ACHIEVE  成事

COMPLETE a DIFFICULT ACT.
ATTAINREACHARRIVE ATREALIZEBRING ABOUTPULL OFFACCOMPLISHCARRY OFFCARRY OUTCARRY THROUGHFULFILLEXECUTECOMPLETEFINISHCONSUMMATEEARNWINGAINACQUIREOBTAINSCORECOME BYGETSECURECLINCHEFFECTUATE
Taxonoymy

COPEMERITSUCCEED

Antonymy

FAIL

See also

OBTAINRESULT

Kind Of

COMPLETE

Old Chinese Criteria

[EASY/DIFFICULT]

[EXPECTED/UNEXPECTED]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[IMPORTANT/UNIMPORTANT]

[LARGE-SCALE/SMALL-SCALE]

[MEDIOCRE/ STANDARD/PERFECT]

[NOUN/VERB]

[TRANSIENT/LASTING]

1. The current general word for successful action on one's own behalf or on someone else's behalf is chéng 成 (ant. bài 敗 "fail to achieve; botch up").

[GENERAL], [LARGE-SCALE]; [VERB]

2 The current general word for successfully completed action on one's own behalf or in one's own interest is dé 得 "manage to" (ant. shī 失 "fail in, get wrong" and ant.* bù néng 不能 "not manage to").

[DIFFICULT], [SELFISH], [STANDARD]; [VERB]

3. Zhì 至 refers to successful action on one's own behalf on a very high level.

[DIFFICULT], [PERFECT], [SELFISH]; [VERB]

4. Zhì 致 refers specifically to remarkable successful action, typically on others' behalf.

[ALTRUISTIC], [DIFFICULT]; [VERB]

5. Lì 立 refers to successful action resulting in a lasting objective result of one's efforts.

[ALTRUISTIC], [LARGE-SCALE]; [VERB]

6. Suì 遂 refers to eventual successful completion of something one has planned.

[EXPECTED]; [VERB]

7. Gōng 功 refers to the achievement of something regarded as important to others. See MERIT.

[ALTRUISTIC], [IMPORTANT]; [NOUN]

8. Gōng jì 功跡 refers to achievements as leaving a lasting trace on the future.

Modern Chinese Criteria

完成

做到

成事

有成

得逞

得計

馬到成功

水到渠成

開物成務

達到

達成

落到

落得

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

Old Chinese Contrasts

1. The enterprise may be on one's own behalf or in one's own interest (dé 得 ), or it may be objective and on behalf of others (suì 遂 ), or it may be indifferent as to whether the enterprise is on one's own behalf or on others (zhì 致, chéng 成, lì 立 ).

2. The enterprise accomplished may be the performance of an action (dé 得 ), or it may consist in the obtaining of a definite objective result (chéng 成, zhì 致, lì 立, suì 遂 ).

3. The enterprise accomplished may be typically viewed as hard to obtain (suì 遂 ), or as being of singular importance and perfection (zhì 致 ), or unspecified (chéng 成, lì 立 ).

4. The enterprise accomplished may be abstract (zhì 致, dé 得 ), or it may be indifferently abstract or concrete (chéng 成, lì 立, suì 遂 ).

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 668

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 1.122.88

ACHEVER.FINIR.TERMINER

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 57B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 120
  • vt+V[0] : 104
  • nab : 51
  • vtoNab : 25
  • vpostadV : 9
  • vt[oN] : 8
  • NPab : 8
  • vadN : 5
  • vt(+V[0]) : 4
  • VPi : 4
  • vt+prep+N : 4
  • vi : 2
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • VPt V[0] : 2
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 2
  • vt+prep+Nab{ACT} : 2
  • NP[adN] : 2
  • vtoN : 1
  • nab[.post-N] : 1
  • vtpostadV : 1
  • vt+V(0) : 1
  • NPab{N1&N2} : 1
  • vtoS : 1
  • vt[0]oN.postadV : 1
  • vt+prep+S : 1
  • vt+prep+Nab : 1
  • vt+V1.postadV2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 126
  • 百喻經 : 26
  • 論語 : 24
  • 春秋左傳 : 23
  • 說苑 : 19
  • 賢愚經 : 13
  • 祖堂集 : 12
  • 戰國策 : 11
  • 孟子 : 11
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 10
  • 論衡 : 10
  • 呂氏春秋 : 8
  • 史記 : 7
  • 荀子 : 6
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 孝經 : 5
  • 墨子 : 4
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 4
  • 淮南子 : 4
  • 韓詩外傳 : 4
  • 臨濟錄 : 3
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 3
  • 管子 : 2
  • 中說 : 2
  • 五行 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 尹文子 : 1
  • 太平經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 鶡冠子 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   dé OC: tɯɯɡ MC: tək 130 Attributions

The current general word for successfully completed action on one's own behalf or in one's own interest is dé 得 "manage to" (ant. shī 失 "fail in, get wrong" and ant.* bù néng 不能 "not manage to"). [DIFFICULT], [SELFISH], [STANDARD]; [VERB]

  • nabactachievement
  • vpostadVperfectivedeverbal perfective suffix
  • vt(+V[0])manage to do the contextually determinate thing
  • vt[oN]obtain [one's ends]> succeed, achieve one's aims; win success
  • vt+prep+Nabattain to Nab
  • vt+V[0]{PASS}manage (not to be) V-ed
  • vt+V[0]manage to; get to perform an act, get to; have had a chance to
  • vt+V[0]middle voicebe achieved, get done
  • vt+V[0]perfectivehave a chance to; be able to, manage to
  • vt+V1.postadV2resultativemarker of a resultative complement: V1 to the extent of V2
  • vtoNrealise fully (one's person) 得身
  • vtoNpassivebe achieved, be got right
  • vtoNab{S}achieve the result that S
  • vtoSpassivebe achieved (that S occures)
  • vt(oN)achieve the contextually determiante N
  • vttoN1.+N2achieve N1 for N2
   chéng OC: djeŋ MC: dʑiɛŋ 62 Attributions

The current general word for successful action on one's own behalf or on someone else's behalf is chéng 成 (ant. bài 敗 "fail to achieve; botch up"). [GENERAL], [LARGE-SCALE]; [VERB]

  • vadNaccomplished, perfect
  • vt+V[0]succeed in becoming (hegemon)
  • vtoNto achieve, to form (an alliance)
  • vtoNmiddle voicehave come to completion, have been brought to completion
  • vtoNpassivebe brought to completion; be fully achieved
  • vt(oN)achieve the contextually determinate aim S
  • nabactachievements
  • vtoNmanage to produce adequate N; manage to achieve good N
   gōng OC: kooŋ MC: kuŋ 36 Attributions

Gōng 功 refers to the achievement of something regarded as important to others. See MERIT. [ALTRUISTIC], [IMPORTANT]; [NOUN]

  • nabactobjective effects achieved, achievements, results, work results
  • vtoNto complete, to bring to fruition
  • vtoNpassiveto be completed, to be brought to fruition
  • nab[.post-N]pluralone's own achievements
   zhì OC: k-liɡs MC: ʈi 32 Attributions

Zhì 致 refers specifically to remarkable successful action, typically on others' behalf. [ALTRUISTIC], [DIFFICULT]; [VERB]

  • vt[0]oN.postadVto the point of
  • vt+V[0]get to the stage of V-ing
  • vtoNpassivebe achieved 可致
  • vtoNabachieve, manage to bring into existence, lead to; insist on bring to completion, bring to fruition; make the utmost use of
  • vtoNachieve the full degree of
   xiào OC: ɡreews MC: ɦɣɛu 21 Attributions
  • nabactachievements; results achieved
  • vtoNachieve (public and visible success) in the service of someone or something; realise; put into practice through commendable effort in some service
  • vibe efficient
   zhì OC: kljiɡs MC: tɕi 16 Attributions

Zhì 至 refers to successful action on one's own behalf on a very high level. [DIFFICULT], [PERFECT], [SELFISH]; [VERB]

  • nabstativelevel of attainment
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativeabstractly: advance to the position of; attain to
  • vt+prep+Nab{ACT}get to the point of V-ing
  • vt+prep+Smanage to bring it about that S
  • vt+V[0]go so far as to V; get as far as to V; achieve, get to the point of V-ing (doing something one is aiming for)
  • vtoNachieve (an aim, a desirable state)
   jí OC: ɡrɯb MC: gip 14 Attributions
  • vt+V[0]get to the point of
  • vtoNget (something) sorted out, sort out; be of (what) avail
  • vtpostadVsuccessfully
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 13 Attributions

Suì 遂refers to eventual successful completion of something one has planned. [EXPECTED]; [VERB]

  • nabactsuccess
  • vadNachieved, finished properly
  • vt[oN]achieve [one's aims]> thrive
  • vtoNgo through with something, bring something to completion; bring something to perfection; succeed; accomplish; achieve in the end, achieve eventually; realise
  • vtoNpassivebe achieved; be accomplished 可遂
  • vibe fully accomplished; have fully realised one's purpose
   lì OC: ɡ-rub MC: lip 10 Attributions

Lì 立 refers to successful action resulting in a lasting objective result of one's efforts. [ALTRUISTIC], [LARGE-SCALE]; [VERB]

  • vtoNto achieve
  • vtoNmiddle voiceto be achieved, to get achieved
   wéi OC: ɢʷal MC: ɦiɛ 7 Attributions
  • nabactachievement
  • vtoNperfectiveget done, achieve; be good for
  • vtoNpassivebe achieved, get accomplished
得失   dé shī OC: tɯɯɡ lʰiɡ MC: tək ɕit 4 Attributions
  • NPabrelativerelative achievement; ratio of gain versus loss
有功   yǒu gōng OC: ɢʷɯʔ kooŋ MC: ɦɨu kuŋ 4 Attributions
  • NP[adN]person of substantial meritorious achievements BHT also has the explicit 有功者, but in subject position.
  • NPabactachievements to someone's credit
  • VPihave achievements to one's credit
成就   chéng jiù OC: djeŋ dzuɡs MC: dʑiɛŋ dzɨu 3 Attributions
  • NPabactachievements
  • VPipassivebe completed and achieved; be brought to fruition
   dìng OC: deeŋs MC: deŋ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNpoetic, archaic: achieve, complete (task etc)
功績   gōng jī OC: kooŋ skleeɡ MC: kuŋ tsek 2 Attributions
  • NPabactmajor achievements
得以   dé dé de děi yǐ MC: tok yiX OC: tɯɯɡ k-lɯʔ 2 Attributions
  • VPt V[0]manage thereby to
   zhōng OC: tjuŋ MC: tɕuŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNachieve completely; achieve completely the service of; achieve completely the service to
功跡   gōng jì, jī OC: kooŋ sklaɡ MC: kuŋ tsiɛk 1 Attribution

Gōng jì 功跡 refers to achievements as leaving a lasting trace on the future.

  • NPab{N1&N2}nonreferentialachievements of all kinds
有為   yǒu wéi OC: ɢʷɯʔ ɢʷal MC: ɦɨu ɦiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe successful, get things done as one tries to
   néng OC: nɯɯŋ MC: nəŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt+V(0)passivebe achieved LY
   jìn MC: gj+nX OC: ɡɯnʔ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNapproximatecome close to achieving, come close to realising
   bì OC: pid MC: pit 0 Attributions
    功勛   gōng xūn OC: kooŋ qhun MC: kuŋ hi̯un 0 Attributions
    • NPabactachievement; merits
    功業   gōng yè OC: kooŋ ŋab MC: kuŋ ŋi̯ɐp 0 Attributions
    • NPabactmertiful acts > achievements
    武功   wǔ gōng OC: mbaʔ kooŋ MC: mi̯o kuŋ 0 Attributions
    • NPabactmilitary achievements; military merits

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: