LOSE  

to BEGIN to LACK something, NOT VOLUNTARILY.
MISLAYMISPLACEBE UNABLE TO FINDLOSE TRACK OFLEAVE (BEHIND)FAIL TO KEEP/RETAINFAIL TO KEEP SIGHT OF
Taxonoymy

FORGET

Antonymy

FINDSAFEGUARD

See also

DEFEAT

Kind Of

LACK

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The dominant general word for to lose is shī 失 (ant. dé 得 "get") which refers to any disappearance of something which belonged to one in any sense, but the emphasis tends to be on the loss being the result of a mistake rather than mere insouciance.

2. Yí 遺 (ant. cún 存 "keep in one's possession) is to lose through inadvertency an object that one would like to have or to keep.

3. Wà2ng 亡 (ant. yǒu 有 "have") refers to the the disappearance or loss of property, what one has control of or owns, not to the loss of e.g. parts of the body.

4. Sàng 喪 (ant. dé 得 "get") is to lose something or someone dear to one or close to one, including objects of "inalienable possession", either momentarily for a time, or permanently.

5. Juān 捐 is sometimes used to refer to seeing one's supply of something diminished or to have such a supply disappear.

Modern Chinese Criteria

喪失

丟失

遺失

丟掉

失去

失掉

失卻

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 11.33

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 11.74

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

LOSE

amittere is to lose something inadvertently so that it ceases to be in one's possession.

perdere is to lose something so that it ceases to exist whole, or to be useful.

CONTRAST:

jactura is to deliberately cause the loss of something or the throwing away of something.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 138

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 277

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 37

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 79

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 83

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1458

遺,失

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 372

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 469

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 125
  • vt(oN) : 5
  • nab : 5
  • nab : 4
  • n : 3
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • vttoN1. prep N2 : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • VPi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 27
  • 韓非子 : 25
  • 說苑 : 15
  • 莊子 : 12
  • 百喻經 : 11
  • 孟子 : 8
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 6
  • 論語 : 6
  • 戰國策 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 5
  • 史記 : 4
  • 孝經 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 漢書 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   shī OC: lʰiɡ MC: ɕit 80 Attributions

The dominant general word for to lose is shī 失 (ant. dé 得 "get") which refers to any disappearance of something which belonged to one in any sense, but the emphasis tends to be on the loss being the result of a mistake rather than mere insouciance.

  • vadNpassivelost
  • vt(oN)lose the contextually determinate thing
  • vt+prep+Nlose sight of
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativelose out on; fail to get intellectually hold of
  • vtoNcome to lose what one used to own (e.g. a city, an arm); lose control of; fail to get right what one ought to get right (timing); MENG: fail to stick to (the Way), stray from, disregard; lose count of (the date); stray from (the right road); lose contact with (a person)
  • vtoNfail to getfail to get what one ought to be able to get
  • vtoNfigurativelose control of; lose the allegiance of (the people etc); come to lose what one used to abstractly have (like knowledge, control etc)
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe lost
  • vtoNpassivebe lost
  • vtoNpsychlose control of (oneself); be at a (complete) loss
  • vtoNpsychlose (oneself)> fail to achieve one's proper aspirations 失己
  • nabperhaps nab act: loss
  • vtoNfigurativecease to have, lose (one's job etc)
  • vtoNinchoativederived: cease to be governed/organised by
  • vtoNlose the service of (a person)
   sàng OC: smaaŋs MC: sɑŋ 32 Attributions

Sàng 喪 (ant. dé 得 "get") is to lose something or someone dear to one or close to one, including objects of "inalienable possession", either momentarily for a time, or permanently.

  • nabeventloss; the losing of something
  • vt[oN]lose control of things, lose control
  • vtoNto lose; lose all control of (one's state)
  • vtoNpermissiveallow oneself to love
  • vtoNpsychforsake (oneself)
  • vtoNfigurativelose control over (an army, a state etc)
  • vtoNmiddle voiceget lost, be lost
  • vt(oN)lose the contextually determinate N one would have liked to keep
  • vttoN1. prep N2lose N1 in the context of N2
   wáng OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 14 Attributions

Wà2ng 亡 (ant. yǒu 有 "have") refers to the the disappearance or loss of property, what one has control of or owns, not to the loss of e.g. parts of the body.

  • nablost
  • vieventlose
  • vtoNlose (e.g. a fingernail); ZGC: have run away from one, lose from one's herd (a goat)
  • vtoNlose control of
   yí OC: k-lul MC: ji 10 Attributions

Yí 遺 (ant. cún 存 "keep in one's possession) is to lose through inadvertency an object that one would like to have or to keep.

  • nobjectwhat is left lying around for others to pick up; lost items
  • vtoNHF: misplace and lose (one's ceremonial cap); lose through inadvertency; Jia Yi, zhiance: show indifference to (ritual and righteousless); leave lying around for others to pick up
隕 / 霣   yǔn OC: ɢunʔ MC: ɦin yǔn OC: ɢunʔ MC: ɦin 5 Attributions
  • vtoNlose
  • nabeventloss; fall; collapse; decline
   qì OC: khils MC: khi 2 Attributions
  • vtoNlose (e.g. hair, when washing one's hair)
喪失   sàng shī OC: smaaŋs lʰiɡ MC: sɑŋ ɕit 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNlose
  • VPtoNmiddle voicebe lost; get lost; disappear
   juān OC: ɢʷlen MC: jiɛn 1 Attribution

Juān 捐 is sometimes used to refer to seeing one's supply of something diminished or to have such a supply disappear.

  • vtoNcausativecause to be lost> impair, diminish
   mò OC: mɯɯd MC: muot 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe faced with the loss of (one's teeth), lose
   jué OC: dzod MC: dziɛt 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe cut off from> lose (hope)
失卻   shī què OC: lʰiɡ khaɡ MC: ɕit khi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativehave lost
散失   sǎn shī OC: sqaanʔ lʰiɡ MC: sɑn ɕit 1 Attribution
  • VPieventbe scattered and lost
   sǔn OC: squunʔ MC: suo̝n 0 Attributions
  • vtoNlose (DCD 5)
缺落   quē luò OC: khʷeed ɡ-raaɡ MC: khet lɑk 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNpassivebe lost, go missing

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: