CREATE  創造

PRODUCE something BELIEVING that it has NEVER BEEN PRODUCED BEFORE.
ORIGINALITYPRODUCEGENERATEBRING INTO BEINGMAKEFABRICATEFASHIONBUILDCONSTRUCTDESIGNDEVISEORIGINATEFRAMEDEVELOPSHAPEFORMFORGECREATION
Taxonoymy

FAKEINVENT

Antonymy

COPYTRANSMIT

See also

PROVIDEINVENTORSESTABLISH

Kind Of

PRODUCE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word is probably wéi 為 and this is sometimes used to refer to the act of cultural invention or creation, and the connotation may be positive or negative. The word focusses on the act of making something as such rather than the product as such.

2. Zuò 作 (ant. shù 述 "transmit") focusses on an autonomous initiative being taken, and the word can refer to a commendable act of creation as well as a reprehensible act of political disobedience. The word focusses on the product resulting of the action.

3. Zào 造 is prototypically to fashion in the manner of a potter or founder, but the word often has a nuance of the arbitrary and comes to mean something like "fabricate". See also PRODUCE

4. Chuàng 創 (ant. jì 繼 "continue a line") is a rare word referring to the initiative to start something.

5. Zào huà 造化 refers to both the process of creation, and of spontaneous cosmic transformation.

Modern Chinese Criteria

創造

創作

制造

造成

締造

創設

創制

始創

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

CREATE

creare is to bring something into existence by one's own act of will and creative power.

gignere is to generate someting as part of a natural process like parturition.

generare represents the process of natural procreation or parturition as something divine, and the word can also be used in figurative senses when it is a divine or spiritual variant of creare.

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik

PUETT 2001 The Ambivalence of Creation

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.1975

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 4.1194

KREATIVITAET

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

ERFINDUNGEN

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 69

1. 刱 and 創 write the same word. This needs further investigation.

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 485

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

CREATIVITY

BARCK 2010 Ästhetische Grundbegriffe 6.520

WERK (WORK OF ART)

CAI SHAOWEI 2010 跟我學同義詞 75

QUINE 1987 Quiddities. An Intermittently Philosophical Dictionary 37

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 88
  • VPtoN : 13
  • VP[adN] : 5
  • NP : 4
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 4
  • NPab : 3
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • VPi : 2
  • NPab : 1
  • n : 1
  • npost-N : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 13
  • 論衡 : 13
  • 莊子 : 11
  • 賢愚經 : 10
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 9
  • 淮南子 : 9
  • 韓非子 : 8
  • 呂氏春秋 : 7
  • 百喻經 : 7
  • 論語 : 6
  • 管子 : 6
  • 孟子 : 6
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 法言 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

作 / 作 / 作   zuò OC: tsaaɡs MC: tsuo̝ zuò OC: tsaals MC: tsɑ zuò OC: tsaaɡ MC: tsɑk 50 Attributions

Zuò 作 (ant. shù 述"transmit") focusses on an autonomous initiative being taken, and the word can refer to a commendable act of creation as well as a reprehensible act of political disobedience. The word focusses on the product resulting of the action. Zuò 作 (ant. shù 述"transmit") focusses on an autonomous initiative being taken, and the word can refer to a commendable act of creation as well as a reprehensible act of political disobedience. The word focusses on the product resulting of the action. Zuò 作 (ant. shù 述"transmit") focusses on an autonomous initiative being taken, and the word can refer to a commendable act of creation as well as a reprehensible act of political disobedience. The word focusses on the product resulting of the action.

  • vtoNset up, originate (something), create, invent; produce; of texts: compose
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe created???
  • vt(oN)make it, produce it; create something
  • vt[oN]create things, originate things
  • vttoN1.+N2perfectiveto create (something N1) (for somebody N2)
  • nobjectcreation =所作
  • vttoN1.+N2changemake into
  • nabactbe created
   zào OC: sɡuuʔ MC: dzɑu 26 Attributions

Zào 造 is prototypically to fashion in the manner of a potter or founder, but the word often has a nuance of the arbitrary and comes to mean something like "fabricate". See also PRODUCE

  • vt(oN)create the contextually determinate N
  • vtoNmake up; fashion, create; invent QIMINYAOSHU 蔡倫立意造紙
  • vtoNpassivebe created from/by
造化   zào huà OC: sɡuuʔ hŋʷraals MC: dzɑu hɣɛ 11 Attributions

Zào huà 造化 refers to both the process of creation, and of spontaneous cosmic transformation.

  • NPabprocesscreation and transformation, creative transformation
  • VP[adN]the fashioner and transformer of things (short for 造化者): the creator
  • VPicreate and transform things; create transformations
  • VPtoNcreate and transform
   chuàng OC: skhraŋs MC: ʈʂhi̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions

Chuàng 創 (ant. jì 繼 "continue a line") is a rare word referring to the initiative to start something.

  • vtoNcreate, start up; write up from scratch
   wéi OC: ɢʷal MC: ɦiɛ 5 Attributions

The most general word is probably wéi 為 and this is sometimes used to refer to the act of cultural invention or creation, and the connotation may be positive or negative. The word focusses on the act of making something as such rather than the product as such.

  • vtt+N1.oN2+vtoNfigurativecreate N2 characterized by V for N1
  • vtoNfigurativePRODUCE> to invent, to create for the first time; create anew; create out of nothing
造作   zào zuò OC: sɡuuʔ tsaaɡ MC: dzɑu tsɑk 5 Attributions
  • VPtoNcreate
  • vt[oN]create things
作為 / 作為 / 作為   zuò wéi OC: tsaaɡs ɢʷal MC: tsuo̝ ɦiɛ zuò wéi OC: tsaals ɢʷal MC: tsɑ ɦiɛ zuò wéi OC: tsaaɡ ɢʷal MC: tsɑk ɦiɛ 4 Attributions
  • VPtoNcreate; invent
造化者   zào huà zhě OC: sɡuuʔ hŋʷraals kljaʔ MC: dzɑu hɣɛ tɕɣɛ 4 Attributions
  • NPagentthe agent that creates and transforms, fashions things: the creator
   shēng MC: sraeng OC: sraaŋ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNcreate, cause to exist on earth
   chū OC: khljud MC: tɕhʷit 2 Attributions
  • vt[oN]causativecreate things, produce things
  • vtoNcausativeCAUSE TO EMERGE> create, produce; undertake as an independent agent (a project of action)
   lì OC: ɡ-rub MC: lip 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcause to be established> invent
咒作   zhòu zuò OC: tjus tsaaɡ MC: tɕɨu tsɑk 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativecreate by incantation
造物   zào wù MC: dzawX mjut OC: sɡuuʔ mɯd 2 Attributions
  • VP[adN]creator; Creator
  • NPabcreation
   zhuàn OC: sɡroonʔ MC: ɖʐɣan 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcreate and form (e.g. battle array)
   fù OC: baʔ MC: bi̯o 1 Attribution
  • npost-Ncreator of N; initiator (possibly to be read in the third tone, although the derivation is not so neat in that case)
作造 / 作造 / 作造   zuò zào OC: tsaaɡs sɡuuʔ MC: tsuo̝ dzɑu zuò zào OC: tsaals sɡuuʔ MC: tsɑ dzɑu zuò zào OC: tsaaɡ sɡuuʔ MC: tsɑk dzɑu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNinvent and create
   wěi MC: hjw+jH OC: ɢuls 1 Attribution
  • vtoNproduce texture> create, put together (text)
   xìng 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbring about, make arise
   chuàng OC: skhraŋs MC: ʈʂhi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcreate from scratch, build up ZGC: 刱邑"establish a city"
制為   zhì wéi OC: kjeds ɢʷal MC: tɕiɛi ɦiɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNcreate as a social institution, institute
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VP[adN]creator; Creator
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcreate, cause to exist on earth
   shèng MC: sraeng OC: sreŋs 0 Attributions
  • DELETEcreate, cause to exist on earth
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNproduce texture> create, put together (text)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: