BELT  

STRIP of CLOTH OR LEATHER USED to TIE ROUND one's WAIST.
SASHGIRDLESTRAPCUMMERBUNDBANDLITERARY CINCTUREHISTORICAL BALDRIC
Taxonoymy

HORSE BELT

See also

RIBBON

Kind Of

GARMENT

Old Chinese Criteria

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[ELEVATED/VULGAR]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[INFORMAL/OFFICIAL]

[POETIC/PROSAIC]

[IDIOM/WORD]

1. The current general word is dài 帶 which refers to any belt worn on the hip, and this belt may be of leather, silk or any other fabric. Note that dài 帶 alone is often used to refer to shēn 紳.

[GENERAL], [PROSAIC]; [[COMMON]]

2. Shēn 紳 is always broad, and made of silk. It hangs prominently visible from behind, and typically has suspended from it by a leather strap an official seal. This belt was a sign of status until Sui times, when it gradually came to be used more generally by everyone.

[OFFICIAL], [PROSAIC]

3. Dà dài 大帶 is a late Warring States term for the shēn 紳 "official belt".

[IDIOM], [OFFICIAL], [PROSAIC]

4. Shòu 綬 was the most current word for the shēn 紳 from Han times onwards. At this time the colour of the belt began to be used as an indication of the status of the wearer. From Sui times onwards, the use of shòu 綬 was discontinued.

[OFFICIAL], [PROSAIC]

5. Fú 紱 is a rare word for a coloured belt indicating status, used in Han times.

[ELEVATED], [OFFICIAL]; [[RARE]]

6. Xiāng 纕 is a rare poetic word for a belt used in CC.

[ELEVATED], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

7. Dié 絰 refers specifically to the hempen belt worn in mourning. See GARMENT FOR MOURNING

[PROSAIC], [SPECIALISED]

8. Zǔ 組 refers, in Han times, to a silk sash or belt with pendants attached, as a symbol of one's official status.

[OFFICIAL], [PROSAIC]

Modern Chinese Criteria

帶子

絛子

絛帶

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 6.57

HUANG JINGUI 1995 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.241

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 148

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 25
  • NP : 3
  • vi : 1
  • nab : 1
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 16
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 論語 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 五行 : 1

Words

   dài OC: taads MC: tɑi 10 Attributions

The current general word is dài 帶 which refers to any belt worn on the hip, and this belt may be of leather, silk or any other fabric. Note that dài 帶 alone is often used to refer to shēn 紳. [GENERAL], [PROSAIC]; [[COMMON]]

  • nspecifically: inner belt; any belt or sash
   dié OC: ɡ-liiɡ MC: det 9 Attributions

Dié 絰 refers specifically to the hempen belt worn in mourning. See GARMENT FOR MOURNING [PROSAIC], [SPECIALISED]

  • nhempen or sackcloth belt worn in mourning
  • nabactthe wearing of sackcloth belts
  • viwear hempen or sackcloth belt of mourning
   shēn OC: lʰin MC: ɕin 4 Attributions

Shēn 紳 is always broad, and made of silk. It hangs prominently visible from behind, and typically has suspended from it by a leather strap an official seal. This belt was a sign of status until Sui times, when it gradually came to be used more generally by everyone. [OFFICIAL], [PROSAIC]

  • nembroidered piece of cloth dangling from the outer belt; sash; put on a sash
  • vtoNput a belt around
   pán OC: baan MC: bʷɑn 4 Attributions
  • nlarge belt; leather belt; belt with a pouch
要絰   yāo dié OC: qew ɡ-liiɡ MC: ʔiɛu det 2 Attributions
  • NPwaist belt worn in mourning
   zǔ OC: skaaʔ MC: tsuo̝ 1 Attribution

Zǔ 組 refers, in Han times, to a silk sash or belt with pendants attached, as a symbol of one's official status. See RIBBON [OFFICIAL], [PROSAIC]

  • nsilk sash or belt with jade pendants, or with pendants in the form of seals 係頸以組
絰帶   dié dài OC: ɡ-liiɡ taads MC: det tɑi 1 Attribution
  • NPpluralsashes
   fán OC: ban MC: bi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • nhorse belt worn round the stomach of the horse ZHOULI
   fú OC: pɯd MC: pi̯ut 0 Attributions

Fú 紱 is a rare word for a coloured belt indicating status, used in Han times. [ELEVATED], [OFFICIAL]; [[RARE]]

  • nHANSHU: special coloured belt to tie up official seals with
   shòu OC: djuʔ MC: dʑɨu 0 Attributions

Shòu 綬 was the most current word for the shēn 紳 from Han times onwards. At this time the colour of the belt began to be used as an indication of the status of the wearer. From Sui times onwards, the use of shòu 綬 was discontinued. [OFFICIAL], [PROSAIC]

  • nsilk belt of an official, on which a seal was hung by leather straps
   xiāng OC: snaŋ MC: si̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions

Xiāng 纕 is a rare poetic word for a belt used in CC. [ELEVATED], [POETIC]; [[RARE]]

  • nbelt; sash
大帶   dà dài OC: daads taads MC: dɑi tɑi 0 Attributions

Dà dài 大帶 is a late Warring States term for the shēn 紳 "official belt". [IDIOM], [OFFICIAL], [PROSAIC]

  • nsilken outer belt only worn by a person of considerable status, used as a sign of status (until the use of this became more common in Sui and Tang times)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: