TERRITORY  領域

PLACE INSIDE DEFINED BOUNDARIES.
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general term for an area is fāng 方.

2. Dì 地 refers to a well-defined bounded piece of territory.

3. Qū 區 typically refers to what is regarded as a subdivision of some territory, according to some criterion.

4. Yǔ 宇 typically refers to what is construed as a comprehensive unbounded area.

5. Yù 域 refers to a bounded large area under someone's political control, or belonging to someone as a habitat.

6. Bāng 邦 (primarily "state") can be used to refer in a dignified way to large tracts of land in so far as these are under the political control from some centre or capital. and occasionally the word is expanded to bāng yù 邦域 "territory".

7. Fēng 封 is an archaic word used to refer in a dignified way to large tracts of land in so far as these are under the political control from some centre or captial, and the special emphasis is on the bounded nature of this territory.

8. Jī 畿 refers to the metropolitan area or a central territory under the direct control of a ruler.

9. Tián 田 can be used to refer to bounded pieces of land belonging to someone.

Modern Chinese Criteria

領土

疆土

疆域

領域

土地

幅員

國土

河山

山河

金甌

版圖

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 1.21

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 19.14

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

LAND

tellus denotes the earth as a whole, as the centre of the universe, as a goddess etc.

terra refers to earth as a kind of substance and one of the elements in opposition to wood, fire etc..

humus refers to earth as the lowest part of the visible world, in opposition to the sky.

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO.149

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 134B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 94
  • NP : 7
  • NP{N1=N2} : 6
  • npost-N : 5
  • npro.postVt : 4
  • n[post-N] : 2
  • nab : 1
  • ncc : 1
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 26
  • 韓非子 : 22
  • 孟子 : 13
  • 史記 : 7
  • 管子 : 7
  • 戰國策 : 6
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 5
  • 說苑 : 5
  • 論語 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   dì OC: lils MC: di 44 Attributions

Dì 地 refers to a well-defined bounded piece of territory.

  • nland; piece of land; territory; area; (possibly small) open space
  • n[post-N]my territory
  • npost-Nterritory of N
   tǔ OC: kh-laaʔ MC: thuo̝ 16 Attributions
  • nterritory; the place where one is living
  • npost-NN's territory
   fāng OC: paŋ MC: pi̯ɐŋ 8 Attributions

The current general term for an area is fāng 方.

  • nregion; ZUO: other regions, local areas
  • ndefiniteLY 4.19: a definite place?
  • nccfigurativeregions 十方
  • n[adN]N=humOBI: local people
   yù OC: ɢʷrɯɡ MC: ɦɨk 6 Attributions

Yù 域 refers to a bounded large area under someone's political control, or belonging to someone as a habitat.

  • nparts of the world; bounded region; territory (of an animal), haunts (where animals tend to go)
  • vtoNconfine (somebody) to a territory within boundaries
  • nabmetaphysicalpart of the universe
   yuán OC: ŋɡon MC: ŋi̯ɐn 5 Attributions
  • ndry plains; sometimes even: highlands (ant.隰); open fields (of battle)
   fēng OC: poŋ MC: pi̯oŋ 5 Attributions

Fēng 封 is an archaic word used to refer in a dignified way to large tracts of land in so far as these are under the political control from some centre or captial, and the special emphasis is on the bounded nature of this territory.

  • nEastern Zhou: piece of bounded territory (usually that of a state, and typically one a person is invested with) 爾封 "your feoff"
土地   tǔ dì OC: kh-laaʔ lils MC: thuo̝ di 5 Attributions
  • NP{N1=N2}land for agricultural cultivation; territory; territories, lands [maybe move to TERRITORY]
   wǒ OC: ŋaalʔ MC: ŋɑ 4 Attributions
  • npro.postVtour territory; our state; my state
   shǔ OC: djoɡ MC: dʑi̯ok 3 Attributions
  • ndependency, dependent territory
地形   dì xíng OC: lils ɡeeŋ MC: di ɦeŋ 3 Attributions
  • NPphysical geographical conditions on the ground
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 3 Attributions
  • nadministrative region, district beyond the suburbs
   chà OC: tshraad MC: ʈʂhɣat 2 Attributions
  • nbuddhistBUDDH: territory, land (also: country, universe; abbrev. for chàtǔ 剎土); SANSKRIT kśetra
   qū OC: kho MC: khi̯o 2 Attributions

Qū 區 typically refers to what is regarded as a subdivision of some territory, according to some criterion.

  • nHan dynasty: part of a territory, subterritory; area
   rǎng OC: njaŋʔ MC: ȵi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • nterritory
   jiā OC: kraa MC: kɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • nfeoff given to a dignitary by the ruler of a state 魯國堯:家:大夫的封邑。封邑是诸侯封赐所属卿、大夫作为世禄的田邑(包括土地上的劳动者在内),又称采(cǎidì地
   bāng OC: prooŋ MC: pɣɔŋ 2 Attributions

Bāng 邦 (primarily "state") can be used to refer in a dignified way to large tracts of land in so far as these are under the political control from some centre or capital. and occasionally the word is expanded to bāng yù 邦域 "territory".

  • nWestern Zhou: (typically large) piece of territory, place
   bǐ OC: prɯʔ MC: pi 2 Attributions
  • nadministrative area covering 500 families
   tián OC: ɡ-liiŋ MC: den 1 Attribution

Tián 田 can be used to refer to bounded pieces of land belonging to someone.

  • narable lands
土壤   tǔ rǎng OC: kh-laaʔ njaŋʔ MC: thuo̝ ȵi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPterritories of all kinds
境界   jìng jiè OC: kraŋʔ kreeds MC: kɣaŋ kɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • NPBUDDH: area, territory (pre-Buddhist: "border")
宗族   zōng zú OC: tsuuŋ sɡooɡ MC: tsuo̝ŋ dzuk 1 Attribution
  • NPterritoryclan territories
邦域   bāng yù OC: prooŋ ɢʷrɯɡ MC: pɣɔŋ ɦɨk 1 Attribution
  • NP{N1=N2}formal territory
   chéng OC: djeŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • nmeasure: ten square miles of land
田邑   tián yì MC: den 'ip OC: ɡ-liiŋ qrɯb 1 Attribution
  • NPpopulated territory with a city as its administrative centre, constituting a fief or at least the basis for tax revenue for members of gentry
   qiū OC: khɯ MC: khɨu 0 Attributions
  • nMENG, ZHOULI: unit of four settlements 九夫為井,四井為邑,四邑為丘
   yǔ OC: ɢʷraʔ MC: ɦi̯o 0 Attributions

Yǔ 宇 typically refers to what is construed as a comprehensive unbounded area.

  • nvast unbounded territories
   jī OC: ɡɯl MC: gɨi 0 Attributions

Jī 畿 refers to the metropolitan area or a central territory under the direct control of a ruler.

  • nSHI: the central metropolitan area directly controlled by the king; are of the imperial capital
剎土   chà tǔ OC: tshraad kh-laaʔ MC: ʈʂhɣat thuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • NPbuddhistBUDDH: territory, land (also: country, universe; see also chà 剎); SANSKRIT kśetra
田地   tián dì OC: ɡ-liiŋ lils MC: den di 0 Attributions
  • NPland; piece of land; territory; area
   fú OC: bɯɡ MC: buk 0 Attributions
  • nsubsidiary territory

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: