OFFICE  官職

BUILDING OR social INSTITUTION in which PUBLIC DUTIES are ACTED:performed BY OFFICIALS.
POSTPOSITIONAPPOINTMENTJOBOCCUPATIONROLESITUATIONSTATIONFUNCTIONCAPACITYPLACE OF WORKPLACE OF BUSINESSWORKPLACEHEADQUARTERSBASEWORKROOMSTUDIOWORKSPACECUBICLE
Taxonoymy

GOVERNMENT

See also

RECTITUDERANKOFFICIAL

Kind Of

BUILDING

Old Chinese Criteria

1. Shì 仕 refers to any office, private or public, civil or military and must probably count as the most general word for an office.

2. The standard and very current general word for any elevated bureaucratic office, civil or military, is guān 官 (the original meaning of which refers to the building housing the office-holders office).

3. Shǔ 暑 refers to Han dynasty bureaucratic departments of any kind.

4. Sì 寺 refers to Han dynasty bureaucratic departments, typically - perhaps - of major kind.

5. Zhí 職 are the official duties attached to a bureaucratic office. See DUTY

6. Yè 業 refers to the traditional profession of a person and does not normally or necessarily relate to a place or the bureaucratic system.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

GOVERNMENT/LAW 1.

官,古代政府治事處最早之稱。

府,源於文書存放處,秦漢以後指百官治事處。

衙門,源於軍門,南北朝時才作機構之稱;興盛於唐宋以後,後世使用較為普遍。

GOVERNMENT/LAW 2.

署,漢以後指部門辦事機構。

寺,監、廨之設自漢始。

寺,最初指九卿的辦事機構,後為部門辦事機構通稱。

監,多為內廷辦事機構。

廨,多為地方州郡或王公的治事處。

GOVERNMENT/LAW 3. 從中央到地方的分支機構,上古至漢代多稱曹;隋以後多稱司。

部,原先多指中央或地方的派出機構,隋唐以後專指中央主要政務部門。

局,從北齊起為省、臺下面分支機構,一般為皇宮服務的機構。

Modern Chinese Criteria

職位

位置

崗位

職守

職掌

差使

差事

職分

官職

烏紗帽

烏紗

一官半職

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Old Chinese Contrasts

SSJZS 2000, vol. 7. p. 8 Zhouli, Shu: 凡官尊者少,卑者多,以其卑者宜勞,尊者宜逸。

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 72

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 34

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 66

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 189

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

REGIERUNGSAEMTER

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO. 102

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 31
  • nab.post-V{NUM} : 27
  • n : 6
  • nadN : 3
  • vtoN : 3
  • nadV : 2
  • ncc : 2
  • vi : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • NP : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 33
  • 春秋左傳 : 9
  • 說苑 : 8
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 論語 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   guān OC: koon MC: kʷɑn 44 Attributions

The standard and very current general word for any elevated bureaucratic office, civil or military, is guān 官 (the original meaning of which refers to the building housing the office-holders office).

  • nab.post-V{NUM}socialofficial duties; bureau; 五官 "five bureaus"; office, official position NB: the distinction between the offices as such and their holders is blurred for very good reasons, since officials acted as representatives of their bureau.
  • nabsocialofficial duties; public office
  • nadNofficial, belonging to the duties of officials
  • nadVper office
  • viactserve as an official, hold office
  • vtoNcausativecause to serve as an official, appoint as an official
   zhí OC: kljɯɡ MC: tɕɨk 20 Attributions

Zhí 職 are the official duties attached to a bureaucratic office. See DUTY

  • nabsocialofficial duty, official assignments; official task; public employment; office, job
   shì OC: dzrɯʔ MC: ɖʐɨ 5 Attributions

Shì 仕 refers to any office, private or public, civil or military and must probably count as the most general word for an office.

  • noffice
  • vitake office
   zhèng OC: tjeŋs MC: tɕiɛŋ 2 Attributions
  • nccgovernment department; administrative department
   yè OC: ŋab MC: ŋi̯ɐp 2 Attributions

Yè 業 refers to the traditional profession of a person and does not normally or necessarily relate to a place or to the bureaucratic system.

  • ninherited occupation; professional occupation (high or low)
   jú OC: ɡoɡ MC: gi̯ok 1 Attribution
  • nabactassigned task; post (military ?)
   chù OC: qhljas MC: tɕhi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • nabemployment, position, job
官店   guān diàn OC: koon k-leems MC: kʷɑn tem 1 Attribution
  • NPYamen
官次   guān cì OC: koon snʰis MC: kʷɑn tshi 1 Attribution
  • NPabsocialoffice
   sī OC: sqlɯ MC: sɨ 0 Attributions
  • nabsocialoffice (as in 有司)
   sì OC: sɢlɯs MC: zɨ 0 Attributions

Sì 寺 refers to Han dynasty bureaucratic departments, typically - perhaps - of major kind.

  • nHan bureaucracy: a (major) bureaucratic administrative unit or department
   fǔ OC: poʔ MC: pi̯o 0 Attributions
  • noffice, public office, administrative office
   shǔ OC: ɡljas MC: dʑi̯ɤ 0 Attributions

Shǔ 暑 refers to Han dynasty bureaucratic departments of any kind.

  • noffice; post; position
   bù OC: bɯʔ MC: buo̝ 0 Attributions
  • ngovernment offices; Yamen
官寺   guān sì OC: koon sɢlɯs MC: kʷɑn zɨ 0 Attributions
  • NPoffice SANGUOZHI
官府   guān fǔ OC: koon poʔ MC: kʷɑn pi̯o 0 Attributions
  • NPabsocialoffice
百官   bǎi guān OC: praaɡ koon MC: pɣɛk kʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • NPpluralall the government offices in a state
縣官   xiàn guān OC: ɢʷeens koon MC: ɦen kʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • NPdistrict office SANGUOZHI
   fú OC: bɯɡ MC: buk 0 Attributions
  • nabsocialwhat one is beholden to do as an obedient servant

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: