IMITATE  模仿

CONFORM to TYPICAL ACTIONS of a HUMAN OR ANIMAL so as to RESEMBLE THAT HUMAN OR ANIMAL.
EMULATECOPYMODEL ONESELF ONFOLLOWECHOPARROTINFORMAL RIP OFFKNOCK OFFPIRATEMIMICDO AN IMPRESSION OFIMPERSONATEAPEPARODYCARICATUREBURLESQUETRAVESTYINFORMAL TAKE OFFSEND UPMAKE LIKEMOCK
Hypernym

CONFORMACT so as to NOT to OFFEND against RULES OR a MODEL. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

Hyponym
  • COPY IMITATE something so as to PRODUCE something BASICALLY RESEMBLING.
    • STUDY INVESTIGATE THINGS OR IMITATE ANOTHER so as to STRIVE FOR SKILLFULNESS, KNOWING AND UNDERSTANDING.
      • PHILOSOPHY SYSTEMATIC STUDY AIMING for WISDOM AND AIMING to be BASED on SYSTEMATIC EXPLAIN:explanation AND PROVE:proof.
        • METAPHYSICS PHILOSOPHY which SYSTEMATICALLY INVESTIGATES the PRINCIPLES of EXISTENCE.
        • ETHICS PRINCIPLES IN-RELATION-TO the JUDGMENT of BEHAVIOUR as MORE OR LESS GOOD OR MORE OR LESS BAD.
        • LOGIC SYSTEMATIC SCIENCE of CORRECT PROOF.
        • BUDDHISM PHILOSOPHY OR RELIGION BASED ON THE TEACHING of the BUDDHA
      • COSMOLOGY SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE OF THE WHOLE WORLD.
        • ONTOLOGY SYSTEMATIC GENERAL STUDY OF WHAT EXISTS INSOFAR-AS IT EXISTS.
          • ESCHATOLOGY SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THE END OF THE WORLD.
          • EMULATE IMITATE so as to make an EFFORT to BECOME EQUALLY EXCELLENT.
            Old Chinese Criteria

            1. The current general word for imitation is xiào 效.

            2. Xué 學 refers to a systematic attempt to imitate an admired model, often as a method of self-cultivation.

            3. Fǎ 法 refers to modelling oneself on distant ideals, typical abstract, or historically placed in the distant mythical past.

            4. Zé 則 refers to taking something abstract and authoritative as one's fixed obligatory guideline.

            5. Xiàng 象 refers to an abstract, almost metaphysical making oneself into a living icon of a higher authoritative model, typically of an abstract or cosmological kind.

            6. Nǐ 擬 and fǎng 倣 / 仿 refer to an attempt to produce a true copy or a true representation of another representation.

            7. Xiě 寫 refers primarily to the production of a true pictorial representation of another representation. See COPY

            Modern Chinese Criteria

            模仿

            效仿

            仿效

            模擬

            仿照

            取法

            師法

            效法

            憲章

            祖述

            步武

            踵武

            學舌

            因襲

            依傍

            效尤

            效顰

            仿

            學習

            東施效顰

            邯鄲學步

            鸚鵡學舌

            調嘴學舌

            照貓畫虎

            照葫蘆畫瓢

            依樣畫葫蘆

            優孟衣冠

            心摹手追

            步人後塵

            如法炮製

            人云亦云

            亦步亦趨

            rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

            • Vocabulaire européen des philosophies. Dictionnaire des intraduisibles ( CASSIN 2004) p. 786

            • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

              IMITATE

              imitari refers to the effort to produce something that is like something else or to act like someone else, and the term is general positive in connotation. This imitation may or may not turn out successful.

              aemulari refers to imitation as an effort to gain equal or superior consideration, honour, or approbation, when compared with what is being imitated; and the term is often pejorative.

              simulari refers to an effort to pass for something which one actually and naturally is not nor ever can be.

            • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 114

            • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

              IMITATIO

            • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 2.1833

            • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 6.319

              NACHAHMUNG

            • Ästhetische Grundbegriffe ( BARCK 2010) p. 4.84

            • SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse ( GIRARD 1769) p. 2.14:13

              IMITER.COPIER.CONTREFAIRE

            Attributions by syntactic funtion

            • vtoN : 56
            • VPtoN : 2
            • vtoN.adV : 2
            • vt(oN) : 1
            • vt+prep+N : 1
            • vadV : 1

            Attributions by text

            • 管子 : 14
            • 莊子 : 6
            • 韓詩外傳 : 5
            • 文子 : 5
            • 荀子 : 4
            • 百喻經 : 4
            • 孝經 : 3
            • 淮南子 : 3
            • 老子 : 3
            • 法言 : 3
            • 史記 : 2
            • 呂氏春秋 : 2
            • 禮記 : 2
            • 墨子 : 1
            • 尚書 : 1
            • 論衡 : 1
            • 周易 : 1
            • 毛詩 : 1
            • 戰國策 : 1
            • 孟子 : 1

            Words

               fǎ OC: pab MC: pi̯ɐp 33 Attributions

            Fǎ 法 refers to modelling oneself on distant ideals, typical abstract, or historically placed in the distant mythical past.

            • vtoNmodel oneself after; emulate, take as a model, follow as a method; (See also IMITATE)
            • vtoNpassivebe taken as a model
            • vt+prep+Ntake one's model from
               xiào OC: ɡreews MC: ɦɣɛu 12 Attributions

            The current general word for imitation is xiào 效.

            • vadVby way of imitation or emulation; acting according to
            • vt(oN)imitate the contextually determinate things
            • vtoN.adVby imitating (something) to V
            • vtoNHF 8.1.15: emulate (the sage); imitate; live up to; act according to
            • nobjectsomething to imitate; object for emulation; model
               zé OC: skɯɯɡ MC: tsək 3 Attributions

            Zé 則 refers to taking something abstract and authoritative as one's fixed obligatory guideline.

            • vtoNfollow as a guideline
            • vt(oN)follow as a guideline
               xué OC: ɡruuɡ MC: ɦɣɔk 2 Attributions

            Xué 學 refers to a systematic attempt to imitate an admired model, often as a method of self-cultivation.

            • vtoNimitate (something); emulate; study trying to become like> study to become
               cóng OC: dzoŋ MC: dzi̯oŋ 2 Attributions
            • vtoNfollow the same path as
               xí OC: sɢlɯb MC: zip 2 Attributions
            • vtoNN=humimitate the ways of; emulate the practice of; continue the tradition of
               xiàng OC: sɢlaŋʔ MC: zi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions

            Xiàng 象 refers to an abstract, almost metaphysical making oneself into a living icon of a higher authoritative model, typically of an abstract or cosmological kind.

            • vtoNHF 8.7.9: live after the image of (Heaven and Earth), emulate; to imitate something, to take something as model
            法象   fǎ xiàng OC: pab sɢlaŋʔ MC: pi̯ɐp zi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
            • VPtoNmodel oneself on
               pǐ OC: phid MC: phit 1 Attribution
            • vtoNemulate, pretend to be like; pretend to be
               xiě OC: sqaʔ MC: sɣɛ 1 Attribution

            Xiě 寫 refers primarily to the production of a true pictorial representation of another representation. See COPY

            • vtoNimitate
               xiàn OC: qhans MC: hi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
            • vtoNtake as one's model or pattern
               wéi OC: ɢʷal MC: ɦiɛ 1 Attribution
            • vtoNact like Npr
            • vtoNimitate someone
               fáng MC: bjang OC: baŋ 1 Attribution
            • vtoNimitate
            仿 / 仿放   fǎng OC: phaŋʔ MC: phi̯ɐŋ  OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
            • vtoNimitate
               fǎng OC: paŋʔ MC: pi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions

            Nǐ 擬 and fǎng 倣/仿 refer to an attempt to produce a true copy or a true representation of another representation.

            • vtoNHN: imitate (later written 仿)
               tóng OC: looŋ MC: duŋ 0 Attributions
            • vttoN1.+prep+N2causativecause (oneself) to be the same as N2> emulate N2
               bìng OC: peŋs MC: piɛŋ 0 Attributions
            • vtoNimitate, pretend to the status of????
               shì OC: lʰɯɡ MC: ɕɨk 0 Attributions
            • nmodel
               nǐ OC: ŋɡɯʔ MC: ŋɨ 0 Attributions

            Nǐ 擬 and fǎng 倣/仿 refer to an attempt to produce a true copy or a true representation of another representation.

            • vt+prep+Nimitate N
            • vtoNimitate without authorisation
               zhuī OC: krlul MC: ʈi 0 Attributions
            • vtoNemulate; aspire to equal, try to live up to,
               fù OC: bos MC: bi̯o 0 Attributions
            • vt+prep+Ndo as N did or does
            擬作   nǐ zuò OC: ŋɡɯʔ tsaaɡ MC: ŋɨ tsɑk 0 Attributions
            • VPtoNimitate, make an imitation of

            Existing SW for

            Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: