AGRICULTURE  耕田

WORK IN FIELDS TO REAR PLANTS.
FARMINGCULTIVATIONTILLAGETILLINGHUSBANDRYLAND/FARM MANAGEMENTHORTICULTUREAGRIBUSINESSAGRONOMY.AGRICULTURE
Taxonoymy

FERTILISESOWWEEDREAP

IRRIGATE

See also

PLOUGH

Kind Of

WORK

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general term for agriculture and agricultural work is nóng 農, and this term refers to the sedentary cultivation of plants as well as the raising of domestic animals.

2. Gēng 耕 refers to any agricultural work involved in the growing of crops of any kind; however, the term also refers specifically to ploughing and thus turning over and loosening the ground for cultivation.

3. Lí 犁 refers specifically to ploughing the fields with a sharp-edged rather than pointed plough.

4. Kěn 墾 refers specifically to the official act of designating new areas for agricultural cultivation and to the following of this policy.

5. Tián 田 refers to agricultural work in the fields.

6. Pǔ 圃 refers to agricultural work in a garden.

Modern Chinese Criteria

種地

種田

稼穡

耕作

耕耘

耕田

耕種

耕地

佃作 (lit)

佃 (obs)

耕 (lit)

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 199

Ackerbaugeraete:

FINSTERBUSCH 1966 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 210

Feldarbeit:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 739

Feldarbeit:

There is a special collection of agricultural reliefs. Find reference.

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 753

Getreide etc:

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 770

Landwirtschaft:

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 297

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum 33

AGRICULTURA

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 1.158

STAIGER 2003 Das grosse China-Lexikon 420

POIRIER 1991 Histoire des moeurs 1.1279

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

AGRICULTURE

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 94A

ACKERBAU

87A

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 94A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vt[oN] : 26
  • vtoN : 20
  • nab : 19
  • NPab{N1&N2} : 19
  • NP : 10
  • NPab : 7
  • vi : 6
  • nadN : 5
  • VPi : 4
  • vadN : 3
  • NP{vad.npro} : 2
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • VPtoN : 1
  • v[adN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 23
  • 管子 : 17
  • 孟子 : 16
  • 呂氏春秋 : 12
  • 史記 : 8
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 鹽鐵論 : 7
  • 尚書 : 5
  • 論語 : 4
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 劉義慶世說新語 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 長短經 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 忠經 : 1

Words

   gēng OC: kreeŋ MC: kɣɛŋ 42 Attributions

Gēng 耕 refers to any agricultural work involved in the growing of crops of any kind; however, the term also refers specifically to ploughing and thus turning over and loosening the ground for cultivation.

  • nabactagricultural work; ploughing; agriculture
  • v[adN]peasant
  • vadNengaging in agriculture
  • viactcultivate the land; engage in agriculture, till the fields
  • vt[oN]to turn to tilling the fields
  • vt[oN]generaldo agricultural work; to plough the fields
  • vtoNplough, cultivate (fields etc)
  • vtoNfigurativeto plough (fig.)
  • vadNpassivecultivated or planted
  • vt+prep+Ncultivate the fields in N
稼穡   jià sè OC: kraas srɯɡ MC: kɣɛ ʂɨk 19 Attributions
  • NPab{N1&N2}act(sow and harvest>) husbandry; agricultural production
   kěn OC: khɯɯnʔ MC: khən 12 Attributions

Kěn 墾 refers specifically to the official act of designating new areas for agricultural cultivation and to the following of this policy.

  • vadNpassivecultivated; suitable for agricultural cultivation;
  • viwork in agriculture
  • vtoNtill, cultivate; break (new land), open up for cultivation
  • vtoNpassivebe properly tilled; be properly cultivated
耕者   gēng zhě OC: kreeŋ kljaʔ MC: kɣɛŋ tɕɣɛ 12 Attributions

refers to any person engaged in growing crops.

  • NP{vad.npro}nonreferentialan active farmer
  • NPpluralactive farmers
   nóng OC: nuuŋ MC: nuo̝ŋ 11 Attributions

The general term for agriculture and agricultural work is nóng 農, and this term refers to the sedentary cultivation of plants as well as the raising of domestic animals.

  • nabactagriculture; the art of husbandry
  • nadNagricultural, related to agriculture
  • viactact as a peasant should; till the land
耕稼   gēng jià OC: kreeŋ kraas MC: kɣɛŋ kɣɛ 6 Attributions
  • NPabactagricultural work
  • VPiactengage in agricultural work
   jià OC: kraas MC: kɣɛ 4 Attributions
  • nabactagriculture as an activity; sowing
   tián OC: ɡ-liiŋ MC: den 3 Attributions

Tián 田 refers to agricultural work in the fields.

  • nabactagricultural work in the fields
  • viactwork in the fields
   qǐ OC: kheeʔ MC: khei 2 Attributions

can refer to the activty of opening lands up for agriculture

  • vtoNopen up for agriculture
辟 / 闢   pì OC: beɡ MC: biɛk pì OC: beɡ MC: biɛk 2 Attributions
  • vtoNopen up (territory for cultivation); clear away (weeds)
耕農   gēng nóng OC: kreeŋ nuuŋ MC: kɣɛŋ nuo̝ŋ 2 Attributions
  • NPabactagricultural work
  • VPiacttill the land; engage in agricultural work
   pǔ OC: paaʔ MC: puo̝ 1 Attribution

Pǔ 圃 refers to agricultural work in a garden.

  • nabactgardening, the tending of gardens
   péi OC: bɯɯ MC: buo̝i 1 Attribution
  • viactearth up (vegetables)
   lí OC: riil MC: lei 1 Attribution

Lí 犁 refers specifically to ploughing the fields with a sharp-edged rather than pointed plough.

  • vtoNplough with buffalo as traction animals [ill.: HAYASHI, 6-13] [JM]
   jì OC: tsɯɡ MC: tsɨk 1 Attribution
  • nabactagricultural activities
   kāi OC: khɯɯl MC: khəi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNopen up for cultivation
耕種   gēng zhòng OC: kreeŋ tjoŋs MC: kɣɛŋ tɕi̯oŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPabactagriculture
耕耘   gēng yún OC: kreeŋ ɢun MC: kɣɛŋ ɦi̯un 1 Attribution

refers quite generally to all kinds of agricultural work

  • VPiactagricultural work of all kinds, particularly ploughing and weeding
辟舉   pì jǔ OC: beɡ klaʔ MC: biɛk ki̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNmiddle voicebe opened up for cultivation
農業   nóng yè OC: nuuŋ ŋab MC: nuo̝ŋ ŋi̯ɐp 1 Attribution
  • NPabactagriculture
   bǒ OC: paalʔ MC: pʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • nwinnow
農穡   nóng sè OC: nuuŋ srɯɡ MC: nuo̝ŋ ʂɨk 0 Attributions
  • NPabactall kinds of agricultural activities

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: