OBTAINBEGIN to HAVE. -> BEGINENDURINGLY STOP NOT to ACT OR to BE RESEMBLING:as in the PAST. -> STOPACT so as NOT to CONTINUE NOW:present ACTION. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

CATCHTAKE something which is TRYING AVOID this, by PURSUING it.CHOOSETAKE:opt-for one THING WHILE BELIEVING that one is ABLE to TAKE OTHER THINGS. See also DECIDE.

Hyponym
  • ARROGATE TAKE so as to MONOPOLISE AND in so doing OFFEND against the LAW.
    • CATCH TAKE something which is TRYING AVOID this, by PURSUING it.
      • ARREST CATCH and in so doing OBEY a COMMAND of a GOVERNMENT, a LAW, OR a SUPERIOR
        • KIDNAP CATCH SO AS TO KEEP PRISONER AND ASK FOR RANSOM.
          • ABDUCT CATCH A HUMAN by FORCING him to FOLLOW ONE. 
          • CHOOSE TAKE:opt-for one THING WHILE BELIEVING that one is ABLE to TAKE OTHER THINGS. See also DECIDE.
            • DECIDE CHOOSE among PRESENT OR FUTURE MOVEMENTS FOR SELF:oneself OR among ANSWERS to QUESTIONS.
              • JUDGE DECIDE, as HAVING AUTHORITY, whether someone is GUILTY OR INNOCENT, OR whether an ACCUSATION OR SENTENCE:statement is TRUE OR FALSE.
              • DELAY DECIDE NOT TO DO SOMETHING NOW BUT TO DO MORE LATE.
              • REFUSE DECIDE NOT TO ACT:do as one has been REQUESTED to ACT OR IS EXPECTED TO ACT....
              • VOLUNTARY DECIDE FREELY AND NOT BE FORCED
            • MARRY CAUSE someone to BECOME a HUSBAND OR a WIFE.
            • VOTE DECIDE an IMPORTANT POLITICAL ASK:question CONFORMING to MAJORITY CHOICE.
              • ELECTION CHOICE of a LEADER OR RULER by CONCEALED VOTING.
          • CONFISCATE TAKE something from ANOTHER, ACTING as an OFFICIAL CONFORMING to a LAW.
            • EMBRACE TAKE so as to HOLD a THING OR ANOTHER PERSON USING BOTH ARMS INTEDing to SAFEGUARD it OR SHOW SYMPATHY. 
              • PICK UP TAKE FROM a LOW PLACE so as to HOLD.
                • RECEIVE BEGIN to HAVE something that someone is GIVING it to one.
                  • EARN RECEIVE MONEY AS SALARY OR REWARD.
                  • STEAL TAKE SECRETLY OFFENDING the LAW.
                    • ROB STEAL, USING VIOLENCE.
                      • PIRATE ROBBER ROBBING SHIPS ON THE SEA.
                  • BRING TAKE something so as to MOVE it to the PLACE where the SPEAKER IS-IN.
                    • BORROW RECEIVE SOMETHING FROM SOMEONE PROMISING to GIVE IT BACK.
                      Old Chinese Criteria

                      1. The current general word for to take is qǔ 取.

                      2. Duó 奪 is to take by force or threat of force.

                      3. Nián 拈 and cuò 撮 refer to taking by the use of one's fingers only.

                      4. Jué 攫 refers to picking up something not easy to get hold of.

                      5. Zhí 執 "hold" is occasionally used inchoatively to mean "take hold of".

                      6. Tàn 探 refers to the act of stretching out one's hands straining to lay hold something and succeeding in this effort.

                      Modern Chinese Criteria

                      拿 is the current modern word for to take.

                      采取

                      rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

                      • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 11.14

                      • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

                        TAKE AWAY

                        demere refers to taking away a part from a whole which thereby becomes smaller.

                        adimere refers to taking away a possession from a possessor, who thereby becomes poorer.

                        eximere refers to the taking away something which is oppressing or threatening to damage the person who has it in his own interest.

                        auferre refers to unduly or illegally taking away anything from anyone.

                        eripere refers to unduly or illegally taking away something by use of force or by snatching it away deftly.

                      • Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques ( DUFOUR 1910) p. 148

                      • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 242

                      • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 291

                      • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 28

                      • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.308

                      Attributions by syntactic funtion

                      • vtoN : 55
                      • vt(oN) : 7
                      • vt(oN.)ad:vttoN.+S : 4
                      • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 3
                      • vttoN1.+N2 : 3
                      • vtt[oN1.+N2] : 2
                      • vtoN : 2
                      • VPtoN : 2
                      • vt(oN:)ad.vtoS : 2
                      • vt[oN] : 1
                      • vtoN.adV : 1
                      • VPt(oN) : 1
                      • vt+V[0] : 1
                      • nab : 1

                      Attributions by text

                      • 臨濟錄 : 17
                      • 說苑 : 9
                      • 祖堂集 : 9
                      • 賢愚經 : 8
                      • 百喻經 : 7
                      • 荀子 : 4
                      • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
                      • 韓詩外傳 : 4
                      • 孟子 : 4
                      • 六祖壇經 : 3
                      • 毛詩 : 3
                      • 戰國策 : 2
                      • 呂氏春秋 : 2
                      • 莊子 : 2
                      • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
                      • 列子 : 1
                      • 類說 : 1
                      • 淮南子 : 1
                      • 法句經 : 1
                      • 劉義慶世說新語 : 1

                      Words

                         qǔ OC: skhoʔ MC: tshi̯o 18 Attributions

                      The current general word for to take is qǔ 取.

                      • nabactthe grasping after
                      • viacttake things from others
                      • vt(oN)take; pick up the contextually determinate N
                      • vt+V[0]V=resulttake and V
                      • vtoNtake, pick up
                      • vtoNfigurativegrasp (with abstract objects); hold on to (an opinion, concept, idea, etc.)
                      • vttoN1.+N2take N2 from N1; take N1 from N2
                      • vttoN1.+N2reflexive.自take N2 for (oneself)
                      • vttoN1.+prep+N2figurativeaccept or take (something N1) (from somebody N2); learn (something N1) from (somebody N2) 取諸人
                      • vttoN1.+prep+N2取諸其懷to take (a certain amount or part N1) (from a whole or a place N2), to pick out (something N1) (from a larger group N2)
                         nián OC: mɢleem MC: nem 12 Attributions

                      Nián 拈 and cuò 撮 refer to taking by the use of one's fingers only.

                      • vt(oN:)ad.vtoSfigurativetake up (i.e. orally cite) (a contextually defined N which usually refers to a previously stated question or problem) and say/ask (nián seems to be used quite technically by Zen historians in order to mark a break in the narrative: a certain case/problem of discussion is cited orally to a master and a commentary is expected)
                      • vt(oN.)ad:vttoN.+Sfigurativetake up (i.e. orally cite) (a contextually defined Nab which usually refers to a previously stated question or problem) and say/ask a person (nián seems to be used quite technically by Zen historians in order to mark a break in the narrative: a certain case/problem of discussion is cited orally to a master and a commentary is expected)
                      • vt(oN)hold between one's fingers; pick up (with contextually determinate N)
                      • vtoNSHUOWEN: hold between two or three fingers; take between two fingers; pick up; pluck (flowers)
                         duó OC: dood MC: dʷɑt 10 Attributions

                      Duó 奪 is to take by force or threat of force.

                      • vadNtaken, which one has taken
                      • vtoNstruggle to obtain, wrest from; wrest power away from; snatch away
                      • vtoNfigurativetake away, snatch away
                      • vtoNlegallytake away (as is one's right to do)
                      • vtoNpassivebe taken away, be snatched away
                      • vtoNfigurativebe taken away, be snatched away
                      • vttoN1.+N2take away (from someone N1) (something N2)
                      • vttoN1.+prep+N2take N1 away from N2
                      • vtoNget hold of an N that is not originally under one's control> snatch away
                      • vtt[oN1.+N2]take things away from people
                         yuán OC: ɢʷan MC: ɦi̯ɐn 9 Attributions
                      • vtoNpull towards one (an object not larger than oneself); pick up; take control of
                      • vt(oN)figurativeto hold back (a contextually determinate object);
                         chí OC: ɡrlɯ MC: ɖɨ 7 Attributions
                      • vt(oN)continuoustake along
                      • vtoN.adVtake N and V it
                      • vtoNinchoativepick up; take
                         jiāng OC: skaŋ MC: tsi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions
                      • vtoNtake N (and go on to V)
                         chōu OC: rlʰiw MC: ʈhɨu 3 Attributions
                      • vtoNpull out so as to take (often hard to distinguish from PULL out so as to use 抽觴
                         lǎn OC: ɡ-raamʔ MC: lɑm 3 Attributions
                      • vtoNgrasp, take; pluck; stir
                      • vtoNfigurativefocus on intellectually and stir into action
                         shōu OC: qjiw MC: ɕɨu 3 Attributions
                      • vtoNpick up (what is lying around); snatch
                         zhí OC: tjib MC: tɕip 2 Attributions

                      Zhí 執 "hold" is occasionally used inchoatively to mean "take hold of".

                      • vtoNinchoativetake (a person's hand)
                         fǔ OC: mʰaʔ MC: phi̯o 2 Attributions
                      • vtoNreach for; reach for (so as to drink)
                         jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 2 Attributions
                      • vtoNpick up, collect
                         cāo MC: tshaw OC: tshaaw 2 Attributions
                      • vtoNinchoativetake hold of so as to wield
                         zhuō OC: tsrooɡ MC: ʈʂɣɔk 1 Attribution
                      • vtoNtake 捉水
                         bó OC: paaɡ MC: pɑk 1 Attribution
                      • vtoNLAO 55; capture by beating with wings in order to immobilise prey; capture (often alive)
                         shǎn OC: sruumʔ MC: ʂɣɛm 1 Attribution
                      • vtoNgrasp; hold firmly
                         cuō OC: skhood MC: tshʷɑt 1 Attribution

                      Nián 拈 and cuō 撮 refer to taking by the use of one's fingers only.

                      • vtoNZZ: pick up between two or three fingers [also: catch][CA]
                         jué OC: kʷaɡ MC: ki̯ɐk 1 Attribution

                      Jué 攫 refers to picking up something not easy to get hold of.

                      • vtoNZZ 995: (of monkey) pick up things or hang onto things with one's feet; LAO 55: prone to pick up prey with one's legs (as birds); HANSHU: pick up and capture with one's feet (as a bird)
                         qín OC: ɡrɯm MC: gim 1 Attribution
                      • vt[oN]pick up [the left ear of a slain enemy soldier]??
                      收取   shōu qǔ OC: qjiw skhoʔ MC: ɕɨu tshi̯o 1 Attribution
                      • VPt(oN)take into one's possession
                      解取   jiě qǔ OC: kreeʔ skhoʔ MC: kɣɛ tshi̯o 1 Attribution
                      • VPtoNresultativeuntie so as to take away
                      援得   yuán dé dé de děi  MC: hjwon tok  OC: ɢʷan tɯɯɡ  1 Attribution
                      • VPtoNresultativeget hold of
                         è OC: qreeɡ MC: ʔɣɛk 0 Attributions
                      • vtoNwrench (wrists)
                         jié OC: kiid MC: ket 0 Attributions
                      • vtoNgrasp
                         kū OC: khʷlaa MC: khuo̝ 0 Attributions
                      • vtoNK: to insert the hand (and grasp) (YILI)
                         niē OC: m-liiɡ MC: net 0 Attributions
                      • vtoNpick up with one's fingers
                         zuó OC: sɡuud MC: dzuot 0 Attributions
                      • vtoNgrasp by the hair ????
                         tàn OC: kh-luum MC: thəm 0 Attributions

                      Tàn 探 refers to the act of stretching out one's hands straining to lay hold something and succeeding in this effort.

                      • vtoNstretch out one's hand(s) to take or get hold of
                         shè OC: qhljeb MC: ɕiɛp 0 Attributions
                      • nabactillegal take-over
                      • vtoNtake hold of (often by irregular means)
                      • vtoNfigurativegrab (power) by irregular means
                         jiǎn OC: tsenʔ MC: tsiɛn 0 Attributions
                      • vtoNpassivehave taken away from one
                         chǐ OC: rlʰɯʔ MC: ʈhɨ 0 Attributions
                      • vtoNtake away
                      取將   qǔ jiāng OC: skhoʔ skaŋ MC: tshi̯o tsi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
                      • VPt(oN)omtake, bring, grasp (with contextually determinate object)
                      拈掇   nián duó OC: mɢleem k-lood MC: nem tʷɑt 0 Attributions
                      • VPt(oN)get hold of, take, pick up
                      攫取   jué qǔ OC: kʷaɡ skhoʔ MC: ki̯ɐk tshi̯o 0 Attributions
                      • VPt(oN)omtake the contextually determinate N
                          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
                      • vtoNinchoativetake hold of so as to wield
                      持歸   chí guī MC: dri kjw+j OC: ɡrlɯ klul 0 Attributions
                      • VPt(oN)take the contextually determinate N home

                      Existing SW for

                      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: