BROAD  廣博

BIG in the MORE SMALL HORIZONTAL DIRECTION:dimension.
WIDEVASTIMMENSEGREATSPACIOUSEXPANSIVESIZABLESWEEPINGROLLING
Antonymy

NARROW

See also

HIGHLONGLONG

Kind Of

BIG

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard general word is guǎng 廣 (ant. xiá 狹 "narrow") referring to anything of get spatial extension, also in various metaphorical senses.

2. Bó 博 (ant. yuē 約 "confined") is primarily metaphorical in application, and its concrete senses applied to physical objects are derived senses of the word only.

3. Kuàng 曠 adds to the feature of broadness and wide space that of emptiness.

4. Kuò 闊 (ant. xiá 狹 "narrow") adds to the concept of broadness of spatial extent that of remote distance, and the word was late to enter the pre-Buddhist language.

5. Kuān 寬 (ant. zhǎi 窄 "narrow") is recorded as meaning "broad" in SHUOWEN and is so used in HOUHANSHU, but the word was predominantly used in metaphorical senses like "broad-minded, forgiving, not strict", and related to huì 惠 "generous".

Modern Chinese Criteria

廣闊

廣博

遼闊

寬闊

開闊

寥闊

遼闊

遼落

廣大

廣泛

廣闊

廣敞

廣漠

寬曠

曠蕩

空曠

空闊

空廓

遼廓

寥廓

蒼茫

荒漠

浩蕩

浩瀚

浩渺

彌漫

滄溟

茫茫

蕩蕩

莽莽

漠漠

恢恢

連天

鴻洞

洪洞

萬頃

漫瀾

無邊

無涯

無垠

無際

無邊無際

漫無邊際

茫無涯際

奧博

廣博

淵博

賅博 (lit) refers figuratively to broadness of learning.

奧博 (lit) refers figuratively to profound and broad erudition.

博大

淹博

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.61

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 87

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 104

WANG WEIHUI 2000 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 371

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1571

闊,寬

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 161

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 156

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 279

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 34
  • vadV : 18
  • vtoN : 17
  • vadN : 13
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2} : 7
  • VPi : 7
  • nab : 6
  • vadN : 6
  • VPadN : 3
  • vi.red-V:adNPab{S} : 2
  • NPadN : 1
  • VPadV : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • vt+N : 1
  • vi.red : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 27
  • 荀子 : 12
  • 論語 : 8
  • 戰國策 : 7
  • 春秋左傳 : 6
  • 莊子 : 6
  • 史記 : 6
  • 說苑 : 5
  • 祖堂集 : 5
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 管子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 老子 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1

Words

   guǎng OC: kʷaaŋʔ MC: kɑŋ 38 Attributions

The standard general word is guǎng 廣 (ant. xiá 狹 "narrow") referring to anything of get spatial extension, also in various metaphorical senses.

  • nabfeaturewidth
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: widthIn JZ 廣 does not always refer to the smaller side of the rectangle, but regularly refers to the dimension in the east-west direction. By the time of the commentator Li Chunfeng, this has changed, and 廣 has come to refer to the smaller dimension irrespective of its directionality.
  • nabgradedCHEMLA 2003: comparative width; the comparatively wider partJZ 5.1, Liu Hui's comm: 損廣補狹 "one reduces the comparatively wider part and compensatorily increases the comparatively narrower part"
  • vadNbroad, spacious
  • vadVfigurativewidely; broadly; on a broad scale; in a wide-ranging manner
  • vichangebecome braoder> expand, be expanding
  • vigradedbe wide and large, spacious (as a dwelling, or a territory)
  • vifigurativebe broad of vision and ambition
  • vtoNcausativeexpand, make larger
  • vtoNcausativebroaden
  • vtoNreflexive.自broaden what (one) has, create room for (oneself), be expansive about (oneself)
  • vt+Nstativebe broad to the extent of, be as broad as
  • vifigurativebe widespread
  • vadNfigurativeexpansive, far-reaching; well-developed
   bó OC: paaɡ MC: pɑk 30 Attributions

Bó 博 (ant. yuē 約 "confined") is primarily metaphorical in application, and its concrete senses applied to physical objects are derived senses of the word only.

  • vadNbroad (learning)
  • vadNfigurativewide-reaching
  • vadVfigurativeon a large scale, broadly; from a wide variety of sources; in a wide variety of ways
  • vibe large (of a state); be large (of an area of any kind)
  • vifigurativebe broad, be not narrow (of learning or knowledge), comprehensive, wide-ranging
  • vtoNcausativecause to be broad> broaden, widen (also transferred senses)
  • vtoNfigurativehave broad learning with respect to
  • nabfeaturebroadness, wide-reaching quality
  • viprocessbe broadly/widely manifested
  • vifigurativebe broad in meaning or signifcance
廣狹   guǎng xiá OC: kʷaaŋʔ ɡreeb MC: kɑŋ ɦɣɛp 7 Attributions
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}featurerelative size (of territory or cloth)
   pǔ OC: phaaʔ MC: phuo̝ 4 Attributions
  • vadNwide-spread> broad, expansive
   zhōu OC: tjɯw MC: tɕɨu 3 Attributions
  • vifigurativerange widely, range universally; be catholic
   kuān OC: khoon MC: khʷɑn 3 Attributions

Kuān 寬 (ant. zhǎi 窄 "narrow") is recorded as meaning "broad" in SHUOWEN and is so used in HOUHANSHU, but the word was predominantly used in metaphorical senses like "broad-minded, forgiving, not strict", and related to huì 惠 "generous".

  • vibe broad, spacious (like a river)
  • viactbe bent on expansion, be expansive in action
  • vifigurativelarge-hearted, non-petty; broad-minded
  • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) to be broad-minded> take heart
   fú OC: pɯɡ MC: puk 2 Attributions
  • nabfeaturewidth (of a ribbon); standard width of cloth for sale
   kuò OC: khʷaaɡ MC: khɑk 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativebroaden
  • vadNfigurativevast far-reaching (discourse etc)
   kuàng OC: khʷaaŋs MC: khɑŋ 2 Attributions

Kuàng 曠 adds to the feature of broadness and wide space that of emptiness.

  • nabstativefigurative, poetic: broadness of perspective; immensity
  • vadNwide; broad; vast
  • viextensive, expansive, wide open
   kāi OC: khɯɯl MC: khəi 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativeopen the way for, expand
   xián OC: ɢreen MC: ɦɣɛn 2 Attributions
  • vifigurativebe broad and wide-ranging in culture
  • vtoNfigurativebe broad (-ly learned) with respect to > have a wide-ranging knowledge of
廣博   guǎng bó OC: kʷaaŋʔ paaɡ MC: kɑŋ pɑk 2 Attributions
  • VPadNspacious
  • VPiactbe wide-ranging in what one does
廣大   guǎng dà OC: kʷaaŋʔ daads MC: kɑŋ dɑi 2 Attributions
  • VPibe broad and wide-ranging
寥廓   liáo kuò MC: lew khwak OC: ɡ-rɯɯw khʷaaɡ 2 Attributions
  • NPadNfigurativevast and apparently insubstantial
  • NPabvast void space
   dà OC: daads MC: dɑi 1 Attribution
  • vibe large in extent
   hóng OC: ɡʷɯɯŋ MC: ɦəŋ 1 Attribution
  • vadVfigurativewith a broad perspective
   kuò OC: khʷaaɡ MC: khɑk 1 Attribution

kuò

  • vtoNextend (something); develop (something) into a proper extent
   qǐ OC: kheeʔ MC: khei 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativebroaden, widen, extend
   fàn OC: phoms MC: phi̯ɐm 1 Attribution
  • vifigurativebroad
   fàn OC: phoms MC: phi̯ɐm 1 Attribution
  • vi.red-V:adNPab{S}broad in orientation, comprehensive
   xū OC: qhʷla MC: hi̯o 1 Attribution
  • vi.redbe broad and large
   kuò OC: khood MC: khʷɑt 1 Attribution

Kuò 闊 (ant. xiá 狹 "narrow") adds to the concept of broadness of spatial extent that of remote distance, and the word was late to enter the pre-Buddhist language.

  • vadNbroad
  • viwide, broad; SHI 31: widely separated, very distant
寬博   kuān bó OC: khoon paaɡ MC: khʷɑn pɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPadNspacious
寬廣   kuān guǎng OC: khoon kʷaaŋʔ MC: khʷɑn kɑŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPispacious (without hindrance)
廓然   kuò rán OC: khʷaaɡ njen MC: khɑk ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPadVfrom a broad angle, in a vast perspective;
廣莫   guǎng mò OC: kʷaaŋʔ maaɡ MC: kɑŋ mɑk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe very vast
豁然   huò rán OC: qhʷaad njen MC: hʷɑt ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • VPiinchoativebecome like open space, broaden (the perspective of one's mind) (in Zen texts often used for describing an enlightenment experience, metaphorically comparing it to the unobstructedness of open space)
閎大   hóng dà OC: ɡʷrɯɯŋ daads MC: ɦɣɛŋ dɑi 1 Attribution
  • VPiactbe broad and comprehensive in what one does
   liáo MC: lew OC: ɡ-rɯɯw 1 Attribution
  • vadNvast and apparently empty
   dàng 1 Attribution
  • vi.red-V:adNPab{S}broadly, greatly
薄薄   báo bó báo báo bó báo MC: bak bak OC: baaɡ baaɡ 1 Attribution
  • VPadN= pu3pu3 溥溥: evoking the idea of great broadness
   huī OC: khʷɯɯ MC: khuo̝i 0 Attributions
  • vi(poetic, the word is often reduplicated:) stretch over a vast space
  • vifigurativebe broad in culture
   tuò OC: thaaɡ MC: thɑk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativeexpand (a territory)
   chǎng OC: thjaŋʔ MC: tɕhi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vispacious, open (like an open area)
   mǎng OC: maaŋʔ MC: mɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vibroad vast (as of a landscape view)
   hào OC: ɡuuʔ MC: ɦɑu 0 Attributions
  • vibe vast, of water areas???
   shào OC: ɡ-lewʔ MC: dʑiɛu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativeexpand (intelligence/understanding)
   mào OC: moos MC: mu 0 Attributions
  • vibroad in extent
博通   bó tōng OC: paaɡ kh-looŋ MC: pɑk thuŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPifigurativebroad and varied
泱泱   yāng yāng OC: qaŋ qaŋ MC: ʔi̯ɐŋ ʔi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • videep and wide; broad; widespread ????
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPadNfigurativevast and apparently insubstantial

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: