SMALL  

LACK BIGNESS IN-RELATION-TO a STANDARD, OR IN-RELATION-TO the SIZE of a HUMAN.
LITTLECOMPACTBIJOUTINYMINIATUREMINIMINUTEMICROSCOPICMINUSCULETOYBABYPOKYCRAMPEDBOXYINFORMAL TEENYTEENSYITSY-BITSYITTY-BITTYPOCKET-SIZEDHALF-PINTLITTLE-BITTYSCOTTISH WEE
Antonym

BIGOF INTENSE SIZE OR DEGREE IN-RELATION-TO a STANDARD, OR IN-RELATION-TO the SIZE of a HUMAN.GREATBIG in IMPORTANCE OR REPUTATION.

Hypernym

LACKSITUATION OF NOT HAVING, OR NOT to BEING-IN the UNIVERSE. -> SITUATIONRELATION in which MANY HUMANS, FEATURES OR THINGS EXIST TOGETHER OR INTERACT. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

SHORTSMALL in THE MOST LONG HORIZONTAL DIMENSION.YOUNGOf SMALL AGE.

Hyponym
  • NARROW SMALL in the MORE SMALL DIMENSION.
    • SHALLOW SMALL in DOWNWARD DIMENSION, of WATER.
      • SHORT SMALL in THE MOST LONG HORIZONTAL DIMENSION.
        • THIN SMALL in the MOST SMALL DIMENSION.
          • SLIM THIN AND NOT FAT, of HUMANS AND ANIMALS.
          • LOW SMALL VERTICALLY.
            • INFERIOR MORE LOW IN RANK, REPUTATION OR TALENT.
              • HUMBLE INFERIOR OR MORE HUMBLE IN-RELATION-TO OTHERS.
          • LITTLE SMALL in QUANTITY of a SUBSTANCE.
            • INSUFFICIENT FEW OR LITTLE IN-RELATION-TO what is NEEDED.
            • BRIEF SMALL RELATED TO TIME USED TO EXPRESS SOMETHING.
              • PETTY SMALL IN ABSTRACT WAYS, "NARROW".
                Old Chinese Criteria

                1. The dominant quite general word is xiǎo 小 (ant. dà 大 "big"), and this word refers to both physical size and abstract importance.

                2. Miǎo 眇 / 渺 and mǐ 靡 (ant. páng 龐 "big") refers to extremely small size of something.

                3. Xì 細 (ant. jù 巨 "enormous") is sometimes used to refer to something being small or of slight importance. See TENUOUS

                NB: ǎi 矮 "not tall, of slight height, of low build" is post-Buddhist late colloquial.

                Modern Chinese Criteria

                微小

                細小

                微細

                細微

                幽微

                纖微

                纖毫

                纖小

                短小

                矮小

                蠅頭

                蕞爾

                一丁點兒

                小不點兒

                微乎其微

                小型

                微型

                袖珍

                rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

                • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 12.56

                • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 13.17

                • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

                  SMALL

                  parvus refers to smallness, quite indifferently and in an abstract sense, and as a natural and intrinsic smallness.

                  minutus refers to an artificial and fabricated littleness.

                  exiguus refers to smallness with a nuance of contemptuous insignificance, paltriness.

                  pusillus refers to smallness as something ludicrously little and petty.

                • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 338

                • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.326

                Attributions by syntactic funtion

                • vadN : 16
                • vi : 14
                • v[adN] : 11
                • vadV : 5
                • n : 3
                • nab : 2
                • nadN : 2
                • vtoN : 2
                • vi : 1
                • VPadN : 1
                • VPi : 1
                • NPadN : 1

                Attributions by text

                • 孟子 : 11
                • 荀子 : 6
                • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
                • 呂氏春秋 : 4
                • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
                • 祖堂集 : 3
                • 賢愚經 : 3
                • 說苑 : 2
                • 淮南子 : 2
                • 老子 : 2
                • 文子 : 2
                • 禮記 : 2
                • 管子 : 2
                • 莊子 : 2
                • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
                • 戰國策 : 2
                • 晏子春秋 : 1
                • 鶡冠子 : 1
                • 楚辭 : 1
                • 論衡 : 1
                • 鹽鐵論 : 1
                • 百喻經 : 1
                • 孝經 : 1

                Words

                   xiǎo OC: smewʔ MC: siɛu 32 Attributions

                The dominant quite general word is xiǎo 小 (ant. dà 大 "big"), and this word refers to both physical size and abstract importance.

                • nabfeaturesmall size
                • v[adN]N=statewhat is small, something small; specifically refers to: small state
                • vadNsmall; small in circumference
                • vadNfigurativeabstractly: slight, insignificant (mistakes etc); minor
                • vadNnon-restrictivesmall
                • vadVa little bit; a little; on a small scale [into small pieces][CA] maybe should be moved to LITTLE??
                • vigradedbe small
                • vifigurativebe small-minded; have a small horizon; be petty in one's perspective
                • vtoNcausativemake smaller; ensure the smallness of
                • vtoNcausativebe made small(er)
                • vtoNputativeregard as small
                • v(adN)a small (state)
                • nabfigurativepettiness; narrow-mindedness
                • v[adN]figurativewhat is small and seemingly insignificant
                   yuē OC: qplewɡ MC: ʔi̯ɐk 7 Attributions
                • vigradedbe concise, be short; be constrained
                • vadNconcise, brief in diction
                   wēi OC: mɯl MC: mɨi 5 Attributions
                • nsubject=nonrefwhat is tiny > the small, tiny
                • vadNsmall (paths); fine (dust etc)slight; tiny
                • vibe a miniature replica; be of reduced proportions
                   jiè OC: kreeds MC: kɣɛi 2 Attributions
                • nsubjectslightest minute thing, least thing; (not) a mite [variant for 芥]
                   cùn OC: tshuuns MC: tshuo̝n 2 Attributions
                • nadNone inch in length or one square inch in size > small, tiny, thin
                   qū OC: khoɡ MC: khi̯ok 2 Attributions
                • vadNminor; detailed 曲禮 "detailed ritual rules"
                • vadVin trifling matters
                    OC:  MC:  1 Attribution

                cù: fine-meshed (net etc.)

                • vadNfine-meshed (net etc.)
                   qiǎn OC: tshenʔ MC: tshiɛn 1 Attribution
                • vislight in size (of territory etc)
                   xì OC: snɯɯs MC: sei 1 Attribution

                Xì 細 (ant. jù 巨 "enormous") is sometimes used to refer to something being small or of slight importance. See TENUOUS

                • vadNtiny
                • vadNfigurativeof slight size or importance
                • vi.post-Ngradedsmall like N
                • vibe small
                   fěi OC: phɯlʔ MC: phɨi 1 Attribution
                • vibe small; unimportant; insignificant (LIJI; YTJ)
                   mǐ OC: mralʔ MC: miɛ 1 Attribution

                Miǎo 眇/渺 and mǐ 靡 (ant. páng 龐 "big") refers to extremely small size of something.

                • vadNslight, small
                • vibe slight, small
                • vifigurativebe subtle and beyond human grasp
                毫髮   háo fà OC: ɡoow pod MC: ɦɑu pi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
                • VPadNtiny little
                稍減   shāo jiǎn OC: smreewɡs kroomʔ MC: ʂɣɛu kɣɛm 1 Attribution
                • VPichangebecome smaller
                膚寸   fū cùn OC: pqla tshuuns MC: pi̯o tshuo̝n 1 Attribution
                • NPadNnegative polarity item, i.e. followed by a negative predicate: the slightest
                   shāo 1 Attribution
                • vadVin subtle small ways; by subtle means
                   cǐ OC: tsheʔ MC: tshiɛ 0 Attributions
                • viK: small, petty (SHI)
                   huì OC: qhʷeds MC: hei 0 Attributions
                • vibe small
                   jī OC: kɯl MC: kɨi 0 Attributions
                • vibe tiny, be small, minute
                    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

                jiān

                • viOBI: lesser 戔甲 Lesser Jiǎ
                   háo OC: ɡoow MC: ɦɑu 0 Attributions
                • vadNtiny
                   miǎo OC: mewʔ MC: miɛu 0 Attributions

                Miǎo 眇/渺 and mǐ 靡 (ant. páng 龐 "big") refers to extremely small size of something.

                • vibe very small
                狷 / 狷   juàn OC: kʷleens MC: ken juàn OC: kʷlens MC: kiɛn 0 Attributions

                Jū 拘 (ant. dàng 蕩 "be completely free") and shù 束 refer to being confined or constrained by external circumstances. Jū 拘 (ant. dàng 蕩 "be completely free") and shù 束 refer to being confined or constrained by external circumstances.

                • v[adN]figurativerestrained> the petty, fussy and smallish
                • vt[oN]figurativebe petty, smallish and fussy
                   xiǎo OC: suuʔ MC: seu 0 Attributions
                • vibe small
                   què, quē OC: khod MC: khi̯ɐt 0 Attributions
                • vtoNcausativecause to be smaller, reduce in size
                分寸   fèn cùn OC: bɯns tshuuns MC: bi̯un tshuo̝n 0 Attributions
                • NPthe slightest bit
                • NPpostadVthe slightest bit
                區區   qū qū OC: kho kho MC: khi̯o khi̯o 0 Attributions
                • vi.red:adNvery small; paltry, puny
                • vi.redrare, intensitive and archaic: be very small
                咫尺   zhǐ chǐ OC: kljeʔ thjaɡ MC: tɕiɛ tɕhiɛk 0 Attributions
                • VPadNslight, unimportant
                • NPabfeatureany small amount
                尺咫   chǐ zhǐ OC: thjaɡ kljeʔ MC: tɕhiɛk tɕiɛ 0 Attributions
                • VPiphyscially of small size
                微小   wēi xiǎo OC: mɯl smewʔ MC: mɨi siɛu 0 Attributions
                • VPismall and insignificant
                毫小   háo xiǎo OC: ɡoow smewʔ MC: ɦɑu siɛu 0 Attributions
                • VPitiny
                毫末   háo mò OC: ɡoow maad MC: ɦɑu mʷɑt 0 Attributions

                small, tiny like the tip of a hair

                • NP[adN]something very small like the tip of a hair
                眇眇   miǎo miǎo OC: mewʔ mewʔ MC: miɛu miɛu 0 Attributions
                • VPivery small
                豪釐   háo lí MC: haw li OC: ɡoow ɡ-rɯ 0 Attributions
                • NPpostadNby a fraction of an inch
                豪釐   háo lí MC: haw li OC: ɡoow ɡ-rɯ 0 Attributions
                • NPpostadVin the slightest degree, to the slightest extent

                Existing SW for

                Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: