OBEY  聽從

CONFORM to COMMANDS.
DO WHAT SOMEONE SAYSCARRY OUT SOMEONE'S ORDERSSUBMIT TODEFER TOBOW TOYIELD TOGIVE IN TO
Antonym

OFFENDREFUSE TO OBEY OR CONFORM.

Hypernym

CONFORMACT so as to NOT to OFFEND against RULES OR a MODEL. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

SURRENDERADMIT PUBLICLY that one is DEFEATED.AGREE TOASSENT that one is WILLING to ACT CONFORMing to someone OTHER:else's REQUEST.  TAMEOBEY ENDURINGLY AND NOT OFFEND one's OWNER, as an ANIMAL, so as NOT to be WILD.

Hyponym
  • SERVE OBEY ENDURINGLY AND HELP someone, OFTEN:typically RECEIVING a SALARY.
    • TAME OBEY ENDURINGLY AND NOT OFFEND one's OWNER, as an ANIMAL, so as NOT to be WILD.
      Old Chinese Criteria

      1. The most current general word for obedience is probably cóng 從 (ant. jù 拒 "refuse to carry out an order"), which refers literally to the following of orders on particular occasions, and more generally to showing obedience to a person.

      2. Shùn 順 (ant. nì 逆 "refuse to conform") can refer to the conforming with a standard set by someone or an intention someone has.

      3. Fú 服 (ant. jiàng 強 "stubbornly refuse") is to submit to higher authority through obedience to its orders, and this submission may be either voluntary or enforced by circumstances.

      4. Tīng 聽 (ant. fú tīng 弗聽 "refuse to listen") refers primarily to following advice from inferiors, but the word is also used for being mindful of an order one has heard so as to carry it out.

      5. Nuò 諾 (ant. fǒu 否 "refuse to comply") is to declare an intention to do as one is told when one normally has no alternative but to obey.

      Modern Chinese Criteria

      聽從 is the current modern Chinese word for obeying.

      聽話 is the current colloquial term for obeying.

      順從 refers to obedience as following a pattern.

      依從 refers to obedience as conformity.

      服從 refers to obedience as submission.

      依順 refers to obedience as compliance.

      隨順 refers to obedience as following a flow.

      俯首帖耳 (prov) refers in a periphrastic way to docile obedience.

      唯命是聽 (prov) is an ancient quotation which refers to obedience to orders.

      唯命是從 (prov) is an ancient quotation which refers to obedience to orders.

      奉命唯謹 (prov) is an ancient quotation which refers to obedience to orders and focusses on diligence.

      言聽計從 (prov) is a current literary saying referring to intelligent obedience.

      唯唯諾諾 (prov) is an ancient quotation which refers to unquestioning obedience.

      rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

      • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 19.46

      • De differentiis ( DIFFERENTIAE I) p. 252

        FAMULARE, OBSEQUI

        229. Inter Famulari et obsequi. Famulari est debiti; obsequi, voluntatis proprie.

      • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

        OBEDIENCE

        parere refers to obedience construed as an obligation and a state of duty and subject as that of a servant to his mast4er, a subject to his sovereign.

        obedire/oboedire is the obedience of an inferior to his superior, of a citizen to the law or to a magistrate.

        obsequi refers to obedience as the act of a free will.

        sosecundare ditto

        obtemperare ditto.

        morigerari ditto.

      • Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques ( DUFOUR 1910) p. 125

      • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

        OBEDENTIA

      • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 4

      • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 3.147

      • Encyclopedia of Religion ( JONES 2005) p.

        OBEDIENCE

      • 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 ( HONG CHENGYU 2009) p. 298

      • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 57A

      Attributions by syntactic funtion

      • vtoN : 23
      • vt[oN] : 11
      • VPi : 10
      • nab : 7
      • vt+prep+N : 5
      • VPt(oN) : 5
      • vi : 3
      • vt(oN) : 3
      • vtoNab : 3
      • VPadV : 3
      • NPab : 2
      • vadN : 2
      • VPt( prep N) : 1
      • vtoN : 1
      • vi0 : 1
      • VPt[oN] : 1
      • NP : 1
      • vtoN.adV : 1
      • VPtoN : 1
      • VPt+prep+N : 1

      Attributions by text

      • 說苑 : 9
      • 戰國策 : 8
      • 孝經 : 8
      • 祖堂集 : 7
      • 百喻經 : 7
      • 荀子 : 6
      • 法句經 : 5
      • 賢愚經 : 5
      • 管子 : 4
      • 春秋穀梁傳 : 4
      • 孟子 : 4
      • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
      • 呂氏春秋 : 3
      • 禮記 : 3
      • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
      • 列子 : 1
      • 淮南子 : 1
      • 史記 : 1
      • 法言 : 1
      • 韓詩外傳 : 1
      • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
      • 尚書 : 1

      Words

         shùn OC: ɢjuns MC: ʑʷin 14 Attributions

      Shùn 順 (ant. nì 逆 "refuse to conform") can refer to the conforming with a standard set by someone or an intention someone has.

      • nabdispositionobedience, proper subordination, subservience
      • v[adN]nonreferentialthose who are obedient
      • vt(oN)obey the wishes and orders of the contextually determinate N
      • vt[oN]be obedient, be not obstreporous
      • vtoNshow proper and harmonious subordination [heed (a command)][CA]
      • vtoNcausativecause to be obedient; make obedient
      • nab.post-V{NUM}kinds of obedience
      • vt+prep+Nobey
         cóng OC: dzoŋ MC: dzi̯oŋ 10 Attributions

      The most current general word for obedience is probably cóng 從 (ant. jù 拒 "refuse to carry out an order"), which refers literally to the following of orders on particular occasions, and more generally to showing obedience to a person.

      • vi0there will be obedience???
      • vt(oN)obey the contextually determinate person(s)
      • vt[oN]show obedience [to one]
      • vtoN.adVto V, obeying V
      • vtoNN=humanobjey the rules or commands of (sages etc); side with
      • vtoNpassivebe obeyed
      • vtoNabobey (orders) (not normally persons)
      • vt+prep+Ncontinuousbe obedient to
      • vtoNobey (order)
      • vt[oN](of limbs etc) follow one's instructions/intentions
      聽 / 聽聼   tīng OC: theeŋ MC: theŋ  OC:  MC:  8 Attributions

      Tīng 聽 (ant. fú tīng 弗聽 "refuse to listen") refers primarily to following advice from inferiors, but the word is also used for being mindful of an order one has heard so as to carry it out. Tīng 聽 (ant. fú tīng 弗聽 "refuse to listen") refers primarily to following advice from inferiors, but the word is also used for being mindful of an order one has heard so as to carry it out.

      • vtoNobey, show obedience to; act in accordance with (a demand) 不聽(with negation often with object omitted)
      • vt[oN]obey orders; be obedient to others; be obedient to anybody
      • nabdispositionobedience; ability to listen to advice
      • vt+prep+Nserve under, obey
      • vt(oN)imperativeobey the contextually determinate instructions/suggestions! Conform to (this).
      • vt(oN)obey the contextually determinate order N
      • vtoNfollow N's advice
         fú OC: bɯɡ MC: buk 4 Attributions

      Fú 服 (ant. jiàng 強 "stubbornly refuse") is to submit to higher authority through obedience to its orders, and this submission may be either voluntary or enforced by circumstances.

      • vt[oN]submit to higher authority and do as one is told; fulfil one's functions obediently
      • vt+prep+Nsubmit to the authority of, act in accordance with 服於
      • vtoNsubmit to higher authority and obey; show one's obedience to;
      • vtoNcausativecause to submit to one's authority
         yòng OC: k-loŋs MC: ji̯oŋ 4 Attributions
      • vtoNact in accordance with (orders)
      • vt(oN)derivedfollow the advice of N
      孝順   xiào shùn OC: qhruus ɢjuns MC: hɣɛu ʑʷin 4 Attributions
      • NPactfilial obedience, feeling of filial obedience, sense of duty towards one's parents
      • VPiactbe obedient as a son/daughter, be filially obedient
      • VPt[oN]be obedient as a son/daughter towards, obey somebody in filial obedience; have a feeling of filial obedience towards
      持戒   chí jiè OC: ɡrlɯ krɯɯɡs MC: ɖɨ kɣɛi 4 Attributions
      • NPabactBUDDH: the practice of keeping the precepts (one of the Six Perfections of a Bodhisattva, see liùdù 六度); śīla [pāramitā]
      • VPiactobey precepts
      遜 / 孫   xùn OC: squuns MC: suo̝n sūn OC: sluun MC: suo̝n 3 Attributions
      • viactbe yielding in one's behaviour, be properly submissive and polite; be docile
      • nabactmodesty, polite obedience
         jiè OC: krɯɯɡs MC: kɣɛi 3 Attributions
      • nabactobedience to Buddhist precepts and prohibitions
      • vadNobedient to Buddhist precepts and prohibitions
          OC:  MC:  3 Attributions
      • vtoNfollow the instructions of; obey
      • vtoNfigurativefollow, obey
      • nabactobsequiousness
      • vt(oN)obey the contextually determinate N
      聽從   tīng cóng OC: theeŋ dzoŋ MC: theŋ dzi̯oŋ 3 Attributions
      • VPt(oN)obey a contextually determinate person in every way
      • VPtoNintensitiveobey in every way
         xìn OC: sins MC: sin 2 Attributions
      • nabactobedienct service (to the gods or superiors)
      • vadNobedient
      • vt[oN]be obedient to one's superior or to spirits to whom one owes obedience
      • vtoNobey (precepts and prohibitions) faithfully
         wén OC: mɯn MC: mi̯un 2 Attributions
      • vtoNlisten to > obey, follow (an advice)
      受命   shòu mìng OC: djuʔ mɢreŋs MC: dʑɨu mɣaŋ 2 Attributions
      • VPt+prep+Nreceive orders from> obey
      • VPt[0](+prep+N)[I] accept the order: I shall obey the order N
      • VPt( prep N)accept the instruction from N
      如教   rú jiào OC: nja kruus MC: ȵi̯ɤ kɣɛu 2 Attributions
      • VPadVin accordance with instructions
      • VPiactdo as one is told
      聞命   wén mìng OC: mɯn mɢreŋs MC: mi̯un mɣaŋ 2 Attributions
      • VPihave heard the order> will obey orders given
         zhòng OC: krluŋs MC: ʈuŋ 1 Attribution
      • vtoNobey by keeping in accordance with
         sūn OC: sluun MC: suo̝n 1 Attribution
      • vadNobedient
         nuò OC: naaɡ MC: nɑk 1 Attribution

      Nuò 諾 (ant. fǒu 否 "refuse to comply") is to declare an intention to do as one is told when one normally has no alternative but to obey.

      • vt(oN)obey the contextually determinate instruction N
         pèi OC: phɯɯls MC: phuo̝i 1 Attribution
      • vtoNto act in accordance (with something); obey??
         xún OC: sɢʷun MC: zʷin 1 Attribution
      • nabpsychdocility
      • vt+prep+Nbe obedient towards N; obey N
      善順   shàn shùn OC: ɡjenʔ ɢjuns MC: dʑiɛn ʑʷin 1 Attribution
      • VPiactbe meek
      奉命   fèng mìng OC: boŋʔ mɢreŋs MC: bi̯oŋ mɣaŋ 1 Attribution
      • VPadVobediently
      如敕   rú chì OC: nja rʰɯɡ MC: ȵi̯ɤ ʈhɨk 1 Attribution
      • VPadVas instructed
      守戒   shǒu jiè OC: qhjuʔ krɯɯɡs MC: ɕɨu kɣɛi 1 Attribution
      • VPiactobey Buddhist precepts/prohibitions
      敬從   jìng cóng OC: kreŋs dzoŋ MC: kɣaŋ dzi̯oŋ 1 Attribution
      • VPtoNobey
      隨教   suí jiāo OC: sɢlol kruu MC: ziɛ kɣɛu 1 Attribution
      • VPt(oN)obey the contextually determinate instruction N
      從命   cóng mìng MC: dzjowng mjaengH OC: dzoŋ mɢreŋs 1 Attribution
      • VPt(oN)obey the order of the contextually determinate N
         shòu MC: dzyuwX OC: djuʔ 1 Attribution
      • vtoNobediently receive, obey
      道順   dào shùn  MC: dawX zywinH  OC: ɡ-luuʔ ɢjuns  1 Attribution
      • nabobedience, submissivemess
      順弟   shùn dì MC: zywinH dejX OC: ɢjuns liilʔ 1 Attribution
      • VPi= shun4ti4 順悌, obedient
      使   shǐ OC: srɯʔ MC: ʂɨ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNcarry into practice (commands) 使令
         bǎo OC: puuʔ MC: pɑu 0 Attributions
      • vtoNobey carefully and meticulously
         wéi OC: k-lul MC: ji 0 Attributions
      • vtoNobey
      • vt[0]oNI (the speaker) obey the (your) order
         rú OC: nja MC: ȵi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNact according to (an order); keep in conformity with
         zūn OC: tsuun MC: tsuo̝n 0 Attributions
      • vtoNobey respectfully
         wǎng OC: ɢʷaŋʔ MC: ɦi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
      • viactgo and do as one is told
         xún OC: sɢlun MC: zʷin 0 Attributions
      • vtoNfollow the commands of
         chéng OC: ɡjɯŋ MC: dʑɨŋ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNpolitely receive and obey (orders etc)
         xiào OC: ɡreews MC: ɦɣɛu 0 Attributions
      • vt(oN)obey and conform to a honourable request or command from a superior
         jìng OC: kreŋs MC: kɣaŋ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNrespectfully obey
         shuài OC: sruds MC: ʂi 0 Attributions
      • vt[oN]obey, oblige YIZHOUSHU
      • vtoNfollow
      受行   shòu xíng OC: djuʔ ɢraaŋ MC: dʑɨu ɦɣaŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNreceive and act in accordance with instructions N
      唯命   wéi mìng OC: k-lul mɢreŋs MC: ji mɣaŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPi[0]it will be as you command; I shall obey your orders
      孫弟 / 遜悌   sūn dì OC: sluun liilʔ MC: suo̝n dei xùn tì OC: squuns liils MC: suo̝n dei 0 Attributions
      • VPiactprobably to be read xùn tì 遜悌: be obedient and show brotherly respect> be obedient
      守持   shǒu chí OC: qhjuʔ ɡrlɯ MC: ɕɨu ɖɨ 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNkeep in accordance with and maintain an obedient attitude towards> obey
      從者   cóng zhě OC: dzoŋ kljaʔ MC: dzi̯oŋ tɕɣɛ 0 Attributions

      Cóng zhě 從者 like the English "followers" primarily focusses on the idea of following a master wherever he goes, but this nuance is weakened with time so that the term comes to mean quite abstractly "follower".

      • NP{vad.npro}pluralthe disciples;
      • NPsingularattendant
      • NPpoliticalfollowers
      承命   chéng mìng OC: ɡjɯŋ mɢreŋs MC: dʑɨŋ mɣaŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPiactobey the "commands"
      聽用   tīng yòng OC: theeŋ k-loŋs MC: theŋ ji̯oŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPt(oN)listen to and follow the advice of a contextually determinate N
      貞順   zhēn shùn OC: teŋ ɢjuns MC: ʈiɛŋ ʑʷin 0 Attributions
      • NPabimpeccable subordination
      適從   shì cóng OC: qljeɡ dzoŋ MC: ɕiɛk dzi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNdecide to side with and obey
      唯命是聽   wéi mìng shì tīng OC: k-lul mɢreŋs ɡljeʔ theeŋ MC: ji mɣaŋ dʑiɛ theŋ 0 Attributions
      • VPt[oN]be perfectly obedient to the autorities that are, to the powers that be
      從命   cóng mìng MC: dzjowng mjaengH OC: dzoŋ mɢreŋs 0 Attributions
      • VPt(oN)obey the order of the contextually determiate N

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: