COURT  朝廷

PUBLIC-BUILDING in which the RULER ACTS:conducts GOVERNMENT. See also LAWCOURT.
ROYAL RESIDENCEPALACECASTLECHATEAU
See also

LAWCOURT

Kind Of

PUBLIC BUILDING

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current dominant word for the royal court with its courtyard as a building complex is tíng 廷 / 庭, although the same word can also be used to refer to the courtyard as opposed to the main court building, i.e. the yard in front of the táng 堂. According to ZHENGZITONG, tíng 廷 / 庭 were originally unroofed, later they were covered with a roof. See also COURTYARD.

2. Cháo 朝 refers to the court as the venue of court asemblies rather than as the building as such. See also TEMPLE

3. Táng 堂 is sometimes used to refer specifically to the (typically elevated) main hall at court, but the word is more common as the general term for "main hall". It seems that táng 堂 served mainly ceremonial and since the Warring States also political purposes. From Han times táng 堂 in its original meaning was replaced by diàn 殿.

4. Diàn 殿 is a Han time bureaucratic term for a large and high hall, often used for audiences, in the palace or in the temple. In this meaning the word came to use in the late Warring States, and in Han times replaced term táng 堂.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

ARCHITECTURE 3.

朝,本指廷下的廣場,後作泛稱;

廷,本指宮殿中大空間的廳堂,後作通稱。戰國前實行五門三朝制。

三朝後的宮室區,稱 “ 寢 ” ,又稱 “ 路寢 ” ,春秋戰國之際,漸有聽政治政之用; “ 堂 ” 集中反映此作用, “ 寢 ” 、 “ 堂 ” 與他詞連用,均可指稱朝廷。

“ 廟 ” 可作君王殿堂的雅稱,單用或與他詞連用,也代稱朝廷。

Modern Chinese Criteria

朝廷

宮廷

內廷

魏闕

闕下

廊廟

廟堂

王室

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 68

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

AULA, AULICUS

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 96

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 52
  • vi : 9
  • NP{N1=N2} : 8
  • nadV : 8
  • NP : 5
  • nadN : 2
  • n[post-N] : 1
  • nab : 1
  • NPadN : 1
  • NPadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 19
  • 春秋左傳 : 12
  • 孟子 : 9
  • 論語 : 8
  • 戰國策 : 7
  • 說苑 : 6
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 韓詩外傳 : 5
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   cháo OC: daw MC: ɖiɛu 39 Attributions

Cháo 朝 refers to the court as the venue of court asemblies rather than as the building as such. See also TEMPLE

  • nsingularthe royal court; the court
  • nfigurativethe official matters of the court
  • nadNcourt (robes)
  • nadVin court style
  • nadVplaceat court
  • viacthold court; go to court; pay a formal visit to the court
  • nabactholding court
  • n[post-N](one's) court
廷 / 庭   tíng OC: deeŋ MC: deŋ tíng OC: deeŋ MC: deŋ 19 Attributions

The current dominant word for the royal court with its courtyard as a building complex is tíng 廷/庭, although the same word can also be used to refer to the courtyard as opposed to the main court building, i.e. the yard in front of the táng 堂. According to ZHENGZITONG, tíng 廷/庭 were originally unroofed, later they were covered with a roof. See also COURTYARD. The current dominant word for the royal court with its courtyard as a building complex is tíng 廷/庭, although the same word can also be used to refer to the courtyard as opposed to the main court building, i.e. the yard in front of the táng 堂. According to ZHENGZITONG, tíng 廷/庭 were originally unroofed, later they were covered with a roof. See also COURTYARD.

  • ncourt, royal court
  • nadVplaceat court, in court
殿   diàn OC: dɯɯns MC: den 12 Attributions

Diàn 殿 is a Han time bureaucratic term for a large and high hall, often used for audiences, in the palace or in the temple. In this meaning the word came to use in the late Warring States, and in Han times replaced term táng 堂.

  • nlarge building; court; main hall
  • nadVplacein the court-building, in the palace
朝廷   cháo tíng OC: daw deeŋ MC: ɖiɛu deŋ 11 Attributions
  • NP{N1=N2}nonreferentialroyal court (apparently never used to refer to any concrete court of a concrete king)
  • NPdefinitethe court
  • NPadVat court
   táng OC: daaŋ MC: dɑŋ 3 Attributions

Táng 堂 is sometimes used to refer specifically to the (typically elevated) main hall at court, but the word is more common as the general term for "main hall". It seems that táng 堂 served mainly ceremonial and since the Warring States also political purposes. From Han times táng 堂 in its original meaning was replaced by diàn 殿.

  • nelevated ceremonial hall
門下   mén xià OC: mɯɯn ɢraaʔ MC: muo̝n ɦɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • NPplaceattached to the court; by the court gate
  • NPadNplaceat the court
廊廟   láng miào OC: ɡ-raaŋ mraws MC: lɑŋ miɛu 1 Attribution
  • NPcourt
明臺   míng tái OC: mraŋ dɯɯ MC: mɣaŋ dəi 1 Attribution
  • NPBright Tower, venue for public discussion 議 established by the Yellow emperor
宮廷   gōng tíng OC: kuŋ deeŋ MC: kuŋ deŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPcourt SANGUOZHI
廊朝   láng cháo OC: ɡ-raaŋ daw MC: lɑŋ ɖiɛu 0 Attributions
  • NPcourt SANGUOZHI
朝庭   cháo tíng OC: daw deeŋ MC: ɖiɛu deŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPcourt

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: