CONTROL  控制

INTERACT so as to CAUSE TO BE OR ACT RESEMBLE:as one DESIRES.
BE IN CHARGE OFRUNMANAGEDIRECTADMINISTERHEADPRESIDE OVERSUPERVISESUPERINTENDSTEERCOMMANDRULEGOVERNLEADDOMINATEHOLD SWAY OVERBE AT THE HELMHEAD UPBE IN THE DRIVER'S SEATRUN THE SHOWJURISDICTIONSWAYPOWERAUTHORITYCOMMANDDOMINANCEGOVERNMENTMASTERYLEADERSHIPRULESOVEREIGNTYSUPREMACYASCENDANCYCHARGEMANAGEMENTDIRECTIONSUPERVISIONSUPERINTENDENCE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word in this group is zhì 制 (ant. zòng 縱 "give free rein to"), which refers to all kinds of control, political, physical, as well as psychological.

2. Zhì 治 refers to the orderly and principled long-term control of something.

3. Yù 御 refers to the exercise of sovereign unchallenged control over.

4. Guǎn 管 and zhǎng 掌 refer to the concrete practical control over something large or small.

5. Shàn 擅 refers to gaining or having unlegitimised sole control of something. See MONOPOLISE

6. Zhuān 專 refers to having sole control, typically of some administrative function. See MONOPOLISE

7. Bà 霸 refers to dominating and controlling something through a supreme display of power. See also RULER

Modern Chinese Criteria

控制

統制

宰制

主宰

支配

操縱

擺布

掌握

左右

牽線

駕御

控馭

克制

抑制

控制

自制

自持

抑止

壓抑

按壓

按捺

操作

操縱

掌握

克服

手綰

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

MAUTHNER WP 1924 Woerterbuch der Philosophie. Neue Beitraege zu einer Kritik der Sprache III.179

SELBSTBEHERRSCHUNG

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 4.1068

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 86

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 276

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 190
  • VPtoN : 7
  • vt(oN) : 6
  • nab : 5
  • NPab : 4
  • vt+prep+N : 4
  • nab.post-N : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • vi : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 64
  • 春秋左傳 : 21
  • 荀子 : 16
  • 管子 : 11
  • 法句經 : 10
  • 說苑 : 9
  • 戰國策 : 9
  • 史記 : 9
  • 尹文子 : 6
  • 論語 : 6
  • 毛詩 : 6
  • 春秋繁露 : 5
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 尚書 : 4
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 鹽鐵論 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 法言 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 忠經 : 1
  • 長短經 : 1
  • 黃帝內經 : 1
  • 鶡冠子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 太平經 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   zhì OC: kjeds MC: tɕiɛi 46 Attributions

The most current general word in this group is zhì 制 (ant. zòng 縱 "give free rein to"), which refers to all kinds of control, political, physical, as well as psychological.

  • nabacteffective political control; effective control (over horses)
  • vt+prep+Ngain control of; control
  • vtoNdominate systematically; have and keep effective and systematic control of; exercise political control over; organise occasionally inchoative; gain control over
  • vtoNpassivebe controlled by 制於
  • vtoNreflexive.自control oneself
  • vt[oN]control people, keep control over people
  • vt(oN)control the contextually determinate N
  • vadNcontrolled
   yù OC: ŋas MC: ŋi̯ɤ 20 Attributions

Yù 御 refers to the exercise of sovereign unchallenged control over.

  • vt+prep+Ncontrol; rule (over something)
  • vtoNcontrol (others); have control over (things)
  • vtoNpassivebe controlled by
  • vtoNpsychexercise self-control
   zhèng OC: tjeŋs MC: tɕiɛŋ 20 Attributions
  • vtoNcontrol and keep straight order in, keep in proper shape; get into proper shape
  • vtoNpsychcontrol (oneself) properly (difficult to distinguish from the corresponding item in CORRECT)
  • nab.post-Nactthe proper sorting out of N
  • vtoNpassivebe sorted out properly
  • vtoNpassivebe controlled
   zhǎng OC: tjaŋʔ MC: tɕi̯ɐŋ 15 Attributions

Guǎn 管 and zhǎng 掌 refer to the concrete practical control over something large or small.

  • vtoNcontinuousZUO Xiang 29: hold the reins of control over;
  • vtoNinchoativetake control over; take the post of
  • vtoNbe controlled
   chí OC: rlɯ MC: ɖɨ 14 Attributions

Zhì 治 refers to the orderly and principled long-term control of something.

  • vt(oN)keep good control (in a place)
  • vtoNcontrol (perhaps prototypically water and rivers; breath, emotions, or the mind), order properly, deal with efficiently
  • vtoNchangetake political charge of; get to deal with
歙 / 攝   shè OC: qhljob MC: ɕiɛp shè OC: qhljeb MC: ɕiɛp 9 Attributions
  • vtoNcontain, contract; keep within limits[fuse (metal)][CA]
  • vtoNpassivebe controlled
   shàn OC: djans MC: dʑiɛn 7 Attributions

Shàn 擅 refers to gaining or having unlegitimised sole control of something. See MONOPOLISE

  • vtoNgain sole control of (with no negative connotations); have sole control of
調   tiáo OC: dɯɯw MC: deu 7 Attributions
  • vt(oN)control the contextually determinate object
  • vtoNsteer and control properly
  • vtoNconativetry to gain control over
  • vtoNreflexive.自control and restrain
   chéng OC: dɯŋ MC: ɖɨŋ 6 Attributions
  • vt(oN)control and stop the contextually determinate activity or phenomenon
  • vtoNcontrol and stop 《史記·屈原賈生列傳》:"懲違改忿兮,抑心而自彊。" 王念孫 《讀書雜志·史記五》:"懲,止也;違,恨也。言止其恨,改其忿,抑其心,而自彊勉也。"參見" 懲忿窒欲 "。
  • vtoNreflexive.其心control and correct (one's mind)
一統   yī tǒng OC: qliɡ thuuŋs MC: ʔit thuo̝ŋ 6 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)put under one's single-handed control
  • VPtoNpassivebe uniquely controlled, be controlled single-handedly
  • NPabactsingle-handed control
   kuà OC: khʷraas MC: khɣɛ 5 Attributions
  • vtoNbestraddle so as to be in control of, exercise power over ??
   lǐng OC: ɡ-reŋʔ MC: liɛŋ 5 Attributions
  • vt(oN)take charge of a contextually determinate thing
  • vtoNcontrol, administer, regulate; constrain and control
   chéng OC: ɢjɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ 4 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nimpose control on
  • vtoNdominate, control the actions of
  • vtoNpassivebe controlled
   àn OC: qaans MC: ʔɑn 4 Attributions
  • vtoNcontrol, keep under control; repress; hold down; hold back
   cāo OC: tshaaw MC: tshɑu 4 Attributions
  • viactwield control
  • vtoNwield effective control over
注錯   zhù cuò MC: tsyuH tshak OC: tjos skhaaɡ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNDELETE manage, handle
  • VPtoNhandle N, deal with N
  • NPabactmanagement, one's dealing with things
使   shǐ OC: srɯʔ MC: ʂɨ 3 Attributions
  • vt(oN)keep control over, exercise control over contextually determinate objects
  • vtoNmake submit to one's will, control, keep control over; order about
   kè OC: khɯɯɡ MC: khək 3 Attributions
  • vtoNinchoativegain control of (oneself etc);
  • vtoNpsychgain control of (oneself) See also WIN
  • vt(oN)figurativegain control over the contextually determinate N
   shèng OC: lʰɯŋs MC: ɕɨŋ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNreflexive.自control (oneself)
  • vtoNgain control of
   zhí OC: tjib MC: tɕip 3 Attributions
  • vtoNbe in control of, be in effective charge of
   zǎi OC: tsɯɯʔ MC: tsəi 3 Attributions
  • vtoNcontrol politically; administer
  • vtoNpassivebe controlled and administered by
   zhuān OC: tjon MC: tɕiɛn 3 Attributions

Zhuān 專 refers to having sole control, typically of some administrative function. See MONOPOLISE

  • vtoNcontrol and determine alone; monopolise
   dé OC: tɯɯɡ MC: tək 3 Attributions
  • vtoNgain political control of; gain the confidence of (a ruler etc.)
   jié OC: tsiiɡ MC: tset 3 Attributions
  • vtoNadjust properly
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe properly adjusted, be well balanced
   rěn OC: njinʔ MC: ȵin 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcontrol
   xù OC: ljaʔ MC: zi̯ɤ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNregulate; put in order; arrange
   jìn OC: krɯms MC: kim 2 Attributions
  • vtoNreflexive.自control so as to prevent (oneself) from transgression
   guǎn OC: koonʔ MC: kʷɑn 2 Attributions

Guǎn 管 and zhǎng 掌 refer to the concrete practical control over something large or small.

  • vtoNmanipulate, manage, take care of; control, be in control of
   dǒng OC: tooŋʔ MC: tuŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNkeep control of
   bàn OC: breens MC: bɣɛn 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcontrol through careful discriminating analysis
  • vt(oN)deal with the contextually determinate N, successfully manage the contextually determinate N
   xié OC: ɡeeb MC: ɦep 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfigurativehave easy control of; have gained easy control of
   jiē OC: skeb MC: tsiɛp 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdeal with (fraud)
   shéng OC: sbljɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbring politically into line
   cái OC: sɡɯɯ MC: dzəi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcontrol and regulate effectively
   jié OC: khid MC: khit 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcontrol by supervision
   bàn OC: breens MC: bɣɛn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNmanage; deal with; handle
導制   dǎo zhì OC: ɡ-luus kjeds MC: dɑu tɕiɛi 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeguide so as to control
   wèn OC: mɯns MC: mi̯un 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)try to control; meddle in 不聞不問
自禁   zì jìn MC: dzijH kimH OC: sblids krɯms 1 Attribution
  • NPabself-control; limiting oneself; self-restriction
   sī  MC: si  OC: sqlɯ  1 Attribution
  • vtoNabstractbe in control over, organise
   yù 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto fend off N and have it under control
   líng OC: [b]rɯŋ MC: lɨŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNimpose one's will on
   yíng OC: ɢʷleŋ MC: jiɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNto manage; to control; to regulate; to direct
   zhì OC: kjeds MC: tɕiɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNregulate; control systematically; organise systematically
制伏   zhì fú OC: kjeds bɯɡ MC: tɕiɛi buk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontinuouskeep under firm control
處分   chǔ fèn OC: khljaʔ bɯns MC: tɕhi̯ɤ bi̯un 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNcolloquialmanage, deal with
   dāng OC: taaŋ MC: tɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNtake care of; take responsibility for
   dìng OC: deeŋs MC: deŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNsettle (unrest etc); pacify
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNabstractbe in control over, organise
    0 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nread jiān: supervise and control
   kòng 0 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativecontrol intellectually

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: