CHOOSE  挑選

TAKE:opt-for one THING WHILE BELIEVING that one is ABLE to TAKE OTHER THINGS. See also DECIDE.
SELECTPICK (OUT)OPT FORSETTLE ONDECIDE ONFIX ONTAKEAPPOINTNAMENOMINATEVOTE FORELECT
Taxonoymy

DECIDEMARRYVOTE

Antonymy

DISCARD

See also

FETCHLIKE

Kind Of

TAKE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general word for making a deliberate and in principle free choice is qǔ 取 "to choose or opt for (the preferred alternative), to prefer" (ant 捨 "reject"), and what is thus chosen or preferred may be concrete or abstract.

2. Zé 擇 is "to choose between, make a free choice among (alternative objects presenting themselves)" and the word applies to all sorts of choices, formal or informal.

3. Xuǎn 選 and the rarer bá 拔 (ant. chì 斥 "set aside") is an administrative term referring to the choice of incumbents for a position to be filled according to given criteria of choice.

4. Cǎi 采 is close in meaning to qǔ 取 but does not naturally correspond to any antonym like shě 捨 "reject".

5. Qū 趨 (ant. bì 避 "shy away from and avoid") and the rarer xiàng 嚮 (ant. bèi 背 "turn one's back on") refer to a tendency to exercise a certain preference.

6. Níng 寧 "would rather, prefer to" expresses a free moral or intellectual or practical choice. See PREFER

Modern Chinese Criteria

挑選

揀選

精選

甄選

提選

挑揀

選擇

採擇

採取

採納

採用

抉擇

別擇

抉摘

摘選

摘取

選取

取捨

挑三揀四

挑肥揀瘦

披沙揀金

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 519©

ELIGERE e pluribus aliqvid velle, alijs relictis.

Reqv. 1. Objectorum pluralitatem.

2. Deliberationem qvodnam potius.

3. Determinationem tandem liberam, et ut ratione factam.

14 fascinating Axioms.

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

CHOOSE

deligere refers to one not remaining indecisive with regard to a choice.

eligere refers to the deliberately choosing to make a choice at all in the sense of not taking anything that comes one's way.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 147

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 12.22-28

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1457

選,擇

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 77

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.348:236

ELECTION.CHOIX

passive versus active. Very fine analysis.

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.405.368FF

OPTER.CHOISIR; CHOISIR.PREFERER CHOISIR.ELIRE

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 420

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 165

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 126
  • NPab{N1&N2} : 9
  • nab : 9
  • vt+V[0] : 6
  • vt+prep+N : 6
  • vt[oN] : 4
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • vt prep N{PLUR} : 2
  • VPtoN : 2
  • VPt[oN] : 1
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • vadN : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 28
  • 禮記 : 18
  • 說苑 : 18
  • 論語 : 15
  • 春秋左傳 : 15
  • 荀子 : 10
  • 管子 : 8
  • 莊子 : 6
  • 孟子 : 6
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 5
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 公孫龍子 : 4
  • 臨濟錄 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 朱子語類 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 翻譯名義集 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   zé OC: ɡrlaaɡ MC: ɖɣɛk 71 Attributions

Zé 擇 is "to choose between, make a free choice among (alternative objects presenting themselves)" and the word applies to all sorts of choices, formal or informal.

  • nabactchoice ??
  • vt[oN]make a choice
  • vt+prep+Nopt for
  • vt+prep+Nobject=alternativeschoose (between or among...)
  • vt+V[0]choose (to do something)
  • vtoNselect (as a neighbourhood to live in); make a choice of; make a free and proper choice of, HF 6.3.30: choose freely (a ruler whom one wishes to serve)
  • vtoNobject=alternativeschoose among, have a choice among; make/consider a free choice between;
  • vtoNpsychbe choosy about, be particular about the choice of 擇友
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2choose (somebody or something N1) (from among several items N2)何擇焉
  • vt+prep+N{PLUR}chose among the Ns
  • vtoNpositivemake the right choice of
  • vt prep N{PLUR}choose among these things N
   qǔ OC: skhoʔ MC: tshi̯o 50 Attributions

The general word for making a deliberate and in principle free choice is qǔ 取 "to choose or opt for (the preferred alternative), to prefer" (ant. 捨 "reject"), and what is thus chosen or preferred may be concrete or abstract.

  • nabactpreference; choice
  • vt[oN]make choices; show preferences
  • vt+V[0]choose to V, opt for (doing something); prefer to V
  • vtoNopt for, choose (a thing, an abstract thing, or a person for a job), show preferences for
  • vtoNfigurativemake an intellectual choice for; opt for (something abstract like a course of action or a pose to be taken etc)
  • vtoNpassivebe chosen, be picked out
  • vtoNnegativebring upon oneself
  • vt(oN)make a deliberate choice of N
  • nabfigurativeintellectual choice; philosophical preference
   xuǎn OC: sqonʔ MC: siɛn 9 Attributions

Xuǎn 選 and the rarer bá 拔 (ant. chì 斥 "set aside") is an administrative term referring to the choice of incumbents for a position to be filled according to given criteria of choice.

  • vadNelite, choice (troops etc)
  • vt+prep+Nchoose among
  • vtoNpick out according to quality, select and appoint
  • vtoNobject=nonhuselect items as relevant for use
取舍   qǔ shě OC: skhoʔ lʰaʔ MC: tshi̯o ɕɣɛ 9 Attributions
  • NPab{N1&N2}actchoices; preferences
柬 / 揀   jiǎn OC: kreenʔ MC: kɣɛn jiǎn OC: kreenʔ MC: kɣɛn 5 Attributions
  • vtoNXUN: sort according to quality > choose
   qū OC: tsho MC: tshi̯o 5 Attributions

Qū 趨 (ant. bì 避 "shy away from and avoid") and the rarer xiàng 嚮 (ant. bèi 背 "turn one's back on") refer to a tendency to exercise a certain preference.

  • nabactpreferred course of action
  • vtoNtend towards, opt (enthusiastically) for, go for
   yòng OC: k-loŋs MC: ji̯oŋ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNchoose to use, choose to make use of, choose to carry out in practice (words); act on, act according to
  • vtoNpassivebe used, be applied; be put into practice
   jiǎn OC: kreenʔ MC: kɣɛn 3 Attributions
  • nabpsychchoice, freedom to choose
  • vtoNselect; make choice for SHU, ZHUANG; later: pick for office
   cǎi OC: tshɯɯʔ MC: tshəi 3 Attributions

Cǎi 采 is close in meaning to qǔ 取 but does not naturally correspond to any antonym like shě 捨 "reject".

  • vtoNHANSHU, Dongfangshuo: select (as emperor selecting candidates for job); choose properly
  • vtoNchoose for detailed consideration
   xiàng OC: qhaŋs MC: hi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions

Qū 趨 (ant. bì 避 "shy away from and avoid") and the rarer xiàng 嚮 (ant. bèi 背 "turn one's back on") refer to a tendency to exercise a certain preference.

  • vtoNopt for
   cǎi OC: tshɯɯʔ MC: tshəi 2 Attributions
  • nabactchoice
  • vtoNpick out, opt for; choose
選於   xuǎn yú OC: sqonʔ qa MC: siɛn ʔi̯ɤ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNchoose from among
   bá OC: breed MC: bɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpick out (the right person)
摘撮   zhāi cuō OC: krleeɡ skhood MC: ʈɣɛk tshʷɑt 1 Attribution
  • VPt[oN]pick and choose among things
撮取   cuō qǔ OC: skhood skhoʔ MC: tshʷɑt tshi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNchoose
趣舍 / 趣捨   qù shě OC: skhos lʰaʔ MC: tshi̯o ɕɣɛ qù shě OC: skhos lʰaʔ MC: tshi̯o ɕɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabactmoral choice
選擇   xuǎn zé OC: sqonʔ ɡrlaaɡ MC: siɛn ɖɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNselect (by vote???)
   dà OC: daads MC: dɑi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNregard as preferable, consider as the better thing to do GONGYANG Yin 3.6 故君子大居正 therefore the gentleman regards it as preferable to keep to the straight line (of succession).
   níng OC: neeŋ MC: neŋ 0 Attributions

Níng 寧 "would rather, prefer to" expresses a free moral or intellectual or practical choice. See PREFER

       chāi OC: skhreel MC: ʈʂhɣɛ 0 Attributions
    • vtoNchoose, select??????
       tiāo OC: kh-leew MC: theu 0 Attributions
    • vtoNselect (ZGC)
    掄 / 掄   lún OC: ɡ-run MC: lʷin lún OC: ɡ-ruun MC: luo̝n 0 Attributions
    • vtoNselect
       zhí OC: kljaɡ MC: tɕiɛk 0 Attributions
    • vtoNLIJI 7.6f: choose to pick up or take
       cuō OC: skhood MC: tshʷɑt 0 Attributions
         jìng OC: sɡeŋʔ MC: dziɛŋ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNK: choose (loan) GONGYANG
         suǒ OC: saaɡ MC: sɑk 0 Attributions
      • vtoNselect
         yì OC: ŋrals MC: ŋiɛ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNK: select YILI [????]
      取捨   qǔ shě OC: skhoʔ lʰaʔ MC: tshi̯o ɕɣɛ 0 Attributions
      • NPabactchoice
      擇取   zé qǔ OC: ɡrlaaɡ skhoʔ MC: ɖɣɛk tshi̯o 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNselect

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: