BASIS  根本

LOWEST AND/OR MOST IMPORTANT PART of something.
FOUNDATIONFOUNDATIONSUPPORTBASEREASONINGRATIONALEDEFENSEREASONGROUNDSJUSTIFICATIONMOTIVATIONSTARTING POINTBASEPOINT OF DEPARTUREBEGINNINGPREMISEFUNDAMENTAL POINT/PRINCIPLEPRINCIPAL CONSTITUENTMAIN INGREDIENTCORNERSTONECOREHEARTTHRUSTESSENCEKERNELNUB
Taxonoymy

EMPIRICAL

Antonymy

UNIMPORTANT

See also

CONFORMRELY ONBASICALLY

Kind Of

PART

Old Chinese Criteria

[ABSTRACT/CONCRETE]

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[DYNAMIC/STATIC]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. The basic word is běn 本 "the trunk, the main part" (ant. mò 末 "marginal part") and this word refers to the crucial constituent of something in any sense.

[GENERAL], [STATIC]; [[COMMON]]

2. Duān 端 "beginning" (ant. mò 末 "marginal part") is current in the meaning "initial crucial element, initiating fundamental property", and this is a very philosophial subtle word which conceives of what is crucial as dynamically affecting the rest.

[ABSTRACT], [DYNAMIC]

3. Gēn 根 "the root from which things spring" (ant. miǎo 杪 "small twig") is often used together with běn 本, but can also by itself be used in metaphorical senses, but the word is much rarer than běn 本 in this meaning.

[STATIC]

4. Jī 基 is sometimes used in a literal sense of "foundation on which something rests", but the word is common in figurative senses as in "the solid foundations of the state".

[CONCRETE], [STATIC]

5. Zōng 宗 is ethereal and always abstract, sometimes even purely semantic in meaning.

[ABSTRACT], [STATIC]; [[RARE]]

6. Yīn 因 (ant. guǒ 果 "result") is causal in meaning and emphasises the dynamic causal link between the yīn 因 and whatever is based on it.

[GENERAL], [DYNAMIC]

Modern Chinese Criteria

根本

基本

元本

基礎

基業

基石

木本

水源

地基

基礎

基趾

根腳

根基

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

XIAO YAN 1952 同義詞例解(三) Tongyici lijie Yuyanxuexi

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 135

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 120

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms NO.118

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 60
  • nab.post-N : 28
  • nadN : 15
  • nadV : 11
  • vt+prep+N : 6
  • n : 5
  • NPab : 3
  • vt(oN.)adV : 2
  • npost-N : 2
  • vtoN : 2
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 2
  • VPadV : 2
  • n(post-N) : 1
  • nab(post-N) : 1
  • nab : 1
  • vi : 1
  • NPadV : 1
  • NPadN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 24
  • 春秋左傳 : 16
  • 六祖壇經 : 15
  • 文子 : 7
  • 論衡 : 6
  • 鹽鐵論 : 6
  • 賢愚經 : 6
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 5
  • 論語 : 5
  • 管子 : 5
  • 淮南子 : 5
  • 祖堂集 : 5
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 韓詩外傳 : 4
  • 孝經 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 天中記 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1

Words

   běn OC: pɯɯnʔ MC: puo̝n 61 Attributions

The basic word is běn 本 "the trunk, the main part" (ant. mò 末 "marginal part") and this word refers to the crucial constituent of something in any sense. [GENERAL], [STATIC]; [[COMMON]]

  • nab.post-Nmetaphysicalwhat is basic and crucial; the basic and crucial feature; basic features; primary consideration
  • nadNbasic, fundamental; original (seat etc)
  • nadVbasically 性本善"nature is basically good"
  • npost-Nthe basis of N (many examples need to be moved here)
  • vtoNpoeticDELETE
  • vttoN1.+N2lay the foundations of N1 in N2
  • vt+prep+Nbe based on
  • viactlay the foundations of things
  • nab(post-N)psychwhat is basic for one
  • nabthe basics
  • n(post-N)what is basic in the contextually determinate N
   jī OC: kɯ MC: kɨ 28 Attributions

Jī 基 is sometimes used in a literal sense of "foundation on which something rests", but the word is common in figurative senses as in "the solid foundations of the state". [CONCRETE], [STATIC]

  • nconcrete: foundations (of a house)
  • nabmetaphysicalbasis, foundations (of the state etc)
  • vtoNlay foundations for, serve as a foundation for
   duān OC: toon MC: tʷɑn 17 Attributions

Duān 端 "beginning" (ant. mò 末 "marginal part") is current in the meaning "initial crucial element, initiating fundamental property", and this is a very philosophial subtle word which conceives of what is crucial as dynamically affecting the rest. [ABSTRACT], [DYNAMIC]

  • nabmetaphysicalpsychological basis (see also FEELING); basic elements; basic point made; basic orientation; point of view, approach; basic motives
  • nadVoriginally, fundamentally
   gēn OC: kɯɯn MC: kən 15 Attributions

Gēn 根 "the root from which things spring" (ant. miǎo 杪 "small twig") is often used together with běn 本, but can also by itself be used in metaphorical senses, but the word is much rarer than běn 本 in this meaning. [STATIC]

  • nabmetaphysicalabstract and metaphorical: root; basis; karmic basis (BUDDH.: orig. tr. SANSKRIT indriya or mūla; see http://www.buddhism-dict.net/cgi-bin/xpr-ddb.pl?68.xml+id('b6839'))
  • nadNbasic
  • vibe basic
  • vt+prep+Nbe based in, have one's roots in MENG 仁義禮智根於心。that is to say, benevolence, rightness, the rites and wisdom, is rooted in his heart.
   zōng OC: tsuuŋ MC: tsuo̝ŋ 5 Attributions

Zōng 宗 is ethereal and always abstract, sometimes even purely semantic in meaning. [ABSTRACT], [STATIC]; [[RARE]]

  • nabbasic point; basic doctrine
   yīn OC: qin MC: ʔin 4 Attributions

Yīn 因 (ant. guǒ 果"result") is causal in meaning and emphasises the dynamic causal link between the yīn 因 and whatever is based on it. [GENERAL], [DYNAMIC]

  • nabmetaphysicalbasis; power base
  • vt(oN.)adVbasing oneself on N to go on to V
根本   gēn běn OC: kɯɯn pɯɯnʔ MC: kən puo̝n 4 Attributions
  • NPabmetaphysicalbasic principles
  • NPadNbasic
   yóu OC: liw MC: jɨu 3 Attributions
  • nabcause > base, origin; reason
   yuán OC: ŋɡon MC: ŋi̯ɐn 2 Attributions
  • nadVbasically
  • nabmetaphysicalfundamenal basis, original basia
   gàn OC: kaans MC: kɑn 2 Attributions
  • nabmetaphysicalbasis (metaphorical)
由來   yóu lái OC: liw m-rɯɯ MC: jɨu ləi 2 Attributions
  • VPadVbasically, originally, fundamentally
本元   běn yuán OC: pɯɯnʔ ŋɡon MC: puo̝n ŋi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • NPadVbasically
機根   jī gēn OC: kɯl kɯɯn MC: kɨi kən 0 Attributions
  • NPabbuddhistBUDDH: basis of capacity > the religious capacity of a person (the basic character of a person in terms of his ability to engage in religious practice and gain realization; because of the differences in capacity the Buddhist teaching must be ajusted to the listener; see also gēnxìng 根性); SANSKRIT indriya
   zhǔ OC: tjoʔ MC: tɕi̯o 0 Attributions
  • npost-NYI: basis for N 榮辱之主 "basis for glory and shame"

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: