DISCARD  扔掉

DISPLACE something so as to VOLUNTARILY CAUSE ONESELF to LACK it.
DISPOSE OFTHROW AWAY/OUTGET RID OFTOSS OUTJETTISONSCRAPDISPENSE WITHCAST ASIDE/OFFTHROW ON THE SCRAP HEAPREJECTREPUDIATEABANDONDROPHAVE DONE WITHSHEDINFORMAL CHUCKDUMPDITCHJUNKTRASHDEEP-SIX
Taxonoymy

DISREGARDDROPETCABANDON

Antonymy

CHOOSESAFEGUARDHOLDLIKE

See also

REFUSE

Kind Of

DISPLACE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard general words for discarding something is qì 棄 (ant. qǔ 取 "choose to retain") and the somewhat rarer juān 捐.

2. Qù 去 refers to the distancing oneself from something by rejecting it.

3. Fèi 廢 and the rarer tì 替 (all ant. zhì 置 "establish"!!!! See also no. 4 below.) refer to discarding something one has made use of or has been involved with for some time.

4. Shì 釋 (ant. liú 留 "keep in employment") and the rarer jiě 解 refer to rejecting the continued use of something.

5. Wěi 委 and zhì 置 (ant.* zhí 執 "hold onto" or chí 持 "hold onto") refer to putting things aside. See DISREGARD

6. Shě 捨 / 舍 (ant. qǔ 取 "pick out and choose") refers to letting go of or rejecting something that one might have chosen to retain or use.

7. Què 卻 (ant. shòu 受 "accept for employment") typically refers to a rejection or discarding of something as useless.

Modern Chinese Criteria

拋棄

擯棄

捐棄

委棄

丟棄

廢棄

撇棄

屏棄

毀棄

遺棄

廢除

丟掉

撇開

拋撇

棄絕

排擯

始亂終棄

棄之如敝屣

捨棄

放棄

割捨

割愛

揚棄

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 261

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.382.336

ABANDONNER.DELAISSER

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 286
  • vt(oN) : 13
  • VPtoN : 11
  • VPt(oN) : 7
  • nab : 6
  • vadN : 3
  • vadN : 3
  • vtoNab : 2
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2 : 2
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}] : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 1
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 83
  • 春秋左傳 : 75
  • 論語 : 22
  • 百喻經 : 16
  • 孟子 : 12
  • 祖堂集 : 11
  • 荀子 : 10
  • 莊子 : 9
  • 論衡 : 9
  • 史記 : 8
  • 說苑 : 7
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 7
  • 呂氏春秋 : 7
  • 賢愚經 : 7
  • 六祖壇經 : 7
  • 戰國策 : 6
  • 管子 : 5
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
  • 公孫龍子 : 4
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 法言 : 3
  • 文子 : 3
  • 法句經 : 3
  • 天中記 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 法集要頌經 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 山海經 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尹文子 : 1

Words

   qì OC: khils MC: khi 77 Attributions

The standard general words for discarding something is qì 棄 (ant. qǔ 取 "choose to retain") and the somewhat rarer juān 捐.

  • nobjectwhat has been discarded
  • vt(oN)discard the contextually determinate N
  • vtoNabandon; set aside; discard (as no longe of use), throw away (useless things); refuse to accept
  • vtoNfigurative(unjustifiably) reject (proposals); abandon (a person); jetison; disregard (orders etc)
  • vtoNfigurativeabandon, reject
  • vtoNfigurativediscard (oneself), reject (oneself)
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • vtoNN=humanbreak with (somebody); reject (someone) as unworthy
  • vtoNpassivebe rejected, be abandoned
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2N2=placethrow N1 away into N2
  • vttoN1.+N2discard N1 in the place N2
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe bound to rejection; get abandoned; be lost
  • vtoNthrow away, discard
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2discard N1 in the place N2
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]give oneself up as hopeless, abandon oneself to a dissipated life
捨 / 舍   shě OC: lʰaʔ MC: ɕɣɛ shě OC: lʰaʔ MC: ɕɣɛ 51 Attributions

Shě 捨/舍 (ant. qǔ 取 "pick out and choose") refers to letting go of or rejecting something that one might have chosen to retain or use. Shě 捨/舍 (ant. qǔ 取 "pick out and choose") refers to letting go of or rejecting something that one might have chosen to retain or use.

  • vtoNgive up, release; opt against, reject as a choice; give up on; set aside; throw away
  • nabactrejection (of a choice), discarding (of something one does not like)
  • vtoNN=humanreject; refuse to employ
  • vtoNpsychdiscard (oneself)
  • vtoNfigurativediscard, get rid of (with abstract N)
  • vt(oN)figurativediscard, give up (with a contextually determinate abstract N)
  • vtoNfigurativebe rejected
   fèi OC: pods MC: pi̯ɐi 50 Attributions

Fèi 廢 and the rarer tì 替 (all ant. zhì 置 "establish"!!!! See also no. 4 below.) refer to discarding something one has made use of or has been involved with for some time.

  • vadNabandoned, discarded, discontinued
  • vt[oN]discard or dismiss someone
  • vtoNreject, dismiss; disregard, fail to obey (orders); discard; eliminate, remove
  • vtoNpassivebe dismissed; be discarded; be thrust aside
  • vtoNfigurativediscard from one's awareness> disregard, fail to pay attention to
  • nabactthe discarding, the failure to appoint
  • vtoNfigurativemiddle voice, figurative: be discarded
  • vtoNabdiscarded Nab
  • vtoNabfigurativediscarded the practice of Nab
   qù OC: khaʔ MC: khi̯ɤ 49 Attributions

Qù 去 refers to the distancing oneself from something by rejecting it.

  • vt(oN)discard the contextually determinate thing
  • vtoNget rid of, discard; dispense with (often with abstract objects: disavow)
  • vtoNpassivebe discarded, be done away with; be rejected
  • vtoNpsychdismiss (oneself), disregard (oneself)
  • vtoNfigurativediscard from one's awareness> disregard, fail to take account of
  • nabfigurativerejection (of an alternative)
   shì OC: lʰaɡ MC: ɕiɛk 26 Attributions

Shì 釋 (ant. liú 留 "keep in employment") and the rarer jiě 解 refer to rejecting the continued use of something.

  • vtoNdiscard, abandon; put down, put aside, put away; reject and rid oneself of; dismiss and reject;  sometimes figurative: give up (on a task)
  • vtoNpassiveget discarded
   juān OC: ɢʷlen MC: jiɛn 10 Attributions
  • vadNdiscarded
  • vtoN(justifiably) discard (things or persons); pour away (water); throw away
  • vtoNpassivebe (justifiably) discarded
  • vt(oN)discard the contextually determinate N
   tóu OC: doo MC: du 7 Attributions
  • vtoNdiscard, throw to the ground
   yú OC: lo MC: ji̯o 7 Attributions
  • vtoNrepudiate, go back on, deviate from[that word might fit better into another syn. group][CA]
  • vtoNpassivebe repudiated, be deviated from
  • vt(oN)depart and deviate from the contextually determinate N
   wěi OC: qrolʔ MC: ʔiɛ 6 Attributions

Wěi 委 and zhì 置 (ant.* zhí 執 "hold onto" or chí 持 "hold onto") refer to putting things aside. See DISREGARD

  • vt(oN)abandon; give up (a contextually determinate object)
  • vtoNrelegate to another place, send away; abandon, give up; disregard as unimportant
   jué OC: dzod MC: dziɛt 5 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativediscontinue the use of what one has or what prevails
   yí OC: k-lul MC: ji 5 Attributions
  • vtoNset aside, leave aside, leave out
  • vtoNfigurativegive up on
  • vtoNpassiveget set aside; get left out
  • vadNpassivediscarded, leftover
   chú OC: rla MC: ɖi̯ɤ 5 Attributions
  • vtoNdiscard, reject; do away with
  • vtoNpassivebe discarded
   pāo OC: phruu MC: phɣɛu 4 Attributions
  • vt(oN)discard, toss aside, abandon (with contextually determinate object)
  • vtoNdiscard, throw, cast, abandon (>ignore)
  • vtoNN=humandiscard > ignore somebody
  • vttoN1.+N2cast/discarde N1 to the place N2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2discard something somewhere
   què OC: khaɡ MC: khi̯ɐk 3 Attributions

Què 卻 (ant. shòu 受 "accept for employment") typically refers to a rejection or discarding of something as useless.

  • vtoNdismiss as useless
孤棄   gū qì OC: kʷaa khils MC: kuo̝ khi 3 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)figurativedisappoint, fail to treat as one should
  • VPtoNabandon, fail to show proper consideration for
捨棄   shě qì OC: lʰaʔ khils MC: ɕɣɛ khi 3 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)figurativeabandon, absent oneself from (a situation etc)
  • VPtoNresultativediscard
棄去   qì qù OC: khils khaʔ MC: khi khi̯ɤ 3 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)resultativeabandon a contextually determinate place/object N abruptly
  • VPtoNresultativeabandon abruptly
   ráng OC: njaŋ MC: ȵi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurative: reject
   fàng OC: paŋs MC: pi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNdiscard
   tì OC: thiids MC: thei 2 Attributions
  • vtoNto discard. pre-Han: mostly in connection with people
  • vtoNpassivebe discarded (in favour of someone else)
拋放   pāo fàng OC: phruu paŋs MC: phɣɛu pi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2omdiscard (something) somewhere; throw N1 (contextually determinate) into N2
捨離   shě lí OC: lʰaʔ b-rel MC: ɕɣɛ liɛ 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativediscard so as to become separated from> get divorced from
   zhì OC: ɡ-leɡ MC: ɖiɛk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNthrow away
   fāng OC: paŋ MC: pi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNprobably loan for 放?
   xiá OC: ɡraa MC: ɦɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativecause to be distant > remove; reject
   cuò OC: skhaaɡ MC: tshɑk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNset aside
捐棄   juān qì OC: ɢʷlen khils MC: jiɛn khi 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)discard the contextually determinate N
棄捐   qì juān OC: khils ɢʷlen MC: khi jiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe discarded
棄捨   qì shě OC: khils lʰaʔ MC: khi ɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNdiscard
殊釋   shū shì OC: djo lʰaɡ MC: dʑi̯o ɕiɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNkeep away from and discard, keep clear of
翦棄   jiǎn qì OC: tsenʔ khils MC: tsiɛn khi 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpluralcut off and abandon to their fate
背棄   bèi qì OC: pɯɯɡs khils MC: puo̝i khi 1 Attribution
  • VPt+prep+Nfigurativediscard
除卻   chú què OC: rla khaɡ MC: ɖi̯ɤ khi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNfigurativecast aside
  • VPtoNfigurativebe discarded
離卻   lí què OC: b-rel khaɡ MC: liɛ khi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativedistance oneself from completely; discard completely
   xiè MC: zjaeH OC: -- 1 Attribution
  • vtoNreject (for one's use)
   dī MC: tej OC: k-lee 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)figurativereject; discard
   zhì OC: tjels MC: tɕiɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdiscard, reject
   yǔn OC: ɢunʔ MC: ɦin 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdrop, lose, cast away
   zhì OC: tɯɡs MC: ʈɨ 0 Attributions
       jiě OC: kreeʔ MC: kɣɛ 0 Attributions
    • vtoNrid oneself of, get away from (a truth)
    拋卻   pāo què OC: phruu khaɡ MC: phɣɛu khi̯ɐk 0 Attributions
    • VPtoNresultativedisregard, discard (> ignore)
    捐捨   juān shě OC: ɢʷlen lʰaʔ MC: jiɛn ɕɣɛ 0 Attributions
    • VPtoNpassivebe rejected
    擲著   zhì zhuó OC: deɡ k-laɡ MC: ɖiɛk ʈi̯ɐk 0 Attributions
    • VPtt(oN1.)+N2N2=placethrow away into a place
    棄置   qì zhì OC: khils tɯɡs MC: khi ʈɨ 0 Attributions
         wài OC: ŋoods MC: ŋɑi 0 Attributions
      • vtoNmedget discarded
      • vtoNpassivebe discarded, be rejected
      • vtoNactreject, discard (abuses, practices etc)
         yú OC: la MC: ji̯ɤ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNdiscard as unimportant to one HNZ: 餘天下而不貪,委萬物而不利
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • vtoNreject (for one's use)
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • vt(oN)figurativereject; discard

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: