FOLLOW  跟隨從/隨

WALK TOGETHER with AND BEHIND.
COME BEHINDCOME AFTERGO BEHINDGO AFTERWALK BEHIND
Taxonoymy

ACCOMPANYPURSUEAFTER

Antonymy

LEAD

See also

FAREWELL

Kind Of

WALK

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The dominant current word for moving along behind someone or something else, both in concrete and in abstract senses, is cóng 從 (ant. bèi 背 "be in opposition against").

2. Suí 隨 is to move along literally behind someone, by a deliberate act of volition.

3. Zūn 遵 refers primarily to the kind of deliberate following of a path, behaviour that is motivated by respect for what one follows, but sometimes the word is also used in a more generalised way referring to a person following a certain physical guideline without any suggestion of respect for this guideline, as in MENG 遵海而南 "head south along the shore of the sea".

4. Xún 循 is to follow certain guidelines or a certain prescribed path, as a matter of prudential strategy, and typically in a rather mechanical or habitual manner.

5. Yǎn 沿 is to follow a physical guideline (like a river bank) in a mechanical way.

6. Hòu 後 and zhǒng 踵 is to follow literally in the footsteps of someone.

7. Tīng 聽 refers to the abstract notion of following advice given to one as a superior. See OBEY

8. Yì 役 and xùn 徇 are fairly rare when used as words referring to the deliberate act of becoming someone's follower or employee.

9. Xí 襲 refers to a mechanical course of action in conformity with some pattern.

10. Zé 則 refers to the following of a certain abstract principle or model person to which due attention is paid. See CONFORM

Modern Chinese Criteria

跟隨

尾隨

隨從

釘 refers to to following someone closely.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 10.52

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 274

Consequimur pedibus, adsequimur studio.

103. Agraet.: Consequimur studio, assequimur voto.

]

103. Inter Consequimur et assequimur. Consequimur pedibus, assequimur studio.

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1455

遵,循

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 131
  • vt(oN) : 11
  • vtoN : 7
  • vt+prep+N : 6
  • vt(oN.)adV : 3
  • vtoN.adV : 3
  • nab : 3
  • vt+prep+N.adV : 2
  • VPtoN : 1
  • NP[post-N] : 1
  • NP(post-N) : 1
  • vttoN1.+N2{PLACE} : 1
  • n : 1
  • NP : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 46
  • 春秋左傳 : 22
  • 禮記 : 10
  • 論語 : 9
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 8
  • 說苑 : 8
  • 孟子 : 8
  • 史記 : 7
  • 管子 : 6
  • 毛詩 : 6
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 楚辭 : 5
  • 荀子 : 4
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 論衡 : 4
  • 孫子 : 3
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 文選 : 2
  • 鮑氏集 : 2
  • 周易 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 穆天子傳 : 1

Words

   cóng OC: dzoŋ MC: dzi̯oŋ 47 Attributions

The dominant current word for moving along behind someone or something else, both in concrete and in abstract senses, is cóng 從 (ant. bèi 背 "be in opposition against").

  • vt(oN.)adVin pursuit of/following in the footsteps of the contextually determinate object N
  • vt(oN.)adVomfollowing a contextually determinate person along
  • vt(oN)follow along with a contextually determinate person
  • vtoN.adVfollowing; moving along with; as a follower of
  • vtoNliterally: follow after, go along with, come along
  • vtoNcausativecause to become a follower, invite to become a follower
  • vtoNcontinuativeaccompany as a follower
  • vtoNfigurativebecome a follower of; be a follower of; become a disciple of; follow and obey (a person) as a follower
  • vtoNpassivebe followed (as a deliberate act)
  • vttoN1.+N2{PLACE}follow N1 until the place N2
  • vt+prep+N.adVfollowing, in conjunction with and under the leadership of
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativefollow and support N
  • vtoNimperativefollow N!
  • vtoNsucceed
  • vtoNN=nonhufollow along with (changes etc)
  • vtoNcausativefigurative: cause to follow long, cause to follow suit
  • vt+prep+Ninchoativefigurative: join the followers and supporters of; start following
   zūn OC: tsun MC: tsʷin 36 Attributions

Zūn 遵 refers primarily to the kind of deliberate following of a path, behaviour that is motivated by respect for what one follows, but sometimes the word is also used in a more generalised way referring to a person following a certain physical guideline without any suggestion of respect for this guideline, as in MENG 遵海而南"head south along the shore of the sea".

  • vt(oN)follow; walk along with a contextually determinate object
  • vtoNfollow (the bank of a river); follow along; follow the course of; pass through in following one's course
  • vtoNfigurativekeep faithfully and earnestly to the path of
  • vt prep Nfollow the outlines of, follow
    OC:  MC:  22 Attributions

Suí 隨 is to move along literally behind someone, by a deliberate act of volition.

  • vt+prep+Nfollow (to a place)
  • vtoN.adVfollowing N (to V)
  • vtoNensue; follow behind (rather than go in front); trail behind and follow
  • vt(oN.)adVfollowing the contextually determinate N
  • vtoNfollow as a supporter
   tīng OC: theeŋ MC: theŋ 21 Attributions

Tīng 聽 refers to the abstract notion of following advice given to one as a superior. See OBEY

  • nabactthe practice of following advice; the listening to advice
  • vt(oN)obey commands or follow demands from a contextually determinate person
  • vt+prep+Nfollow the advice of
  • vtoNfollow someone's advice
  • vtoNcausativeto cause a determinate person to follow (something N)
  • vtoNN=nonhudo as one is bidden by; follow (advice)
  • vtoNpassivebe listened to, be followed (as advice)
帥 / 率   shuài OC: srud MC: ʂʷit shuài OC: sruds MC: ʂi 9 Attributions
  • vtoNattitudinaltreat as one's leader, follow as one's leader
  • vt(oN)attitudinaltreat the determinate object as a leader, follow the example of the determinate object
  • vtoNobject=examplefollow the example (constituted by something); follow as a duty
  • nabactfollowership; following
   xí OC: zɯb MC: zip 7 Attributions

Xí 襲 refers to a mechanical course of action in conformity with some pattern. See CONFORM

  • vtoNfollow in the footsteps of; follow step by step; be in alliance with; also: go through (the lower ranks) (where does this meaning go?)
   xún OC: sɢlun MC: zʷin 5 Attributions

Xún 循 is to follow certain guidelines or a certain prescribed path, as a matter of prudential strategy, and typically in a rather mechanical or habitual manner.

  • vtoNfigurativefollow the same course of action as
  • vtoNfollow the course of (a shore, a river etc)
沿   yán OC: lon MC: jiɛn 4 Attributions

Yǎn 沿 is to follow a physical guideline (like a river bank) in a mechanical way.

  • vt+prep+Nfollow; go along
  • vtoNfollow, go along (a river bank, or some line in the territory)
  • vtoNfigurativefollow; adopt; follow the example of
   shùn  MC: zywinH  OC: ɢjuns  3 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativefollow and conform to
   yì OC: ɢʷleɡ MC: jiɛk 2 Attributions

Yì 役 and xùn 徇 are fairly rare when used as words referring to the deliberate act of becoming someone's follower or employee.

  • nsubject=humanfollower; disciple
  • vtoNenlist as a follower (understood: of Confucius)
   zhú OC: rlɯwɡ MC: ɖuk 2 Attributions
  • vtoNfollow
從者   cóng zhě MC: dzjowng tsyaeX OC: dzoŋ kljaʔ 2 Attributions
  • NP[post-N]pluralthe subject's followers
  • NP(post-N)singularone of N's followers
   ān OC: qaan MC: ʔɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfollow naturally, obey in an unforced way (the law etc) 安法
   xùn OC: sɢʷlins MC: zʷin 1 Attribution

Yì 役 and xùn 徇 are fairly rare when used as words referring to the deliberate act of becoming someone's follower or employee.

  • vtoNdecide to follow or join the staff of; join as a supporter
   làn OC: ɡ-raams MC: lɑm 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfollow blindly, seek blindly?? ???
   shuài OC: sruds MC: ʂi 1 Attribution
  • vtoN.adVfollowing; along
   zhǒng OC: tjoŋʔ MC: tɕi̯oŋ 1 Attribution

Hòu 後 and zhǒng 踵 is to follow literally in the footsteps of someone.

  • vt(oN)figurativefollow, follow in the footsteps of, follow the traces of (a contextually determinate person)
  • vtoNfollow, pursue
從徒   cóng tú OC: dzoŋ daa MC: dzi̯oŋ duo̝ 1 Attribution
  • NPsubject=humanfollowers, retainers
襲跡   xí jì, jī OC: zɯb sklaɡ MC: zip tsiɛk 1 Attribution
  • VPt+prep+Nfigurativefollow in the footsteps of
肩隨   jiān suí MC: ken zjwe OC: keen sɢlol 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNfollow alongside
  • VPtoNfollow alongside
躡踵   niè zhǒng MC: nrjep tsyowngX OC: mɢleb tjoŋʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)follow upon each other's heels
躡踵   niè zhǒng MC: nrjep tsyowngX OC: mɢleb tjoŋʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)follow upon each other's heels
   bǐ MC: pjijX OC: piʔ 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]figurativefollow the smoothly; fit into the context
   suí MC: zjwe OC: sɢlol 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfollow behind
   qiān yuán MC: ywen OC: lon 1 Attribution
  • vtoN= yán 沿: to make N follow oneself, to make N obedient
   hòu OC: ɡooʔ MC: ɦu 0 Attributions

Hòu 後 and zhǒng 踵 is to follow literally in the footsteps of someone.

  • vtoNfollow in the footsteps of
  • vtoNcausativecause to follow; cause to come last
   yìn OC: lins MC: jin 0 Attributions
  • vtoNfollow (SHU) ????
   xùn OC: qhuns MC: hi̯un 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcomply with; follow
   fù OC: bos MC: bi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vtoNfollow 附從
   yīn OC: qin MC: ʔin 0 Attributions
  • vtoNtake as one's guideline 因民之欲 "follow the desires of the people"
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPtoNfollow alongside
肩隨   jiān suí MC: ken zjwe OC: keen sɢlol 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNfollow alongside
肩隨   jiān suí MC: ken zjwe OC: keen sɢlol 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNfollow alongside
肩隨   jiān suí MC: ken zjwe OC: keen sɢlol 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNfollow alongside
肩隨   jiān suí MC: ken zjwe OC: keen sɢlol 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNfollow alongside
躡踵   niè zhǒng MC: nrjep tsyowngX OC: mɢleb tjoŋʔ 0 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNfigurativefollow and conform to
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • NP[post-N]pluralthe subject's followers

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: