RANK  等級等/級

FORMAL PUBLIC STATUS.
POSITIONLEVELGRADEECHELONCLASSSTATUSSTANDINGDATED STATION
See also

OFFICIALOFFICE

Kind Of

STATUS

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general term for relative rank of any kind in any walk of life is děng 等.

2. Jiē 階, jí 級. and the rarer bān 班 are general terms referring to a person's position in the bureaucratic hierarchy.

3. Wèi 位 and the rarer liè 列 typically refer to relatively elevated official ranks only.

4. Jué 爵 refers specifically to noble rank.

5. Shàng 上 is occasionally used to refer to leading position.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

GOVERNMENT/LAW 39.

等,等級的通稱。

級,官位的品級。

品,職官等級的通稱。

階,官爵的等級,後特指 “ 品 ” 下的等級或散官的品級。

班,位次;作動詞,安排等級。

位,泛指尊卑等級、官位爵位;特指君王的職位。

列,位次,泛指。

次,位次,少獨用。

Modern Chinese Criteria

等級

等第

等次

等衰

等差

級次

級差

位份

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 34

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 8.17

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 259

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 63
  • npost-N{PLACE} : 53
  • npost-Npr : 35
  • n : 24
  • npostNpr.post-N{PLACE} : 13
  • npost-N{PLACE}.+Npr : 12
  • vtoN : 8
  • NPab : 8
  • vi : 4
  • npost-N : 4
  • nab.post-N : 3
  • nab.post-V{NUM} : 3
  • n(post-N) : 2
  • nab.adV : 2
  • VP[adN] : 1
  • NP(post-N) : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • NP : 1
  • NPadN : 1
  • n+Npr : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 70
  • 春秋左傳 : 56
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 24
  • 說苑 : 15
  • 論語 : 9
  • 呂氏春秋 : 7
  • 孟子 : 7
  • 孝經 : 6
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 楚辭 : 5
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 史記 : 4
  • 祖堂集 : 4
  • 論衡 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 文子 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 翻譯名義集 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   gōng OC: klooŋ MC: kuŋ 103 Attributions

Gōng 公 has many related meanings, but when following after the name of a state the word refers specifically to the ruler of an enfeoffed kingdom under the Son of Heaven who belongs to the royal lineage. After personal names, or used absolutely, the word may generally refer to to rulers of any rank and might be fastidiously translated as "his lordship".

  • nindefinitedukes
  • ndefiniteruler - not necessarily of the status of a Duke
  • npost-N{PLACE}.+Npr虢公鼓,祭公敦 Duke
  • npost-N{PLACE}as in 宋公: Duke
  • npost-N{PLACE}traditional州公 Duke is not here an enfeoffment title of the Zhōu, but presumably of the Shāng (See 日知錄 p. 566)
  • npost-NprHis Excellency (applied posthumously to any deceased member of the 諸侯 group) 桓公 Bronze inscriptions have this 公 after deceased persons below 諸侯 rank. [JM]
  • npostNpr.post-N{PLACE}齊桓公 His Excellency
  • nposthumousruler of a state of any of the five ranks 公侯伯子男. (This designation must not be confused with the formal rank of a 公 "Duke".
  • n(post-N)duke of the contextually determinate N; ruler (of any rank) of N
  • n[post-N]the duke of the speaker's state
   wèi OC: ɢrubs MC: ɦi 36 Attributions

Wèi 位 and the rarer liè 列 typically refer to relatively elevated official ranks only.

  • nab.adVin rank
  • nabfigurativerank > stage, level (of development, attainment, etc.)
  • nabsocial(abstract:) (social) position, or seat in the hierarchy (high or low)
  • nabconcreteone's concrete rank in the hierarchy; respectable formal position in society
  • nabdefiniteconcrete relative position in society
  • nab.post-Nthe post/rank of N
  • nab.post-Nsocialposition in the hierarchy
   bó OC: praaɡ MC: pɣɛk 23 Attributions
  • n+Nprtitleearl N ???
  • nnonreferentialearls; an earl
  • npost-N{PLACE}title秦伯third of the feudal ranks, 公侯伯子男,"earl"
  • npost-N{PLACE}.+Npr秦伯罃
  • npost-Ntitle風伯"Earl"
   jué OC: tsewɡ MC: tsi̯ɐk 18 Attributions

Jué 爵 refers specifically to noble rank.

  • nabsocialofficial high formal rank; appointments to official ranks
  • nabstativebeing of high rank; nobility
  • nadNof formal rank, noble
  • vichangerise in rank, be promoted
  • vtoNpassivebe given a high rank
  • vtoNcausativeappoint to a high rank
   zǐ OC: sklɯʔ MC: tsɨ 9 Attributions
  • nviscount
  • nnonreferentialviscounts
  • npost-N{PLACE}viscount of 楚子
  • npost-N{PLACE}.+Npr楚子虔
   liè OC: b-red MC: liɛt 8 Attributions

Wèi 位 and the rarer liè 列 typically refer to relatively elevated official ranks only.

  • nabsocialformal rank, rank, level of political appointment
  • vadNranked; alligned; established in proper order
  • vtoNestablish in a formal high rank; get established in formal rank; be ranked among
  • vtoNpassivebe established in proper order; be lined up in proper order
   nán OC: noom MC: nəm 7 Attributions
  • nnonreferentiallowest of the five aristocratic ranks: barons
  • npost-N{PLACE}baron of 許男
  • npost-N{PLACE}.+Npr許男斯
   děng OC: k-lɯɯŋʔ MC: təŋ 7 Attributions

The most general term for relative rank of any kind in any walk of life is děng 等 .

  • nab.post-V{NUM}socialranks 三等
  • nabfigurativeCHEMLA 2003:
  • nabsocialrank, class; social category
  • vtoNarrange (somebody or something) into ranks; classify (something or somebody)
官爵   guān jué OC: koon tsewɡ MC: kʷɑn tsi̯ɐk 4 Attributions
  • NPabsocialrank
   jí OC: krɯb MC: kip 3 Attributions

Jiē 階, jí 級. and the rarer bān 班 are general terms referring to a person's position in the bureaucratic hierarchy.

  • nab.post-V{NUM}socialcivil or military rank; degree (in the ranking system), level of ranking, grade in the official hierarchy
  • nabsocialrank
   bān OC: praan MC: pɣan 2 Attributions

Jiē 階, jí 級. and the rarer bān 班 are general terms referring to a person's position in the bureaucratic hierarchy.

  • nabsocialrank; status ZUO, MENG
  • vibe of the same rank; to equal,
  • vtoNstativebe (rank-wise) equal with respect to
   zhì OC: rliɡ MC: ɖit 2 Attributions
  • nabsocialofficial ranking in the order of honours
   jié OC: tsiiɡ MC: tset 2 Attributions
  • nabsocialrank in the hierarchy
   chǐ OC: khljɯʔ MC: tɕhɨ 2 Attributions
  • vimiddle voicebe ranked
補處   bǔ chù OC: paaʔ qhljas MC: puo̝ tɕhi̯ɤ 2 Attributions
  • NPbuddhistBUDDH: stand-in place > the rank/position where one awaits to be the next Buddha (> the next Buddha)
  • NPadNbuddhistBUDDH: of/concerning the rank of a Bodhisattva awaiting to be born as a Buddha
   chái OC: dzriid MC: ɖʐɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • nabsocialrank
   diàn OC: ɡ-liiŋs MC: den 1 Attribution
  • nadNthe diàn of Npl
  • nlow aristocratic rank
   cǎi OC: tshɯɯʔ MC: tshəi 1 Attribution
  • nvery low aristocratic rank
名位   míng wèi OC: meŋ ɢrubs MC: miɛŋ ɦi 1 Attribution
  • NPabsocialrank and reputation
爵位   jué wèi OC: tsewɡ ɢrubs MC: tsi̯ɐk ɦi 1 Attribution
  • NPabsocialrank and position; ranks or positions of any kind
班爵   bān jué OC: praan tsewɡ MC: pɣan tsi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • NP(post-N)the rank of the contextually determinate N
祿位   lù wèi OC: b-rooɡ ɢrubs MC: luk ɦi 1 Attribution
  • NPabsocialsalary and rank; one's concrete position in the hierarchy associated with a certain salary level
   dì OC: lils MC: di 1 Attribution
  • nabsocialMENG: social position, rank
殿最   diàn zuì MC: tenH tswajH OC: tɯɯns skoods 1 Attribution
  • NPabfigurativederived: rank in the hierarchy of aesthetic or literary excellence
至尊   zhì zūn MC: tsyijH tswon OC: kljiɡs tsuun 1 Attribution
  • VP[adN]the noblest rank
祿   lù MC: -- OC: -- 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivebe given a salaried position or job
祿秩   lu4 zhì MC: -- drit OC: -- rliɡ 1 Attribution
  • nabsocialofficial position
   shàng OC: ɡljaŋs MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions

Shàng 上 is occasionally used to refer to leading position.

       dì OC: liils MC: dei 0 Attributions
    • vtoNassign relative rank
       jiē OC: kriid MC: kɣɛi 0 Attributions

    Jiē 階, jí 級. and the rarer bān 班 are general terms referring to a person's position in the bureaucratic hierarchy.

    • nabsocialsocial rank and status
    榮爵   róng jué OC: ɢʷeŋ tsewɡ MC: ɦɣaŋ tsi̯ɐk 0 Attributions
    • NPabsocialhigh rank
       shēn OC: qhjin MC: ɕin 0 Attributions
    • nabsocialstatus in society
       jū OC: ka MC: ki̯ɤ 0 Attributions
    • nabsocialYIZHOUSHU: social status
       fēn OC: pɯn MC: pi̯un 0 Attributions
    • nabsocialrank; status, dignity of rank
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • NPabfigurativederived: rank in the hierarchy of aesthetic or literary excellence

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: