ESTABLISH  建立立/設

CAUSE TO BECOME:come to ENDURINGLY EXIST.
SET UPSTARTINITIATEINSTITUTEFORMFOUNDCREATEINAUGURATEBUILDCONSTRUCTINSTALL
Antonymy

DESTROY

See also

CREATEBUILD

Kind Of

CAUSE TO

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for setting up anything abstract or concrete is lì 立 and the almost equally common shè 設.

2. Jiàn 建 refers to bringing something into existence through a comprehensive concerted effort.

3. Jù 具 refers to establishing or setting up what is necessary in a certain context.

4. Zhì 制 refers to set up institutionally a system.

5. Cuò 錯 / 措 and zhì 置 (ant. feì 廢 "remove from its proper place") refer to putting something solidly and firmly in its proper place.

6. Shù 樹 refers to planting or establishing something firmly where one intends it to remain.

Modern Chinese Criteria

建立

成立

樹立

設立

建設

創立

奠定

确立

設立

制定

安置

使開業

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

ESTABLISH

instituere refers to the establishing of any profane institution of any kind.

instaurare refers to the establishment of a sacred or honorable, or a generally important institution or practice like sacrifices etc.

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 229

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 173
  • VPtoN : 8
  • vi : 6
  • nab : 5
  • vttoN1. prep N2 : 3
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 3
  • vt+prep+N : 2
  • vt+V[0] : 2
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • nab.t:post-N : 1
  • vtoN1.+N2 : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • vadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 77
  • 春秋左傳 : 20
  • 說苑 : 13
  • 祖堂集 : 11
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 8
  • 史記 : 8
  • 賢愚經 : 7
  • 呂氏春秋 : 6
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 論語 : 5
  • 管子 : 5
  • 尚書 : 5
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 孝經 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 六祖壇經 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 2
  • 孫子 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 法言 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 春秋繁露 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 周易 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   lì OC: ɡ-rub MC: lip 62 Attributions

The current general word for setting up anything abstract or concrete is lì 立 and the almost equally common shè 設.

  • nabactthe establishment
  • vtoNcausativecause to exist, establish, bring into existence (e.g. laws etc); promote and establish; cause to be established as ruler
  • vtoNfigurativeestablish > postulate (a thesis, proposition)
  • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe solidly established
  • vtoNpassivebe brought into existence and solidly established
  • vtoNfigurativebe established > be postulated (as a proposition)
  • vtoNreflexive.自establish (onself)
  • vtoN1.+N2establish/setup/place N1 in the place N2
  • vttoN1.+N2establish N2 for N1
  • vttoN1.+N2reflexive.自establish an N2 for (onself)
  • vimiddle voicebe administratively established in one's rank
  • vt[oN]reflexiveestablished [himself]> took a stand, was his own man
   shè OC: qhjed MC: ɕiɛt 44 Attributions

The current general word for setting up anything abstract or concrete is lì 立 and the almost equally common shè 設.

  • vt+prep+Nfigurativemake arrangements for the conduct of N
  • vtoNset up, establish administratively; arrange for, make preparations for
  • vtoNfigurativemake arrangements for, make (an oath or efforts etc)
  • vtoNpassivebe formally established
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2reflexive.自establish (oneself) in a place N2
  • vimiddle voicebe formally established
  • vtoNobject=humantry to establish in good conditions; provide for
   zhì OC: tɯɡs MC: ʈɨ 30 Attributions

Cuò 錯/措 and zhì 置 (ant. feì 廢 "remove from its proper place") refer to putting something solidly and firmly in its proper place.

  • vtoNestablish; politically: establish (e.g. as heir apparent; a new position), institute (a new position); establish (in an old position), appoint
  • vtoNfigurativeestablish (an institution)
  • vtoNpassivebe established
  • vttoN1.+N2enfeoff a person in a place
  • vtoN.-V[0]establish N in order to V
  • vt+prep+Nestablish; politically: establish (e.g. as heir apparent; a new position), institute (a new position); establish (in an old position), appoint
   shù OC: djoʔ MC: dʑi̯o 20 Attributions

Shù 樹 refers to planting or establishing something firmly where one intends it to remain.

  • vtoN[MC rising tone] SHU, guming: establish (protecting walls); LY 3.22: erect (gate screens); ZUO: establish (virtue); promote (people); lay the foundations for; establish and promote (a person as an official)
  • vtoNfigurative[MC rising tone] establish>sort out
  • vtoNreflexive.自[MC rising tone] establish (oneself)
  • vttoN1.+N2establish N2 for N1
  • vttoN1. prep N2reflexive.自establish oneself in front of N2
   zhì OC: kjeds MC: tɕiɛi 15 Attributions

Zhì 制 refers to set up institutionally a system.

  • vt[oN]inchoativestart to set up social order
  • nab.t:post-Nactmilitary unit's set up
  • vtoNto institute, to set up
   jiàn OC: kans MC: ki̯ɐn 7 Attributions

Jiàn 建 refers to bringing something into existence through a comprehensive concerted effort.

  • vtoNSHU, guming: establish (princes); SHU, hongfan: establish (one's perfect points); SHU, pangeng 36: the great mandate; SHU, pangeng 34: establish (your clans); SHI 305: establish (happiness); SHI 179 set up (the tortoise-and snake banner)
  • vtoNpassivebe established GY:德建
  • vadVconstructively
  • vtoNfigurativeestablish
  • vtoNreflexive.自figurative: establish oneself
   xīng OC: qhɯŋ MC: hɨŋ 6 Attributions
  • vt+V[0]inchoativeestablish a practice of doing something
  • vtoNcausativecause to rise, establish (an institution or a practice); carry out to full completion; cause to rise in status (a person)
  • nabeventthe successful establishment of someone in office
   jù OC: ɡos MC: gi̯o 5 Attributions

Jù 具 refers to establishing or setting up what is necessary in a certain context.

  • vtoNput in place
  • vtoNpassivebe properly established; be completely established
措 / 錯   cuò OC: skhaaɡs MC: tshuo̝ cuò OC: skhaaɡs MC: tshuo̝ 2 Attributions

Cuò 錯/措 and zhì 置 (ant. feì 廢 "remove from its proper place") refer to putting something solidly and firmly in its proper place. Cuò 錯/措 and zhì 置 (ant. feì 廢 "remove from its proper place") refer to putting something solidly and firmly in its proper place.

  • vtoNLY 13.3: put down (one's hands and feet); lay down (the law), establish (laws)
  • vtoNfigurativeestablish 措意 establish meaning > make sense, find meaning in something
封建   fēng jiàn OC: poŋ kans MC: pi̯oŋ ki̯ɐn 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNestablish or produce (as a solid result of one's efforts)
   chéng OC: ɢjɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ 1 Attribution
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2establish (someone N1) in (a position N2)乘不肖人於勢
   fǎn OC: panʔ MC: pi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNreestablish
   zhǎn OC: tenʔ MC: ʈiɛn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdevelop further; strengthen the establishment of
   zhí OC: djɯɡ MC: dʑɨk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNraise upright; establish upright
   jié OC: kiid MC: ket 1 Attribution
  • vtoNform (relations etc)
   zhèn OC: tins MC: ʈin 1 Attribution
  • vtoNestablish firmly, ensconce
   chì OC: khrlɯɡ MC: ʈhɨk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNestablish properly (in a neat way)
創始   chuàng shǐ OC: skhraŋs lʰɯʔ MC: ʈʂhi̯ɐŋ ɕɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcreate for the first time > establish ??
建定   jiàn dìng OC: kans deeŋs MC: ki̯ɐn deŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeestablish so as to fix
建立   jiàn lì OC: kans ɡ-rub MC: ki̯ɐn lip 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)figurativeestablish
  • VPtoNfigurativeestablish
成立   chéng lì OC: djeŋ ɡ-rub MC: dʑiɛŋ lip 1 Attribution
  • VPichangeget properly established
整設   zhěng shè OC: tjeŋʔ qhjed MC: tɕiɛŋ ɕiɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNset up and arrange neatly
營理   yíng lǐ OC: ɢʷleŋ ɡ-rɯʔ MC: jiɛŋ lɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNestablish
設上   shè shàng OC: qhjed ɡljaŋʔ MC: ɕiɛt dʑi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmake proper arrangements for
豎立   shù lì OC: djoʔ ɡ-rub MC: dʑi̯o lip 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNfigurativeestablish as true

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: