ENERGY  力气

ABSTRACT SUBSTANCE which CONTAINS a FORCE.
VITALITYVIGORLIFELIVELINESSANIMATIONVIVACITYSPIRITSPIRITEDNESSVERVEENTHUSIASMZESTVIBRANCYSPARKSPARKLEEFFERVESCENCEEBULLIENCEEXUBERANCEBUOYANCYSPRIGHTLINESSSTRENGTHSTAMINAFORCEFULNESSPOWERDYNAMISMDRIVEFIREPASSIONARDORZEALINFORMAL ZIPZINGPEPPIZZAZZPUNCHBOUNCEOOMPHMOXIEMOJOGOGET-UP-AND-GOVIM AND VIGORFEISTINESS
See also

AIRFORCE

Kind Of

SUBSTANCE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general current word for material vital cosmic energies of any kind is qì 氣.

2. Yīn 陰 "dark female energies" and yáng 陽 "bright male energies" are the two main categories of vital cosmic energies increasingly introduced from late Warring States times onwards.

3. Jīng 精 "subtle vital essence" refers to the crucial subtle variety of the material vital cosmic energies.

4. Shén 神 refers to the ultimately refined quintessential subtle variety of the material vital cosmic energies, and the degree of subtlety is superior to that of the jīng 精 "subtle vital essence".

5. Líng 靈 refers to the almost disembodied supernatural subtle variety of the vital cosmic energies that define life on earth.

6. Jīn 祲 is a rare archaic word which refers primarily to inauspicious cosmic energies manifesting themselves as evil omens, but the word is occasionally used generally in a neutral sense.

7. Fēn 氛 is a rare word which refers primarily to inauspicious or auspicious cosmic energies, but the word is occasionally used specifically in the negative sense.

Modern Chinese Criteria

力氣

氣力

勁頭

勁道

元氣 refers to vital energies and vigour.

勁兒

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

JAMMER 1999 Concepts of Force

MAUTHNER WP 1924 Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache I.406

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 2.477

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 2.494

ENERGIE

ZHANG DAINIAN 2002 Key Concepts in Chinese Philosophy 45

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.259:174

ENERGIE.FORCE

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 58B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nm : 38
  • nab : 34
  • NPab : 32
  • NPm : 18
  • nab.adV : 5
  • vv-P.adV : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • vi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 文子 : 20
  • 春秋左傳 : 17
  • 孟子 : 12
  • 論語 : 10
  • 論衡 : 10
  • 荀子 : 9
  • 淮南子 : 9
  • 韓非子 : 8
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 7
  • 太平經 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 法言 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   qì OC: khɯds MC: khɨi 47 Attributions

The most general current word for material vital cosmic energies of any kind is qì 氣.

  • nabmetaphysicalof persons: mood, temper; energy; (of words) tone [See Pollard on qi in literature.]
  • nmmentalinner mental energies of a person; vital energies in a person
  • nmphysicalvital physical energies (of a person)
  • vt[oN]N=humanenergise
  • nabof things.metaphysicalof things: dynamic not simply mechnical impact
  • nmcosmic energy
精神   jīng shén OC: tseŋ ɢljin MC: tsiɛŋ ʑin 23 Attributions
  • NPabmetaphysicalsubtle mental or spiritual energies
   lì OC: ɡ-rɯɡ MC: lɨk 17 Attributions
  • nabpsychnon-physical strength, functional potential (of eyes or the mind); personal energy
  • nab.adVwith all one's energy, with all one's might
血氣   xuè qì OC: qhʷiiɡ khɯds MC: het khɨi 11 Attributions
  • NPmblood energy> blood, physical energies; vital spirits
   jīng OC: tseŋ MC: tsiɛŋ 7 Attributions

Jīng 精 "subtle vital essence" refers to the crucial subtle variety of the material vital cosmic energies.

  • nabmetaphysicalsubtle cosmic energy
  • nabmetasubtle psycho-somatic energies
氣力   qì lì OC: khɯds ɡ-rɯɡ MC: khɨi lɨk 5 Attributions
  • NPmstrength, energy
   xīn OC: slɯm MC: sim 4 Attributions
  • nabpsychmental energies; personal energy; fighting spirit
五行   wǔ xíng OC: ŋaaʔ ɢraaŋs MC: ŋuo̝ ɦɣaŋ 3 Attributions
  • NPabmetaphysicalthe five cosmic material agents 木、火、土、金、水 which determine five agents where they alternately dominate
志氣   zhì qì OC: kljɯs khɯds MC: tɕɨ khɨi 3 Attributions
  • NPabmetaphysicalaspiring energies
   líng OC: reeŋ MC: leŋ 2 Attributions

Líng 靈 refers to the almost disembodied supernatural subtle variety of the vital cosmic energies that define life on earth.

  • nabmetaphysicalsupernatural energies; supernatural influence
  • vibe full of vital and metaphysical energy
意氣   yì qì OC: qɯɡs khɯds MC: ʔɨ khɨi 2 Attributions
  • NPabpsychintellectual/conscious vital energy
   fēn OC: phɯn MC: phi̯un 1 Attribution

Fēn 氛 is a rare word which refers primarily to inauspicious or auspicious cosmic energies, but the word is occasionally used specifically in the negative sense.

  • nabmetaphysicalwicked or inauspicious cosmic energies; SHUOWEN: auspicious or inauspicious cosmic energies
   shén OC: ɢljin MC: ʑin 1 Attribution

Shén 神 refers to the ultimately refined quintessential subtle variety of the material vital cosmic energies, and the degree of subtlety is superior to that of the jīng 精 "subtle vital essence".

  • nab(post-N)psychpsychological energies of the contextually determinate N
  • nabmetaphysicalmental energy, mental energies
氣意   qì yì OC: khɯds qɯɡs MC: khɨi ʔɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPabpsychmental energies; energetic orientation, spirits
沖氣   chōng qì OC: ɡrluŋ khɯds MC: ɖuŋ khɨi 1 Attribution
  • NPmactivated energies; "splurging energies"
精氣   jīng qì OC: tseŋ khɯds MC: tsiɛŋ khɨi 1 Attribution
  • NPmmetaphysicalsubtle essences and energies
奕奕   yì yì  MC: yek yek  OC: k-laɡ k-laɡ  1 Attribution
  • vv-P.adVvigorously, energetically
   jīn OC: skim MC: tsim 0 Attributions

Jīn 祲 is a rare archaic word which refers primarily to inauspicious cosmic energies manifesting themselves as evil omens, but the word is occasionally used generally in a neutral sense.

  • nabmetaphysicalwicked or inauspicious cosmic energies
   xíng OC: ɢraaŋ MC: ɦɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • nabmetaphysicalperiodically dominant cosmic energy type; phase 五行
   yīn OC: qrɯm MC: ʔim 0 Attributions

Yīn 陰 "dark female energies" and yáng 陽 "bright male energies" are the two main categories of vital cosmic energies increasingly introduced from late Warring States times onwards.

  • nabmetaphysicalYang, dark female energies
   yáng OC: k-laŋ MC: ji̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions

Yīn 陰 "dark female energies" and yáng 陽 "bright male energies" are the two main categories of vital cosmic energies increasingly introduced from late Warring States times onwards.

  • nabmetaphysicalYang, bright male energies
智力   zhì lì OC: tes ɡ-rɯɡ MC: ʈiɛ lɨk 0 Attributions
  • NPenergies, intellectual and physical
氤氳   yīn yūn OC: qin qun MC: ʔin ʔi̯un 0 Attributions
  • nabprocessfermentation of the vital forces that create the universe
  • viprocessferment cosmically
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NPab= Five Agents 五行:metal, wood, water, fire earth
五氣   wǔ qì MC: nguX khj+jH OC: ŋaaʔ khɯds 0 Attributions
  • NPab= Five Agents 五行:metal, wood, water, fire earth

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: