CONTAIN  包括

HAVE as a PART OR as what BE-IN:is INSIDE.
INCLUDECOMPRISETAKE ININCORPORATEINVOLVEENCOMPASSEMBRACECONSIST OFBE MADE UP OFBE COMPOSED OF
Taxonoymy

DIRTYDENSE

See also

HAVE

Kind Of

HAVE

Old Chinese Criteria

[ABSTRACT/CONCRETE]

[BASIC/MARGINAL]

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

1. Hán 含 is literally to hold in one's mouth, but the word can refer quite generally and even abstractly to containing something.

[MARGINAL]; [[COMMON]]

2. Róng 容 refers to the making room for and thus containing or having space for something, and the word is also used abstractly.

[GENERAL]

3. Yǒu tuó 有橐 refers in an abstract way to a larger unit encompassing a smaller unit.

[ABSTRACT]; [[RARE]]

Modern Chinese Criteria

包含 refers very generally to containing or comprising something.

含有 is typically abstract and refers to comprising elements, implications and the like.

包括 refers literally to comprising the elements of which something consists.

含 refers in a literary way to the containing or having of abstract things like feelings or elements.

含著

囊括

包羅

牢籠

總括

概括

一包在內

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis 18.11.2003. CH

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 14

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 20

CAI SHAOWEI 2010 跟我學同義詞 40

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 50
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vt(oN) : 1

Attributions by text

  • 陸機集十一卷 : 8
  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 春秋左傳 : 6
  • 論衡 : 6
  • 莊子 : 6
  • 管子 : 4
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   róng OC: k-loŋ MC: ji̯oŋ 22 Attributions

Róng 容 refers to the making room for and thus containing or having space for something, and the word is also used abstractly. [GENERAL]

  • vadNfigurativeaccommodating, tolerant
  • vt(oN)be large enough for something determinate
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativebe accommodating to (things)
  • vtoNfind space for, find room for; have enough space for, be large enough for
  • vtoNfigurativehave room for, be able to accomodate
   hán OC: ɡlɯɯm MC: ɦəm 13 Attributions

Hán 含is literally to hold in one's mouth, but the word can refer quite generally and even abstractly to containing something. [MARGINAL]; [[COMMON]]

  • vtoNhold in one's mouth> encompass; have within one, contain
   yǒu OC: ɢʷɯʔ MC: ɦɨu 5 Attributions
  • vtoNcontain as a proper part, comprise
   huái OC: ɡruul MC: ɦɣɛi 4 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativecomport; contain (in a non-spatial sense)
  • vtoNstativecontain
有橐   yǒu tuó OC: ɢʷɯʔ thaaɡ MC: ɦɨu thɑk 3 Attributions

Yǒu tuó 有橐 refers in an abstract way to a larger unit encompassing a smaller unit. [ABSTRACT]; [[RARE]]

  • VPtoNfigurativecontain abstractly as in a bag
   nà OC: nuub MC: nəp 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcontain
   hóng OC: ɡʷrɯɯŋ MC: ɦɣɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNencompass, comprehend
   zài OC: sɡlɯɯs MC: dzəi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcomport
   bào MC: bawX OC: buuʔ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNderivedcontain, comport
   hán MC: hom OC: ɡuum 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcomprehend, encompass
   wēn  MC: 'won  OC: quun  1 Attribution
  • vtoNcontain
吐含   tǔ hán OC: kh-laaʔ ɡlɯɯm MC: thuo̝ ɦəm 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNbring forth and contain
容納   róng nà OC: k-loŋ nuub MC: ji̯oŋ nəp 0 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)figurativecontain > tolerate (with contextually determinate N)
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontain, comport
   bào MC: bawX OC: buuʔ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontain, comport
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcomprehend, encompass
   kuò MC: kwat OC: kood 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcontain, encompass

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: