BEHEAD  砍頭

EXECUTE by CUTTING off the HEAD.
DECAPITATECUT/CHOP/LOP SOMEONE'S HEAD OFFGUILLOTINE
Kind Of

EXECUTE

Old Chinese Criteria

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[IDIOM/WORD]

[REFLEXIVE/TRANSITIVE]

1. The standard word for beheading others is zhǎn 斬.

[GENERAL]

2. Lù 戮 refers to beheading in addition to severe mutilation of the body and often involves beheading of the corpse.

[SPECIFIC]

3. Wěn 刎 "cut one's throat" is not strictly a case of beheading, and is most current as a mode of suicide.

[REFLEXIVE]

4. Xiāo shǒu 梟首 is beheading followed by public exposure on a wooden pillar.

[IDIOM], [SPECIFIC]

Modern Chinese Criteria

斬首

砍頭

梟首

殺頭

開刀

砍腦袋

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 118

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 19
  • NPab : 4
  • NPadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 5
  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 論衡 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 劉義慶世說新語 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   zhǎn OC: tsreemʔ MC: ʈʂɣɛm 7 Attributions

The standard word for beheading others is zhǎn 斬.

  • vtoNcut off the head of
  • vtoNpassivebe beheaded
  • vtoNiussivehave N beheaded, cause N to be beheaded
   wěn OC: mɯnʔ MC: mi̯un 6 Attributions

Wěn 刎 "cut one's throat" is not strictly a case of beheading, and is most current as a mode of suicide.

  • vtoNbehead (oneself), cut one's own throat 自刎
  • vtoNreflexive.自cut (one's own) throat [=MSC]
   lù OC: ɡ-ruɡ MC: luk 5 Attributions

Lù 戮 refers to beheading in addition to severe mutilation of the body and often involves beheading of the corpse.

  • vtoNpunish by mutilation and then cut the head off the dead body; behead and then mutilate the body and display it to the public as humiliation
  • vtoNpassivebe punished by mutilation and subsequent beheading
  • nabactbeheading
大辟   dà bì OC: daads peɡ MC: dɑi piɛk 5 Attributions

Dà pì 大辟 is the bureaucratic legal term for capital punishment.

  • NPabactcapital punishment, beheading; beheadings
  • NPadNdeserving of capital punishment 大辟之罪
梟首   xiāo shǒu OC: keew qhljuʔ MC: keu ɕɨu 1 Attribution

Xiāo shǒu 梟首 is beheading followed by public exposure on a wooden pillar.

  • vtoNpassivebehead and hang up the head on a wooden pillar to exhibit it to the public
   jué OC: dzod MC: dziɛt 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivehave (one's head) cut off
殊死   shū sǐ OC: djo pliʔ MC: dʑi̯o si 0 Attributions
  • vtoNput to death

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: