IMPORTANT  重要要/重

APPROPRIATE to CAUSE ATTENTION OR RESPECT.
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general term for the relative importance and crucial nature of something is yào 要 (ant. xì 細 ).

2. Zhòng 重 (ant. qīng 輕 "of no consequence") focusses on what carries considerable weight in a certain context.

3. Zhǔ 主 (ant. cì 次 "secondary") refers to what is crucial and primary, or dominant, in a certain context.

4. Běn 本 (ant. mò 末 ) refers to what is basic and and a matter of substance in a context.

5. Shǒu 首 (wěi 尾 / mò 末 ) refers what deserves to come first or what deserves to be regarded of first importance.

6. Jí 極 refers to the ultimate most elevated point of something.

7. Jī 機 refers to the crucial mechanism that makes something work properly.

Modern Chinese Criteria

重要

緊要

要緊

打緊

當緊

關緊

主要

顯要

首要

第一

要害

機要

衝要

重大

重點

根本

關鍵

非同小可

非同兒戲

舉足輕重

一言九鼎

生死攸關

事關重大

至關緊要

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka ( APRESJAN 2004) p. 1277

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 103

  • 論衡同義詞研究 ( LUNHENG TONGYI 2004) p. 12

  • Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary ( TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996) p. 487

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 61
  • nab : 49
  • vi : 27
  • vadN : 24
  • vt+prep+N : 7
  • n : 5
  • v[adN] : 4
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2} : 4
  • nab.post-N : 3
  • nab.post-V{NUM} : 3
  • vtoN : 2
  • nadN : 2
  • v[adN1.]post-N2 : 2
  • VPtoN : 2
  • NPab : 2
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • nab.post-N : 1
  • vadV : 1
  • VP[adN] : 1
  • nab(post-N) : 1
  • vipost-N : 1
  • vt0oN : 1
  • vi+prep+N : 1
  • vtpostN1pro.postN1 : 1
  • vtoNPab{S} : 1
  • NPadS : 1
  • NP{N1&N2} : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • NPadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 34
  • 戰國策 : 21
  • 呂氏春秋 : 20
  • 春秋左傳 : 18
  • 莊子 : 15
  • 管子 : 10
  • 法言 : 10
  • 祖堂集 : 10
  • 孟子 : 9
  • 論語 : 9
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 5
  • 說苑 : 5
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 論衡 : 4
  • 忠經 : 3
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 法句經 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 文子 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 太平經 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 長短經 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 鶡冠子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   zhòng OC: doŋʔ MC: ɖi̯oŋ 67 Attributions

Zhòng 重 (ant. qīng 輕"of no consequence") focusses on what carries considerable weight in a certain context.

  • v[adN]what is important
  • npost-Nthe most important thing in N
  • vadNimportant; serious (crimes etc)
  • vigradedbe powerful, significant, striking; be in a strong position: be of great (political) weight 最重
  • vipost-Nas important as N 隨侯珠之重 STRUCTURALLY MOST PUZZLING
  • vt+prep+Nhave great influence on, be very important for, be influential with
  • vtoNcausativecause to be important, introduce as politically important
  • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) to be (more) important
  • vtoNgradedconsider as important; consider as a serious matter, take seriously, attach importance to; be chiefly concerned with; 最重
  • vtoNpassivebe regarded as important by
  • vtoNreflexive.自putative: regard oneself as important, attitudinal: treat oneself as important
   yào OC: qews MC: ʔiɛu 44 Attributions

The most general term for the relative importance and crucial nature of something is yào 要 (ant. xì 細).

  • nab.post-V{NUM}principles; the important point; the main thing
  • nabmetaphysicalthe vital point; most important point. essential point; essence; main initiative; main controlling functions
  • vadNgradedimportant, crucial; essential
  • vi+prep+Ngradedbe more important than
  • viimportant
  • vtoNgradedbe more important than N
  • nab.post-Nthe most important point(s) in N
  • nab.post-Nthe crucial point of N, the most important part of N
  • nab(post-N)the important point regarding the contextually determinate matter N
  • v[adN]the most important place; a very important place
  • nab.post-Npluralthe crucial points of N
   dà OC: daads MC: dɑi 24 Attributions
  • nsubjectimportant things; the important one, the more important one;
  • vadNgradedimportant, substantial; the most important 甚大
  • vifigurativebe important, be relatively important; be an important personality
  • vt+prep+Ngradedbe more important (than something)
  • vtoNputativeconsider as important; declare important; admire as very important
  • vtoNputativeconsider (oneself) as important
  • v[adN]N=humimportant person
   zhǔ OC: tjoʔ MC: tɕi̯o 22 Attributions

Zhǔ 主 (ant. cì 次 "secondary") refers to what is crucial and primary, or dominant, in a certain context.

  • nabmetaphysicalthe most important point; the essential thing, the main thing
  • vadNmain, primary
  • vtoNattitudinalTREAT AS THE MAIN THING> have as one's main concern, give top priority to
  • vtoNputativehave (something) as most important element; depend on (something)
  • v[adN1.]post-N2the most important thing of/for N2
   hóng OC: ɡʷɯɯŋ MC: ɦəŋ 5 Attributions
  • nfigurativegreatness
  • vifigurativetremendous, important
輕重   qīng zhòng OC: kheŋ doŋʔ MC: khiɛŋ ɖi̯oŋ 5 Attributions
  • NP{N1&N2}pluralthe unimportant and the important
  • NPab{nab1ant.nab2}relativethe relative importance of things
   zōng OC: tsuuŋ MC: tsuo̝ŋ 4 Attributions
  • nabthe main point made by a text or a person, the main thing
  • nadNsuperlativemost important, cardinal; most significant
  • vtoNpassivebe taken as the most important thing
   yuē OC: qplewɡ MC: ʔi̯ɐk 4 Attributions
  • nabwhat is essential; what is condensed; the main point
   zhì OC: kljiɡs MC: tɕi 4 Attributions
  • visuperlativeto be of greatest importance
  • v[adN]what is most important
   hòu OC: ɡoos MC: ɦu 3 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nregard (something N) as important, focus very much on N
  • vtoNputativeregard as important
   zhèng OC: tjeŋs MC: tɕiɛŋ 2 Attributions

only adnominal, like 副 in 副主席

  • vadNregular; main; most important
   shǒu OC: qhljuʔ MC: ɕɨu 2 Attributions

Shǒu 首 (wěi 尾/ mò 末) refers what deserves to come first or what deserves to be regarded of first importance.

  • nabimportant point; the important feature; the most important thing
要諸   yào zhū OC: qews klja MC: ʔiɛu tɕi̯ɤ 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNputativeregard as central
   xiān OC: sɯɯn MC: sen 2 Attributions
  • vadN
  • vtoNputativeregard as the more/most important
   shàng OC: ɡljaŋʔ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vadNmost important, central
  • vadVat best, at the most important level
   qiè OC: snʰiids MC: tshei 1 Attribution
  • vibe of current importance
   jù OC: ɡlaɡ MC: gɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • vigradedimportant 甚劇
   wù OC: mos MC: mi̯o 1 Attribution
  • nabmoralimportant task at hand, important issue
   zài OC: sɡɯɯʔ MC: dzəi 1 Attribution
  • vt0oNthe point is N; the important thing is N
   duō OC: k-laal MC: tɑ 1 Attribution
  • vigradedbe more important
  • vtoNPab{S}declarativerecommend to one's attention or emphasise
  • vtoNconsider as important
  • vibe important, be paramount
   yǒu OC: ɢʷɯʔ MC: ɦɨu 1 Attribution
  • vt+prep+Nsubjectivematter to 有於
   jí OC: ɡɯɡ MC: gɨk 1 Attribution

Jí 極 refers to the ultimate most elevated point of something.

  • nabmetaphysicalthe supreme point; the ultimate decisive and crucial point
   shèn OC: ɡljums MC: dʑim 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)putativetake very seriously 何甚 "why take this so seriously?"
  • vibe impressive
   suàn OC: sqoonʔ MC: sʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivebe reckoned with, be regarded as important
   zhuó OC: k-laɡ MC: ʈi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtreat as important; emphasise
   wèi OC: ɢuds MC: ɦɨi 1 Attribution
  • vtpostN1pro.postN1be relevant or important (to the present situation etc)
   lǐng OC: ɡ-reŋʔ MC: liɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • nsubj=nonhumanthe important thing
   kuí OC: khuul MC: khuo̝i 1 Attribution
  • nadNoutstanding
厚者   hòu zhě OC: ɡooʔ kljaʔ MC: ɦu tɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPadSin the more serious case
第一   dì yī OC: liils qliɡ MC: dei ʔit 1 Attribution
  • NPadVas the most important thing
重劇   zhòng jù OC: doŋʔ ɡlaɡ MC: ɖi̯oŋ gɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPibe important, be of importance, be respected
關捩   guān lì OC: kroon rɯɯds MC: kɣan lei 1 Attribution
  • NPabcrux (of a matter); key (to a problem)
關捩子   guān lì zǐ OC: kroon rɯɯds sklɯʔ MC: kɣan lei tsɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPabthe crux (of a matter); key (to a problem)
可觀   kě guān MC: khaX kwan OC: khlaalʔ koon 1 Attribution
  • VP[adN]the ones that ought to be surveyed in detail> the important ones
   jí 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)attitudinalregard N as important
   shǐ OC: lʰɯʔ MC: ɕɨ 0 Attributions
  • nsubjectthe basic most important thing
   shuài OC: sruds MC: ʂi 0 Attributions
  • nfigurativedeterminating factor; superordinate factor
   běn OC: pɯɯnʔ MC: puo̝n 0 Attributions

Běn 本 (ant. mò 末) refers to what is basic and and a matter of substance in a context.

  • nabmetaphysicalthe most important point 反其本"revert to the important point"
   jī OC: kɯl MC: kɨi 0 Attributions

Jī 機 refers to the crucial mechanism that makes something work properly.

       guī OC: klul MC: kɨi 0 Attributions
    • nabmetaphysicalimportant point which all things revert>boil down to
       guì OC: kluds MC: kɨi 0 Attributions
    • vigradedbe (the most) important 民為貴

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: