COMPETE  競爭

INTERACT with OTHERS so as to SHOW that one is MORE EXCELLENT IN-RELATION-TO them.
COMPETITIONCONTEND WITHVIE WITHBATTLE (WITH)WRANGLE WITHJOCKEY WITHGO HEAD TO HEAD WITHSTRIVE AGAINSTPIT ONESELF AGAINSTCHALLENGETAKE ON
Taxonoymy

LITIGATEFIGHTCONFLICT

Antonymy

COOPERATE

See also

FIGHT

Kind Of

INTERACT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The clearly dominant general word for competition or struggle, both hostile and friendly, is zhēng 爭 and the focus is on the conflict rather on what is being fought for. See STRUGGLE

2. Jìng 競 is to compete strenuously, and to vie for something viewed as desirable, and the focus is not so much on the conflict involved as on the aim pursued.

3. Jiǎo 角 is a rare elevated word for competition.

Modern Chinese Criteria

比賽

競爭

競賽

比試

競技

較量

交鋒

力爭

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 490

CONCERTATIO est virium aut scientiae aut Voluntatis et studiorum inter duos contentio, cum superandi conatu.

Detailed analysis.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 182

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

CONTENTIO

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 354

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 40

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms no. 25

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms no. 35

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 27
  • vt+V[0] : 20
  • vt[oN] : 19
  • nab : 15
  • vt+prep+N : 12
  • vadV : 4
  • vadN : 3
  • vi : 2
  • vi2 : 2
  • VPi : 2
  • vtoNab : 1
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2 : 1
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2{OBJ} : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 23
  • 春秋左傳 : 21
  • 賢愚經 : 10
  • 荀子 : 9
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 8
  • 淮南子 : 6
  • 管子 : 5
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 論語 : 3
  • 鹽鐵論 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 山海經 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 老子 : 1

Words

   zhēng OC: skreeŋ MC: ʈʂɣɛŋ 58 Attributions

The clearly dominant general word for competition or struggle, both hostile and friendly, is zhēng 爭 and the focus is on the conflict rather on what is being fought for. See STRUGGLE

  • vt[oN.]post-V[0]compete with somebody 與之爭
  • nnonreferentialthe competititve people
  • nabactcompetition, struggle
  • vadNcantankerous and competitive
  • vt(oN)N=nonhucompete with the contextually determinate N
  • vt[oN]engage in competition and conflict; be competitive
  • vt[oN]psychbe inclined to engage in competition; be competitive; be contentious
  • vt+V[0]compete to V; struggle to
  • vtoNfight for; compete for; sometimes specifically: compete for the allegiance of (the people or a country)
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2{OBJ}compete with N2 for N1
  • vi2compete with each other
  • vttoN1.postvtoN2compete with N2 for N1
  • vtoNabcompete over who excels most in Nab
   jìng OC: ɡreŋs MC: gɣaŋ 36 Attributions

Jìng 競 is to compete strenuously, and to vie for something viewed as desirable, and the focus is not so much on the conflict involved as on the aim pursued.

  • nabactcontention; competition
  • vadVin competition with each other
  • vt[oN]compete for supremacy; engage in competition with each other; feel competitive with each other
  • vt+prep+Nvie for, compete for; compete in 競於; also: compete with 競於楚
  • vt+V[0]compete with with all one's strength to V, vie with others in Ving
  • vtoNcompete for, compete with
   zhuó OC: sɡrooɡ MC: ɖʐɣɔk 5 Attributions
  • vt(oN)wrestle/struggle with a contextually determinate person
  • vt[oN]wrestle with each other; wrestle; engage in a competition
  • vtoNjué: compete in, compete regarding
   hěn OC: ɡɯɯnʔ MC: ɦən 3 Attributions
  • nabactminor conflict
  • vt[oN]engage in a confilict or competition
  • vibe competitive and quarrelsome
    OC:  MC:  3 Attributions
  • nabactcompetition
  • vtoNcompete with
   jiǎo OC: krooɡ MC: kɣɔk 2 Attributions

Jiǎo 角 is a rare elevated word for competition.

  • vtoNcompete in (strength)
交爭   jiāo zhēng OC: kreew skreeŋ MC: kɣɛu ʈʂɣɛŋ 2 Attributions
  • VPiactfight with each other
   sài OC: sɯɯɡs MC: səi 1 Attribution
  • nabcompetition
   néng OC: nɯɯŋ MC: nəŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPabactcompetition for skills
   jīng OC: kraŋ MC: kɣaŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNarchaic, very rare: compare for greatness

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: