PLACE  地方

PART of SPACE that THINGS BE-IN:are-in.
SPACELOCATIONSITESPOTSETTINGPOSITIONSITUATIONAREAREGIONLOCALEVENUE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word referring to the location of something is chù 處 which may refer to the location in which a thing happens to be at some point in time, or to the place where something belongs, and the word refers to both abstract and concrete spatial location.

2. Suǒ 所 "proper place", when used pregnantly on its own, refers to the place where a thing basically belongs, where someone lives, and where something should be. This word was the most common word for a place in early literature. Quite frequently, the word refers not just to a place, but particularly to a building in a place.

3. Dì 地 is primarily a territory, and only by occasional extension the abstract location of something.

4. W4èi 位 sometimes comes to refer to the position in a terrain.

5. Chǎng 場 refers specifically to the location for certain activities like threshing etc.

Modern Chinese Criteria

地方 is the current general modern word for a place.

地兒 is northern colloquial for 地方.

處 (lit) is a very common literary general word for place.

所 (cl, lit) is sometimes still used to refer to a place where something hapens.

地域 refers to a largish bounded geographic area.

地區 refers to a political or administrative region.

地面 is sometimes used as a colloquial term for a geographic area.

地段 refers to an administrative sector.

地帶 refers figuratively to a swathe of land.

所在 (lit) refers to the place something is.

地點

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.11

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

PLACE

locus refers to a space as a single location, a single point in space.

tractus refers to a an extended tract of land, conceived particularly as reaching from one place to another.

regio refers to a plot of land, conceived particularly as forming a circle-like bounded region.

plaga refers to a space principally as a surface.

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

LOCUS

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 51

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 8.67

RAUM

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 89

WANG FENGYANG 1993 古辭辨 Gu ci bian 15

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 88

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.328.289

LIEU.ENDROIT.PLACE

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 34
  • nab : 21
  • npost-N : 20
  • n : 6
  • vi : 4
  • NP : 4
  • nab.post-S : 3
  • n.red:adV : 3
  • npro{OBJ}-.VtoN : 2
  • npost-:N1+N2.+ZHI : 1
  • n(post-N) : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • NPpost-N : 1
  • npostN : 1
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 賢愚經 : 18
  • 春秋左傳 : 12
  • 百喻經 : 12
  • 韓非子 : 8
  • 臨濟錄 : 7
  • 祖堂集 : 7
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 6
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 5
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 論語 : 3
  • 列子 : 2
  • 周易 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   suǒ OC: sqraʔ MC: ʂi̯ɤ 50 Attributions

Suǒ 所 "proper place", when used pregnantly on its own refers to the place where a thing basically belongs, where someone lives, and where something should be. This word was the most common word for a place in early literature. Quite frequently, the word refers not just to a place, but particularly to a building in a place.

  • nfigurative: proper location, proper place for one; proper function
  • nab.post-Sthe place S where obtains [S may be nominalised]
  • nabfigurativeabstract place; occasion; office
  • npost-Nthe place as specified by N
  • npost-Nsuffixthe place where N is (and belongs) (cf. modern Chinese 他那邊兒)
  • n(post-N)the place where N belongs
  • npro{OBJ}-.VtoNe.g. 無所取材 "lack a place where to find suitable material" place where the explicit or implicit subject of the phrase Vt-s the object N
  • npro{OBJ}-Vt.adNe.g. 卿所死處 "the location of the place where the senior minister died": the place where the explicit or implicit subject Vt-s
   chù OC: qhljas MC: tɕhi̯ɤ 20 Attributions

The most general word referring to the location of something is chù 處 which may refer to the location in which a thing happens to be at some point in time, or to the place where something belongs, and the word refers to both abstract and concrete spatial location.

  • n.red:adVallREDUP: at all places, everywhere
  • nplace 其處often: same place; one's proper place; dé qí chù 得其處 "find one's proper place" absent, but 之其處.
  • nab.post-Sthe place where S obtains or happens
  • nabfigurativeabstract place, 'mental' placeBUDDH: point; feature, item(sometimes semantically very weak, functioning similar to a nominalizer: 'the fact that...; respect'; sphere (Skt. gocara, s. in 心行處 functional realm of the mind)
  • npost-Nthe place where N was/is
  • npost-Sthe place where S happens
  • nabsocialsocial place
   dì OC: lils MC: di 17 Attributions

Dì 地 is primarily a territory, and only by occasional extension the abstract location of something.

  • nablocation (also abstract location)
  • nabbuddhistBUDDH: stage of intellectual/cognitive accomplishment Sanskrit: bhūmi
  • nabmetaphysicalthe decisive point (that determines an outcome)
  • nabemptyfree space
  • viactmention the place; record the location of an event
  • nplace
   wèi OC: ɢrubs MC: ɦi 3 Attributions

W4èi 位 sometimes comes to refer to the position in a terrain.

  • nfigurativeplace, proper place
  • nabposition in the terrain, location
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: position of numbers represented by counting rods on the calculating surface. JZ 8.3: 各從其位 "each in accordance with its place on the calculating surface". JZ 1.16, comm. Li Chunfeng: 列位無常 "for the allocation of (numbers of) positions on the calculating surface there is no invariant pattern". Thus " position" in this technical sense may on be defined along varying parameters: on the one hand the position may be concrete, on the calculating surface, versus abstract in the system of decimals. On the other hand, whenever a mathematical procedure is defined in relation to any pattern of numbers inscribed on the calculating surface, any position in that pattern may be referred to as a wèi 位. In fact, the technical "decimal" meaning of 位 derives from the more general "placement" meaning of 位. It turns out that 等 is the sub-class of vertical fields or columns. This enables us to distinguish between 位 "abstract place" and 等 "vertical row, column in the abstract", and 行 "concrete column of numbers". Being a kind of 位, the 等 can be referred to as a 位 and often is in later texts.By extension, 位 may be used as a general term (by Li Chunfeng) to refer to the number that occupies the given position rather than to the position itelf, in which case the word is used as a non-contrastive variable.
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe apportioned a proper place
   cháng OC: ɡrlaŋ MC: ɖi̯ɐŋ 3 Attributions

Chǎng 場 refers specifically to the location for certain activities like threshing etc.

  • nopen area for sacrifices; open area for threshing; area where battles are fought, battleground
處所   chù suǒ OC: qhljas sqraʔ MC: tɕhi̯ɤ ʂi̯ɤ 3 Attributions
  • NPplace; also: the right place
   jiān OC: kreen MC: kɣɛn 2 Attributions
  • nthe place inbetween > place
   xǔ OC: hŋaʔ MC: hi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • npostNthe place of N
閑處   xián chù OC: ɢreen qhljas MC: ɦɣɛn tɕhi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • NPbuddhistBUDDH, unbusy place > a quiet place (suitable place for meditation), Skt. araNya
其所   qí suǒ MC: gi srjoX OC: ɡɯ sqraʔ 1 Attribution
  • NPabfigurativeone's proper place in society
所在   suǒ zài MC: srjoX tsojH OC: sqraʔ sɡɯɯs 1 Attribution
  • NPpost-Nthe whereabouts of N
   lǎo 1 Attribution
  • npost-:N1+N2.+ZHIread jiān: within the space N1 and N2
   róng OC: k-loŋ MC: ji̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
   fāng OC: paŋ MC: pi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • npost-Narea
   cì OC: snʰis MC: tshi 0 Attributions
  • nplace where something takes place or is conducted
   miàn OC: mens MC: miɛn 0 Attributions
  • nrelative location SJ 四面皆楚歌
去處   qù chù OC: khas qhljas MC: khi̯ɤ tɕhi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • NPTang: place, location, site
地方所   dì fāng suǒ OC: lils paŋ sqraʔ MC: di pi̯ɐŋ ʂi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • NPplace; location
   zài OC: sɡɯɯʔ MC: dzəi 0 Attributions
  • nabplaceLiao Dynasty: place

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: