CUT  

DISPLACE a SHARP INSTRUMENT INTO a THING.
GASHSLASHLACERATESEVERSLITPIERCEPENETRATEWOUNDINJURE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The commonest general word for "cut" is ancient Chinese kat, modern reading gē 割.

2. Qiē 切 is to cut into pieces.

3. Duàn 斷 is to cut a part off a whole.

4. Zhǎn 斬, fá 伐, zhuó 斫, zhuó 斲 describe the violent hacking off of a part from a whole.

5. Shān 芟 is to cut grass or shrubs.

6. Pī 披 "pare" refer to the treatment of surfaces of objects by cutting into them to produce smoothness of surface or a pointed end.

7. Pǒu 剖 refers to cutting into something so as to reveal its inner structure. See SPLIT

8. Xiāo 削 typically refers to cutting something off so as to reduce its size.

9. Jiǎn 翦 refers specifically to the clipping of something that grows on a living structure.

NB: The size of the vocabulary in this field is extraordinary: over 70 wods are listed under this meaning.

Modern Chinese Criteria

割 is a neutral general modern word for cutting.

切 is prototypically to slice.

切片 refers explicitly to cutting with the purpose of producing slices.

削 refers typically to cutting so as to sharpen or produce a smooth surface.

切削 refers to cutting with the purpose of sharpening or producing a smooth surface.

修 refers to cutting something so as to improve it.

刈 is to cut by mowing.

芟 is to cut by mowing.

釤 refers to cutting with a sickle

剖 refers to cutting so as to disect.

鋸 refers to cutting with a saw.

劈 refers to cutting or chopping with a chopper.

剪 refers to cutting with scissors.

拉 lá is a rare word for to slash or gut.

旋 can come to refer to cutting something on a lathe.

錛 can come to refer to cutting into something with an adze.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 9.22

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 162

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 194ff

vrezat' "cut up"

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 446

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

caedo, -ere 'to cut, hew, fell' [v. Ill; pf. cecidi, ppp. caesum] (Lex XII+)

Derivatives: caedes, -is 'killing, slaughter' (Cato+),~icaeduus 'ready for felling'

(Cato+); caelum 'chisel' (Varro4-), caelare 'to adorn,engrave' (Enn.); caementum

'small stones, rubble' (Enn.+); caestus, -us 'strip of;Ieather, boxing-glove' (P1.+);

caia 'cudgel' (Isidorus), caiare 'to beat, thresh' (PL); ancaesa 'caelata' (Paul, ex F.\

ancTle [n.J 'small shield' (Enn.+), ETC.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 185
  • vt[oN] : 9
  • vi : 5
  • VPtoN : 4
  • vtoN : 2
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • vpostadV : 2
  • vtoN : 1
  • VP[adN.]postVt : 1
  • nab : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 1
  • vadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 62
  • 春秋左傳 : 16
  • 莊子 : 15
  • 禮記 : 11
  • 淮南子 : 10
  • 呂氏春秋 : 9
  • 賢愚經 : 9
  • 說苑 : 8
  • 管子 : 8
  • 百喻經 : 8
  • 戰國策 : 7
  • 史記 : 6
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 5
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 韓詩外傳 : 5
  • 祖堂集 : 5
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 論語 : 4
  • 臨濟錄 : 4
  • 毛詩 : 4
  • 法言 : 3
  • 山海經 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 笑林一卷 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   duàn OC: doonʔ MC: dʷɑn 28 Attributions

Duàn 斷 is to cut a part off a whole.

  • vpostadVdegreeverbal complement: V to the degree of cutting/breaking off
  • vt+Nhave one's N cut off
  • vtoNcut off; cut up; mutilate; cut down
  • vtoNcausativehave cut off (one's own head)
  • vtoNpassivebe cut up; be cut off; have been cut off
   gē OC: kaad MC: kɑt 20 Attributions

The commonest general word for "cut" is ancient Chinese kat, modern reading gē 割.

  • nabactcutting; the cut
  • vt[oN]cut; scrape; cut up things
  • vtoNcut off; cut into; cut up; metaphorical: carve out and cede (a piece of territory etc); cut out (a piece of meat, a piece of cloth for use in sewing);
  • vtoNfigurativecurtail; cut down the power of
  • vtoNfigurativebe carved up, have one part cut out (as of a state)
  • vtoNfigurativecarve up into pieces
   xiāo OC: smewɡ MC: si̯ɐk 18 Attributions

Xiāo 削 typically refers to cutting something off so as to reduce its size.

  • nabactdecimation (by others)
  • vadNdecimated
  • vt.cfigurativeget truncated (a number of times)
  • vtoNcy: 削髮為僧cut off, pare off; cut up; cut down, truncate (territory); decimate; erase (writing) by cutting
  • vtoNcausativeget caused to be decimated or reduced in size> be reduced, downsized
  • vtoNpassiveget decimated, be truncated; get cut off; have one's territory decimated
   fá OC: bod MC: bi̯ɐt 17 Attributions

Zhǎn 斬, fá 伐, zhuó 斫, zhuó 斲 describe the violent hacking off of a part from a whole.

  • VP[adN.]postVtpassivebe felled
  • vtoNcut down (trees), hew off (branches)
  • vtoNperfectivehave felled (trees etc)
   zhǎn OC: tsreemʔ MC: ʈʂɣɛm 17 Attributions

Zhǎn 斬, fá 伐, zhuó 斫, zhuó 斲 describe the violent hacking off of a part from a whole.

  • vtoNcut in two; cut down (trees etc) generalised: cut off (a sleeve etc), sever
  • vtoNpassiveget cut off
   zhuó OC: rtooɡ MC: ʈɣɔk 13 Attributions
  • viactcut; chop, hew
  • vtoNcut, chop, cleave; hew plain; hew away at; cut open
  • vtoNcausativeinsert by cutting
  • vtoNpassivebe chopped plain, be made plain by hewing
  • vadNmiddle voicechopped-off
斫 / 砍   zhuó OC: tjaɡ MC: tɕi̯ɐk kǎn OC: khoomʔ MC: khəm 10 Attributions

Zhǎn 斬, fá 伐, zhuó 斫, zhuó 斲 describe the violent hacking off of a part from a whole. Zhǎn 斬, fá 伐, zhuó 斫, zhuó 斲 describe the violent hacking off of a part from a whole.

  • vtoNhack at; lop off
  • vt[oN]cut; chop; hack; lop off
  • vtoNpassivebe cut; be chopped
  • vt(oN)hack the contextually determinate object
   qiē, qiè OC: snʰiid MC: tshet 8 Attributions

Qiē 切 is to cut into pieces.

  • vtoNLIJI 8.4: cut into pieces; carve
  • vtoNfigurativecut; cut out
  • vtoNpassivebe cut into small pieces
   liè OC: b-red MC: liɛt 7 Attributions
  • vtoNcut off, slice off; rip open (stomach)
  • vtoNfigurativecut off> set aside
  • vtoNpassiveto be cut off, sliced off; ripped open (of stomach)
   jiě OC: kreeʔ MC: kɣɛ 7 Attributions
  • vtoNcut up and dismember (an ox); disect, carve up; [cut off][CA]
  • vtoNpassivebe cut apart, be torn asunder
契 / 挈   qì OC: khees MC: khei qiè OC: kheed MC: khet 6 Attributions
  • vtoNcut into, cut (throat etc)
   jié OC: dzeed MC: dzen 6 Attributions
  • vtoNcut off (head); cut into (one's body); disfigure
  • vtoNfigurativecut through (delusions)
  • vtoNcut in two
   yì OC: ŋads MC: ŋi̯ɐi 5 Attributions
  • vtoNto cut; to mow
  • vtoNcausativehave (one's own neck) cut
   kū OC: khʷlaa MC: khuo̝ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNslit open; hollow out (entails)
  • vtoNreflexive.自cut (oneself)
   wān OC: qoon MC: ʔʷɑn 4 Attributions
  • vtoNpost-Han: cut out; cut into
   jiǎn OC: tsenʔ MC: tsiɛn 4 Attributions

Jiǎn 翦 refers specifically to the clipping of something that grows on a living structure.

  • vt(oN)cut the contextually determinate thing down
  • vtoNcut down; strip; cut (nails); prune (trees); trim (the beard)
  • vtoNpassivebe cut; be trimmed
   kè OC: khɯɯɡ MC: khək 3 Attributions
  • vadNcarved
  • vtoNCC509: cut out (the foul canker from current custom); carve (wood)
  • vttoN1.+N2carve N1 in place N2
   pī OC: phral MC: phiɛ 3 Attributions

Pī 披 "pare" refer to the treatment of surfaces of objects by cutting into them to produce smoothness of surface or a pointed end.

  • vtoNpare (trees); cut off
  • vtoNpassiveget pared
   cái OC: sɡɯɯ MC: dzəi 3 Attributions
  • vtoNcarve into pieces, cut up; to tailor
  • vtoNpassiveget cut up
   kān OC: khaan MC: khɑn 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcut; carve
  • vtoNpassivebe cut down
   kuī OC: khʷee MC: khei 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcut; stab
   bò OC: preeɡ MC: pɣɛk 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcut open, break open, cleave
   zé OC: ɡrlaaɡ MC: ɖɣɛk 2 Attributions
  • vt(oN)omcut, trim (a contextually determinate N)
  • vtoNtrim, cut (vegetables)
   qiè OC: kheed MC: khet 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcut through
  • vt[oN]cut
   wù OC: ŋɡluud MC: ŋuot 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcut off a person's feet
  • vtoNpassivehave one's feet cut off 兀者 "person with amputated foot"
   wěn OC: mɯnʔ MC: mi̯un 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcut off (legs etc.); cut (typically one's own) throat
   tī OC: lʰeeɡ MC: thek 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcut
   yāo OC: qrowʔ MC: ʔiɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbreak off; cut off
   jiǎn OC: tsenʔ MC: tsiɛn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcut off; clip
   zhuó OC: skraɡ MC: ʈʂi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • viactGONGYANG Cheng 2: behead
  • vtoNbehead; also used for the cutting off of feet
  • vtoNpassivebe cut off
   shā OC: sreed MC: ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcut up, cut into convenient pieces
   zhǎo OC: tsruuʔ MC: ʈʂɣɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcut the nails
   kuài OC: kloobs MC: kɑi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto sliced; to mince
   yì OC: ŋads MC: ŋi̯ɐi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto cut down; to mow
  • vtoNpassivebe cut; be mowed
   shān OC: sraam MC: ʂɣam 1 Attribution

Shān 芟 is to cut grass or shrubs.

  • vtoNcut grass
   sū OC: sɡlaa MC: suo̝ 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]cut firewood or grass
   zhì OC: kjeds MC: tɕiɛi 1 Attribution
  • vt+prep+Nwork on (cloth or silk) by cutting it up
  • vtoNcut out and fashion garment
   jiǎn OC: tsenʔ MC: tsiɛn 1 Attribution
  • viactcut the hair
剖心   pōu xīn OC: phɯʔ slɯm MC: phu sim 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivehave one's heart cut out
屠出   tú chū OC: ɡ-laa khljud MC: duo̝ tɕhʷit 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativecut out
截取   jié qǔ OC: dzeed skhoʔ MC: dzen tshi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativecut off and take
擘裂   bò liè OC: preeɡ b-red MC: pɣɛk liɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativetear apart
斲削   zhuó xiāo OC: rtooɡ smewɡ MC: ʈɣɔk si̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • VPiacttake decisive "cutting" action
斷割   duàn gē  MC: dwanX kat  OC: doonʔ kaad  1 Attribution
  • vtoNcut off
   shé MC: dzyet OC: ɡljed 1 Attribution
  • vipassiveget cut off, get cut into two pieces
   shū MC: dzyu OC: djo 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivebe cut off
   zhú MC: trjowk OC: -- 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto cut
   cǔn OC: tshuunʔ MC: tshuo̝n 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut; chop
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNto cut
   wán OC: ŋɡoon MC: ŋʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut round
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut open (face etc)
   cuò OC: skhools MC: tshʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut
   yǎn OC: k-lamʔ MC: jiɛm 0 Attributions
  • viactcut; stab
   duō OC: k-lood MC: tʷɑt 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut
   duān OC: toon MC: tʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut
   tuán OC: doon MC: dʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNSun Bin bingfa, shizhen: cut effectively
   jì OC: dziils MC: dzei 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut
   lí OC: rel MC: liɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut
   mǎo OC: mbruuʔ MC: mɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNOBI: cut open, cut up, split open [read as 劉]
   jiǎn OC: tsenʔ MC: tsiɛn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut off (grain)
   tí OC: ɡ-lee MC: dei 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut out
   chàn OC: tshraams MC: ʈʂhɣam 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut; kill ????
   zhú OC: toɡ MC: ʈi̯ok 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut; chop
   mèi OC: mɯɯds MC: muo̝i 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut off (head of chicken)
   lí OC: ril MC: li 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivebe cut (into two parts); split
   chá OC: sɡraal MC: ɖʐɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut trees
   suì OC: sqʷads MC: siɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNOBI 4: cut up (animals for sacrifice)
   mù OC: mooɡ MC: muk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNprune, cut neat
   zhù OC: tjuɡ MC: tɕuk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut off; cut (the hair)
   niè OC: mɢleb MC: ɳiɛp 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassive(meat) be sliced; cut small (LI) (loan?)
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut and slice meat ?????
   mò OC: maaɡ MC: mɑk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut and engrave
   èr OC: mljɯs MC: ȵɨ 0 Attributions
  • viactcut a tuft of hair from victim's ear in sacrifice
   zhào OC: rlewʔ MC: ɖiɛu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut; pierce
   guó OC: kʷrɯɯɡ MC: kɣɛk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNactto cut off the left ear (of a killed person)
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut to pieces; cut off
除翦   chú jiǎn OC: rla tsenʔ MC: ɖi̯ɤ tsiɛn 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNcut off
   cǎo OC: tshuuʔ MC: tshɑu 0 Attributions
  • viactcut grass
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcut off
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivebe cut off

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: