ALL  所有的

COMMON so that of NONE NOT.
EACH OFEACH ONE OFEVERY ONE OFEVERY SINGLEONE OF EVERYEVERYEACH AND EVERY
Taxonoymy

ANDANYBOTHTOGETHEREVERYBODYEACH

Antonymy

NONE

Kind Of

COMMON

Old Chinese Criteria

[ADNOMINAL/ADVERBIAL]

[ARCHAIC/CURRENT]

[COLLECTIVE/INDIVIDUAL]

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[OBJECT-BINDING/SUBJECT-BINDING]

1. Jiē 皆 the most common and general colourless subject qunatifier which is also used, occasionally as an object quantifier.

SUBJECT-BINDING!; [padV]

2.Jìn 盡 is a universal object quantifier which indicates that the action the transitive verb it precedes applies to the whole lot of the objects of that verb indiscriminately.

[OBJECT-BINDING!], [COLLECTIVE]; [vadVt]

3. Gè 各 quantifies by emphasising the separate features of each item quantiified over.

[INDIVIDUAL], [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [n+Vt]

4. Jiān 兼 is an object quantifier which says that the transitive verb it precedes applies to each of the objects in its own right.

[OBJECT-BINDING], [INDIVIDUAL]; [vadVt]

5. Qún 群 is a quantifier which indicates that the whole of the flock or group of items designated by the noun it precedes are referred to

[COLLECTIVE]; [nadN]

6. Zhū 諸 is an adjectival quantifier which indicates that the whole group of the things indicated by the noun it precedes is referred to.

[COLLECTIVE]; [padN]

7. Zhòng 眾 is an adnominal quantififier which says that the whole of the group of things designated by the noun it precedes are intended.

[COLLECTIVE]; [nadN]

8. Fán 凡 characterises a topic adnominally as forming the general subject or topic in a non-narrative statement of principle. The current gloss "in general" is misleading because it wrongly suggests that there are exceptions, and because it does not specify the non-narrative "theoretical" nature of the statements introduced by the word. "In principle" is much to be preferred.

[SPECIFIC]; [vadN[TOPIC]]

9. Jù 俱 / 具 is a collective subject quantifier which says that all the subjects are equally and together characterised by what is in the predicate.

[SUBJECT-BINDING]; [vadV]

10. Fàn 氾 quantifies generally over all objects of the verb it precedes.

[COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [vadVt]

11. Fàn 汎 says that a verb has a whole range of objects, indiscriminately, and without reference to their specific character.

[COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [padVt]

12. Měi 每 mostly adnominal and emphasises that a each and every new item quantified over is separately intended.

[INDIVIDUAL]; [padN]

13. Jūn 均 / 鈞 expresses universal quantification over all subjects equally, without any difference.

[INDIVIDUAL], [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [vadN]

14. Zhōu 周 is a rare object quantifier claiming that all the objects of a verb are intended, without exception.

[COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [vadVt]

15. Xī 悉 mass object qunatifier which says that the transitive verb it precedes applies to the whole of the objects indiscriminately.

[COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [vadVt]

16. Xián 咸 is an archaic subject quantifier which came to new life in Han times.

[INDIVIDUAL], [SUBJECT-BINDING!]; [vadV]

17. Bì 畢 a subject quantifier which says that the predicate applies to all subjects.

[ADVERBIAL]; [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [RARE]

18. Jǔ 舉 is an adjectival quantifier of limited idiomatic use indicating that all the things in a certain area are referred to.

[ADNOMINAL]; [COLLECTIVE]

19. Wú bù 無不 is a neutral subject and object quantifier.

20. Mò bù 莫不 is a neutral subject quantifier.

[PREVERBAL]; [SUBJECT-BINDING]

21. Sì hǎi 四海 sometimes refers generally to all inhabitants of the inhabited world, like tiān xià 天下, and these are marginal in this group.

[NOMINAL]; [COLLECTIVE]

Modern Chinese Criteria

全部

全體

一切

所有

整個

整整

全副

全份

成套

整套

一體

一應

囫圇 (lit) refers to the whole or entire group/set of something.

闔 (obs) refers to an entire object.

滿

上上下下

裡裡外外

百分之百

不折不扣

原原本本

一五一十

連頭帶尾

從頭到底

所有的

全體

萬有

全部

凡是

所有

大家

大伙兒

大家伙兒

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

Old Chinese Contrasts

1. Some quantifiers jìn 盡, jiān 兼 have the object as their scope, others have the subject as their scope, and others may refer to either subject or object.

2. Some quantifiers typically quantify over individualised items gè 各, others over groups or masses jìn 盡.

3. Some quantifiers are pre-nominal in function standing before the noun that is their scope zhū 諸, qún 群, others are pre-verbal and adverbial, standing before the verb-phrase.

4. Jiān 兼 is an object quantifier which says that the transitive verb it precedes applies to each of the objects in its own right.

>>ADVERBAL; OBJECT-BINDING, INDIVIDUAL

5. Fán 凡 "generally" and fán 凡 "altogether" are marginal in this group because they do not quantify over any objects.

NP: a whole range of nouns can be used to refer to all things referred to by these nouns when they are used in "adverbial" position. Rì 日 "every day", yuè 月 "every month"; suì 歲 "every year"; zhōu 州 "each province"; jùn 郡 "every commandery"; xiàn 縣 "every district"; jiā 家 "every clan".

6. Jù 俱 quantifies over subjects, jù 具 typically means "all of the objects", although there is room for inaccuracies in orthography, and there often are variants in different editions.

7. Jiē 偕, when used as a quantifier, adds the notion of contemporaneity to that of universal quantification.

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 13.13

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 13.14

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 163

OMNE, TOTUS

402. Vid. Servium, in illud I Aen.: Tota armenta sequuntur.

]

402. Inter Omne et totum. Omne ad multitudinem et ad numerum pertinet: [ Al. add. ut omnis] ad numerum, ut omnes homines; ad multitudinem, ut omnis familia, omnis exercitus, omne pecus dicimus. Totum vero ad magnitudinem pertinet, ut totum corpus, tota terra, totum coelum. Ergo totus homo, si ad corpus referamus; omnis homo, si de universis. Proinde omne in diversis partibus ponitur, totum autem sine partibus debet esse.

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 299

CUNCTI, OMNES

106. Inter Cunctos et omnes. Cuncti omnes sunt, si modo juncti sunt, et simul faciunt aliquid. Aliter omnes dicuntur non cuncti.

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

ALL

quisque refers to each and every individual and is enclitic.

quivis refers to any individual within a set that one might choose.

quilibet refers to any individul whatsoever within a group, stressing the indifference of the choice.

unusquisque refers to any single individual, focussing on each individual singularly.

omnes refers to all without exception.

universi refers to all taken as a totality of items.

cuncti often refers to all the members of a spatially united group.

HUANG XIAODONG 2003 “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 71

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 355

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 71831

QUANTOR; QUANTIFIKATOR

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 35

1. WL is interesting on the distinction between ju4 俱 and ju4 具. The point is well taken.

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 38

1. The observation that jie1 皆 and jie1 偕 are synonymous is striking. The fact is that jie1 皆 generally means "all subjects, without exception" whereas jie1 偕 is originally a verb, and when used as an adverbial quantifier means "all subjects at the same time, all subjects together".

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 312

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 460

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy 10.30

QUANTIFIERS IN NATURAL LANGUAGE

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.410

TOUT.CHAQUE

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.405:271

TOUT.TOUT LE.TOUS LES

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.201

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 563

SINGER 2002 Thesaurus proverbiorum medii aevi 1.49

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vadV : 271
  • VPadV : 88
  • vad.VtoN : 50
  • NPpro.adN : 30
  • nadN : 29
  • padN : 28
  • vadN : 27
  • padV : 27
  • NPpro[.adN] : 15
  • PPadV : 14
  • npro.adV : 13
  • npro+V(.postN{TOP}) : 12
  • NP[adN] : 11
  • PP : 11
  • NP : 10
  • vadN{TOPIC}.+V{COMMENT} : 9
  • padNP : 9
  • npro vtoN : 8
  • vadS : 8
  • npro : 7
  • npro.red+V : 6
  • VPadN : 5
  • npro V.postN{TOP} : 4
  • NPadV : 4
  • NPpro : 4
  • NPpro.adV : 4
  • n : 4
  • vi : 3
  • NPadN : 2
  • pad.VtoN : 2
  • nadV : 2
  • npro.red : 2
  • vtoN : 1
  • VPadN{PRED} : 1
  • vadV.postnm{SUBJ} : 1
  • NP{vadN} : 1
  • pad:nproadN{NUM}.adZHE3 : 1
  • vadN{PRED} : 1
  • padN1:postvtt+N2.+N3 : 1
  • PP+Vt : 1
  • NPpro[.adN:]postVt : 1
  • NPpro.postVt : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 83
  • 賢愚經 : 75
  • 春秋左傳 : 64
  • 百喻經 : 57
  • 祖堂集 : 52
  • 說苑 : 42
  • 孟子 : 40
  • 六祖壇經 : 28
  • 臨濟錄 : 27
  • 管子 : 24
  • 論語 : 22
  • 禮記 : 20
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 18
  • 荀子 : 17
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 17
  • 戰國策 : 16
  • 墨子 : 13
  • 呂氏春秋 : 13
  • 太平經 : 12
  • 論衡 : 10
  • 法集要頌經 : 10
  • 莊子 : 9
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 6
  • 史記 : 6
  • 孝經 : 5
  • 法句經 : 5
  • 尹文子 : 4
  • 列子 : 4
  • 毛詩 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 法言 : 4
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 晏子春秋 : 2
  • 孫子 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 鶡冠子 : 2
  • 朱子語類 : 1
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 典論一卷 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 周易 : 1
  • 中說 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   jiē OC: kriid MC: kɣɛi 87 Attributions

Jiē 皆 the most common and general colourless subject qunatifier which is also used, occasionally as an object quantifier. SUBJECT-BINDING!; [padV]

  • nprodeverbalthey all; everyone (quasi-nominal???)
  • vad.VtoNobjectall the relevant objects; all the just-mentioned relevant objects
  • vadV.postnm{SUBJ}completely
  • vadVequally; each (persons, events etc can be quantified over as subjects)
  • vadVnon-anaphoricin all cases
  • vadVquantifiereveryone; anyone; all of them (quantifies then)
  • vadVV=negativewith negated verbs: (not) at all, in none of the cases
  • vadN{PRED}
  • npro.adVsubjectall (the subjects)
  • nproanaphoricall these things
   jìn OC: dzinʔ MC: dzin 53 Attributions

Jìn 盡 is a universal object quantifier which indicates that the action the transitive verb it precedes applies to the whole lot of the objects of that verb indiscriminately. [OBJECT-BINDING!], [COLLECTIVE]; [vadVt]

  • vad.VtoNaltogether
  • vad.VtoNobjectstandard usage: the whole lot; all objects indiscriminately and without exception
  • vadVquantifierthe whole lot of the subjects; all subjects indiscriminately, all subjects without exceptions; without exception
無不   wú bù OC: ma pɯʔ MC: mi̯o pi̯ut 52 Attributions

Wú bù 無不 is a neutral subject and object quantifier.

  • VPadVin all casesin all cases of the action concerned
  • VPadVreference=objectall objects =無所不
  • VPadVreference=subjectall of the subjects
  • VPadVin every way
  • VPadVin every way
一切   yī qiè OC: qliɡ snʰiids MC: ʔit tshei 51 Attributions
  • NPpro.adNall
  • NPpro.adNN=placeall the people of the place N
  • NPpro.adVall
  • NPpro.adVreference=objectat one cut> the whole lot of the objects
  • NPpro.postVtevery object
  • NPpro[.adN:]postVteverything; all creatures
  • NPpro[.adN]everything (in the function of a subject)
  • NPpro[.adN]N=creaturesall humans; all creatures
  • NPpro[.adN]topiceverything
   xián OC: ɡroom MC: ɦɣɛm 31 Attributions

Xián 咸 is an archaic subject quantifier which came to new life in Han times. [ARCHAIC], [INDIVIDUAL], [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [[RARE]]; [vadV]

  • pad.VtoNreference=objectall the objects
  • padVreference=subjectall, each of the subjects
  • padVall the contextually determinate but omitted subjects
   gè OC: klaaɡ MC: kɑk 29 Attributions

Gè 各 quantifies by emphasising the separate features of each item quantiified over. [INDIVIDUAL], [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [n+Vt]

  • npro.adNeach, every
  • npro.red+Vobjectall objects
  • npro.red+Vsubjectreduplicated: each and everyone; everyone
  • npro+V(.postN{TOP})reference=subjecteach (in his own way); each their separate (and typically different) object
  • npromathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
  • npronot eachvery rarely: all
  • padN1:postvtt+N2.+N3in each case 賜民爵各一級 (so and so many, such and such items were vt-ed)
  • npro V.postN{TOP}each (in his own way)
  • npro.adVin each case
  • npropluraleach of the subjects (each in their own manner); each and everyone
  • npro vtoNN=owneach his own N
   zhū OC: klja MC: tɕi̯ɤ 29 Attributions

Zhū 諸 is an adjectival quantifier which indicates that the whole group of the things indicated by the noun it precedes is referred to. [COLLECTIVE]; [padN]

  • padNall the various Ns, (after negations etc.) any of various Ns
  • padNN=abstractthe; (perhaps: all kinds of)
  • padNPall the NPs [sorry for the tautologous semantic category!]
   fán OC: blom MC: bi̯ɐm 27 Attributions

Fán 凡 characterises a topic adnominally as forming the general subject or topic in a non-narrative statement of principle. The current gloss "in general" is misleading because it wrongly suggests that there are exceptions, and because it does not specify the non-narrative "theoretical" nature of the statements introduced by the word. "In principle" is much to be preferred. [SPECIFIC]; [vadN[TOPIC]]

  • pad:nproadN{NUM}.adZHE3all (these x number of things)
  • vad.V{NUM}adN:postadValtogether
  • vadNaltogether, in sum
  • vadN{TOPIC}.+V{COMMENT}V=non-narrativeas a matter of principle, speaking in general of (the topic);
  • vadNquantifierHan usage: LH: all (NPs); also: any, as in He Yan on LY 1.2: 上謂凡在己上者
  • vadSin principle; speaking generally (LH 2 at the beginning not of a paragraph but a clause, but this seems very rare in earlier texts)
  • vadVreference=objectaltogether
   bì OC: pid MC: pit 27 Attributions

Bì 畢 a subject quantifier which says that the predicate applies to all subjects. >>ADVERBIAL; SUBJECT-BINDING; RARE

  • vadVreference=subjectall; completely; exhaustively; all one after the other
   jū OC: ko MC: ki̯o 26 Attributions

Jù 俱/具 is a collective subject quantifier which says that all the subjects are equally and together characterised by what is in the predicate. [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [vadV]

  • vadVreference=objectall objects
  • vadVreference=subjectall equally, all similarly; both
  • npro V.postN{TOP}dualisboth of
   xī OC: sid MC: sit 24 Attributions

Xī 悉 mass object qunatifier which says that the transitive verb it precedes applies to the whole of the objects indiscriminately. [COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [vadVt]

  • vadVobjectall objects; all objects completely
  • vadVquantifierall
悉皆   xī jiē OC: sid kriid MC: sit kɣɛi 22 Attributions
  • VPadVquantifierall (of the subjects, or topics)
   jiān OC: kleem MC: kem 17 Attributions

Jiān 兼 is an object quantifier which says that the transitive verb it precedes applies to each of the objects in its own right. [OBJECT-BINDING], [INDIVIDUAL]; [vadVt]

  • vad.VtoNobjecteach of the objects singly, every object; each object in its own way 兼而 sometimes neutralised: all the objects in a blanket way
  • vadVreference=subjectpost-Han: all subjects
   qún OC: ɡlun MC: gi̯un 17 Attributions

Qún 群 is a quantifier which indicates that the whole of the flock or group of items designated by the noun it precedes are referred to [COLLECTIVE]; [nadN]

  • nadNdefinitethe whole flock, all the various
  • nadVall of them as a flock; all
   zǒng OC: skooŋʔ MC: tsuŋ 15 Attributions
  • vadVquantifierall (of the subjects)
  • vadVobjectall (of the objects), everything
   zhòng OC: tjuŋs MC: tɕuŋ 13 Attributions

Zhòng 眾 is an adnominal quantififier which says that the whole of the group of things designated by the noun it precedes are intended. [COLLECTIVE]; [nadN]

  • nadNquantifierthe large number of, all the many, all the various, all sorts of
   dū OC: k-laa MC: tuo̝ 12 Attributions
  • vadVall (the objects)
  • vadVreference=subjectall the subjects
天下   tiān xià OC: lʰiin ɢraaʔ MC: then ɦɣɛ 12 Attributions

Tiān xià 天下 is a quantifying noun phrase that refers universally to all mankind. >>NOMINAL; COLLECTIVE

  • NP[adN]N=humanall the world> everyone everywhere
  • NPadNall; every
   yī OC: qliɡ MC: ʔit 11 Attributions

emphasises that there is no exception to the general statement, that the phenomenon described is unified

  • vadNall, every, the whole 一國 "everyone in the state"
  • vadVlike one man, all alike; one by one, all; in every case in the same way; in every way, completely
  • vadVall at once(to verb) all at once
   bǎi OC: praaɡ MC: pɣɛk 10 Attributions

Bǎi 百 is occasionally used to refer to the whole of a well-defined group of things. >>ADNOMINAL

  • vadNall the; the various
  • vadVV=negativewith negated V: (not) at all
共 / 共   gōng OC: koŋ MC: ki̯oŋ gòng OC: ɡoŋs MC: gi̯oŋ 9 Attributions

Gòng 共 is sometimes used as a collective object quantifier. >>ADVERBAL; OBJECT-BINDING!, COLLECTIVE Gòng 共 is sometimes used as a collective object quantifier. >>ADVERBAL; OBJECT-BINDING!, COLLECTIVE

  • vadVquantifierall the subjects; the whole lot of the subjects at the same time
  • vad.VtoNall the objects
   jù OC: ɡos MC: gi̯o 9 Attributions

Jù 俱/具 is a collective subject quantifier which says that all the subjects are equally and together characterised by what is in the predicate. [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [vadV]

  • vad.VtoNobjectall the objects one by one
  • vadVquantifierall subjects
靡不   mǐ bù OC: mralʔ pɯʔ MC: miɛ pi̯ut 9 Attributions
  • PPeveryone; everything; in every case
  • PPreference=objectnone (of the objects) not> all the objects
   jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 8 Attributions

Jǔ 舉 is an adjectival quantifier of limited idiomatic use indicating that all the things in a certain area are referred to. >>ADNOMINAL; COLLECTIVE

  • vad.VtoNreference=objectall objects 舉書其數
  • vadNall the members of the set defined by N
  • vadVquantifierall
莫不   mò bù OC: maaɡ pɯʔ MC: mɑk pi̯ut 8 Attributions

Mò bù 莫不 is a neutral subject quantifier. >>PREVERBAL; SUBJECT-BINDING

  • PPobject quantifierall the preposed objects
  • PPadVquantifierall of the subjects
   bìng OC: beeŋʔ MC: beŋ 6 Attributions

Bìng 並 is occasionally used as a universal object quantifier. >>ADVERBAL; OBJECT-BINDING, INDIVIDUAL

  • vadVall, both
  • vadVreference=objectall objects 並禽之"caught them both"
   měi OC: mɯɯʔ MC: muo̝i 6 Attributions

Měi 每 mostly adnominal and emphasises that a each and every new item quantified over is separately intended. [INDIVIDUAL]; [padN]

  • padNquantifierevery 每事
   rén OC: njin MC: ȵin 5 Attributions
  • neach person
  • nadVto each person
   bèi OC: brɯɡs MC: bi 5 Attributions
  • vadVin full measure, on a large scale; to a complete degree
   yī OC: qid MC: ʔit 5 Attributions
  • vadVcompletely, wholly; (before negatives) not at all 壹不知 "do not at all understand"
   fàn OC: phoms MC: phi̯ɐm 5 Attributions

Fàn 氾 quantifies generally over all objects of the verb it precedes. [COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [vadVt]

  • vadVreference=objectall objects
各自   gè zì OC: klaaɡ sblids MC: kɑk dzi 5 Attributions
  • NPadVeach and all of you; each for themselves
  • NPproeach and all of them of themselves, of yourselves
   quán OC: sɡon MC: dziɛn 4 Attributions

Quán 全 can come to quantify generally over all objects of the verb it precedes. >>ADVERBAL; OBJECT-BINDING, COLLECTIVE

  • vadVall the objects, everyone
  • vibe comprehensive, be all-encompassing; be complete and correct; hit the mark consistently
   bìng OC: peŋs MC: piɛŋ 4 Attributions

Bìng 并 is a colourless quantifier which says that a predicate applies to all objects equally; >>ADVERBAL; OBJECT-BINDING, INDIVIDUAL

  • vadVall
  • vad.VtoNreference=objectall the objects
   wàn OC: mblans MC: mi̯ɐn 4 Attributions
  • vadVin all cases
  • vadNall the
所有   suǒ yǒu OC: sqraʔ ɢʷɯʔ MC: ʂi̯ɤ ɦɨu 4 Attributions
  • VPadNall someone has, all there is> all, the whole lot of
   shēng OC: lʰɯŋ MC: ɕɨŋ 3 Attributions

Shēng 勝 says that the action designated by the verb it precedes is performed completely and exhaustively with respect to all objects involved. >>ADVERBAL

  • vadVfully, exhaustively, up to the end
   jì OC: kɯds MC: kɨi 3 Attributions
  • vadVcompletely, altogether; all of the objects
世人   shì rén OC: lʰebs njin MC: ɕiɛi ȵin 3 Attributions
  • NPeveryone in this mundane world
本末   běn mò OC: pɯɯnʔ maad MC: puo̝n mʷɑt 3 Attributions
  • NPeverything; the ins and outs of things; the whole story (cf. dulce omnia scire)
  • NPadVto V from beginning to end
皆悉   jiē xī OC: kriid sid MC: kɣɛi sit 3 Attributions
  • PP+Vtreference=objectall the objects
  • VPadVreference=subjectall subjects
萬物   wàn wù MC: -- mjut OC: mblans mɯd 3 Attributions
  • NPeverything
  • NPadNeverything
周 / 周週   zhōu OC: tjɯw MC: tɕɨu  OC:  MC:  2 Attributions

Zhōu 周 is a rare object quantifier claiming that all the objects of a verb are intended, without exception. [COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [vadVt] Zhōu 周 is a rare object quantifier claiming that all the objects of a verb are intended, without exception. [COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [vadVt]

  • vad.VtoNobject=週all the objects MO
  • viactcover everything; get through all items
   guǎng OC: kʷaaŋʔ MC: kɑŋ 2 Attributions
  • vadNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: comprehensive, general (as of a mathematical procedure 術 )JZ 1.24 大廣田術曰 "the greatly general procedure for plane geometrical shapes"
  • vadVCHEMLA 2003: comprehensively, generallyJZ 1.21, Liu Hui's comm: 廣諭 "provide a comprehensive>general mathematical explication"
  • vadVcomprehensively, very broadly
   féng OC: blum MC: buŋ 2 Attributions

Fàn 汎 says that a verb has a whole range of objects, indiscriminately, and without reference to their specific character. [COLLECTIVE], [OBJECT-BINDING]; [padVt]

  • padVquantifierall
  • vadVreference=objectall objects
一一   yī yī OC: qliɡ qliɡ MC: ʔit ʔit 2 Attributions
  • VPadNall
  • VPadVall, everything
各各   gè gè OC: klaaɡ klaaɡ MC: kɑk kɑk 2 Attributions
  • npro.redeach and every one
咸悉   xián xī OC: ɡroom sid MC: ɦɣɛm sit 2 Attributions
  • PPadVquantifierall (of the subjects)
咸皆   xián jiē OC: ɡroom kriid MC: ɦɣɛm kɣɛi 2 Attributions
  • PPadVreference=subjectall
皆盡   jiē jǐn OC: kriid tsinʔ MC: kɣɛi tsin 2 Attributions
  • VPadVall subjects
盡皆   jìn jiē OC: dzinʔ kriid MC: dzin kɣɛi 2 Attributions
  • VPadVreference=objectall the objects
   shù MC: syoH OC: qhljaɡs 2 Attributions
  • padNall the many
   zú MC: tswit OC: skud 2 Attributions
  • vadVrare (SHI): all
   tóng OC: looŋ MC: duŋ 1 Attribution
  • vadVequally> all
   chéng OC: djeŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • vadVcompletely, conummately??
   fàn OC: phoms MC: phi̯ɐm 1 Attribution

Fàn 泛 says that a verb has a whole range of objects, indiscriminately, and without reference to their specific character. >>ADVERBAL; OBJECT-BINDING, COLLECTIVE

  • vadVreference=objectall objects, generally all objects
一二   yī èr OC: qliɡ njis MC: ʔit ȵi 1 Attribution
  • NPadVone by one, each and every one
並皆   bìng jiē OC: beeŋʔ kriid MC: beŋ kɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • PPadVall equally; all indifferently
並總   bìng zǒng OC: beeŋʔ skooŋʔ MC: beŋ tsuŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPadVobjectall (of the objects) (this dissylabic quantifier is rather rare, with only ca. a dozen examples in Taishoo)
僉然   qiān rán OC: skhlom njen MC: tshiɛm ȵiɛn 1 Attribution
  • PPadVall subjects
凡有   fán yǒu OC: blom ɢʷɯʔ MC: bi̯ɐm ɦɨu 1 Attribution
  • NPsubjectcommonly existing > everything, everybody
同共   tóng gòng OC: looŋ ɡoŋs MC: duŋ gi̯oŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPadVthe subjects all alike (note tonal euphony of this word order in the compound!)
各共   gè gòng OC: klaaɡ ɡoŋs MC: kɑk gi̯oŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPadVall in unison
咸各   xián gè OC: ɡroom klaaɡ MC: ɦɣɛm kɑk 1 Attribution
  • PPadVeveryone
四海   sì hǎi OC: plids hmlɯɯʔ MC: si həi 1 Attribution

Sì hǎi 四海 refers generally to all inhabitants of the inhabited world. NOMINAL; COLLECTIVE

  • NP{vadN}everyone within the Four Seas
四體   sì tǐ OC: plids rʰiiʔ MC: si thei 1 Attribution
  • NPall parts, everything
從頭   cóng tóu OC: dzoŋ doo MC: dzi̯oŋ du 1 Attribution
  • VPadVall, everything
盡畢   jìn bì OC: dzinʔ pid MC: dzin pit 1 Attribution
  • VPadVall
諸有   zhū yǒu OC: klja ɢʷɯʔ MC: tɕi̯ɤ ɦɨu 1 Attribution
  • NPproall of the items
都悉   dū xī OC: k-laa sid MC: tuo̝ sit 1 Attribution
  • VPadVall
一切都   yī qiè dū OC: qliɡ snʰiids k-laa MC: ʔit tshei tuo̝ 1 Attribution
  • PPadVall
不揀擇   bù jiǎn zé OC: pɯʔ kreenʔ ɡrlaaɡ MC: pi̯ut kɣɛn ɖɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPadVfigurativemaking no choice between; indiscriminately, all
無不皆   wú bù jiē OC: ma pɯʔ kriid MC: mi̯o pi̯ut kɣɛi 1 Attribution
  • VPadVreference=subjectall without exception
   jiāo OC: kreew MC: kɣɛu 1 Attribution
  • vadVall; all from each other
   bìng MC: bengX OC: beeŋʔ 1 Attribution
  • vadV=并 all subjects equally
諸人   zhū rén MC: tsyo nyin OC: klja njin 1 Attribution
  • NPeverybody
無非   wú fēi MC: mju pj+j OC: ma pɯl 1 Attribution
  • VPadN{PRED}none are not> everything is
   sì 1 Attribution
  • vadNon all sides
   biàn MC: bjienX OC: benʔ 1 Attribution
  • vadV= 遍, in all respects, in all points
   shuài 1 Attribution
  • vtoNenclose all N
   lèi 1 Attribution
  • vadVreference=objectto V all objects without distinctions, to V all wholesale
   liè OC: b-red MC: liɛt 0 Attributions
  • vadNthe whole array of
均 / 鈞   jūn OC: kʷlin MC: kʷin jūn OC: kʷlin MC: kʷin 0 Attributions

Jūn 均/鈞 expresses universal quantification over all subjects equally, without any difference. [INDIVIDUAL], [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [vadN] Jūn 均/鈞 expresses universal quantification over all subjects equally, without any difference. [INDIVIDUAL], [SUBJECT-BINDING]; [vadN]

  • vadVquantifierall subjects equally; in all cases equally
屯 / 屯   zhūn OC: tun MC: ʈʷin tún OC: duun MC: duo̝n 0 Attributions
  • vadVquantifierdialect word, rare: each
   xū OC: sqa MC: si̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • padVquantifierall
   lián OC: b-ren MC: liɛn 0 Attributions
  • vadVHS 65 no. 5: one after another, all in a row
   biàn OC: peens MC: pen 0 Attributions
  • vad.VtoNreference=objectall the (explicit objects)
不揀   bù jiǎn OC: pɯʔ kreenʔ MC: pi̯ut kɣɛn 0 Attributions
    人人   rén rén OC: njin njin MC: ȵin ȵin 0 Attributions
    • n.red+V{PRED}alleveryone
    彼此   bǐ cǐ OC: pralʔ tsheʔ MC: piɛ tshiɛ 0 Attributions
    • NPproboth (as subjects and objects of the verb involved)
    盡總   jìn zǒng OC: dzinʔ skooŋʔ MC: dzin tsuŋ 0 Attributions
    • VPadVevery one of the subjects
    總皆   zǒng jiē OC: skooŋʔ kriid MC: tsuŋ kɣɛi 0 Attributions
    • VPadVobjectall (preverbal object quantifier)
    罔不   wǎng bù OC: maŋʔ pɯʔ MC: mi̯ɐŋ pi̯ut 0 Attributions
    • VPadVnone not
    一切皆   yī qiē, qiè jiē OC: qliɡ snʰiid kriid MC: ʔit tshet kɣɛi 0 Attributions
         qí OC: dziil MC: dzei 0 Attributions
      • vadVall SHIJI 民不齊出
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • NPeverything
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • padNall the many
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • vadV=并 all subjects equally

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: