TENUOUS  微小

UNIMPORTANT BECAUSE LACKING BIGNESS, REALITY, OR HIGH DEGREE.
SLIGHTINSUBSTANTIALMEAGERFLIMSYWEAKDOUBTFULDUBIOUSQUESTIONABLESUSPECTVAGUENEBULOUSHAZYFINETHINSLENDERDELICATEWISPYGOSSAMERFRAGILE
Antonym

ABUNDANTHAVE OR BE INTENSELY MANY, TYPICALLY DESIRED, THINGS. COARSETHICK BECAUSE CONTAIING THICK PARTS.GREATBIG in IMPORTANCE OR REPUTATION.HUGEINTENSELY BIG.

Hypernym

UNIMPORTANTLACK IMPORTANCE. -> LACKSITUATION OF NOT HAVING, OR NOT to BEING-IN the UNIVERSE. -> SITUATIONRELATION in which MANY HUMANS, FEATURES OR THINGS EXIST TOGETHER OR INTERACT. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

WEAKLACK STRENGTH.

Hyponym
  • THIN SMALL in the MOST SMALL DIMENSION.
    • SLIM THIN AND NOT FAT, of HUMANS AND ANIMALS.
    Old Chinese Criteria

    1. The most current word for what is literally insubstantial and slight is xì 細.

    2. Wēi 微 refers to subtlety predominantly in transferred figurative senses.

    3. Báo 薄 (ant. hòu 厚 "substantial") refers to anything thin or slight.

    Modern Chinese Criteria

    渺小

    藐小

    么麼

    不起眼

    看不上眼

    不足道

    渺不足道

    微不足道

    不在話下

    不值一提

    不屑一顧

    不足掛齒

    不足齒數

    無足輕重

    一文不值

    一錢不值

    半文不值

    滄海一粟

    太倉一粟

    太倉稊米

    九牛一毛

    first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

    • Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles ( CASSIN 2004) p. 1231

    • “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 ( HUANG XIAODONG 2003) p. 205

    • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 1.293.251

      FIN.SUBTIL.DELIE

    • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 530

    Attributions by syntactic funtion

    • vadN : 16
    • vi : 5
    • VPi : 4
    • nab : 3
    • VP[adN] : 3
    • vadV : 3
    • vpostadV : 2
    • VPi : 2
    • VPadN : 2
    • v[adN] : 1
    • NPab : 1
    • n : 1
    • NPadS : 1
    • NPadN : 1

    Attributions by text

    • 陸機集十一卷 : 5
    • 戰國策 : 5
    • 論衡 : 4
    • 妙法蓮華經 : 3
    • 法句經 : 3
    • 賢愚經 : 3
    • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
    • 韓詩外傳 : 2
    • 呂氏春秋 : 2
    • 禮記 : 2
    • 百喻經 : 2
    • 說苑 : 1
    • 淮南子 : 1
    • 法言 : 1
    • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
    • 楚辭 : 1
    • 文子 : 1
    • 尚書 : 1
    • 鹽鐵論 : 1
    • 管子 : 1
    • 莊子 : 1
    • 臨濟錄 : 1
    • 孟子 : 1

    Words

       wēi OC: mɯl MC: mɨi 17 Attributions

    Wēi 微 refers to subtlety predominantly in transferred figurative senses.

    • nabsubjectsubtle motives; subtle beginnings of things; subtle points; what is subtle
    • vadNfigurativesubtle, having a light touch, subtle and profound; BUDDH: of subtle significance for salvation
    • vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
    • vadVsubtly, without drawing attention to what one is doing
    • vibe subtle, neither non-existent and ineffectual nor palpable and perceivable
    • vpostadVsubtly, with small movements
    • v[adN]figurativeliterary: what is sublime; the effect of the sublime
    • vifigurativebe subtle
       báo OC: baaɡ MC: bɑk 4 Attributions

    Báo 薄 (ant. hòu 厚 "substantial") refers to anything thin or slight.

    • vadNfigurativeslight (punishments, crimes etc)
    • vibe weak, insufficient
    • vtoNcausativemake tenuous, thin out (poison)
    • vtoNcausativecause to make more insubstantial
    • vpostadVat an insubstantion less than generous level
    微妙   wēi miào OC: mɯl mews MC: mɨi miɛu 4 Attributions
    • VPadVin a very subtle way
    • NPabfeaturesuperb subtlety
    • VP[adN]subtle things
    • VPadNintensitivevery subtle
    • VPibe subtle and superb
       xì OC: snɯɯs MC: sei 3 Attributions

    The most current word for what is literally insubstantial and slight is xì 細.

    • nsubjectwhat is tenuous> a tenuous instance; what is tenuous or insubstantial;
    • vadNfine and tenuous; slight, insubstantial
    • vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
    • vibe fine and tenuous; slight
    • vifigurativebe fine and subtle
       xiān OC: sem MC: siɛm 3 Attributions
    • vadNtenuous
    • vi.red:adNvery delicate
    • vigradedbe thin and fine 甚纖
    精微   jīng wēi OC: tseŋ mɯl MC: tsiɛŋ mɨi 3 Attributions
    • VP[adN]subtle matters (for consideration)
    • VPibe powerfully subtle
       jīng OC: tseŋ MC: tsiɛŋ 2 Attributions
    • vibe subtle, be fine
    • vadNtenuous
    • v[adN]a tenuous thing
    • vadNfigurativesubtle, sublime
       shǎo OC: hmljewʔ MC: ɕiɛu 1 Attribution
    • vadNtenuous
       miè OC: meed MC: met 1 Attribution
    • nabfeaturepuny size, negligeable size
    小者   xiǎo zhě OC: smewʔ kljaʔ MC: siɛu tɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
    • NPadSin the less serious case
    細滑   xì huá OC: snɯɯs ɡruud MC: sei ɦɣɛt 1 Attribution
    • VPibe delicate
    細軟   xì ruǎn OC: snɯɯs njonʔ MC: sei ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
    • VPichangebecome fine and soft
    纖介   xiān jiè OC: sem kreeds MC: siɛm kɣɛi 1 Attribution
    • NPadN(not) the slightest
    纖微   xiān wēi OC: sem mɯl MC: siɛm mɨi 1 Attribution
    • VPadNvery tenuous, very slight
    纖芥   xiān jiè OC: sem kreeds MC: siɛm kɣɛi 1 Attribution
    • VPadN(not have) the slightest (NP)
       xiǎo OC: smewʔ MC: siɛu 1 Attribution
    • vadVslightly, to a small extent
       jī OC: kɯl MC: kɨi 0 Attributions
    • viLY 4.18, according to Bao Xian commentary: subtly, in a subtle manner that does not offend
       xì OC: qhras MC: hiɛ 0 Attributions
    • nabfactualinconsequential affairs, inconsequential plaything
    毿   sān OC: suum MC: səm 0 Attributions
    • vi.redpoeticlong and fine (like feathers) > fuzzy
       bó OC: blaaɡ MC: bɑk 0 Attributions
    • vibe thin
       méng OC: mooŋ MC: muŋ 0 Attributions
    • vi.redbe tenous and fine
       jiè OC: kreeds MC: kɣɛi 0 Attributions
    • nabfigurativea trifle
       mǐ OC: mralʔ MC: miɛ 0 Attributions
    • vadNtenuous, slight
    豪氂   háo máo OC: ɡoow moow MC: ɦɑu mɑu 0 Attributions
    • VPifigurativebe very subtle and fine
    黍累   shǔ lěi OC: qhjaʔ rolʔ MC: ɕi̯ɤ liɛ 0 Attributions
    • VPifigurativebe very subtle and delicate
       xū OC: qhla MC: hi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
    • visubtle, imponderable; insubstantial
       fēi OC: pɯl MC: pɨi 0 Attributions
    • vadNinsubstantial; unsubstantiated 蜚語, 飛語

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: